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O F T H E 

Incorporated Society 


Propagation of the Gofpel 

I N 

Foreign Parts. 

Containing their 

Foundation, Proceedings, and the Suc- 
cefs of their Miflionaries in the IBritiJh 
Colonies, to the Year 1718. 


Secretary to the Honourable Society. 


Printed by Joseph Downing, in BarthoIome'W-CIofe^ 
near IFefi-Stnithfield. M. l>cc. xxk. 




HB Defign of the following 
Treatife^ is to inform the 
Ttihlick of the Tranfa'clions 
of the Society for Propa- 
gating the Gofpel j their Bfiahliflment^ 
Lahours^ and Snccefs. This Account is 
compiled from Taper s^, tranfmitted to the 
Society^ hy Go'vernors of Colonies^ or Ter- 
fons of Note abroad j or from Congregations 
of Teople^ and the Miffionaries in the 
Plantations. Thefe are commonly re- 
ferred tO:, or cited in the "Body of the 
Treati/e^ and the original Tapers 7nay he 
fiill feen^ heing now in the Society s Cn- 
ftody i nor doth there appear any Reajon 
to qtiejiion their Veracity^ and fufficient 
Exa^nefs in all material Toints, Some 
A 2 fj^ort 

iv The Preface. 

JJoort Accounts of the Society's Troceedings^ 
have been Annually printed ^ hut as thefe 
could gi've the Keader hut a 'very imper- 

feB Idea of the 'whole Trogrefs in this 
JFork^ it hath heen 7tow thought com^e- 
nient to gi've a general View of the Soci- 
ety s Labours ; hecaufe fo great and fo 
religions a T)ejign^ feemed only to want its 
being better under floods in order to its be- 
ing more encouraged. 

T^he End propofed is of the higheji 
Importance ; the propagation of the Chri- 
Jiian Faith^ and the Sahation of Mens 
Souls. And the ferious Reader muji be 
much affeUed with the Endeavours of 
the Society^ towards planting Religion and 
Virtue^ and the due ordering the Life 
and Manners of a numerous Teople fpread 
over exceeding large Co^tntries : efpecially.^ 
when it is rememhred^ that the Princi- 
ples implanted in the prefent Teople^ will 
influence future Generations ,• and thd the 
prefent Age is greatly indebted to this So- 
ciety^ their Tojlerity will he exceedingly 
more fo. 

It is hoped the Reader^ upon pern- 
fing the following Tapers^ will find 
Canfe to be much pleafed with the tin- 


The Preface. 

expeUed Succefs of fo great aWorh Ef- 
pecially if it is conjidered^ that this So- 
ciety hath no puhlick Income or Recenne. 
J^his good Work was at frft fitpported by 
the 'vohmtary Suhfcriptions of the Mem- 
hers of the Society^ and hath been C'Ver 
fince carried on by their Contributions^ 
and the cafiial Donations of many other 
worthy Terfons. The Support of this T^e- 
fign miifi therefore be afcribed wholly to 
that good TromdencCy which hath in- 
fiaenced fiich Religions and Honourable 
^erfons to become unforefeen Patrons, and 
many of them {thro theit Concealment of 
their Names) unknown Benefactors to 
this Charity. 

I'he fame good TPromdence hath brought 
down upon it the pecttliar Fa^vour of our 
Princes, ^teen MARY by her bounty 
gave the chief Occajion to the Rife of this 
Society, King WILLIAM Eftablifloed it, 
Qiteen ANNE Encouraged it, and His 
late Majejiy King GEORGE fupported 
it : For when the Society's Fund was al- 
moji exhaujied, an humble Reprefentation. 
of this Matter, from the Society, was laid 
before His late Majefty, of happy Memory, 
by his Grace the prefent JrchbifJjcp of 
Canterbury 5 the moji worthy Trejident of 
A 3 this 

VI The Preface. 

this Society : and His Majefly was gra^ 
cioujly pleafed to grant his Royal Letters 
for a ptihlick CoUeUion^ to enable the So- 
ciety to carry on fo pious a Work. T'he 
Society have ftill increafing Views of Sue- 
cefs in their Labours^ thro' the Famtir 
and Trotection of His Majefly^ now hap- 
pily Reigning^ from his known Zeal for 
the Trotedant Religion^ and Royal Care 
for the Colonies^ fo conftderdble a branch 
of the Britifli Monarchy. 

It is necejfary to remark here^ T'hat no 
Notice is taken in the following Account 
of the late General CodringtonV Noble 
TBeqtieft to the Society^ of two Plantations 
in the Ifland of Barbadoes, producing a 
'Very conftderable yearly Income : TBecaiife 
that Efiate is not applicable to the gene- 
ral U/es of the Society^ fuch as the fupport- 
ing of Miffionaries^ Catechifis^ and School- 
mafiers; kit is appropriated to particular 
TJfes^ mentioned in the late General Co- 
drington'j Will* The only Intent of the 
following Treat ife is to acquaint the Tub- 
lick with the Society s Endeamttrs to^ 
wards fettling Religion in the Colonies on 
the Continent of America. Whereas in 
the Management of the Plantations be- 

The Contents. 

queathed ly General Codrington, they 
ati only as Trujiees ^ they have already 
wade a confiderahle Vrogrefs in the 2D^- 
fign direEied by the Qenerats Willy and 
hope in due T!ime to compleat it ; a^td it 
may then he proper to gim the Ttihlick a 
particular Account of it. 








H A P. I. ^e Occaftons of the firft 
Rife of this SO C I E r T, 

page I 

CHAP. n. Enquiries made into 
the Religious State of the Colonies, 
^be particular State of each Colony defcrihed, 

p. 20 

CHAP. III. ^he People in the Colonies very 
dejirous of Minifters of the Church of England : 
Requefts from Congregations of People in each 
Colony y p. 44 

CHAP. IV. "ithe ^efiimonials required hy 
the Society from the MiJJionaries they fend 
iibroad, fhe Rules they give them for their Con- 
duSi, fhe Reverend Mr, Keith and Mr, 
Talbot fent Travelling Preachers thro' federal 
Coloniesy p ^^ 


X The Contents. 

CHAR V. Mijfionaries fent to South-Caro- 
liua ; ^be Places to which they were appointed-, 
their Labours and Succefs . A War raifed h^ 
the Yammofees and other Indians, againft th 
Engliih. ^he tranquillity of this Province haf^ 
pilyreftored: thirteen Churches and four Ga- 
pels ofEafe Built : Salaries fettled on the Qleriy ' 
Schools openedy p, 8i 

CHAP. VI. MiJJionaries fent to North-Caro- 
lina. 27^^ Reverend Mr. Blair fent MiJJio- 
naryy undergoes great HardJJjipSy returns to 
England. Other Mifftonaries fent thither i 
they meet with many Difficulties^ return to 
England, fhe Tufcararo Indians form a Con- 
fpiracy againft the Englifh, ravage the Colony ; 
are at length defeated, Mr, Newnam fent Mif- 
fionary^ takes great Pains in his Mtffion^ dies, 

p. 128 

CHAP. VII. Penfylvania fettled at fir ft hy 
Swedes and Dutch ; a very confiderahle Num^ 
her (?/ Quakers go over from England thither, 
q"he Reverend Mr. Evans fent to Philadelphia, 
hy BiJJjop Compton. A very large Congregation 
at Philadelphia. Several MJ/ionaries fent 
to Penfylvania. ^beir Labours and Succefs, 
Fifteen Churches built in this Colony by volun- 
tary Contributions, No Salaries fettled on the 
Minifters, but the People contribute liberally to- 
ward their Support^ p. 144 


The Contents. xi 

CHAP. VIII. Mijfionaries fent to New-Jerfey. 
Several Congregations are gathered, Sthe Mif- 
fionaries Labours, ^be People become very zea- 
lous. Seven convenient Churches huilty by vo- 
luntary Contributions y p. i8o 

CHAP. IX. An A5f pajjed in the Tear i6g^, 
for Settling and Maintaining a Miniftry in 
New- York Government, Churches direffed to 
he built in i5p8. A Church built in the City 
0/ New- York. Mijfionaries fent to the Colony y 
to Weft-Chefter County^ to Albany, to Statten- 
Ifland, to Long-Ifland, their Labours, Schoolman 
fters fupported here, fen Churches Built ; Seve- 
ral Donations made to theniy p. 200 

CHAP. X. fhe Society very earneft to pro^ 
mote the InfiruSiion of the Negroes. 21?^ Negroes 
an exceeding great Number of Perfons, SThe So- 
ciety dire5i all their Mifftonaries to give their 

^ befi affifiance. fhe Society fettle a School at 
New- York City for inftruSfing the Negroes. 
Mr, Neau Catechift therCy very induftriouSy in- 
ftruSis many, fhe Negroes confpire to defiroy 
the Englifh. ^e Plat proves unfuccefsfuly ma- 
ny of the Negroes taken and executed, ^e 
School is again encouraged for converting the Ne- 
groes. Mr, Neau dies, fhe Reverend Mr^ 
Colgan appoi?ited Catechifty P- ^3 ^ 

An AD DRESS to ferious Chriftians among cur 
jelvesy to aiTift the Society for Propagating the 


xii The Contents. 

Gofpcl, in carrying on the Work of In ft ruling 
the i^Qgtots in our ^{^nt^tiovisahroady p. 250 

LETTER I. ^heBiJhopofL 1^ don's Let- 
ter to the Mailers and Miftrefles of Families in 
the Englifh plantations abroad ; Exhorting them 
^ to encourage and promote the Inftruffion of their 

^cgtots in the Chriftian Faith ^ p. 257 

LETTER IL ^he Biftjop of London's 
Letter to the Mi s s i o n a r i e s in the Englifh 
Plantations ; Exhorting them to give their 
Affiftance towards the Inftru5iion of the Ne- 
groes of their fever al PariJheSy in the Chriftian 
Faith^ p. 272 

CHAP. XL ^he Iroquois border on New- York 
and New-England. 7'he Genius of the Nor- 
thern-Indians, and the Condition of their Coim- 
tries, fhe Earl of Bellamont, Governor of 
New- York, reprefents the IVant of Miffiofiaries 
for inftru^ing the Iroquois, j^n order of the 
^ueen and Council for their Inftru5lion. ^he 
Society fend the Reverend Mr, Thoroughgood 
Moor MiJJionary to them. His Labours ; they 
prove fruitlefs ; He embarks for England ; he 
and all the Ship's Crew are loft at Sea. Four 
Sachems or Indian Kings arrive in England ; 
they defire a Miffionary to inftru5i them and 
their People: fbey return home, Mr. An- 
drews is fent Miffionary to the Mohocks. 
A Fort is built among them. They refufe to 
let their Children learn Engliih. Some Chap- 

The Contents xiii 

ters of the Bible ^ and fart of our Common-Frd" 
yery tran/lated into the Indian-Iroquois Lan- 
guage ; fojne few Indians are taught, ^he Mo- 
hocks will not fend their Children to School: 
refiife to come to be infrared. Mr. Andrews 
reprefents all his Labours prove ufelefs. Leaves 
this MiJTion, p. 276, 277 

CHAP. Xn. A confiderable Number of the In- 
habitants o/Bofton petitioned King CHARLES 
the Second^ that a Church might he allowed in 
that Cityy which is granted. Soon after the Rife 
of this Society^ fever al other fcwns build Chur- 
ches y and defire Miffionaries might be fent to them, 
the "People 0/ Rhode-Ifland build a Churchy and 
have a Mtffionary fent them. 1'he People 0/ Pro- 
vidence, Narraganfett, Newbury, Marblehead, 
Briftol, Stratford, defire MiffionarieSy and build 
Churches ; Mifftonaries are fent to each fown, and 
the Church People tticreafe, Miffionaries fent 
to Fairfield and Braintree. A new Church is 
built at Bofton, Dr. Cutler appointed Minifter. 
fwo Schoolmafters fupported. twelve Churches 
built in this Government y ?• 3 ^ - 

CHAP. XIII. ^he Society's Method of Ma^ 
naging this ^ruft. fheir more fpecial Rules 
and OrderSy relating to thvnfelves and to their 
Officersy p. 343 





I L LI AM the Third, 
by the Grace of G O D, 
of England, Scotland, 
France, and Ireland, 
King, Defender of the 
Faith, ^c. To all Chriftian People 
to whom thefe Prefcnts fhall come, 

L Whereas We are credibly In- 
formed, That in many of Our Plan- 
tations, Colonies and Faftories be- 
yond the Seas, belonging to Our 
Kingdom of England, the Provifion 
for Minifters is very mean, and ma- 
ny others of our faid Plantations, Co- 
lonies and Fadories, are wholly De- 
ftitute and Unprovided of a Main- 

xvi The Charter. 

tenance for Minifters, and the Publick 
Worfhip of God; and for lack of Sup- 
port and Maintenance for fuch, many 
of our Loving Subjedls do want the 
Adiuiniftration of God's Word and 
Sacraments, and feem to be abando- 
ned to Atheifm and InfideHty ; and 
alfo for want of Learned and Ortho- 
dox Minifters to inftrudl our faid Lov- 
ing Subjeds in the Principles of True 
Religion, divers Romifli Priefts and 
Jefuits are the more encouraged to 
pervert and draw over Our faid 
Loving Subjects to Popifh Superftiti- 
on and Idolatry. 
That a Main- ^^' And wlicrcas We think it our 
aroTtiiGd^x ^^ty' ^^ much as in Us lies, to pro- 
Clergy, and o- mote thc Glory of God, by the In- 
in.y be made ftruction of Our People in the Chrif- 
plgation of tian Religion : and that it will be high- 
tte^ptfrlti'Jy conducive for accomplifhing thofe 
nns beyond Ends, that a fufficient Maintenance be 
provided for an Orthodox Clergy to 
live amongft them,and that fuch other 
Provifion be made as may be necefla- 
ry for the Propagation of the Gofpel 
in thofe Parts. 

III. And 

T^he Charter. XVii 

III. And whereas we have been 
well affured, That if We would be 
gracioufly pleafed to ered and fettle 
a Corporation for the receiving, ma- 
naging and difpofing of the Charity 
of Our loving Subjeds, divers Perfons 
would be Induced to extend their Cha- 
rity to the Ufes and Purpofes aforefaid. 

IV. Know ye therefore, That We 

have, for the Confiderations aforefaid, incorporLI 
and for the better and more orderly car- J^^p ^^''^c'an- 
rying on the faid CharitablePurpofes,of '^'[^^^;/ '^^^^^93 
Our fpecial Grace, certain Knowledge, Name of, ne 
and mere Motion, Willed, Ordained, Propagation of 
Conftituted and Appointed, and hyporeigfLrtu 
thefe Prefents, for Us, Our Heirs and 
SuccejSbrs, DoWill,Ordain, Conftitute, 
Declare and Grant, That the moft Re- 
verend Fathers in God, Thomas Lord 
Archbilhop o( Canterbury^ and John Lord 
Archbilhop of Jork^}, the Right Reve- 
rend Fathers inGody He?iry Lord Bifhop 
of London^ William Lord Bifhop oflVor- 
cefter^ Our Lord Almoner, Smon Lord 
Bifliop ofEljy Thomas Lord Bifhop of 
(^che/ler^ Dean oiWeftminfterj and the 
Lords Archbifhops of Canterbury and 

a Jork-i 

xviii The Charter. 

Yor{y the Bifliops of London and Ehj 
the Lord Ahnoner and Dean of Wejl- 
minfter for the time being; Edward 
^^ Lord Bifhop of Gloucefter^ John Lord 
Bifhop of Chichefter^ Nicholas Lord Bi- 
fhop of Cheftevy ^chard Lord Bifhop 
of %ath and Wellsy Humphrey Lord Bi- 
fhop of l^angor^ John Montague Doftor 
of Divinity, Clerk of our Clofet, Wtlli- 
am SherlockT>oQiov of Divinity, Dean 
of St. ^auhy Wtlliam Stanley Dodor of 
Divinity, Arch-Deacon of London^ and 
the Clerk of the Clofet, of Us, Our 
Heirs and Succeffors ; the Dean of St. 
Raul's and Arch-Deacon of London for 
the time being ; the two Regius and 
two Margaret Profeffors of Divinity of 
both Our Univerfities, for the time 
being 5 Thomas E3.vl ofThanet^ Thomas 
Lord Vifcount Wepnouthy Francis Lord 
Guilfordy William Lord T>igby^ Sir Thomas 
Cooies oi ^entlfj Sir (^chard 'Bulkleyy Sir 
John ^hilippSy and Sir Arthur Owen^ Ba- 
ronets ; Sir Humphry Mackjt>orthy Sir WtU 
liam frichardy Sir Wtlliam ^jfel. Sir Ed-^ 
mund Turnery Sir Wtlliam HuJ tier y Sir John 
Chardiiiy and Sir ^chard ^iackruorCy Kts. 


The Charter. xix 

^ohn Hoo^Efqi Serjeant at Law, George 
Hooper Dodlor of Divinity, Dean of 
Canterbury^ George 'Booth Dodlor of Di- 
vinity, Arch-Deacon of Durhanty Sir 
George Wheeler^ Prebendary of Durham^ 
William BeVertdge Dodlor of Divinity, 
Arch-Deacon of Colchefter^ Sir William 
Dawes Baronet, Thomas Mannlngham^ 
Edward Gee, Thomas Lynford^ Nathaniel 
^sbury^ Offspring Blackhall, George Stan- 
hope, William Hayley, and ^chard Willis, 
Dodors of Divinity, and Our Chap- 
lains in Ordinary 3 John Mapletoft, Za- 
cheus Ifham^ John VaVis, William Lancaf^ 
ter, Humphrey Hodey^ ^]^chard Lucas, 
John Evansy Thomas Uray^ John Gaf earth 
White I{ennetty Lilly Butler^ Joftah Wood- 
ivard^ Doctors in Divinity ; Gideon Har- 
y>eyy and Frederick^ Slare, Dodors of 
Phyfick; ^wland Cotton, Thomas Jer- 
Vois, Maynard Colchefter, James Vernon 
Junior, Jofeph Keal, Grey NeVil, Thomas 
Clerks, i^eter Kjng, (^ck^, John Co' 

minsy William Melmouth, 7 ho. !Brom fields 
John ^ynolds, Vutton Seaman, Whitlock^ 
Bulftrode, Samuel Brewfter, John Cham- 
ber lain, (I(ichard ^ng, and Daniel 
a % Kicoll 

XX The Charter. 

Nicolly Efqs; benjamin Lawdell^ John 
Trimmer^ Charles Toriano^ and John Hod- 
ges, Merchants ; WtUiam Fleetwood, Wtl- 
Ham Whitfield, and Samuel Bradford, 
Mafters of Arts, and Our Chaplains in 
Ordinary 3 Tho, Li^r/^^Batchelor in Di- 
vinity ; 77;o. Staino, Henry Altham, Willi' 
am Lloydj Henry Shute, Tho, Franks, and 
William Mecken, Clerks, and their Sue- 
ceffors ; to be Eleded in manner as 
hereafter direfted, be, and ihall for e- 
ver hereafter be, and by Virtue of 
thefe Prefents, ihall be one Body Po- 
litick and Corporate, in Deed, and in 
Name, by the Name of, The Society for 
the propagation of the Gofpel in Foreign 
Tarts : And them and their Succeffors 
by the fame Name, We do by thefe 
Prefents, for Us, Our Heirs and Suc- 
ceffors, really and fully Make, Ordain, 
Conftitute and Declare One Body Po- 
litick and Corporate in Deed and in 
To hive per- V. And that by the fame Name, 
^^etuaisucccf.^j^^y aud thcir Succcffors fhall and 

may have perpetual Succeffion, 
VL And that they and their Succef- 

l^he Charter. Xxi 

fors, by that Name, fliall and may, for Z^Jl^'f^f"" 
ever hereafter, be Perfons Able and ^^'^- 1"^^"- 
Capable in the Law to Purchafe, ftatesVor 
Have, Take, Receive, and Enjoy to Goodman?"' 
them and tlieir Succeffors, Manors, f^^'yti^e!^ 
Meffuages, Lands, Tenements, Rents, 
Advov^fons, Liberties, Privileges, Ju- 
rifdidions, Franchifes, and other He- 
reditaments whatfoever, of whatfoe- 
ver Nature, Kind and QuaHty they 
be, in Fee and in Perpetuity, not ex- 
ceeding the yearly Value of Two 
Thoufand Pounds, beyond Reprizals ; 
and alfo Eftates for Lives and for 
Years, and all other manner of Goods, 
Chattels, and Things whatfoever, of 
what Name, Nature, Quality, or Va- 
lue foever they be, for the better Sup- 
port and Maintenance of an Orthodox And to Grant 
Clergy in Foreign Parts, and other 3^, ^"^.'rs ^I'n 
the Ufes afore faid ; and to Give, fy°(|^^°^^^,"^^" 
Grant, Lett and Demife the faid Ma- J"^"^ '^'^'^ 

^ X rr T 1 rr^ ^^^^ Rent, or 

nors, Meliuages, Lands, Tenements, with Fine at 
Hereditaments, Goods, Chattels, andoAhefun^ 
things whatfoever aforeiaid, by I>eafe ^^^^"''" 
or Leafes, for Term of Years, in Pof- 
feffion at the time of Granting there- 

a } of. 

xxii The Charter, 

of, and not in Reverfion, not exceed- 
ing the Term of One and thirty Years, 
from the time of Granting thereof; 
on which, in Cafe no Fine be taken, 
fhall be Referved the full Value ; 
and in Cafe a Fine be taken, fhall 
be Referved at leaft a Moiety of 
the full Value, that the fame fhall 

^^^^^>J^^^^^reafonably and (Bona fide be worth at 

Plead and be thc timc of fuch Demifc. 

i^i^p e^ e • Yj j^ j^^^ ^^^^ ^^ ^^^ Name afore- 

faid, they fhall, and may be able to 
Plead and be Impleaded, Anfwer and 
be Anfwered unto. Defend and be 
Defended, in all Courts and Places 
whatfoever, and before whatfoever 
Judges, Juftices, or other OfHcers, of 
Vsy Our Heirs and Succeflbrs, in all 
and fingular Actions, Plaints, Pleas, 
Matters and Demands, of what Kind, 
Nature or Quality foever they be : 
And to A& and do all other Matters 
and Things, in as ample Manner ^ and 
Form as any other Our Leige Subjeds 
of this Our Realm of England yhcing 
Perfons able and capable in the Law, 
or any other Body Corporate or Poli- 

The Charter. xxiii 

tick within this our Realm of England^ 
can, or may have, purchafe, receive, 
poflefs, take, enjoy, grant, fet, let, de- 
mife, plead and be Impleaded, anfwer, 
and be anfwered unto, defend and be 
defended, do, permit, and execute, ^jf ^^^^ ^^« 

VIII. And that the faid Society for ^^ii w^a 
ever hereafter, fhall and may have a ''"'"'''''^^ ' 
common Seal, to ferve for the Caufes 

and Bulinefs of them and their Succef- 
fors : And that it fhall and may be 
law^ful for them and their SuccefTors to 
change, break, alter, and make Nev/ 
the.faid Seal from time to time, and at 
their Pleafure, as they fhall think beft. 

IX. And for the better Execution And VearV 
of the Purpofes aforefaid. We do giy^rtr^tity 
and grant to the faid Society for the i" ^'^^"^P' ^ 

^ . •' between 8 and 

propagation of the Gofpel in Foreign ^^ ''^}^q 
Tarts ^ and their Succeffors, That they ToThoofe a 
and their Succeffors for ever, fhall, r;f^lT vice! 
upon the third Friday in Fehruary year- o^fot^ mor 
ly, meet at fome convenient Place, to Treafurers, 
be appointed by the faid Society, or Auditors, one 
the Major part of them, v^ho fhall be ot^i^er officers 
prefent at any General Meeting, be-f^lhgywL 
t ween the hours of Eight and Twelve ^"" ^^^^ 
a 4 in 

xxiv The Charter] 

Exe^cudof of 11^ the Morning ; and that they, or the 
Office. Major part of fuch of them that fhall 
then be prefent, fhall chufe one Preii- 
dent, one or more Vice-Prefident or 
Vice-Prefidents, one or more Trea- 
furer or Treafurers, two or more Au- 
ditors, one Secretary, and fuch other 
Officers, Minifters and Servants,as fhall 
be thought convenient to ferve in the 
faid Offices for the Year enfuing: 
And that the faid Preiident, and 
Vice-Prefidents, and all Officers then 
elefted, fhall, before they aft in their 
refpedive Offices, take an Oath, to be 
to them Adminiftred by the Prefi- 
dent, or in his Abfence, by one of the 
Vice-Prefidents of the Year preceed- 
ing, who are hereby Authorized to 
Adminifter the fame, for the Faithful 
and due Execution of their refpeftive 
Offices and Places during the faid 
lorl .S- X. And Our furtherWill and Plea- 
fiiop of c^ fure is, That the firft Prefident of 

ter»uirf be the r • \ • n 

firiiPrerm'ent,the faid Socicty, fliall be Thomas^ by 
Bayj after the Divine Provideucc, Lord Arch-bi- 
^MiSucfhop oi Canterbury^ Primate apd Me- 

^he Charter, XXV 

tropolitan of all England i And that f^l^J^^^j;^^ j;^^ 
the faid Prefident fhall, within Thirty ^f^hesockty 

r 1 n* r 1 • ,#^1 ^^ meet and e- 

Days alter the palling oi this Charter, lea vice-Prc- 
caufe Summons to be Iffiied to the fe-furers'' auS- 
veral Members of the faid Society ^^^^/X'r 
herein particularly mentioned, to^^S"^''* ^.?, 

r 1 rr\* 11 1 continue till 

meet at luch Time and Place as he ^^^ .t^ird Fri- 
fhall appoint : And that they, or thcr^i^oi! '^'''' 
major part of fuch of them as fhall 
then be prefent, fhall proceed to the 
Eledion of one or more Vice-Prefi- 
dent or Vice-Prefidents, one or 
niore Treafurer or Treafurers, two 
or more Auditors, one Secretary, and 
fuch other Officers, Miniflers, and 
Servants, as to them fhall feem meet ; 
which faid Officers, from the time of 
their Eleftion into their refpeftive 
Offices, fhall continue therein until 
the third Friday in February^ which 
fhall be in the Year of our Lord, 
One Thoufand Seven Hundred and 
One, and from thenceforwards until 
others fhall be chofen into their Places 
in manner aforefaid. 


XXVi The Charter. 

of^erdL'or ^L And that if it fliould happen, 
be r^moved,^ that any of the Perfons at any time 
oAne of the chofcn into any of the faid Offices 
dentt, may ihall Dicj or on any account be re- 
Me" of' moved from fuch Office at any time 
the Society to betwcen the faid yearly Days of Eiefti- 

jneet, and ' r ^ r ' r\ r 

choofe ano- on, that in fuch Cafe it fhall be lawful 
Place. for the furviving and continuing Pre- 
fident, or any one of the Vice-Prefi- 
dents, to Iffiie Summons to the feveral 
Members of the Body Corporate, to 
meet at the ufual Place of the Annu- 
al Meeting of the faid Society, at fuch 
Time as fhall be fpecified in the faid 
Summons ; and that fuch Members of 
the faid Body Corporate who fhall 
meet upon fuch Summons, or the Ma- 
jor part of them, fhall and may choofe 
an Officer or Officers into the room 
or place of fuch Perfon or Perfons, fo 
Dead or Removed, as to them fhall 
feem meet. 
And that the XII. Aud Wc do furthcr Grant un- 
meet to'tranf- to thc faid Sockty for the propagation of 
t^^M-the Go/pel in Foreign (parts, and their 

Month or'oft-^^^^^^^^^' ^^^ ^^J ^^^^ ^^^^^ SuCCef- 

nerif'needbe.fors fhall aud may, on the third Friday 


TToe Charter. xxvii 

in every Month yearly, for ever here- ^""^ ^^ ^^^^^ 
alter, and ortner, it occalion requu'es, Meeting, may 
meet at fome convenient place to be Member's of 
appointed for that purpofe, to tranf-[|;'^^,Xy' 
aft theBufinefs of the faid Society ; ^'"^ ^'• 
and fhall and may at any Meeting 
on fuch third Friday in the Month, 
Elefl; fuch Perfons to be Members of 
the faid Corporation, as they or the 
major part of them then prefent, fhall 
think benej&cial to the Charitable De- 
figns of the faid Corporation. 

XIII. And Our Will and Pleafurefiirs'octef/' 
is. That no Ad done in any AfTembly ||;;;^^^^"^;;f ^' 
of the faid Society, jQiall be effeftual Piefident, or 

ToiriC V ice- 

and Valid, unlefs the Prefident, or Piefident, and 
fome one of the Vice-Prelidents, and Aiembers,^be 
feven other Members of the ^^id^^^^%V^' 
Company at the leaft, be prefent, and ||;'X°e[o?''* 
the Major part of them confenting 

XIV. And We further Will, andj:it1ft.i 
by thefe Prefents for Us, Our Heirs {^"Tf^^ ■ 

•^ / the laid Soci- 

and Succeffors, do Ordain and Grant ety, and any 

1 r • 1 o • / I /T^ • Meeting on 

unto the laid boctety for the Tropagatton the third fw- 
of the Go/pel in Foreign farts^ and their 'i/J./'^,^/JJJ^', 
Succeffors, That they, or their Sue- 5^' ^^f ^^^,; 


XXViii T'he Charter. 

the major partcefTors, or thc Maior part of them 

prefent, may niii r i rn 

make By- WHO fhall be prcfent at the firft and 
ccute Leafes. fecond Meeting of the faid Society, or 
at any Meeting on the third Friday in 
the Months o( No^^ember ^February ^ May^ 
and Augufl^ yearly for ever, and at no 
other Meetings of the faid Society, 
jQiall, and may confult, determine, 
conftitute, ordain, and make any 
Conftitutions, Laws, Ordinances and 
Statutes whatfoever ; as alfo to Exe- 
cute Leafes for Years, as aforefaid, 
which to them, or the Major part of 
them then prefent, fhall feem reafon- 
able, profitable, or requifite, for, 
touching or concerning the Good 
Eftate, Rule, Order and Government 
of the faid Corporation, and the more 
effeftual promoting the faid Charita- 
ble Defign : All which Laws, Ordi- 
nances and Conftitutions, lo to be 
made. Ordained and eftablifhed, as 
aforefaid. We Will, Command and 
Ordain by thefe Prefents, for Us, Our 
Heirs and Succeffors, to be from time 
to time, and at all times hereafter, 
kept and performed in all things, as 


The Charter. Xxix 

the fame ought to be, on the Penal- 
ties and Amerciaments in the fame 
to be impofed and Hmited, fo as the 
famx LawSjConftitutionsj Ordinances, 
Penalties, and Amerciaments, be rea- 
fonable, and not repugnant, or con- 
trary to the Laws and Statutes of this 
Our Realm oi England. 

XV. And We do likewife GrantA"4^^^^^^^ 
unto the faid Society for the Tropagationny Meeting 
of the Go/pel in Foreign ^arts, and their firperfXto 
SucceiTors, that they and their Succef-p'^j^'J^^^"^^^^ 
fors, or the Major part of fuch of them ^°"^*^ ^^^ 
as (hall be prefent at any Meeting of ^e^ ^oj the 
the faid Society, fhall have Power forXd.' 
from time to time, and at all times 
hereafter, to depute fuch Perfons as 

they fhall think fit to take Subfcrip- 
tions, and to gather and colled fuch 
Monies as fhall be by any Perfon or 
Perfons contributed for the purpofes 

XVI. And fhall and may remove And may 
and difplace fuch Deputies as often Notm^catioii 
as they fhall fee caufe fo to do, andl^'^^'^'"* 
to caufe publick Notification to be 
made of this Chartex, and the Pow- 

XXX The Charter. 

ers thereby granted, in fuch manner 

as they fhall think moft conducible 

to the furtherance of the faid Charity. 

And mall XVII. And Our further Will and 

y^^^^Jfj;;^ is, That the faid Society fhall 

Lord Chan- yearlv and every Year, give an Ac- 

cellor or -^ '^ • • z-x t 1 /^1 

Keeper, and couut lu Wntiug to Our Lord Chan- 
juiiicesror ccUour, or Lord Keeper of the Great 
oraifMor;sSeal oi England for the time being, the 

received and L^^^ Chicf TufticC of thc Kiug's 
laid out. J 1 1 • r c\' r 

Bench, and the Lord Chief Juftice of 
the Common Pleas, or any two of 
them, of the feveral Sum or Sums 
of Money by them received and laid 
out by Virtue of thefe Prefents, or 
any Authority hereby given, and of 
the Management and Difpoiition of 
the Revenues and Charities afore- 

And Laftly, Our Pleafure is. That 
thefe Our Letters Patents, or the 
Inrolment thereof, fhall be good, 
firm, vaUd, and effedual in the Law, 
according to Our Royal Intentions 
herein before declared. In Witnefs 
whereof, We have caufed thefe Our 


The Charter, xxxi 

Letters to be made Patents. Witnefs 
Our Self at Weftminfter the Sixteenth 
Day of June^ in the Thirteenth Year 
of Our Reign. 

Ter 'BreVe de friVato Si^illo, 

£ c K.S. 


A N 

Hiftorical Account 

O F T H E 

Incorporated Society, S^cc. 


The Occafions of the Jirfl Rife of this 

■or ^ir^^t ^: H E Britijh Colonies upon the The Caufes 
Continent of America^ were ^i^3^;^!^j^tj^g°^ 
>all fettled firift by private Clergy. 
I Adventurers, under Grants 
from the Crown, with fmall 
Numbers of Families. It was therefore not 
to be expeded that the proper Provifion, 
either in the Religious or Civil Concerns of 

B the 

The Occafwns of the 

the Inhabitants, could be at firft made. In- 
deed if a Colony had been planted imme- 
diately by the State here, it is not to be 
queftioned, but proper Care had been taken 
that both iliould have been duly regulated. 
But as the firft private Adventurers laboured 
under great Difficulties at their fettling, 
and under many Uncertainties, what the 
Event would be : This, tho' not a fufficient 
Reafon, may yet be an Excufe, for their not 
making the proper Provifion in this Cafe. A 
Tryal was firft to be made, of what Ad- 
vantage thefe Settlements would prove, 
either to the Adventurers, or Nation, before 
either would engage themfelves in farther 

Another Misfortune, which greatly 
hindred any uniform and publick Worfliip 
of God being fettled, was this: The 
Natives of this Kingdom of Great Britai7i^ 
who removed thither, were of many Kinds 
of Denominations % moft of them dilTenting 
from the Church of England^znd. difagreeing 
as much from each other, in their Senti- 
ments in Religion and Church Govern- 
ment, as from their Mother Nation and 
Church. Befides, a further difficulty arofe 
foon, from the Conflux of People of feveral 
Nations of Europe^ of various Seds and 


Kife of this Society. 

Divifions, fettling in thefe Plantations ; 
which occafioned a ftill greater Diverfity of 
Opinions. It is therefore not to be won- 
dred, that the People were not earneft to 
fettle any Eftablifliment, when fo few agreed 
upon any particular Form. 

But in a fmall procefs of Time, when 
thefe Settlements were fixed, and the Colo- 
nies eflablifhed, beyond the fear of any or- 
dinary Force, which might deftroy them 5 
they began not only to fee, but very fenfibly 
to feel their Wants. Indeed the fir ft Plan- 
ters, thofe of the Britijh Nation efpecially, 
as coming from a Countrey bleffed with the 
pureft Religion, and trueft Liberty, retained 
fome remembrance of both,andlit^ed through 
the force of that, in thofe wild Parts, among 
Savages and Woods, in human Civility and 
Decency, tho* I cannot fay, in Chriftian 
Order : But their Children (the Generation 
after them) who had not themfelves (t^n 
what their Fathers had, were but weakly 
affedted with what they might hear from 
their Parents, of the Primitive Chriftian 
Worfhip, and the Ordinances of the Gof- 
pel. Some whole Colonies lived without 
celebrating any Publick Worfliip of Al- 
mighty God, without the Ufe of the Sacra- 
ments^ without Teachers of any kind, and 
B a in 

^ The Occajtons of the 

In a literal Senfe of the Phrafe, without 
G o D in the World. 

Severalemi- 2. In this dafk State of Things, the 
nent Perfons Providence of G o d raifed up feveral emi- 
Want of a iient Perfons, who obferving this great 
Clergy. Calamity, became zealous to redrefs it ; 
ftrove to awaken the People into a Senfe 
of their Wants, and contributed their Af- 
fiftance towards recovering their Country- 
men from this Irreligion and Darknefs. 
Among the firft we find the Honourable 
Sir Leolyne Jenkins^ in his laft Will and 
Teftament proved the gth of November^ 
1685, thus declares ; that it was " too ob- 
" vious that the Perfons in Holy Orders, 
" employed in his Majefty's Fleets at Sea, 
" and Foreign Plantations, were too few 
" for the Charge and Cure of Souls arifing 
" in thofe Fleets and Plantations : And 
" therefore he provides, that two additional 
" Fellowfhipsbe new founded, and endow'd 
** at his Coll and Charges, in J ejus College 
" Oxford^ on Condition that the faid two 
" Fellows, and their Succeflbrs for ever, 
** may be under an indifpenfable Obliga- 
*' tion, to take upon them Holy Orders of 
*^ Priefthood — and afterwards that they 
" go out to Sea, in any of his Majefty*s 
" Fleets, when they or any of them are 


Rife of this Society. 

" thereto Summoned, by the Lord High 
*' Admiral of Engla?2 d -^ -a-nd in cafe there 
*' be no Ue of their Service at Sea, to be 
" called by the Lord Bilhop of London, to 
" go out into any of his Majefty's Foreign 
" Plantations, there to take upon them the 
" Cure of Souls, and exercife their mini- 
" fterial Fundlion, referving to them their 
** full Salaries, with the farther Encourage- 
" ment of twenty Pounds a Year a piece, 
" while they are adlually in either of the 
" Services aforefaid/* This was truly a 
very wife and good A£t ; but the Reader 
will prefently refledt, that two Perfons, 
though wholly employed in the Plantations, 
could not take a proper Care of a very 
fmall Part of a People difperfed over fo 
great a Continent. However, this worthy 
Perfon gave a noble Teftimony of the 
Piety and Neceffity of this Work, and 
his Example hath no doubt excited the 
Zeal of many others, to advance and carry 
on foChriftian an Undertaking. 

3, Th E next great Patron and Promoter 
of this Defign was the Honourable Robert 
Boyky Efq; not more diftinguiihed for his 
Noble Extradlion than eminent Piety, and 
univerfal Learning ; He had been appointed 
by King CHARLES the Second, the firft 
B 3 Go-^ 

The Occafiom of the^ 

Governour of a Company Incorporated by 
His Majefty in the Year 1661, For the Pro- 
pagation of the Gofpel amongjl the Heathen 
Natives of New-England, and the Parts 
adjacent in America. But this Defign was 
too narrow, as confined to the Converfion 
oixSi^Tieathen Natives o/'New-England, and 
the Parts adjacent^ and could by no means 
anfwer the Wants of all the Foreign Plan- 
tations, and all the Heathen Nations ad- 
jacent. However, this gave that excellent 
Perfon an Occafion to fee the Defign in Ge- 
neral, was unqueftionably pious, charitable, 
and neceflary ; and agreeably hereto, he did 
by a Codicil to his laft Will, fettle an 
Annual Salary, for fome learned Divine or 
Preaching Minijier for ever^ to Preach 
Eight Sermons in the Tear^ for proviiig the 
Chrijlian Religion againjl iiotorious hifidels , 
and doth require that the faid Preachers, 
fiall be ajjifting to all Companies, and encou- 
raging them in any Widertakiiig for Pro- 
pagating the Chrijiian Religion in Foreign 
Parts. This Recommendation of the 
Defign toPofterity was a ftill nobler Le- 
gacy, being fuch furely, as cannot fail to 
procure it many more, from thofe who 
ihall be endued with the fame Chri- 
ftian Spirit, that noble Perfon was. 

4. Some 

Rife of this Society. 7 

4. Some few Years after thefe honour- ^r- ^r . 

, . Kmg Charks 

able Gentlemen, had given their Teftimony II. King /r//- 
to the Piety of this Defign, it received the ^^yiJ;/o"b^ 
greater Sanftion of Royal Favour from ^^^^'^ !^e want 
their late Majefties King CHARLES ^^^""^ ^''^'^'''' 
Second, King WILLIAM and Queen 
MART, About the Year 1679, the Biihop 
oi London^ (Dr. Compton) upon an Application 
to him from feveral of the Inhabitants of 
Bojlon in New-England^ petitioning that a 
Church {hould be allowed in that Town, 
for the Exercife of Religion according to the 
Church of England -y made a Reprefen- 
tation of this matter to His Majefty King 
CHARLES the Second, and a Church 
was allowed to be Erefted: And farther 
in Favour of this People, His late Majefty 
King WILLIAM was pleafed to fettle 
an Annual Bounty of One Hundred Pounds 
a Year upon that Church, which is ftili 
continued. The Reverend Mr. Harris is 
now fupported in it, as the Minifters Aflift- 
ant, by this Allowance, with the Addition 
of Sir Leoline 'Jenkins^ Fellowship in 
"Jefus College in Oxford. 

5. But this Petition of many of the 
Inhabitants of Bojlon^ for a Church of 
England Minifter about the Year 1679, 

B 4 was 

8 The Occajiom of the 

was attended prefently with greater Con- 
fequences. This, and the queftioning of the 
Charter of the Country which hppened about 
that Time, together withfome other Matters 
relating to the Colony, occafioned the re- 
ligious State of thofe Countries to be 
more ftriftly confidered , Very foon af- 
Bp.Comptontcv, Bifhop Comptou made Enquiry how 
th^'^ColoJes^''^^ Foreign Plantations were provided 
fupplied with with Clergymen, and found upon Search 
Minifters. ^^^^^ ^^^^^ ^^^ ^^^^^ ^^^^ Minifters 

of the Church of England in that vaft 
Tradt of North America^ and only one or 
two of them, regularly fent over. To 
remedy this fad Defe£l, the Bifliop made 
Propofals to feveral of thofe Places to 
fupply them with Clergymen ; and had 
generally Encouragement to do fo. The 
Bifhop farther to promote this good be- 
ginning, obtained of his Majefty King 
CHARLES the Second, a Bounty of 
Twenty Pounds to each Minifter or School- 
mafter, for his Paflage to the Wejl-Indies ; 
and Inftrudions were given to the Gover- 
nours of the Provinces, to permit none 
Authoritatively to ferve any Cure of Souls, 
or to teach School, but fuch as were 
licenfed by the Biiliop of London. And 
as a farther great Favour it was ordered, 
chat from that Time every Minifter fliould 


Kife of this Society, 5 

be one, of the Veftry of his refpedive Pa- 
riih : This Provifion for a regular Clergy 
licenfed by the Biihop oi London, did con- 
fiderably forward the good Work; the 
People generally built Churches in all the 
Leeward IJlands, and in Jafnaicay that is, 
in thofe Settlements which were rich and 
able to make Provifion for the Support of 
their Minifters ; but this good Eflfed: did not 
extend to the poorer Plantations upon the 
Continent^ feveral of which remained in 
an utter State of Ignorance, and broke 
into various Divifions of all Seds and 
Denominations : 

6. To remedy this Calamity another A Charter 
moft fignal Inftance of Royal Favour, wasf^'S^'ng and 
fhewn to the Plantations, by their Majefties endowing a 
King WILLIAM and Queen M ART ^^tlfnia!^ 
a very noble Defign was laid, of erefting 
and endowing a College in Virginia^ at 
Williamshurgy the Capital of that Country, 
for Profeffors and Students in Academical 
Arts and Sciences, for a continual Seminary 
of Learning and Religion j a ftately Fa- 
brick was intended, and partly raifed for 
that purpofe, a Royal Charter was given, 
with ample Immunities and Privileges, and 
a publick Fund was allotted for the En- 
dowment of it, and a Prefident appointed 


I o ^he Occafions of the 

with an honourable Salary, and the Col- 
lege, in Honour of the Founders, called 
William and Mary College : But foon, 
after about half the intended Pile was 
raifed, before it was furnifhed with Pro- 
fefibrs and Students, or advanced it felf 
above a Grammar School \ all that was 
Built of the College was unfortunately 
deftroyed by Fire. Her late Majefty Queen 
MART^ of pious Memory, ihewed fo 
hearty a Zeal and Affedion in promoting 
this Work, it would be great Negligence 
or Ingratitude in a Writer, not to remark 
Bp. ^irmt> what a Bifhop of our Church juftly ob- 
ferves upon this Occafion. " Her Majefty 
" took particular Methods to he well /;z- 
ec fQyjjied of the State of our Plantations y and 
*' ofthofe Colonies that we have among the In- 
" fidels. But it was no fmall Grief to Her 
" to heary that they were but too generally 
** a Reproach to the Religion by which they 
cc ^^^^ named {I do not fay which they 
" profejfedy for many of them feem fcarce 
*^ to profefs ity) She gave a willing Ear 
*' to a Propofition that was made for EreB- 
" ing Schools^ and the Founding of a College 
" among them. She conftdered the whole 
" Scheme of if, and the Endowment which 
** was defired for it. It was a noble one, 
" and was to rife out of fome Branches of 

« the 

Rife of this Society. 1 1 

^''' the Revenue^ which made it liable to 
'' ObjeBions. But Jhe took care to conjider 
" the whole T'hing Jo well^ that Jhe her felf 
" anfwered all ObjeBions^ and efpoufed the 
" Matter with Jo affeBionate a Concern^ 
*' that Jhe prepared it for the King to fettle 
" ?V, at his coming over; She knew how 
*' heartily he concurred in all Dejigns of 
" that Nature ; nor indeed could any Taking 
" inflame her more than the ProfpeB of 
" fetting Religion forward^ efpecially where 
" there were Hopes of working upon Infi- 

'' deur 

7. This Adl of Royal Favour made 
Bifhop Compton exert all his Power to 
promote the Work, and therefore, for the 
more orderly fettling all Church Affairs 
in Virginia^ he appointed the Reverend 
Mr. James Blair his Commiflary there; 
and foon after appointed the Reverend 
Dr. Bray his Commiifary in Maryland, 
Upon this Occafion, Queen MA R T again QHeen Mary, 
extended her Royal Bounty, and gave jn^^e of Den- 
200 L a Year during her Life, ^^ fupport^j'^^^^^'.^^^ 
Miffionaries. Her Royal Highnefs thefupport Cler- 
Princefs Anne of Denmark, contributed ^^"^^"* 
liberally, feveral of the Nobility, and many 
others of the Clergy and Gentry, did make 


12 The Occafions of the 

fuch generous Contributions towards carry- 
ing on this Work, that feveral Miffionaries 
were fent and fupported in the Colonies. 
Dr. Bray efpecially, was enabled to do 
many publick Services in Maryland, to fettle 
and procure a Support for feveral new 
Minifters, to fix and furnifh fome Parochial 
Libraries, and to provide Schoolmafters, 
very much to the Advancement of Reli- 
gion in thofe Parts: The Particulars of 
which need not to be repeated here, fince 
the Reverend Doftor hath himfelf given 
the Publick a very fair and fatisfaftory Ac- 
count of his Proceedings. 

8. While thus this good Work was 
juft kept alive by a few private Perfons, 
an Incident happened which occafioned a 
Charter to be obtained, and the Rife of 
this Society. Dr. Stanley, Archdeacon of 
London, now Dean of St. Afaph, who had 
been one of thofe who contributed, and 
ufually ftirred up others to promote this 
Defign, happening to recommend this 
Charity to a late great Prelate's Lady, as 
p. rne . ^Q^^xvm^ her Bounty for its Support 3 he 
was told by the Bifhop, that tho* his In- 
tentions were very commendable, and the 
Work worthy all Encouragement, yet the 


Kife of this Society. 13 

Methods he ufed to carry it on, were not 
in Law ftridly juftifiable, but that it was 
neceflary to have a Charter to render the 
Management of this Charity fafe and fe- 
cure. The Doftor faw prefently, upon 
refleding, the Objedion was very juft, 
but this Difficulty did not make him ceafe 
from any further Endeavours. He was very 
hearty in promoting this Work, and therefore 
refolved to make Application where he had 
Hopes to get the Difficulty removed: He 2iQ- 
quainted ArchbifliopT'^/^Z/ow and BifhopCiJi^- 
fton with theObjedion which had been dart- 
ed : Upon which the Archbifliop, moved to 
think fo Chriftian a Work {hould be 
flopped, replyed with more than ufual 
Earneftnefs, Then we mufi have a Ci^^^^^^ •>, j;?;J^3?| 
And foon after, he did fo effedually repre- to King /r///i- 
fent the Religious Wants of the Plantations ^f^^^^'^^^t 
to his Majefty, that a Royal Charter was ety, ^whick i. 
granted, and this Society erected. 

This truly was an Adtion fuitable to 
Archbiihop i'enifons Publick Spirit an4 
honeft Zeal for the Proteftant Religion, 
and exceedingly becoming his high Station 
and Authority in the Church. The A- 
merican Colonies fure, can never without 
the greateft Veneration and Gratitude re- 
member him, when they fhall many Ages 


14- The Occafions of the 

hereafter, feel the happy Eflfeds of having 
the Chriftian Religion planted among them, 
and refled:, how hearty and forward Arch- 
bifliop T^enijon appeared, to obtain that 
Charter which gave Life and Authority to 
fo glorious an Undertaking : Nay, that 
his Zeal and Spirit did not reft here ; He 
continued to promote and guide by his 
wife Counfels, the Affairs of the Society ; 
He paid them an Annual Bounty of Fifty 
Pounds during his Life, and at his Death 
Bequeathed them a Thoufand Pounds to- 
wards the Maintenance of the firft Bifhop 
that ftiould be fettled in America. 

9. A Charter being thus obtained, the 
next Endeavour was to carry their worthy 
Defigns into Execution. Accordingly His 
Grace the Archbiiliop, as empowered by 
the Charter, caufed Summons to be iffued 
mee^ts.^^^^'^ for the Members of the Corporation, to 
meet within the Time limited 5 and feveral 
met at the Place appointed, on the 27^^ of 
"Jurie 170 1, and chofe proper Officers for 
tranfading their Bufinefs. At following 
Meetings they made divers Rules and Orders 
for their more regular Proceeding in the Ad- 
miniftration of their Truft, and fubfcribed 
among themfelves near 200 Pounds, for 


Kife of this Society^ 1 5 

defraying the Charges of paffing the 
Charter, making the common Seal, and 
other neceffary Expences. They alfo ordered 
500 Copies of the Charter to be printed 
forthwith, and diftributed among the 
Members, to be fhewed by them to all 
proper Perfons, the farther to notifie the 
Defign they were engaged in, and to in- 
vite more Perfons of Ability and Piety to 
afTift in carrying it on. 

This Step was but an Opening of the 
Matter to the Publick: the Society were 
diligent to confider of farther and more 
effedual Ways and Means, to obtain Sub- 
fcriptions and Contributions, fufficient to 
enable them to bear the Expence of fend- 
ing many Miffionaries abroad. They im- 
mediately agreed that the beft Argument 
to Mankind was Example, and the moft 
effedual Means to engage others to contri- 
bute, v/as to lead the Way themfelves, by 
fubfcribing towards the Support of the 
Work. Accordingly Archbifhop ^^^^?/^^Th Me b — 
the Prefident, the Vice-prefidents, all the of the Society 
Bifhops and Members then prefent, did^S'sum 
fubfcribe a Yearly Sum to be paid to the ^° ^"PP°^^ ^^'^ 

realurer of the Society, for the Publick 
Ufes, according to a Form of Subfcription 


1 6 T'he Occafions of the 

drawn up for that purpofe. Having now 
made this Advance themfelves, they gave 
out Deputations under their common Seal, 
to feveral of their Members, and other Per- 
fons of Figure and Intereft in the Counties 
of E?2gland and fVales -, fignifying their being 
conftituted and appointed by the Corpora- 
tion to take Subfcriptions, and to receive all 
Sums of Money which fhould be fubfcribed 
or advanced for the Purpofes mentioned in 
the Charter. And here it is to be grate- 
fully acknowledged, that feveral worthy 
Perfons, did with a Publick Spirit, take 
thefe Deputations, to help on with a Work 
fo truly for the National Intereft, and the 
Honour of common Chriftianity ; and did 
by their Example and Inftances, fo influence 
feveral weil-difpofed Perfons, that conli- 
derable Remittances of Benefadtions to the 
Corporation were foon made, which en- 
abled them to enter on the Work with 

lo. Particularly from the Gentle- 
men and Clergy of Lincoln/hire, thro' the 
Hands of the Reverend Mr. Ada?nfon^ 
Redior of Burton Cogksy and Mr. Evans^ 
Redtor of lJffingha?n -, from the Clergy of 
the Diocefe of I^orkyhy the Countenance 
pf the Archbifhopj and the Care of his 


Kife of this Society. 17 

Chaplain, the Reverend Dr. Deering ; from 
the Clergy and others in Northampton/hire^ 
by the Hands of the Reverend Dr. Reynolds^ 
(now Lord Bifhop of Lincoln) Chancellor 
of the Diocefe of Peterborough ; from fe- 
veral Divines in Suffolk^ tranfmitted to the 
Reverend Mr. Shute-, from the Gentry 
and Clergy in Shropjhire^ returned by the 
Reverend Mr.^rc^, Warden of Manchejier 
College; from a Society of Clergy in 
Devo?iJhire ; and elpecially from the Gen- 
try and others in or near Exeter^ tranfmitted 
by the Reverend Mr. Richard King ; which 
worthy Gentleman, together with feveral 
of his Friends, hath been a conftant Bene- 
faftor to this Society, from its firft Rife^ 
and hath upon many Occafions very much 
promoted its Intereft. The Society re- 
ceived alfo feveral Sums of Money remitted P^'^^t^^'^^ , 

1 r.« r-> 7 1 (rr* i r i brought to the 

by Sir hjdmund burner 5 and from other Society by fe- 
Perfons deputed by the Society in C^^r-^^^^^'^^^ 
marthenjhire and Pembrokejhire^ remitted by 
Sir John Philipps, of PiSlon Caftle in Pm- 
brokepire^ Baronet -, who hath not only zea- 
loufly promoted the Defign of this Corpora- 
tion, of which he was a Member appointed 
by Charter, but alfo very much affifted 
feveral other Religious SocietieSjWhereby the 
Honour and Intereft of Religion might be 
advanced, and the Publick Good promoted. 
C NoK 

l8 The Occajions of the 

Nor v/ere there only fuch Perfons of 
Piety and Honour who appeared openly in 
carrying on this great Work, but even 
at firfl, and ever fince, there have been 
feveral Benefaftors, who, with a too mo- 
deft Concealment of their Names, have made 
great Benefadions to the Society. I fhall 
remark only through whofe Hands, and 
.probably by whofe Influence, feveral Be- 
nefadtions iuft at the Rife of the So- 
ciety came. The chief of thefe were 
reported and paid to the Corporation 
by Dr. Beveridge, afterwards Biiliop of 
St. Afapby Dr. Burnet, Bifhop of Sarum, 
Dr. Sharpe, Archbifhop of ^Tork, Dr. W^ake, 
now Archbifhop of Canterbury, and Prefi- 
dent of this Society ; by the Reverend Mr. 
Gibfon, now Biiliop of London, the Reverend 
Mr. Waddington, now Bilhop of Chichefier^ 
the Honourable Colonel Colchejler, Sir JViL 
Ham Drake, Sir T'homas^rollop, Sir Edward 
Seeward, Mr. Meux, Mr. Torrlano, the Re- 
verend Mr. Stubs, now Archdeacon of St. 
Albans, the Reverend Mr. Shute, Mr. Brew- 
fier, Mr. Arthington, Mr. Hanky, Mr. 
Broughton. But the greateft Benefad:ion 
foon after the Eftablifliment of the Society, 
~was in the Year 1702. Dr. Mapletoft reported 
to the Board, that a Perfon who defired to be 


Kife of this Society. i^ 

unknown, had fent him a Prefent of One 
Thoufand Pounds, and defired it might be 
laid out in Land or Rent Charges, or other- 
wife, for the Ufe of the Society and their 
Succeflors for ever, the Name of the ho- 
noured Perfon being, by ftrift Command, 
concealed till after the Demife : Dr. 
Mapktoft then declared it, and his Decla- 
ration is thus entered upon the Society's 
Books, Feb, i. 1705. " Whereas the Sum 
" of One Thoufand Pounds was fent as a £T^ >^^ 

\^ r n' 1 • /« Holman be- 

iJeneiaction to this Society, from an un- queaths a 
" known Perfon, by the Hands of the Reve- socfety.'" "^^ 
*' rend Dr. "john Mapktoft, the faid Dr. Ma-- 
*' pletoft doth now inform the Society, that 
" the faid unknownPerfon is lately deceafed; 
" and that therefore he is now at Liberty to 
" impart her Name and Quality, which were 
" before concealed by her own Command j 
'"' (he v/as Dame Jane Holman, the Relidt 
'' of Sir Joh7i Holman, of Wejion in North-' 
" amptonjhire^ a Lady of great Humility, 
" Piety, and Charity" ; this Donation, with 
an Addition of near 300/. was laid out by 
the Society, in Purchafe of Land in Ejfex^ 
now in the Society's PofTeffion. 


go Enquiries into the Religious 

CHAP. 11. 

Enquiries made into the Kchgiotis State 
of the Colonies. The particular State 
of each Colony defer ibed. 

I^uife°tto ^- 1^ I ^ H E Society thought they had 
the particular I HOW made a promifing Entrance 

Colony.'''^ into the Difcharge of the Truft 

committed to them, and from the Zeal of 
their Members, and other Correfponding Gen- 
tlemen, hadHopes of gaining a Fundfuffici- 
ent to make a firft Step in fo great a Work. 
They were acquainted with the ge- 
neral Condition of the Colonies with re- 
gard to Religious Affairs, but thought this 
Knowledge not fufficient to proceed upon: 
They made Enquiries of all proper Perfcns, 
Merchants and others here, and wrote to 
Governcurs, Congregations of People, and 
other Ferfons of Diftindion in the Plan- 
tations, for a more particular Account 
of the State of Religion in iht American 
Colonies s that by fuch a diftindt Infor- 
mation, they might more fuitably apply 


State of the Colonies. 2 1 

their Help where it was moft wanted and 
moft delired. 

And they received indeed from thence 
a more melancholy Account than any 
their Fears could fuggeft, feveral Relations 
fetting forth, that the very Indian Darknefs 
was not more gloomy and horrid^ than that 
in which Jhne of the Englifh Inhabitants 
of the Colonies lived. Such as did truly 
verifie this Obfervation in the Charter : 
«' Some Colonies and Plantations wholly 
" deftitute and unprovided of a Mainte- 
" nance for Minifters, and the Publick 
" Worfliip of God, and for lack of fuch 
" Support and Maintenance, many of the 
" Subjefts of this Realm want the Admi- 
'' niftration of God's Word and Sacra- 
" ments, and feem to be abandoned to 
" Atheifm and Infidelity ^ and alfo for The Colonies 
" want of learned and orthodox Minifters^^^^^^ ^«> 
" to inftrud them in the Principles of truePoS^? '""^ 
" Religion, divers Romifb Priefts and Je- 
^^ fiiits are more encouraged to pervert 
" and draw them over to Popijh Super- 
" ftition and Idolatry". Thefe Words of 
the Charter do truly exhibit the Reafon, 
and fet forth the Neceffity of the Elta- 
bliihment of this Society > Becaufe as to 
the firft Remark, that " great Numbers of 
C 3 '' the 

22 Enciuiries into the Religious 

^' the Inhabitants were abandoned to A- 
" theilm andlnfidellty", this will appear too 
plain from numerous Inftances in the fol- 
lowing Papers. How indeed could it be 
otherwife in thofe rude Countries, and in 
thefe latter Times, when it cannot with 
any degree of Modefty be denied, but that 
a prevailing Spirit of Deilm hath ap- 
peared, even here at Home, fetting at 
naught all Revelation, treating every Re- 
ligion as alike Impofture and Fraud, and 
all the Teachers of them as equally De- 
ceivers of Mankind. And with regard to 
the other Particular mentioned in the 
Charter, that Jefuits might fnore eafily fe- 
duce the People to Popifh SuperJlitio7i and 
Idolatry^ this is very evident ; For, inaf- 
much as the People, thro' the Want of 
Clergy, were abandoned to Atheifm and 
Infidelity^ it is an eafie Step from A- 
theifm into Popery ; becaufe whoever hath 
no inward Senfe nor Perfuafion of the 
Truth of any Revelation, is open to take 
upon him the outward Profeiiion of Po- 
pery at any time, as various Interefts and 
Inclinations may fway him. 

The Society, upon their firil engaging 
in this Work, prefently perceived it con- 
filled of three great Branches, the Care and 


State of the Colonies. 2^ 

Inftruftion of our own People, fettled in 
the Colonies; the Converfion of the In- 
dian Savages, and the Converfion of the 
Negroes. The Englijh Planters had the 
Title to their firft Care, as Brethren and 
Countrymen, as having been once Chri- 
ftians, at leaft their Parents. Eefides, it 
would be ineffectual to begin with an 
Attempt to convert the Indians and iV>- 
groes^ and to let our own People continue 
in their grofs Ignorance, or fupine Negli- 
gence of all the Duties of Chriftianity : 
For both the former Sorts of Men, would 
neceffarily take their firft Impreflions con- 
cerning Chriftianity, from the Englijh*^ and 
when they found them pay fo little Obe- 
dience to the Laws of the Gofpel, milft 
either negledt it as an unprofitable Labour^ 
or hate it as a heavy Impofition. 

2. The Society began therefore with 
the Englip^ and foon found there was more 
to be done among them, than they had 
as yet, any Views of effedling. The Reader 
{hall here have a fmall Sketch of the State 
and Condition of each Colony, formed from 
Accounts, the Governors and Perfons of 
the beft Note, fent over to the Corporation: 
For furely, the mere Relation of the State 
of thefe Countries, muft raife a very affed:- 

C 4 ing 

24 Enquiries into the Religious 

ing Refledtion in a Perfon of a ferious 
Spirit ; when he obierves fuch great Num- 
Thc Import- ^^^^ ^^ People in the Colonies, living with- 
ance of fettling out any Miniftration of the Gofpel in many 
Religion^ in Pl^ces. If he lliould only confider them 
America. as now, in their prefent Condition ; the 
People very numerous, the Countries ex- 
ceeding large, the Climates Healthy, the 
Soils very rich, the Rivers large and 
navigable hundreds of Miles up into the 
main Land, the Harbours many, capacious, 
and fafe : Thefe are great natural Ad- 
vantages, and capable of vaft Improvements 
by Induftry. But if the Reader fhould 
carry on his Thoughts farther, and con- 
fider them as a thriving People, Colonies 
which may grow up into powerful Nations, 
and that from thefe fmall Beginnings what a 
mi^iy Englip Empire may oneDayflourifli 
in thofe Parts, Can it feem an indifferent 
Thing, a fmall Matter^ to any true Believer^ 
whether fo great People ( for fuch they may 
one Day be) Ihouldbe Chriftians or not? 

3, I fliall therefore give a Summary 
View of the particular State of each Co- 
lony, when the Society engaged in this 
_ ^ . Work, beginning with the moft Southern 

The State of _, , ' ,5, . rr^t • • o / 

^outh Cami' Colony on the Comment: ihis is oout^^ 
'^'^ Carolina^ extending in Length on the Sea- 


State of the Colonies. 25 

Coaft, 300 Miles ^ and into the main Land 
near 200 Miles. It was granted by Pa- 
tent from the Crown, in the Year 1663, 
and fettled foon after, containing in the 
Year 170 1, above 7000 Perfons, befides 
Negroes and Indians^ and was divided into 
feveral Parifhes and Towns. Yet tho* 
peopled at its firft Settlement with the 
Natives of thefe Kingdoms, there was, 
until the Year 1701, no Minifter of the 
Church of England Refident in this 
Colony y tho' great Numbers of the In- 
habitants were very defirous of having 
Minifters of the Church of England i 
and with very few Teachers of any other 
Kind ; neither had they any Schools for 
the Education of their Children. 

The next Colony, North-Carolina^ ex- 
tending on the Sea-Coaft above 100 Miles, 
and into the Land about 100, was dividedin- 
to feveral To wnfhips, and peopled ivovaEn-- 
gland. It contained above 5000 Inhabitants, 
befides Negroes and Indians^ in the Year 
170 1, all living without any Form of Divine 
Worfhip publickly performed, and without 
Schools for the Education of their Children 
in the Elements of Learning and Principles 
of Religion, 


q6 Enquiries into the Religious 

In the Year 1703, Mr. He/iderjbn Walker.^ 
a Gentleman of that Country, defcribes the 
State of it thus to the Bifhop of Lo'ndc?i : 
We have been fettled near tbefe 50 Tears 
in this Place, and I may jitjily fay, mofl 
Part of 21 Tears on my oivn Knowledge, 
without any Minifier of the Church of En- 
gland, and before that T'ime, according to all 
that appears to me, much worfe -, George Fox 
feme Tears ago, came into thefc Parts, and by 
a flrange Infatuation did infife his Quaker 
Principles into fome f mall Number of People, 

Nay, in the Year 17 12, Mr. Gale, a 
Gentleman of Figure in that Countr}^, 
wrote to England to his Father, T'hat 
fnce he had been an J7ihabitant of that 
Country, which was about 8 Tears, Re- 
ligion co?itinued in a "-eery lo-w Ebb, and the 
little Stock the Settlers had carried over 
with them, was in Danger ofbei?2g totally loji^ 
without fpeedy Care of fending Minifiers, 
T^he Country had been ever fine e it was fettled 
by the Englifh, without a Minifier refiding^ 
and all the Children under 18 Tears of Age, 
(from the I'itne the laf Minifier was there) 
continued unbaptized, many of which had been 
cut off in a Majfacre committed by the Tuf- 
caro\v Indians. This Account was by that 
Gentleman's Father here delivered to the 
Archbifliop of Tork, (Dr, Sharpe.) 

4. The 

State of the Colonies. 27 

4. T H E next Colony, Firg-tJtia, the mofl ^^^^^ °^ ^^^' 
ancient oi all in America, was in a much 
better Condition j this had not only the 
Advantage of being planted firft, but alfo 
of being fettled by a Corporation or Com- 
pany of Noblemen and Merchants in Lon- 
don, who ad:ed with a more publick Spirit 
and Purfe, than the fev/ Proprietaries and 
Adventurers in the other Plantations could: 
The lirft Settlers here, were for the moil 
Part Members of the Church of England, 
and as foon as the Colony was eftablifhed 
beyond the Fear of common Calamities, 
they began to provide for their Souls as 
Chriflians, as well as to take Care of their 
temporal Concerns as Merchants y Accor- 
dingly in the Year 17 12, the whole Country 
was laid out into 49 Pariihes or Tov/nfhips, 
and an Adt of Affembly made, fixing a Sa- 
lary upon the Minifter of each Parifh. A 
Church v/as built of Timber, Brick, or 
Stone in each Parifh, and many other 
Chapels of Eafe, all decently adorned for 
the Celebration of Publick Divine Service. 
For fome Years at firft, they wanted a great 
many Minifters for vacant Places 5 but 
have fince Dr. Bray's being appointed Com- 
miifary there, had Church Matters put 
in a more orderly Method. A regular 
Clergy, with the Advantages of fome Pa- 
rochial Libraries, hath been eftablifhed, and 


28 Enquiries into the Religious 

many Schools have been eredled for the 
Education of their Children. The So- 
ciety therefore did maintain no Miniflers 
in Virgiiiiay as thinking the People able to 
make a fufhcient Provifion for their Sup- 
port themfelves, tho* they have on fome 
Occafions made Gratuities to Clergymen 

The State of T H E next Colony, Maryland^ a fpacious 
Maryland. Country, and like Virginia^ perhaps the beft 
Watered of any in the World, abounds v^dth 
numerous commodious Harbours. The 
iirft Settlement made here, was in the Year 
1633. confining of about 200 EngUp:, the 
chief of which were Gentlemen of good 
Families. By the good Condu6t of the 
nrll Governors, the Colony grew up and 
flouriilied foon, and Religion now Is pretty 
well eftablifhed among them. Churches 
are built, and there is an Annual Stipend 
allowed each Minifter by a perpetual Law ; 
which is more or lels according to the 
Number of Taxables in each Parifh, and 
is levyed by the Sheriff among other pub- 
lick Revenues : Yet notwithftanding thefe 
Advantages, no where elfe to be found 
in the Englijh America^ except Virginia^ 
they wanted feveral more Clergymen for 
their Parifhesj but fmce the Beginning of the 


State of the Colonies. 2^ 

late Governour Nicholfon's, Time, the Face 
of Affairs is much mended, and the Churches 
are now crowded with Perfons duly at- 
tending Divine Service, the Number of 
Papijls^ who went over there, hath decreafed, 
^uakerifm hath loft Ground, and true Re- 
ligion made confiderable Advances. The 
Society have fent no Miffionaries hither, 
tho* this Colony required a larger Number 
of Clergymen 5 becaufe there hath hitherto, 
been a loud and urgent Call for all their 
Fund could give, by the following Colonies, 
which were, until fupplied by the Society, 
entirely deftitute of a Miniftry. 

5. Penfylvania is the firft of thefe, a large The State of 
Country, extending above 120 Miles in ^^^^S'^^^^^"^- 
Length, and in fome Parts of a great Breadth ; 
fettled firft by fome Dutch and Swedes -, the 
Dutch Plantation fixed on the Frefhes of the 
River Delaware, The Fins or fome In- 
habitants of Fi?2land, compofed the Swedijh 
Colony ; the Swedes applied themfelves to 
Husbandry, the Dutch to Trade, the latter 
grew foon too powerful for the former ; 
and tho' the King of Sweden appointed 
formerly a Governour here to protedt his 
Subjeds, yet in the Year 1655, the Swedijh 
Governour John Rizeing^ made a formal 
Surrender of the Country to the Dutch 


30 Enquiries into the Keligious 

Governor. But the EnglipYX^tx. in the Year 
1664, having obliged Nev^^ Amjlerdam^ now 
called New Tork^ to furrender, and the En- 
glifo alfo making themfelves Mafters of 
the adjoining Plantations on the Continent, 
both Parties in this Country, the Dutch 
and Sweeds, peaceably fubmitted to the 
Englip, Mr. Pcfiy the Proprietary, who 
had the Grant of this Country, called it 
from his own Name Fenfylvania. There 
were but few E?tglijh in this Colony, be- 
fore this Gentleman carried over a con- 
fiderable Body of Adventurers, about 2000 
Perfons, all Quakers, who were more 
readily difpofed to venture with him, as 
being reputed the Head of that Sedl of 
People in Eiigland, 

This fpacious Country was thus fettled 
by People of feveral Nations, and of va- 
rious Opinions in Religion ; the Dutch were 
Cahinijls, the Swedes^ Luther ans^ the main 
Body of the Englifr, ^takers : But a few 
Years after the ^lakers fettled here, Per- 
fons of feveral other Perfuafions in Reli- 
gion came over, and fome Members of 
the Church of Englajid. The fakers 
alfo divided among themfelves, on Account 
of fome diiferent Sentiments in Religion, 
and fet up feparate Meetings. The other 
Inhabitants followed each what was good 


State of the Colonies.^ 3 1 

in his own Eyes. The Publick Worfliip 
of G o D was generally negledied, and the 
whole People lived without the inftituted 
Means of Grace and Salvation; tho* a 
great Body of Men, amounting now to near 
loooo Perfons ; fettled in feveral commo- 
dious Towns for Trade and Husbandry. 
But they have lince approved themfelves 
a worthy and induftrious People, and have 
of late Years, fince the Church of England 
Worfliip hath been fet up among them, 
by voluntary Contributions, built feveral 
Churches, eredled Schools, reformed their 
Lives and Manners, and made conliderable 
Improvements In Trade, Husbandry, and 
Induftry of all Kinds. 

6. The next Colony is New l^ryJ Go-State ofiVksr- 
vernment, formerly called Nova Belgia, ov^'"^^' 
New Netherlands^ becaufe firft fettled by 
the Dutch -, the Soil is faid to be exceed- 
ing fruitful, and the Climate the mofl 
healthy of all the Britip America. The 
firft Bounds of this Country, when pofTefs'd 
by the Dutch ^ were Maryland on the Souths 
the main Land as far as it could be dif- 
covered Wejiward, the great River Canada^ 
Northward, and New England, Eafiward, 
The Eaji and Wefi Jerftes, were afterwards 
taken out of it, and given to Under Pro- 


32 Enquiries into the Religious 

prietaries, by the Duke of Tork, who had 
the Grant of the whole. The Jerjies 
were firft fettled by Sweeds and fome 
Dutch^ afterwards by Englijh Inhabitants ; 
However, as New Tork and the Jerfies are 
now under one Governor, the Reader may 
confider them as one Country, extending near 
400 Miles in Length, on the Sea-Coaft, and 
in Breadth 120. A very fpacious Country, 
enriched with two noble Streams, the Hud-^ 
fon and Delaware Rivers, running feveral 
hundred Miles, and navigable up above a 
100 into the main Land, by Ships of 
great Burthen, and both falling into the 
Sea with commodious Harbours. I muft 
not omit mentioning here, Long-IJland^ a 
confiderable Branch of this Government. 
It is fituate oppofite to the New Tork 
Coaft, an Ifland above 100 Miles long, and 
^out 12 broad, fettled firft hy xht Dutch ^ 
and afterwards by fome EngliJJo from New 
England^ now a populous Country, exceed- 
ingly fruitful, having on the Eajt Part 10 
Englijh Towns, who were computed to 
have above 800 Families in the Year 170 1, 
and on the JVeJi Part, 9 Dutch Towns, 
reckoned to contain above 500 Families. 
The People were of various Sedls and De- 
nominations, chiefly Independents and Qua- 
kers^ who had removed from New En- 

State of the Colonies. 33 

gJand, together with many others not pro- 
feffing any Sort of Religion. 

The whole Body of this Governmentj 
hong-ljland^ Statten-IJlandy the Counties on 
the Continent, and both the JerJieSy had no 
Publick Worfhip duly fettled 5 a great 
Variety of Sentiments and Schemes in Re- 
ligion obtained every where, and the Dutch 
who remained there under the Englijh 
Government, lived in the moft orderly and 
Chriftian Manner: I fhall give aDefcription 
of the Religious State of this Country, in 
the Words of an excellent Perfon, Colonel 
Heathcote, a Gentleman who had a con- 
fiderable Fortune there. He wrote thus 
to the Society in 1704. " Being favoured 
" with this Opportunity, I cannot omit 
" giving you the State of this Country, 
" in relation to the Church, and fhall be- 
" gin theHiftory thereof, from the Time 
" I firft came among them, which was 
*' about 12 Years agoe. I found it the 
" moft rude and Heatheniih Country I 
" ever faw in my whole Life, which called 
" themfelves Chriftians, there being not fo 
" much as the leaft Marks or Footfteps 
" of Religion of any Sort. Sundays were 
" only Times fet apart by them for all 
** manner of vain Sports and lewd Diver- 

D '' fions. 

24 Enemies into the Religious 

" fions, and they were grown to fuch 
^' a Degree of Rudenefs that it was in- 
" tolerable. I having then the Com- 
*^ mand of the Militia, fent an Order to 
" all the Captains, requiring them to call 
" their Men under Arms, and to acquaint 
•^^ them, that in Cafe they would not in 
*' every Town agree among themfelves 
** to appoint Readers, and to pafs the Sab- 
" bath in the beft Manner they could, till 
*' fuch Times as they could be better pro- 
" vided ', that the Captains iTiould every Stin- 
^' day call their Companies under Arms, and 
^^ fpend the Day in Exercife ; whereupon 
*' it was unanimoufly agreed on thro' the 
«* County, to make Choice of Readers ; 
*' which they accordingly did, and con- 
" tinned in thofe Methods for fome Time". 
This Defcription given by that worthy 
Perfon, who proved afterwards highly in- 
ftrumental in fettling Religion, both here 
and in the Neighbouring Countries, was 
confirmed by many Accounts from other 

The Reader will, in the Sequel of this 
Piece, have the Pleafure to fee the Face of 
Things in this Colony exceedingly chang'd 
for the Better -y and that fince the Society 
have fent Miffionaries hither, the Inha^- 


State of the Colonies. 35 

bitants have thrown off all their former 
Rudenefs, and become a religious, fober, 
and polite People, and as Traders to New- 
Tork affure us, refemble the Englijh very 
much, in their open Behaviour, and frank 
Sincerity of Spirit. 

7. T H E next Colony is New-England, r^^^ s^^^e of 
almoft deferving that noble Name, io New-England. 
mightily hath it encreafed, and, from a 
fmall Settlement at firft, is now become 
a very populous and flourifhing Govern- 
ment. The Capital City Bojlon, is a Place 
of great Trade and Wealth, and by much 
the largeft of any in the £?2^///7; Empire 
in America^ and not exceeded but by few 
Cities, perhaps two or three, in all the 
American World. It is foreign to the 
Purpofe of this Treatife to defcribe its 
ancient Divifion into four great Diftridts 
or Governments ^ the whole Country, 
NeW'E?igland, extends above 400 Miles 
on the Sea-Coaft, and near 200 Miles 
into the main Land Wejlward in fome 
Places. This Colony was firft fettled in 
the Year 1620, by Proteftant Diffenters of 
many Denominations, but chiefly hide- 
pe?idents, Browftijis, and Presbyteria?is, They 
did at their firft Settling contend with, and 
by their great Conftancy, at laft furmount 
D 2 ex- 

36" Enquiries into the Religious 

exceeding Difficulties ; and have thro' their 
Induftry raifed a plentiful and delightful 
Country out of a barren and wafte Wil- 
dernefs : It ought to be owned to the juft 
Honour of this People, that the firft Set- 
tlers who left their Native Country Ejig- 
land, appear to have done it, out of a true 
Principle of Confcience, however erroneous. 
As foon as they had fixed the Civil Ma- 
giftracy, they did eftablifh a Publick Wor- 
ihip of God ; and fuitable to this prudent 
as well as Religious Procedure, the Co- 
lony throve apace, and hath now far out- 
ftripped all the others. But when the Li- 
dependents found themfelves fixed in Power, 
they began to exadt a rigid Conformity 
to their manner of Worfliip. Men of all 
Perfuafions but their own, were ftyled op- 
probrioufly Sectaries, and tho' they had de- 
clared at firft for Moderation, and a general 
Liberty of Confcience, they notwithftanding 
banifhed and drove out of the Country, the 
^iakerSj the Ant in o mi a?2 dindFamiliJficalP^T'- 
ties. However, there are many Circumftan- 
ces which alleviate and foften fome Particu- 
lars, which might feem rigorous in their Ad- 
miniftration. New-E?2gland was at the Be- 
ginning harraflfed with various Sedaries, 
who, under the Umbrage of Liberty of 
Confcience, took a great Licentioufnefs in 


State of the Colonies. 37 

all Religious and Civil Matters. I fhall men- 
tion a few of the chief, from their own 
Hiftorians; " * The Antmomians, who deny 
" the Moral Law of G o d, to be the Rule 
" of Christ to walk by in the Obedi- 
'' ence of Faith. The Familijis, who re- 
" jed the fure written Word of God, 
" and teach Men to depend upon new and 
" rare Revelations for the Knowledge of 
'' God's eieding Love towards them. 
" The Conformitants or Formalijis^ who 
*' bring in a Form of Worfhip of their 
" own, and join it with the Worfliip God 
«' hath appointed in his Word. The See- 
" kers, who deny all manner of Worfliip 
" and all the Ordinances of Jesus Christ, 
'' affirming them to be quite loft, and not 
" to be attained till new Apoftles come ; 
" befides thefe, there were Arrians, Ar- 
'' minians^ ^takers ;" with thefe New- 
England fwarmed, and their own beft Wri- 
ters give us a very melancholy Account of 
their Enthufiaftick Behaviour. 

But the moft impudent Sedarifts, a 
Sed heard of in no other Part of the 
World, were the* Gortonijis, fo named from 
their vile Ringleader, one Gorton, who 
et up to live in a more brutal Manner 
than the wild Indian Savages \ in Defiance 

D 3 and 

* ma^ o/NezU'Knghndy printed 1654. p. M- * ^id, ib, p. 185. 

38 Enquiries into the Religious 

and Contempt of any Means for inftruaing 
themfelves in the Knowledge of G o d, and 
without any Civil Government to reftrain 
them in common Humanity and Decency. 
This Blafphemous Fellow had his Followers, 
and was with Difficulty fupprelTed by the 
Civil Power, in Governor Dudlfs Time, 
in the Year 1643. Yet tho' the Civil Ma- 
gillrate could ftop the Progrefs of this 
Iniquity, fo far as to prevent its being an 
allowed and tolerated Faftion or Party ; 
yet ftill, down to this Day, there hath con- 
tinued a Succeffion of People, who have 
not been aftiamed to own and maintain 
his impious Tenets, commonly called now 
Gortonian Principles. 

8. After thefe Seftaries had rofe and 
fallen, another Sort of People appeared, pro- 
feffing themfelves Members of the Church 
of England, Thefe too were looked up- 
on as Seftaries, with what Degree ofMo- 
defty or Truth the Reader muft judge. 
It is true indeed, at the fettling of the 
Country, as hath been before obferved, 
Jndependanfs were the firft Planters, who 
removed from England, from what they 
thought Perfecution -, but fince that Time, 
great Numbers of People, Members of the 
Church of England^ have at different Times 


State of the Colonies. 39 

fettled there, who thought themfelves 
furely entituled, by the very New-England 
Charter, to a Liberty of Confclence, in the 
worfhipping of God after their own Way, 
Yet the Independents (it feems) were not 
of this Sentiment, but aded as an Efta- 
blifliment. The Members of the Church 
of England met with Obftrudlions in fetting 
up that Form of Worfhip, and therefore 
a great Number of the Inhabitants of 
Bofion, got an humble Petition to be laid 
before His Majefty, King CHARLES the 
Second, by Dr. Compton, then Bifhop oi Lon- 
don-, praying that they might be allowed 
to build a Church at Bojlon, and to perform 
Divine Worfhip according to the Church 
of England, This Petition was granted, ^ 

a Church was foon after built, and fre- 
quented by a numerous Congregation ; upon 
this Occafion, the Members of the Church 
of England in many other Towns in New 
England, declared their Defire of the like 
Advantage of worfhipping God after that 
Way, wrote very zealous Letters to Bifhop 
Compton for Miniflers j and now it appeared 
they were a very confiderable Body of 

9. Newfoundland, is the next and moft^^TKeJute 
Northern Colony of the Englifi, lying be-/^„^. 

D4 tweeji 

4© Enquiries into the Religious 

tween 46 and 53 Degrees of Northern 
Latitude, it is a large Ifland, as big as Ire^ 
land. The firfh Settlement was made here 
in the Year 16 10. The Englijh frequent 
this Ifland chiefly for the Cod Fifliery on 
the Sand Banks, not for the Improvement 
of the Soil of the Country, which is faid 
to be worth little; and therefore they have 
not built any Towns, but made only Settle- 
ments, which they chofe to call Harbours. 
However, there is one Place which may 
deferve the Name of a Town, namely, St. 
Jghn's, fituate commodioufly within the 
Neck of an Harbour. The Houfes were 
built on the Northern Shore, and every 
Family had a Sort of Wharf to dry his 
Fifh on. There was a handfome Church 
built here, before the French in 1705, 
burntthis Town and the Church. After the 
Englijh had again drove out the French^ 
they built another fmall Church and 
Houfes for themfelves round the Fort, for 
their greater Security. Tho' the confl:ant 
Inhabiiants in this Place are but few, yet 
in Fifliing Seafcns great Number of En- 
glijh repair thither for catching Cod, fome 
Years there have been 500 Sail of Ships 
laden with Cod. There are computed to 
be here about 5 or 6 Settlements, con- 
taining in all, about 500 Families confl:antly 


State of the Colonies. 4 1 

refiding on the Ifland. The People are poor, 
and unable to fupport a Minifter, and at 
the Time this Corporation was eilabliihed 
had none : Therefore that the whole 
Ifland, all the Settlers, and many Thou- 
fands of occafional Inhabitants, might not 
be deftitute of having the Publick Wor- 
fhip of God celebrated, the Society fent 
the Reverend Mr. Jack/on thither, allowed 
him an Annual Salary for feveral Years, and 
made him other Gratuities. 

10. T H I s is the Defcription of the Religi- 
ous State of the Colonies. I (hall contrail 
the whole into a fliort View, as the Ho- 
nourable Governour Dudley^ Colonel Mor-- 
ris, and Colonel Heathcote^ have reprefented 
it in their Memorials. " In South-Carolina 
" there were computed 7000 Souls, befides 
'^ Negroes and Indians, living without any 
" Miniller of the Church ofE^igland, and but 
" few difienting Teachers of any Kind, above 
" half the People living regardlefs of anyRe- 
" ligion. In North-Carolina, above 5000 
" Souls without any Minifter, any religious 
" Adminiftrations ufed^ no Publick Worlhip 
" Celebrated, neither the Children baptized, 
'' nor the Dead buried in any ChriftianForm. 
" Virginia contained above 40000 Souls, divi- 
" ded into 40 Parilhes,but wanting near half 

'' the 

42 Enquiries into the Religious 

" the Number of Clergymen requlfite. 
" Maryland, contained above 25000, divided 
" into 26 Parifhes, but wanting alfo near 
" half the Number of Minifters requifite. 
" In Penfylvania (fays Colonel Heathcote) 
*^ there are at leaft 20000 Souls, of which, 
'' not above 700 frequent the Church, and 
" there are not more than 250 Commu- 
" nicants. The tv/o Jerjies contain about 
" 15000, of which, not above 600 fre- 
" quent the Church, nor have they more 
" than 250 Communicants. In New 
*' Tork Government we have 30000 Souls 
"' at leaft, of which about 1200 frequent 
** the Church, and we have about 450 
*^ Communicants. In ConneBiciit Colony 
*^ in Nev/ England y there are about 30000 
*' Souls, of which, when they have a 
" Minifter among them, about 150 fre- 
" quent the Church, and there are 35 
«^ Communicants, In Rhode-IJland and 
'* Naraganfett^ which is one Govern- 
" ment, there are about loooo Souls, of 
" which, about 150 frequent the Church, 
" and there are 30 Communicants. In 
*' Bojion and Fife at aw ay Government, there 
" are ^bout 80000 Souls, of which, about 
" 600 frequent the Church, and 120 the 
*' Sacrament. In Newfoundland^ there are 
'^ about 500 Families conftantly living in 

" the 

State of the Colonies. 

the Place, and many Thoufands of occa- 
fional Inhabitants, and no Sort of Pub- 
lick Chriftian Worfhip ufed. This is the 
true, tho' melancholy State of our Church 
in North America s and whoever fends 
any other Accounts more in her Favour, 
are certainly under Miftakes ; nor can I 
take them (if they do it knowingly) to 
be Friends to the Church 5 for if the 
Diftemper be not rightly known and un- 
derftood, proper Remedies can never be 



44 Kequejls for MiJJionaries 


T^be Teople in the Colonies *very defirous 
of Minijiers of the Church of England : 
Kequejis from Congregations of Teople 
in each Colony. 

^ ThcDifpo- 1, rTpi H E Governors of feveral Co- 
Colonies. I lonies, and other Gentlemen of 

Charafter abroad, and Merchants 
here in London, having given fuch a par- 
ticular Defcription of the Religious State 
of the Plantations ; the Society found it 
was high Time, to enter upon the good 
Work. They were pleafed to fee, that as 
the People were plainly in great Want of 
a Chriftian Miniftry, (o they fliewed alfo 
a very earneft Defire of being affifted 
with fuch. For after it was known pub- 
lickly in the Plantations, that this Society 
was eredled, and that they intended to 
fend Minifters to fuch Places as fhould de- 
fire them; efpecially, after the Reverend 
Mr. Keith and Mr. T^albot, who had been 
fent Travelling Preachers thro' all the Co- 

from the Colonies. 45 

lonies of the Continent, had finiflied their 
Miffion ; the People feemed to awake 
from the Lethargy they had fo long laid 
under, great Numbers of the Inhabitants, 
of various Humours, and different Tenets 
in Religion, began to contend with great 
Zeal which fliould be firft fupplyed with 
Minifters of the Church of England^ and 
wrote very earned Letters to the Society. 
This was a Strife very agreeable to the 
Society, and now they promifed them- 
felves, their Labour would not be in vain, 
nor their honourable Benefaftors Charity, 
like Water fpilt upon the Ground. They 
thought any further Delay now would be 
inexcufable, after the People had preffed 
fo earneftly for their Affiftance. 

Indeed, The Society, thro' the whole The People 
Management of the Truft, have been chuThoffi;?- 
fo far from adting with an overbufy ZeaH^''''^^^"^' 
of obtruding the Church of England 
Worfliip upon any Sort of People abroad, 
that they have always this unpleafing Re- 
fleftion ; that they have not been able to 
give any Affiftance to great Numbers of 
People, who have in very moving Terms, 
with a true Chriftian Spirit requefted it . 
and whom they knew to ftand very much 
in Want of it. There remain upon their 


4^ Kequefls for MiJJionaries 

Books Entries of numerous Petitions from 
Congregations of fober and well-difpofed 
People praying for Minifters, which to 
their own great Difcomfort, they have 
been forced to pafs by, on Account of the 
Smallnefs of their Fund ; and not one In- 
ftance of a Minifter fettled in any Place, 
where many of the Inhabitants did not ear- 
neftly defire it, and to the utmoft of 
their Power contribute towards his Sup- 
port. That the Publick may be fully ac- 
quainted with this Difpofition in the Co- 
lonies, it will be proper here, to give the 
Reader, the Peoples Requefts to the So- 
ciety in their own Words; to let the 
People fpeak for themfelves, that the 
World may judge, whether this Chriftian 
Work v/as nor as neceffary, as furely it is 

The Memorials and Petitions of the 

Governors and Congregations of Peo- 

Kequeft^. ^or j^ fliall be laid down next, in the fame 

SK'th-Cc^ro/i-OrdQT^ the State of the Colonies was de- 

^'^' fcribed, beginning with South-Carolinay the 

moft Souther?: Colony. 

2. The iirft Memorial from Soiith-Caro- 
Una, was from the Governour and Council 


from the Colonies. 47 

of Carolina^ dated at the Council-Board, at 
Charles-l'owny figned by the Governor Sir 
Nathaniel Johnfon, and the Members of the 
Council in 1702, it runs thus: '' We could 
" not omit this Opportunity of teftifying 
" the grateful Senfe we have of your 
" moft noble and Chriftian Charity to our 
" poor Infant Church in this Province, 
*' cxpreffed by the generous Encourage- 
" ment you have been pleafed to give to 
" thofe, who are now coming Miffionaries, 
*^ the Account of which we havejufl now 
" received, by the worthy Miffionary, and 
** our deferving Friend and Minijfter, Mn 
" Thomas, who, to our great Satisfaction, 
" is now arrived. The extraordinary 
" Hurry we are in, occafioned by the late 
" Invafion, attempted by the French and 
*' Spamiards, from whom God hath mi- 
" raculoufly delivered us, hath prevented 
" our receiving a particular Account from 
" Mr. 'Thomas of your Bounty ; and alfo 
" hath not given us Leifure to view your 
" Miffionaries Inftrudions, either in re- 
" gard of what relates to them, or to our 
" felves: But we (hall take fpeedy Care 
" to give them all due Encouragement, 
and the Venerable Society the utmofl 
t[ Satisfaftion. There is nothing fo dear 

" to 

48 Re^uejls for MiJJionaries 

" to us as our holy Religion, and the 
'' Intereft of the Eftablifli'd Church, in 
^' which we have (we blefs God^ been 
" happily educated ; we therefore devoutly. 
" adore God*s Providence for bringing, 
" and heartily thank your Society for 
«^ encouraging, fo many Miffionaries to 
'* come among us. We promife your 
" Honourable Society, it fliall be our daily 
" Care and Study, to encourage their 
" pious Labours, to proted their Perfons, 
" to revere their Authority, to Improve 
" by their minifterial Inftrudions, and as 
" foon as poffible, to enlarge their Annual 
" Salaries, ■ ■ When we have placed 
" your Mifiionaries in their feveral Pa- 
" rifhes according to your Direftions, and 
^^ received irom them an Account of your 
*' noble Benefadlion of Books for each 
«' Parifh, we fhall then write more par- 
" ticular and full: In the mean Time, 
" we beg of your Honourable Society to 
^' accept of our hearty Gratitude, and to 
" be alTured of our fincere Endeavour, to 
" concur with them in their moft noble 
*' Defign of Propagating Chrift's holy 
*^ Religion." Mr. T'homas was obliged up- 
on neceffary Affairs to come to England in 
J 705, and foon after returned to Carolina, 


from the Colonies. 4. j 

The Society received another Letter from 
the Governor and Council, dated Decern-- 
her 1706, acquainting them with the 
Reverend Mr. "thomas's Death, and defiring 
more Miflionaries might be fent. Their 
Words are thefe, « Mr. Samuel 'Hhomas^ 
" whom we defigned for Charles Town, 
" we were fo unhappy as to lofe, for he 
" died in fome few Days after his Arri- 
" val : His Death hath been a very great 
" Lofs to this Province, he being a Per- 
" fon of great Piety and Virtue, and by 
" his exemplary Life, diligent Preaching, 
" and obliging Carriage, had the good 
" Will of all Men. He not only brought 
" over feveral of the DifTenters, but alfo 
" prevail'd upon feveral who profefTed 
" themfelves Members of the Church of 
" England, to lead religious Lives, and 
" to become conftant Communicants, and 
" other confiderable Services he did for 
" the Church. We fliall now have Oc- 
" cafion for Four more Minifters in the 
" Country, befides one for Charles Towns 
" So we do moft humbly requeft your 
<* Honourable Society, to fend four more 
** Minifters for the Country, and upon. 
«* your Recommendation we fhall have 
" them fix'd in the feveral Parifties there. 

E These 

^o Re^uejls for Miffonaries 

These Letters are fufficient to fliew 
the Senfe of the Country, concerning re- 
ceiving Clergymen of the Church of En- 
gland^ upon the firft fending a Miffionary. 
I muft here, once for all, remark to the 
Reader, that upon the Death of a Miffio- 
nary, the fame earneft Deiire for a Succef- 
for hath been always continued. 

^. The next Government, AV^Z;-C<^r(?- 

Reoucits for ■^ 

Miniiiersfrom//;2(3', was later fettled, had been harafled 
^.r/^-Cr./i-^.^^ inteftine Feuds and Divifions, and al- 
moftdeftroy'd by an Indian War; the Soci- 
ety at firft fent hither only one Miffionary, 
the Reverend Mr. Ada?nSy and he was foon 
obliged, on Account of feveral diftreffing Cir- 
cumftances, to return to Etigland. Colonel 
G/o'u^'r then Governor of the Country, the 
Church-v/ardens and Veftry of Coratuck^ of 
Pafcotanky and Chowan Precinds, where he 
had chiefly employed his Labours -, wrote to 
the Society upon his Departure, in the Year 
17 lo, and did with great Earneftnefs repre- 
fent their Want of Minifters. I fliall give the 
Reader here only one Letter, from the Church- 
wardens and Veftry of Cot^atuck^ becaufe the 
others are much of the fame Strain, conceived 
indeed in very plain, but ftrong and affeding 
Terms, ^' We the Church-wardens and 

« Veftry- 

from the Colonies. 51 

« Veftry-Men as Reprefentatives, and at 
" the Requeft of the Precinca and Parifli 
" of Coratuck^ North-Carolina^ do defire to 
" offer our grateful Acknowledgments in 
*^ the moft humble and hearty Manner, 
" to the moft Reverend Father in God, 
*^ Thomas^ Lord Archbifhop of Canterbury^ 
" Prefident, and the reft of the Members 
" of the Society for the Propagation of 
" the Gofpel in Foreign Parts, for their 
" pious Care in fending the Reverend Mr, 
" Adams among us, v^ho hath, during his 
^' Abode here, behaved himfelf in all re- 
" fpedts as a Minifter of Chrift, exem- 
" plary in his Life, and blamelefs in his 
" Converfation ; and now being bound for 
*' England^ we with forrowful Hearts, 
" and true Love and Affeftion, take our 
" Leave of him. We fhall ever blefs that 
** Providence which placed him among 
" us, and ihould be very unjuft to his 
" Charadter, if we did not give him the 
" Teftimony of a pious and painful Pa- 
" ftor 'y whofe Sweetnefs of Temper, Dili- 
" gence in his Calling, and Soundnefs of 
" Dodtrine, hath fo much conduced to 
" promote the great End of his Million, 
*' that we hope the good Seed God hath 
" enabled him to fow, will bear Fruit 
*^ upwards: This hath in fome Meafure 
E 2 '' ap- 

52 Kequejls for Mijfionaries 

^« appeared already, for tho* the Sacra- 
" ment of the Lord's-Supper, was never 
" before his Arrival adminiftred in this 
" Precindt ; yet we have had more Com- 
" municants than moft of our neighbouring 
*' Parillies of Virginia^ who have had the 
" Advantage of a fettled Miniftry for 
" many Years. We have no more to add, 
" but beg the Honourable Society will be 
" pleafed to continue us ftill under their 
" charitable Care, for whatever our Merits 
" be, our Neceflities are great, and all 
" the Return we can make, is to praife 
*< G o D for raifmg up fo many truly good 
*^ Friends to our Souls ; and that Heaven 
" may profper you in fo pious and chari- 
" table a Defign, (hall be the Subjed of 
" our Prayers. 

Virginia and Marylajid are the next 
Colonies, both which were divided into 
Pariihes, and had a regular and licenfed 
Clergy, with Salaries fettled on them by 
Ads of AiTembly j yet neither of thefe 
Colonies had much above half the proper 
Number of Minifters for their Churches, 
However, by their officiating in two or 
more Places by Turns, the Publick Wor- 
ihip of G o D was decently fupported, and 
the minifterial Offices duly performed; 



from the Colonies. 53 

for which Reafon, the Society did not 
fend any Miffionaries to thefe Colonies. 

4. T H E laro;e adjoining Colony, Pen- ?,^.^^^^' ^^^ 
Jyhania^ was in a very deltitute btate, fwrnPenf^l- 
wholly unprovided of any Minifter of the 
Church oi England, except only at one Place, 
Philadelphia. A confiderable Number of 
People here, Members of the Church oi En- 
gland, had formed themfelves into a gathered 
Chuxch, and chofe a Veftry, and tranfmitted 
to the Society a very zealous Letter in the 
Year 1704, wherem they fay, ** They can 
" never be fufficiently thankful to Divine 
" Providence, who hath raifed up this 
" Society, to maintain the Honour of 
" Religion, and to engage in the great 
" Work, the Salvation of Men: That 
^' Gratitude, and an humble Acknowledg- 
" ment, of their noble and charitable Re- 
** lolution of propagating the facred Gof- 
" pel, in thefe remote and dark Corners 
" of the Earth, is not only a Duty, but a 
" Debt, on all true Profeflbrs of Chri- 
" ftianity. 

At the fame Time the Society received 
a Letter from the Veftry of Chejier m 
Penfyhania, full of religious Sentiments, 
" that they did blefs God, who had put 

E 3 '' it 

54 Kequejls for Mij^onaries 

" it into the Hearts of fo many charita- 
** ble Perfons, to engage in the great 
" Work of promoting the Salvation of 
" fuch as were fo widely removed from 
«^ all Convenicncies of Divine Worfhip, 
*' as they were, till the Chriftian Charity 
*^ of this Society, not only procured a 
" Minifter for them, but alfo fupported 
" him. This truly was abfolutely ne- 
** ceffary, for tho* in fome Parts of that 
" Province, and particularly in and about 
** Philadelphia^ Abundance of Souls were 
^' daily added to the Church, yet the 
" Number of this Parifh being fmall, and 
*' the Charge of building their Church 
** (not then quite finiihed) together with 
'^^ the great Scarcity of Money among 
** them fmce the War with Spain^ had 
" quite difenabled them from taking that 
" Weight from the Society, which other- 
*' wife they would have willingly done. 
*' They never before had Grounds even 
*^ to hope the Gofpel would be Propa- 
*' gated, in thofe, above all other Foreign 
^' Parts, till they found themfelves the 
" Subjeds of the Society's Care. " The 
Society received alfo Letters and Pe- 
titions from the People of Dover Hun- 
dred, Oxford, and from the Welfi Peo- 
ple fettled at Radnor^ requefting the Cor- 

from the Colonies. 55 

poration with great Earneftnefs to fend 
them Miflionarles -, and expreffing the 
greateft Love and Efteem for the Do6trine 
and Difcipline of the Church of Englaiid. 

5. AT^w-Tir/^ Government Is next; this Requefts from 
worthy People fl:iewed an early Zeal forvemment for 
having the Church of E;^^/^?;^^ Worfhip efta- Miffionaries. 
blifhed among them. In the Year 1693, an 
Ad: was paiTed for fettling the Church of 
Engla?id Service in fome Counties, and a 
Provifion appointed for 6 Minifters, one for 
the City of New-Tork, the Capital of the 
Country, and the reft for other principal 
Towns. But this Aft did not take Effed: 
till about the Year 1702, nor was the 
Provifion made thereby, a fufRcient Main- 
tenance for the Minifters in the Country 
Towns: Thefe applied to the Society 
for Help ', particularly the Inhabitants 
of Weji-Chejler\ were very prefTmg for a 
Minifter. Earneft Memorials were fent 
from the Inhabitants of New-Rochel, from 
thofe of Jamaica, and Hempjledy Towns 
in hong'Ijlaiid 'j from Statten-IJland, and 
from Rye-y and their Defires have been 
comply 'd with, and Miffionaries fent to 
ihofe Places. 

The chief Inhabitants of Buj^llngf on TheVeophm 
{hewed a very early Affedion for ^'^^^J^uini^Qvl 
E 4 Church 

55 Kequejls for Miffonaries 

Church of England Worfliip, which they 
have continued down to the prefent Time 
inviolable. In 1704, they wrote to the 
Society, " That they had a very deep 
*^ Senfe of the Happinefs of having Re- 
" ligion fettled among them, tliey defired 
*' to adore the Goodnefs of G o d for mo- 
" ving the Hearts of the Lords Spiritual 
" and Temporal, the Nobles and Gentry, 
" to enter into a Society for Propagating 
'' the Gofpel in Foreign Parts, the Bene- 
" fit of which they had already experi- 
*' enced, and hoped further to enjoy. 
" They had joined in Subfcription to 
*' build a Church, which, tho' not yet 
" near finifhed, they had heard feveral 
'' Sermons in it ; but they were not able 
" to maintain a Minifter without the Af- 
" fiftance of the Society, whereon they 
'' begged God to fhower his Bleffings as 
'' a Reward for their great Charity and 
'' Care for the good of Souls." The 
Veftry wrote a Letter to the fame Effed 
to^ Bifhop Compton, intreating his Lord- 
fhip's Favour, and returning their hum- 
ble Thanks for his Care of them. 

Colonel ilf^rm, a Gentleman of Cha- 
rafter, and confiderable Interell in New-^ 

from the Colonies. 5(7 

Jerfey^ did in aLetter, in the Year 1703, very 
earneftly foUicite Dr. Beveridge (late Bilhop 
of St. Afaph) 2. Member of this Society, to 
recommend it to the Society, to fend a 
Miffionary to Monmouth County in Ea/i 
Jerfey, where a confiderable Body of Peo- 
ple had formed themfelves into a ga- 
thered Church, and had promifed all the 
Help their narrow Circumflances could 
afford their Minifter. The Society were not 
then able to fupport a Miffionary there. 
But the Reverend Mr. Alexander Innis^ hap- 
pening to be in thofe Parts, took the Care 
of that People upon him. After a worthy 
Difcharge of his Fundlion for fome 
Years, he died -y upon which the Juflices 
of the Peace, the High-Sheriff, and 
Grand Jury of Monmouth County, did 
reprefent to the Society, in the Year 
17 17. '' That the Worthy and Reverend 
" Mr. Alexander Innis^ by unwearied 
" Pains and Induflry, gathered three Con- 
" gregations in this County, tho' much 
" fcattered in their Habitations^ yet did 
" he vifit them, teach them, and inflrudt.^ 
" them all, once at leafl in three Weeks, 
" in order to their eternal Happinefs. 
** But alas ! fmce his Death, we have been 
" without the Means of Grace, unhappy 
" in want of a Minifler of the Eflablifh'd 
II Church, to officiate in that OfBce, and 

" to 

^8 Requefis for Mij^onaries 

*' to inftrufl: the Youth in the Church- 
^' Catechifm. For Want of this, we find 
" that fome are tofled too and fro*, and 
" too many count that they are not bound 
by our holy Religion, but at full Li- 
berty to do what may feem good in their 
own Eyes, which hath a wretched In- 
" fluence on their Morals ; and we are 
" much afraid that if a narrow Search 
" were made, fuch would make up a 
" great Bulk, among near 400 Families 

" in this County therefore that the 

" Publick Worfhip of Almighty God, 
^' may be maintained in that Order, and 
" according to thofe excellent Rules efta- 
'' bliihed in the Church of Englandy we 
" humbly pray that your Honourable 
" Body would think of us, and fend over 
" one to help us ( A6ls xvi. 9.) for fuch 
" are our Circumftances, that we cannot 
" in this Cafe help our felves. 

6. T H E Society received the following 
very ferious and pathetick Letter from the 
Inhabitants of Salem in Weft New-Jerfeyy 
and the Parts adjacent, in the Year 1722, 
'* Very Venerable Gentlemen. A poor 
*^unhappy People fettled by G o d's Provi- 
" dence, to procure by laborious Induftry 
" a Subfiftance for our Families, make 

'' bold 

from the Colonies. 59 

« bold to apply our felves to G o d, thro' 
** that very pious and charitable Society, 
" his happy Inftruments to difperfe his 
" Bleffings in thefe remote Parts \ that as 
" his Goodnefs hath vouchfafed us a mo- 
" derate Support for our Bodies, his holy 
*' Spirit may influence you to provide us 
*' with Spiritual Food for our Souls : In 
" this Cafe our Indigence is exceffive, and 
" our Deftitution deplorable, having never 
" been fo blefs'd, as to have a Perfon 
*' fettled among us, to difpenfe the Au- 
" guft Ordinances of Religion \ infomuch 
" that even the Name of it is almoft loft 
'' among us; the Virtue and Energy of 
" it over Mens Lives, almoft expiring, v^e 
" won't fay forgotten, for that implies 
" previous Knowledge of it. But how 
*' {hould People know, having learned fo 
*' little of God, and his Worfliip ? And 
" how can they learn without a Teacher ? 
" Our Condition is truly lamentable, and 
" deferving Chriftian Compaflion. And 
*' to whom can we apply our felves, but 
'' to that venerable Corporation, whofe 
" Zeal for the Propagation of the Gof- 
" pel of Jesus Christ, hath preferved 
** fo many in thefe Colonies, from Irre- 
" ligion, Profanenefs and Infidelity ? We 
\\ befeech you therefore, in the Name of 



60 Kequejls for MiJJionaries 

^^ our common Lord and Mafter, and 
" gracious Redeemer, and for the Sake 
*' of the Gofpel (juft ready to die among 
" us) to make us Partakers of that Bounty 
to thefe Parts ; and according to the 
Motto engraven on your Seal, T'ran^ 
feiintes adjuvatCy nos [fene Infideles) Be 
pleafed to fend us fome Reverend Cler- 
*' gyman, according to your Wifdom, 
" who may inform our Judgments, by 
*^ preaching to us the Truths of the Gol- 
" pel ; and recover us all. Aged and 
*' Young, out of the miferable Corrup- 
" tions, confequent to a grofs Ignorance 
" of it ; to whom we promife all En- 
" couragement according to our Abilities, 
" and all due Refpedt and Obedience to 
" his Office, Inflrudtions and Perfon. 
" The Lord in Mercy look upon us, 
*' and excite you, according to your won- 
*' ted Piety, to have a compaiTionate Re- 
" gard of our Cafe, and we pray the Great 
" God to profper all yovir pious Under- 
*' takings, to promote his Glory and the 
" Good of his Church, efpecially in this 
" deftitute Place of the Pilgrimage of 
" your moft dutiful Servants, &c. 

The Society were moved by this plain 
and fincere Letter, and foon after fent, 


from the Colonies. 6 1 

and have continued ever fmce a Miffionary 

7. T H E laft Government, New-England^ 
tho' as hath been remarked before, pro- 
vided with an Independent and Presbyterian 
Miniftry, yet had great Numbers of In- 
habitants, who could not follow that 
Perfuafion, but were exceeding defirous of 
worfhipping God after the Manner of the 
Church of England. I fhall give the 
Reader a few Petitions from Congre- 
gations of People in this Government, 
which (hew plainly the Society did not 
concern themfelves here, till they were 
loudly called upon ; and that the Inhabi- 
tants in many Places, did not only fend P^- 
titions for Minijiers, but alfo built Churches 
before they had any Minifters 3 which is an 
uncontroulable Evidence and Proof, that 
the People themfelves defired to have 
the Church of England Worfhip, with a 
hearty Zeal and true Sincerity. ^ 

In September 1702. the Church-war- 
dens of Rhode-IJland, wrote to the Society,' 
*' That they cannot forbear expreffing 
" their great Joy in being under the Pa- 
" tronage of fo honourable a Corporation, 
I' thro' whofe pious Endeavours, with 

'' God's 

62 Kequejls for Miffionaries 

" God's Affiftance, the Church of Eng^ 
" land hath fo fair a Profpeft of flourifh- 
" ing in thofe remote Parts of the World, 
*• and among the reft of her fmall Branches, 
" theirs alfo in Rbode-I/Ia?id : That tho* 
" it is not four Years fmce they began 
" to aflemble themfelves together to wor- 
" ihip God after the Manner of the 
*' Church of Englandy yet have they built 
*^ them a Church, finifhed all on the Out- 
" lide, and the Infide is Pewed well, tho' 
*^ not beautiful ; and whatfoever Favours 
" the Society fhall beftow upon them to- 
" w'^ards the promoting of their Church, 
" fhall be be received with the humbleft 
*^ Gratitude, and feconded with the utmoil 
" of their Abilities. 

The Biihop of London (Dr. Compton) 
received at the fame Time Petitions 
for Minifters from Rhode-IJlandy from 
Naraganfetty from Newbury ^ a Church in 
New-Hafnppire^ from little Compton and 
*Tiverto:7, from Braintree near Bojion^ and 
from Stratford in Connebliciit. The Cafe 
of thefe two laft Towiis was alfo further 
reommended to the Society's Care, by 
Gentlemen of confiderable Figure and 
Intereft. Colonel Morris prefTed very ear- 
neftly for a Minifter for Braintree, and 


from the Colonies. 6^ 

Colonel Heathcote^ for another, for the 
People of ConneBi cut Colony-y great Num- 
bers of whom, were very earneft to have 
a Minifter of the Church of England. 
Robert Hunter Efqj Governor of New- 
Tork^ in the Year 171 1, writes thus to 
the Society, concerning the People at 
Stratford : When I was at Connedicut, 
thoje of our Communion at the Church at 
Stratford, came to me in a Body-y and then^ 
as they have fnce by Letter ^ begged my In- 
tercejjion with the Veiierable Society ^ and the 
Right Reverend the Lord Bijhop of London, 
for a Mifjtonary j they appeared very much 
in earnefl^ and are the befi Sett of Men I 
met with in that Country. 

8. The Inhabitants of Marbleheady in 
the Year 1714, fent the following Petition 
to the Society, which Ipeaks the hearty 
Difpofition of the People, when they fet 
up the Church of England Worfhip; 
And this, upon the Proof of many Years 
Experience, appears plainly to have been 
no fudden Heat or Start of Zeal, but 
a well-grounded Senfe of the Excellency 
of our Church, fince they have con- 
tinued in the fame Spirit ever fince. 
They exprefs themfelves thus to the 
Society : " Whereas your Petitioners, 

'' out 

^4 Re^uefts for Mijfionaries 

" out of a juft Efteem for the excellent 
" Conftitution of the Church of England^ 
" both in its Doftrine and Difcipline, and 
'' Form of Government, have Subfcribed 
" fufficient Sums of Money, towards the 
" Ereding of a Building for the Service 
" of Almighty God, according to the 
*' Manner of Worfhip prefcribed in the 
" Church of England y Your Petitioners 
^* humbly defire the Honourable Society's 
" Favour and Encouragement, in fending 
" a Minifter to them with all convenient 
" Speed, with the ufual Salary allowed 
«* their Miffionaries. Of what Confideration 
*' your Petitioners are, will be feen by the 
•* Number of their Names, and the Value 
*' of their Subfcriptions under-written j 
" we muft alfo add, that the Town of 
" Marblehead, (next Bojion) is the greateft 
" Place of Trade and Commerce within 
" this Province, daily adding to their Num- 
*' bers, Perfons chiefly of the Church of 
« Englandy and by the Bleffing of God, 
** we have a certain Profpeft, that the 
" Church here, will be every Day increafed, 
'^ and flouri{h more and more. Upon thefe 
" Accounts, we hope the Venerable So- 
«' ciety will be pleafed to grant our Re- 
" quefts, and your Petitioners fhall always 

" pray 

from the Miffionaries. 6$ 

<^ pray for the Society's Profperity and 
" Succefs in all their great and glorious 
" Defigns. 

It muft be noted here, the People did 
fully perform what they promifed; and 
the Sum intimated in their Petition, for 
Building of a Church, was no lefs than 416 
Pounds Subfcribed by 45 Perfons, and the 
People have continued conftant to this pre- 
fent Time, in their firm Adherence to the 
Church of England. 


66 The I'ejlmomals required 


T'he 'Teftimonials required by the Society 
from the Miffionaries they fend abroad. 
T'he Rules they gi<ve them for their 
CondiiU. The Ret^erend Mr. Keith 
a72d Mr. Talbot fent Travelling Prea- 
chers thro' fever al Colonies. 

from the Mil 

rheTeftimo- j. f ■ ^ H E iiext Labouf of the So- 

niiils required ■ . • r -o 

from ti.t^ \\\\\ ■ ciety, was to enquire tor rer- 

fons in Holy Orders, duly qua- 
lified, who would undertake the Miffion : 
For they were eafily aware, that their 
Mifiionaries would meet with Difficulties 
in the Difcharge of their Minifterial Of- 
fice 5 and tho' there were many well in- 
clined People in thofe Parts, there were 
alfo m.any Gainfayers ; and that there- 
fore all the Means of a watchful and pru- 
dent Conduct, were neceiTary to make their 
Labours iuccefsful. The Society agreed 


from the Mi^onarm. ^7 

therefore on the 15^^ of February in 1702 
that all the Bifhops of the Realm, who 
were Members of their Body, fhould be 
earneftly defired to recommend it to their 
Archdeacons, and their Officials, to caufe 
publick Notice to be given in their next 
Archidiaconal Vifitation -, that fuch Cler- 
gymen, as fhould have a Mind to be em- 
ployed in this Apoftolical Work, and could 
bring fufficient Teftimonials, according to 
a Form prefcribed; might give in their 
Names to their refpedive Bifhops, or to 
their Archdeacons, to be communicated 
by them to this Corporation : Upon which 
the Society would confult with the Lord 
Bifhop of London^ in order to the fending 
them to fuch Places as had moft Need, 
and where they might therefore, by G o d's 
Affiftance and Bleffing, do moft Good. 
This Refolution of theirs, the Society- 
printed and publifhed^ entituling it their 
Requeft concerning fit Minifters to be fent 
abroad ; and do in the Beginning of it, 
thus exprefs themfelves to the World. 
" The faid Society do requeft, and ear- 
" neflly befeech all Perfons concerned, 
" that they recommend no Man out of 
" Favour or Affedion, or any other 
"worldly Confideration ; but with a fin- 
F 2 " cere 

$8 ^^^ Tejlimonials required 

'* cere Regard to the Honour of Al- 
*^ mighty God, and our BlelTed Saviour, 
" as they tender the Intereft of the Chri- 
" ftian Religion, and the Good of Mens 
" Souls. 

2. In this Paper the Society alfo fpecified 
feveral Particulars, concerning which, they 
defired the Perfons would certifie, who 
fliould recommend any Clergymen that 
offer'd themfelves for the Miflion : Namely, 
their Age, their Condition of Life, their 
Temper and Prudence, their Learning and 
fober Converfation, their Zeal for the Chri- 
ftian Religion, their Affe6tion to the prefent 
Government, and Conformity to the Doftr ine 
and Difcipline of the Church of Englartd. 
Thefe Particulars would furely compofe 
a very ample and fuflicient Teflimonial -, 
yet notwithilanding this, the Society ufed a 
farther cautionary Method of afting, even 
upon fuch a Teilimonial being offered y 
namely, that no Teftimonials (hould be al- 
lowed, but fuch as were figned by the 
refpedive Diocefan, of any Miffionary who 
was to be fent abroad; and where that 
was not prafticable, by fome other Per- 
fons of Credit and Note, three at leaft, of 
the Communion of the Church of Efig- 

land : 

from the Mijjionaries. 6s 

land: And laftly, that no Tellimonials 
fhould be allowed, without firft confulting ^ 

thePerfons who were faid to have figned 
them; after which the Perfon recommended, 
is ordered to read Prayers and preach before 
fome of the Members of the Society, and 
upon their Approbation, he is entertained 
as a Miffionary by the Society. 

3. These areas careful Steps as could 
have been taken, and no Diligence hath 
been wanting in the Society, to provide 
proper Perfons, to difcharge the Work 
of the Miniftry, fo difficult in fome of 
the Plantations. When they have received 
their Miffionaries, they give them fome 
Rules more peculiarly adapted for their 
proper Demeanor in the Colonies, and 
for their general Conduft in performing 
the Duties of their Function in thofe Parts, 
where they might meet with fome difad- 
vantageous Circumftances. The Society 
doth particularly inftrudt them ; That they 
fhould take a fpecial Care to give no Of- 
fence to the Civil Government, by inter- 
medling in Affairs not relating to their 
own Calling and Fundion : Th^t they 
jfhould alfo endeavour to convince and 
reclaim thofe who diffent from, or op- 
F 3 pofe 

70 ^he Teftimonials required 

pofe them, with a Spirit of Meeknefs and 
Gentlenefs only. 

3. The Society advife their Miffionaries 
not to decline any fair Opportunity of 
preaching to any Number of People as may 
be occafionally met together from remote 
and diftant Parts, tho* it may not be on 
a Sunday or Holyday. That the chief 
Subjects of their Sermons fliould be the 
fundamental Dodtrines of Chriftianity, and 
the Duties of a fober, righteous, and godly 
Life, as refuking from fuch Dodrines-. 
That they fhould carefully inftrud: the 
People concerning the Nature and Ufe , 

of the Sacraments of Baptifm and the I 

Lord's Supper, as being the peculiar Infti- 
tutions of C H R I s T, Pledges of Communion 
with him, and Means inftituted of de- 
riving Grace from him : That they fhould 
duly confider the Qualifications of fuch 
grown Perfons to whom they fliall ad- 
minifter Baptifm, as alfo of thofe whom 
they admit to the Lord's Supper, accord- 
ing to the Diredions of the Kubrick in 
our Liturgy : That they take a fpecial 
Care to lay a good Foundation for all 
their other Miniftrations, by Catechizing 
thofe under their Care^ whether Children 


from the Mijjionaries^ 71 

or other ignorant Perfons, and explain the 
Catechifm to them in the mod familiar 
Manner : That they Ihould be diligent 
to (hew to Heathens and Infidels, the Ne- 
ceffity of a Revelation, and the Truth of 
the Chriftian, contained in the holy Scri- 
ptures. Lajily, The Society direct their 
Miffionaries to vifit frequently their Pa- 
riftiioners -, and if their Pariflies are of a 
large Extent, that they fliould, at con- 
venient Opportunities, officiate in different 
Parts of them, that fo all the Inhabitants, by 
Turns, might more commodioufly partake 
of their Miniftrations. 

4. These are the Inftrudlions more pe- 
culiarly relating to their Parochial Care: 
With Regard to the Corporation, the Miffio- 
naries are required to keep a conftant Cor- 
refpondence with the Society by their 
Secretary -, and to fend over every fix 
Months, an Account of the State of 
their refpedive Pariflies ; that fo the 
Corporation may, from Time to Time, 
fee the Progrefs they make in the good 
Work ; and if any Difficulties (hould 
arife, confider how they may apply proper 


q2 The T^eJl'momaU rehired 

ments given 
the Miflio- 

5. After mentioning the more pecu- 
liar Rules the Society give their Miffio- 
naries for guiding their own Condudt; 
it will not be unfeafonable to intimate a 
Particular or two, done by the Society, for 
the Encouragement of their Miffionaries, 
upon their engaging to go abroad. They 
advance them half a Year's Salary upon 
their fetting out, and in Cafe of Mortality, 
pay their Executors or AfTigns half a 
Year's Salary more. If the Society fhould 
think it necefTary to difmifs any Miffio- 
nary, provided it be not on Account of 
any Mifdemeanor, they allow him a Year's 
Salary after his Difmiffion is agreed on 
at the Board. They allow alio every 
Miffionary at his going abroad, Ten Pounds 
Worth of Books for a Library, if there 
is not fuch a Library already fettled in 
the Place to which he is appointed. They 
alfo write with him, a Letter of Recom- 
mendation to the Governour of the Co- 
lony, and to the People of the Parifh 
where he goes, to intreat the Governor's 
Favour and Protedlion, and to befpeak the 
People's Refpefl: and Kindnefs to him 3 
and allow him Five Pounds Worth of 
fmall Tradls, to diftribute among the 
poorer People, as he fhall judge moft 


from the Miffionaries. 73 

convenient. Lajlly^ When their Miflio- 
naries have been preffed with very di- 
ftreffing Circumftances, on Occafion of 
any publick Calamity, as War with the 
Indians^ or the like j they have prefented 
them with very confiderable Gratuities, 
beyond their Salaries, for their due Sup- 
port 'y nay, when fome of their Miffio- 
naries, who have behaved themfelves wor- 
thily, died, and left Wife or Children quite 
unprovided for, the Society have alfo 
made handfome Prefents to the Widows 
or Orphans. 

6. Having thus given a Defcriptlon 
of the Religious State of the Colonies, 
and briefly mentioned fome of the principal 
Rules of the Society, in the Choice of 
their MifTionaries ; it follows in the next 
Place, to lay before the Reader an Account 
of the Labours and Succefs of the Miffio- 
naries in the feveral Colonies where they 
were fent. 

7. B u T here it muft be obferved to the 
Reader, that the Society, before they pro- 
ceeded to appoint Miflionaries to parti- 
cular Places, refolved to fend a Travelling 
Miffionary or Preacher, who Ihould travel 
over, and Preach in the feveral Govern- 

74 7^^ Reverend Mr. Keith 

ments on the Continent of the Britijh 

America j by which Means they hoped they 

fhould awaken the People into a Senfe of 

the Duties of Rehgion. For this purpofe^ 

they fent the Reverend Mr. George Keith^ 

'^mr^Kenh^^^ had formerly refided in Penfyhania, 

fent travelling an itinerant Miffionary thro' the Conti- 

Preacher. ^^^^ ^£ ^^^ Britip North- America^ with an 

Allowance of 200/. a Year. He fet Sail 
from England on the 24^^ oi April in 1702, 
and arrived at Bojion in New-England^ on 
the 1 1^^ oijune following. He performed 
his Miffion in two Years, and returned to 
England, and publiflied a full Account of 
his Labours there, of which I Ihall give 
the Reader here a very fhort Summary, 
H E travelled over, andpreach'd in all the 
A Summary Governments and Dominions belonging to 
Lawf''^' the Crown of E/^^/^/^i, betwixt North-Ca- 
rolina and Pifcataway River mNew-England 
inclufively, being ten diftind Governments y 
and extending in Length above 800 Miles. 
During the whole Time of his Miffion, 
he was very affiduous; he Preached 
commonly twice on Sundays, befides on 
Week-days, and the Sermons were pro- 
perly adapted to the Hearers, before whom 
they were delivered. He had generally 
good Succcfs where he preached, the Peo- 

fent Travelling Treacher. 75 

pie in many Places, were well difpofed 
for receiving of the Gofpel, and feemed 
to hear the Word with great Reverence 
Humility and Zeal : They joined with 
him devoutly In the Liturgy, and all 
publick Prayers, and the Adminiftration 
of the Sacrament, and earneilly defired him 
to prefent their Requefls to the Society, 
to have Minifters fent among them. But 
he was efpecially fuccefsful in his Preach- 
ing, and private and publick Conferences, in 
feveral Places in Penfyhania, the two 
Jerfes, Oyjierbay in Long-IJland, and at 
New-Tork, where he laboured moft, and 
continued the longeft Time. In the two 
firft of thefe Places a great Number of 
feparatift fakers or Keithians, who had 
feparated from the Body of Quakers m 
the Years 1691 and 1692, had quite relin- 
quifhed ^aker Principles, and joined 
themfelves to the Church of England 
Members at Philadelphia ; where the Reve- 
rend Mr. Evans, who had been fent thither 
by the Bifliop of London ^[i2iA now a very nu- 
merous Congregation. Thefe People, when 
they faw Mr. Keith, who had been the 
chief Inftrument and Occafion of their 
forfaking the ^aker Errors, coming again 
among them, and in the Charadter of a 
Minifter of the Church of England, they 


75 The Reverend Mr. Keith 

expreffed great Joy and Satisfadlion to 
hear him preach what tended to their 
farther Confirmation in the Chriftian 
Faith. Mr. Evans, the Minifter of Phi- 
ladelphia, acquainted him, he had bap- 
tized above 500 Men, Women, and Chil- 
dren ^lakers, in Fenjylvania and Wejl 
Jerfey. And Mr. Keith, during his Con- 
tinuance in thofe Parts, together with the 
Reverend Mr. T'albot, who accompanied 
him as his Aflbciate in his Labours, bap- 
tized at leaft 200 in Penfylvama, and fVeJf 
znd Eaji Jerfey, New-Tor k, and in fome Pla- 
ces on Long'IJlandy efpecially Oyjier-Bay, 

The Reverend Mr. John T'albot hap- 
pened to be Chaplain to the Ship the 
Centurion, in which Mr. Keith went over 
to America, together with Governour Dud- 
ley and Colonel Morris ; and being very 
much affefted with the good Undertaking 
which Mr. Keith was engaged to carry on, 
he offered to go with him as his Affociate 
in his Travels, and was accepted ; feveral 
Perfons of Worth, tranfmitted to the So- 
ciety a fair Charafter of him, upon which 
he was fupported with a Salary, and Mr. 
Keith acquainted the Society, that he was 
very ufeful to him in his Labours, very 


jent Tl ravelling Treacher. 77 

diligent and very zealous in dilcharging 
all the Miniflerial Duties. 

There were now fettled in Penfyhania 
three Church of Engla?id Congregations, 
which had convenient Churches, at Phila- 
delpbia^ Chejler, and Oxford, The Reve- 
verend yiv,Evans^ Minifter oi Philadelphia^ 
preached occafionally at Chejier, and the 
Reverend Mr. Rudman, a Swedijlo Miffio- 
nary, officiated at Oxford. At Philadelphia^ 
they had publick Prayers not only on Sun-^ 
days, but alfo on Wednefdays and Fridays, 
and by a mean Computation there was an 
Audience of 500 Perfons from the Town 
and Country near Philadelphia, and more 
on great Feftivals. At the Church at 
Chejier, there affembled commonly 200 
Perfons, and at Oxford above 150. Thefe 
Churches are within 30 Miles Diftance of 
each other, and were frequented by a con- 
fiderable Number of late Converts to the 
Church from ^lakerifm, and were Perfons 
of good Note for their Chriftian Conver- 
fatlon, Devotion and Zeal. There did 
ufually affemble between 2 and 300 
Perfons, at Burlington m Weft Jerfey 
about 20 Miles diftant from Philadelphia, 
lying on ih^ North Side oi Delawar River, 


78 The Reverend Mr. Keith 

Mr. Kelfh and Mr. I'albct laboured much 
among them, and with good Succcfs, the Con- 
gregation which affembled there, became a re- 
ligious People,and well affected totheChurch 
of England^ tho' formerly the greater Part 
of them were a loofe Sort of Perfons, re- 
gardlefs of all Religion. Several of thefe 
defir'd Baptifm, and had alfo their Children 
baptized by Mr. Keith and Mr. T^alhot^ or 
by Mr. Evans before their Arrival, and had 
lately built a Church, and called it St. Ann\. 

Mr. Keith laboured alfo much among 
the other Sort of Sluakers called Foxiansy 
went to their Meetings, and offered with all 
manner of good Friendihip to fpeak there, 
in lo feveral Places j at three in New-Eng- 
Ipjid^ at one in BJoode-IJland^ at Flujhing in 
Long'IJland^ at Shrewsbury in Eaft Jerfey^ 
at Burlington in Weji Jerfey, at Philadelphia^ 
at Oxford in Penfyhania^ and at Herrings 
Creek in Maryland y but he found them ob- 
ftinately attached to their own Notions, and 
inftead of fhewing any Expreffions of Kind- 
nefs, ufed much reviling Language towards 

T N divers Parts of New-England, he found 
not only many People well affedled to the 
Church, who had no Church of England 


i/ent Travelling Treacher. ^^ 

Minifters, but alfo feveral New-England 
Minifters delirous of Epifcopal Ordination, 
and ready to embrace the Church- Worfhip. 
Some of whom both hofpitably entertained 
Mr. Keith and Mr. talbot in their Houfes, 
and requefted them to preach in their Con- 
gregations, which they did, and received 
great Thanks both from the Minifters and 
from the People. 

Mr. Keith, during his Abode in thefe 
Countries, printed alfo feveral Sermons and 
Tradts, in Anfwer to Books of fakers and 
others, which were generally approved of, 
and feemed to have been very ufeful to- 
wards removing fome Prejudices againft the 
Church of England, 

Mr. Keith, in the Conclufion of his Nar- 
rative, reprefented to the Society, the Want 
of a great Number of Minifters for a Peo- 
ple difperfed over fuch large Countries; and 
aifured them that feveral Congregations in 
many Towns, had engaged him to prelent 
their humble Requefts to the Society, to 
fend Minifters to them. The Chief of thefe 
were Amboy, Shrewsbury, Freehold and £- 
lizabeth-T'own in Eajl Jerfey, Maidenhead 
^nd Cohanfy in Wejl Jerfey -, Narraganfett, 
Swanfey, Littk-Conipton^ or Seconet in New- 
England ^ 

8 o The Reverend Mr. Keith, &C- 

England j Rhode-IJland, and Shrewsbury by 
Chejler River in Maryland, and Newcajile by 
Delaware River in Petifylvania^ w^here they 
were building a Church when he came away. 
And laftly, the People of Princefs Ann's 
County in iht South Parts oi Virginia, which 
is 150 Miles in Length, and had not one 
Minifter ; tho' there were a great many 
People zealoufly difpofed to the Church of 
England Worihip. 

8. This is the Sum of Mr. A>/V/6's Nar- 
rative > and from this, and the former 
Accounts tranlmitted by many other Hands, 
the Society thought they had fufficieiit 
Light given them where to fend Mifiio- 
naries, which they proceded to do, as from 
ihe following Sections will appear, 





Miffionaries fent to South-Carolina ; The 
Tlaces to which they were appointed ; 
their Labours andSuccefs. A War rai^ 
fedhy the Yammofees and other Indians, 
againji the Englifli. The Tranquillity 
of this Tro^ince happily reftored : Thir- 
teen Churches and Four Chapels of Eafe 
^uilt : Salaries Jettled on the Clergy : 
Schools opened. 

TH E Province of South-Carolina 
flievved fo earneft a Defire of 
having Minifters of the Church 
of England^ upon the firft Information 
they received of this Corporation being 
ereded, that the Society refolved very 
early to fend Miffionaries to this Colony, 
that fo good a Difpofitic ^ of the People 
might be affifted as foon as ^ofuble. Ac- 
cordingly in fiine 1702, the Reverend Mr, rend Mr. 7"/^^- 
Samu,^!l'ho7nasv^2iS fent thither. The So-?'--' ^^^'^M^^'; 

X fionary,lettJcd 

ciety defigned he fliould have nrft attempted at Qoofcn^k 
the Converfion of the Tat7imofee Indians^ -riu. 
but the Governor Sir Nathaniel John/on, 

G and 

82 Mijjionaries fent 

and feveral other Gentlemen there, judg- 
ing it not to be a proper Seafon to enter 
upon this Work, he did not engage in that 
Miffion ', but after fome fmall Continuance 
in the Governor's Family, he was ap- 
pointed by Sir Nathaniel ^ohnfon^ to the 
Cure of the People fettled on the three 
Branches of Cooper River, 15 Miles diftant 
from each other j but to make Goofcreek 
the chief Place of his Refidence. Goof- 
creek was one of the largeft and moft popu- 
lous Country Towns, and fettled by En- 
glifi Families entirely well affeded to the 
Church of England^ and w^ho formerly had 
for fome Time the Reverend Mr. Corbin 
for their Minifter. The Parlfli is 20 
Miles in Length, and from 8 to 14 in 
Breadth ; Mr. I'homas difcharged his Mini- 
fterial Office w4th very good Succefs, he 
acquainted the Society, that tho' his Com- 
municants at firft were but 5, they foon 
increafed to 32 *, that he had taken much 
Fains alfo in inftrudting the Negroes^ and 
learned 20 of them to read. But in O^o- 
her 1706, this worthy Miffionary died, (as 
feveral Gentlemen of the Country wrote 
Word) very much lamented for his found 
Doftrine, exemplary Life, and Induftry ; 
after having laid a good Foundation for 


to South Carolina, 83 

his Succeflbrs, to carry on the Work he 
had begun. 

The Society appointed the Re verend He dies ,- Br. 
Dr. Le Jeau to fucceed him. Upon his^^ 7^^^ ^P* 
Arrival in the Country in 1706, he ac-r/lim!'"' 
quainted them, he had met with an ex- 
traordinary kind Reception from his Ex- 
cellency the Governour and the Chief Ju- 
ftice, and had received many Tokens of 
great Civility and Goodnels from feveral 
worthy Perfons. The People were then 
very bufie in providing all Materials for 
fitting up the Church and Parfonage Houfe, 
which they foon after compleated. He 
tranfmitted to the Society an Account of 
the State of his Pariih and other neigh- 
bouring Settlements, wherein he repre- 
fented very earneilly, that it was the 
greateft Pity imaginable, to fee how many 
various Opinions had been fpread there, 
by a Multitude of Teachers and Ex- 
pounders of all Sorts "and Perfwafions ; 
and yet he could find very few, that un- 
derftood Chriftianity, even as to rHefeffen- 
tial Parts of it -, yet the Parents and^lVfa- ^ ' 

fters were indued with much good^qn, 
and a ready Difpofition, to have their 
Children and Servants taught the Chri- 
ftian Religion. He was not only very 
G 2 ^ dili- 

84 Miffionaries fent 

diligent in his proper Cure at Goo/creek^ 
but alfo affifted in other Places, where a 
Minifter was wanting ; the Church at 
Charles-T'own being fome time after his 
Arrival vacant, he ufed to preach once a 
Month there, where at Eafier he had but 
24 Communicants, tho' there were above 
500 Perfons of Age in the Place. He 
fometimes vifited the French Settlement 
in Orange Quarter, then entirely deftitute 
dothgreatSeTof a Miuiflcr, and adminiflred the Sacra- 
vice, preaches jy^ents among them. This Settlement con- 

jn feveral * 'i- , ^ ... 

rifhes. iilled then of about 32 Families, out of 

which there were 50 Perfons Communi- 
cants. His own Parifh had about 100 
Families, making up 1000 Perfons, much 
the greater Number of which were Mem- 
bers of the Church of Eiigland. He per- 
formed all parts of his Minifterial Duty 
with great Diligence. The firft Year of 
his Miffion, he Baptized 2 1 Children, the 
fecond 19, and the Number of the Com- 
municants increafed to 35. He inftru6ted 
and baptized many Negroes and Indian 
Slaves y and whereas he found feveral Pa- 
rents had neglefted to have their Children 
Baptized, becaufe they paid fome Duties 
to the Minifter, he acquainted them he 
defired nothing, and prevailed upon a con- 
fiderable Number of them to bring their 


to South-Carolina. 8 5 

Children for Baptifm ; and by his private as 
well as publick Difcourfes, perfwaded feve- 
ral Perfons of a grown Age, to attend him 
to be inftruded in the effential Do6lrines of 
Chriftianity, in order for receiving Baptifm. 
He ufed frequently on Week-days to Ca- 
techize the younger People at his Houfe, 
as finding nothing conduced more towards 
promoting the Gofpel, than this private 
Inftrudion of the Youth. The Dodtor was 
not only very laborious in his Fundtion, but 
by God's Bleffing very fuccefsful, and hap- 
py in gaining the Affections of his People. 
Soon after his being fixed among them, they 
made a voluntary Subfcription of 60/. a 
Year Carolina Money for him. The Church 
they firft built became too fmall for the 
<yrowlne Number of his Parifhioners, and 
they ereded a beautiful Brick Edifice. A 
Parfonage Houfe was built by fome pub-AnewChurch 
lick Benefadions, which happening to be^j^^^^^^X" 
fome Time after unfortunately deftroyed 
by Fire (all but the Brick-work) the cha- 
ritable Country beftowed a very confi- 
derable Sum for its Repair. Captain 
Schefickingh, a worthy Gentleman of the 
Parifh, gave 100 Acres of good Glebe Land 
to the Church for ever. The Dodor, after 
this, acquainted the Society, that his Pa- 
rifliioners were much improved, and be- 
G 3 come 

8^ MiJJionaries fent 

come of a very fober, civil, and edifying 
Behaviour, and that he had a full and 
conftant Appearance at Church ; tho' there 
remained fome fev^ Atheiftical Perfons and 
Scotfers at all Revelation. His Congre- 
gation grew ftill more numerous, the Com- 
municants increafed, and in 1714, they 
arofe to 70 Englipy and 8 Negroes, In 

He dies. the Year 17 17, T>v, Le Jeau ^n^d. -, very 
much lamented by his own Pariihioners, 
and regretted by every one, who knew how 
ufeful and induftrious he had been in pro- 
moting the Gofpel in thofe Parts. In 
the Year 1720, the Society fent the Reve- 
rend Mr. Merry a Miffionary into Caro- 
lina^ and the Church of Goofcreek being 
then vacant, the Parifliioners requefted him 
to come and refide among them, which 
he did for fome time, but flayed not long, 
and returned again to E?igla?id, The So- 
ciety, upon the Requeft of the Inhabitants 
of Goofcreeky foon after appointed another 
The Reve- Miflionary, the Reverend Mr. Ludlam ^ 

rend Mr. iW- j^^ arrived there in the Year 1724, and 

ed Miffiimary began his Mifiion With great Diligence. 

^^'^' There were in his Parifh a large Number 

of Negroes, Natives of the Place, who 
underftood EngliJJ:} well, he took good 
Pains to inftrud feveral of thefe in the 
Principles of the Chriftian Religion, and 


to South-Carolina. 87 

afterwards admitted them to Baptifm. He 
faid if the Matters of them would hear- 
tily concur to forward fo good a Work, 
all thofe who have been born in the Country, 
might without much Difficulty be in- 
ftruded and received into the Church. 
Mr. Ludlam continued his Labours among 
the Negroes, and every Year taught and 
baptized feveral of them ; in one Year, 
eleven, befides fome Midattoes. The Ejiglijh 
of his Parifli were a very fober and well- 
behaved People, and duly attended Divine 
Worfliip. Some few, who had been of 
loofer Principles, and negligent of the Or- 
dinances of the Gofpel, were perfuaded 
to a due Conformity to the Church, and 
feveral grown Perfons received Baptifm. 
The People continued regularly to bring 
their Children to Baptifm, and devoutly 
frequented the Sacrament. Mr. Ludlam per- 
fevered in a diligent Difcharge of all the 
Duties of his Fundlion s but in OBober 
1728, he died 5 and in Teftimony of his He behaves 
Regard to the Society's good Defigns, and^^'^^^a' bt 
his Refpeft to the People of his Pariih, q^eaths all his 
bequeathed by his laft V/ill, all his Eftate^ sd'ool for ' 
real and perfonal, to the Society in truft, poo^^hildren, 
for EreBing ajtd Maintaining a School for 
the InftruBion of Poor Children of that 
Parijh, His whole Eftate is computed to 

G 4 amount 

88 Miffionaries fent 

amount to about 2000/. Carolina Moneys 
after Payment of his Debts. 

ThcRcverend 2. The Society fent the Reverend Mr. 
^^^^^^^flJ^lMaule, Mi^ion^iry to Carolina in 1707, he 
fionary to St. arrived there the fame Year; he was not 
jor^ns m '^pp^jj^^g^ ^.Q any particular Place, but it 
was left to the Governor and Council to 
fix him, where they {hould judge he could 
be moll ufeful. Upon his Arrival there, 
he met with a very favourable Reception 
at CbarleS'l'own^ from the Governor and 
other Gentlemen of the Province. He 
was foon after fixed in St. Johns Parifli, 
on the Wejiern Branch of Cooper River -, it 
is a pleafant and healthful part of the 
Country, and the Planters there, were ge- 
nerally good, fober, and teachable People ; 
but fettled at a great Diilance from each 
other, in fcattered Plantations. He was 
the firft Clergyman of the Church of En- 
gland, that refided there for any confi- 
derable Time. Upon his Preaching at his 
firft coming, to a good Number of Church- 
men, he had feveral Independents and 
Anabaptijis who came to hear him, and 
behaved themfelves very devoutly and at- 
tentively, during the whole Time of Di- 
vine Service. He took a great deal of 
Pains in the Difcharge of his Duty, and 


to South-Carolina. 89 

upon Account of the Diftance between the 
Settlements, was obliged to ride very 
often, which was exceeding fatiguing (ef- 
pecially during the fultry Seafon in that 
Country) as well as expenfive to him. The 
good People were fenfible of this Diffi- 
culty he underwent in Travelling, and to 
eafe him as much as they could, did, 
without his Knowledge, raife among them- 
felves 2^ Pounds Carolina Mo?iey^ and 
bought a Horfe, and other Accoutrements, JatfifSs 
and made him a Prefent of them. Upon MiATion. 
his firft Settling here, the Eftglifi had no 
Church to perform Divine Worfhip in, 
but about 10 French Families had Built 
them a fmall Church, and their Minifter 
Mr. Tiiilliard oifered Mr. Maule the 
Ufe of his Church, which he accepted, 
and Preached often there; and fuch of 
the French as underftood Rjiglijl:)^ came to 
hear him. At other times, he Preached up 
and down among the Plantations, as the 
Houfes lay moft convenient for the People 
to meet at. In the Year 1706, an A61 
of Ajflembly had paffed there for Building 
8 Churches in 8 Parifhes, and 333 Pounds 
Carolina Money was allotted for each : At 
length, about the Year 17 10, the Englijh 
began to Build a Church, and this Sum 
was expended now in Building one in St. 


$0 . Mijfionaries fent 

Johri^ Parilli. All the Outfide was not 
finifhed till 171 1. However, Mr, Maule 
refolved to begin to make Ufe of it, tho' 
there was no Conveniency of Seats or 
Pulpit, or other Furniture. Soon after 
A Church is (7^/^;^^/ Broughton, a worthy Gentleman 
and ferious Chriflian, coming to refide in 
that Parifti, he very generoufly adorned the 
Church, made a Communion-Table, rail'd 
in the Chancel, made a Pulpit, Reading Desk, 
and fomc Pews j all with Cedar. 

This good Man's Labours were at- 
tended with Succefs, the People regu- 
larly came to Divine Service, and many 
frequented the Sacrament ; and the whole 
Body of them were influenced to lead 
more orderly and Chriftian Lives. Among 
other Caufes of their religious Improve- 
ment he mentions, that the Books which 
the Society diftributed among the People, 
by their Miffionaries, had a very good 
Effed:; and proved very inftrumental in 
removing a great many Prejudices out of the 
Minds of fome, and in making the whole 
People in general, more inquifitive about 
their Spiritual Concernment. Particularly, 
the Common-Prayer-Books which he had 
difperfed among the People, had influenced 
many to come to Church y and Dr. Beve- 
ridge's Sermon of the Excellency and Ufe- 


to South-Garolina. 9 1 

fulnefs of the Common-Prayer, which 
he diftributed with the Common-Prayer- 
Books, was of great Service. 

Thus he continued diligent in all Parts 
of his Duty, till the fatal Indian War 
broke out, in the Year 17 15, at which 
Time all his Parilhioners were driven The People 
from their Plantations. In this Calamity ^'"^^^^ /^°"^ 
he did not forfake them, but retired Wvi\ii\iQ Indiana 
them to a Garrifon, whither they fled for 
Safety ; and continued for above 4 Months 
to perform all the Offices of his Funftion ; 
He baptized their Children,vifited their Sick 
and Wounded, and buried their Dead, 
preached every Lord*s-Day, and read 
Prayers twice every Day in the Week. 
The Duty was much above his Strength, 
efpecially as performed in a numerous 
Croud, confined in a fmall Compafs of 
Ground, and in very fultry Weather too. 
However he underwent it with Chear- 
fulnefs, " Confidering (as he expreffes 
" himfelf) that having hitherto lived 
" among them in their Profperity, I could 
" not, in Confcience, defert them in Times 
" of Danger and Diftrefs, that fo I might 
*' learn them by Example as well as Do- 
" drine, to fubmit with Chearfulnefs to 
1' the Will of God". Thus he pcrfe- 


^2 Miffionaries fent 

vered till the War grew lefs dangerous, 

and the People returned to their Planta- 

Continues ^'^^^^' ^^^ ^^^^ Fatigue threw him into 

withthePeo- a Bloody Flux, thro' which, after many 

rifon, faDs Relapfes, he died 5 very much lamented 

fick, dies, |^y ^jj ^j^^ Country j and to exprefs his 

hearty Wifhes to the Society's Defigns, 
he made them, by his laft Will, refiduary 
Legatees, from which they received -above 
600 pound Ca?'olina Money. 

The Reverend Mr. Mojh Clerk was 
appointed by the Society to fucceed Mr. 
Maule^ he arrived in Caroli?ta in 1720, 
but a few Months after, died. The 
Church-wardens and Veftry petitioned the 
Society for another Miffionary, and the 
Reverend Mr. Bryan Hunt was fent over, 
but he was not fuccefsful in his Miffion : 
his contentious Behaviour gave great Of- 
fence to many of the Parifhioners 5 and 
in the Year 1728, after many Differences 
and Contefts, he left his Pariih, and re- 
turned to England, The Society imme- 
diately after, in the Year 1729, appointed 
the Reverend Mr. Daniel Dwight Miffio- 
nary to this Parifh. 

rend^Mno!" 3' The Society received Rcqucfts from 
born fent toj;^^ people of *S>x., Bartholomew %Y2.x\{^ for 
mm'z Parifo! a Miffionary, and the Reverend Mr. Os- 


to South-Carolina. , 53 

^(j/72 was fent thither. He arrived in 1713, 
and was the firft Minifter of the Church 
of England, that had fettled there. His 
Cure proved very difficult, for the Parifli * j- 
was above 30 Miles long from North to 
Southy and 40 frc ti Eaji to Weji -, there 
were about 120 Fai... . '^. it, at his firft 
coming -, the People were rxiki at great 
Diftances, in fcattered Plantations, over 
all this large Tradt of Land ; which made 
the Fatigue and Labour of ferving his 
Cure very great. He was jliged, for 
the People's Conveniency, to officiate at 
5 different Places, fome of them 20 Miles 
diftant from the Place of his Abode. He 
acquainted the Society, the People were 
very ready to be taught and inftrufted in 
the Chriftian Faith, that foon after his 
being fixed among them, he had baptized 
above 70, many of them grown Perfons^ 
at firft they had fome Scruples about Re- 
ceiving the Sacrament, but he began to 
remove them by private Conferences. He 
continued very diligent in his Duty, and 
was much refpedled by his Parifhioners. 
But in the Year 17 15, the unhappy* In- 
dia?i War broke out y the Savages de- 
ftroyed all the Plantations in his Parifh, ravage all his 
and alfo thofe o^ 'iuHelenWn Port -Roy al-^'''^' 
IJland. The People abandoned the Place 


^4- ^ ' ^ijjionaries fent 

entirely ; their Houfes and Plantations 
were fpoiled and burnt. The Indians 
made fo fudden an Irruption into thefe 
Parts, that they were within lefs than 
three Miles of Mr. Osborne Houfe, before 
Helofesever^y^j^gy Were difcovered ^ he iuft had No- 
to 'chariei-\!\cQ to make a difficult efcape to Charles- 
7,fvn, dies. ^^^^^^ abandoning all that he had to the 
Savages , where foon after he died, 
with the general Character of an honefl; 
and ufeful Man. This Parifli hath not 
yet recovered from the Ravages of the 
Indians, many of the People did not re- 
turn to their Settlements ; the Society 
therefore have not fixed a Miflionary here ; 
but fome of the Minifters of other Pa- 
riflies, have occafionally officiated among 
thofe who returned to their Plantations. 

TheReve- 4- T H E Parilli of St. HcUms in Port- 
xt\\diUr.Guy,RQyal^IJland, agreed in the Year 17 12, 
l!!'VhiW/-to have a Minifter refident among them. 
Roynl-lJJand. ^fj^^y ^ycrc acquainted with, and had a 
good Efteem for the Reverend Mr. Gz/j, 
then Afliftant to the Reverend Mr. John- 
Jon, the Recftor of Charles-^ oivn -, they pro- 
ceeded to eledt him for their Minifter, 
according to the Laws of this Province , 
after having firft obtained the Confent of 
the Reverend Mr. Johnjon, the Bifliop of 


to South-Carolina. 95 

London^ Commiffary, then at Charles-- 
^own, Prefently after, they wrote to the 
Bifhop of London^ and to the Society, an 
Account of this Eledlion. They repre- 
fented in their Letters, that they were 
the moft remote Parifh in the Country, 
and not well fettled as yet; that fince 
their firft fixing there, they never had a 
Minifter refident ; and therefore prayed 
the Society, in Compafiion to their great 
Wants, to allow Mr. Guy a Salary. Mr. 
Guy was then in Deacon's Orders only; 
he returned to Engla?id in the Year 17 13, 
and received Prieft's Orders ; and the So- 
ciety appointed him Miffionary there* 
He arrived in Carolina foon after, and 
acquainted the Society, that he had entred 
upon his Cure. This Parifh was very 
large and extenfive, for the whole Nation 
of the Tammofee Indians was included in it. 
Mr. Guy was very diligent in the Difcharge 
of all Parts of his Minifterial Office ; he 
inftrufted and baptized feveral grown 
Perfons, befides the younger Children. 
Tho' there had been formerly fome Ana^ 
baptiji and Presbyteria?i Teachers here, 
yet at his Arrival, the People had no 
Teacher of any Perfuafion, and lived all 
without ufing any Kind of publick Di- 
vine Worfhip. Notwithftanding which, 


5 6 Mijjionaries fent 

they were very well dispofed ; and for 
their greater Conveniency, Mr. Guy per- 
Ver dilicrent^'^^"^^^ Divine Service in fome of the 
in his Cm-e. Parifhioners Houfes, fometimes in one 
part of the Pariili, fometimes in another, 
that all the People, at Times, might have 
an Opportunity of coming to Divine 
Worlliip. Mr. Guy wrote to the Society, 
that he met with many Favours from his 
Parifhioners, and that they behaved, both 
publickly and privately, very obligingly and 
kindly to him. But in the Year 17 15, 
both he and all his Pariih, narrowly and 
very providentially efcaped -, being cut oif 
by the Indians. The Yammofees inhabit- 
ing, part of that Parifli, rofe fuddenly and 
fell on the Englijh ; if there had not been 
a Ship lying in the River, on Board of 
which, the Englip got, and fo efcaped to 
Charles-'T'own j they would have been all ut- 
terly deftroyed by the Savages. Some few 

He and the . . - 

People fly to who did not make a timely Jblcape on 
charies-To^vn.^^^^^^ fell into the Indians Hands, and 

were malTacred. 

SomeAccoimt ^, Having mentioned before, this In^ 

War. dian War, and fince I fhall be obliged to 

take'' Notice of it again, as a Calamity, 

whicli not only very much ftopped the 

Progrefs of the Gofpel in thofe Parts, 


to SouthCarolina. ^7 

but very greatly threatened the Civil State 
of that Country -, I fliall give the Reader 
here fome fliort Account of it. In the 
Year 17 15, The Indians adjoining to this 
Colony, all round from the Borders of 
Fort St. Augujiino to Cape Fear, had formed 
a Confpiracy to extirpate the White Peo- 
ple. This War broke out the Week be- 
fore Eajier. The Pariih of St. Helen's 
had fome Apprehenfions of a rifmg among 
the adjoining Indians, called the Tammo- 
fees. On Wednefday before Eafier, Cap- 
tain Nairn, Agent among the Lidiansy 
went, with fome others, to them, defiring 
to know the Reafon of their Uneaiinefs, 
that if any Injury had been done them, 
they might have Satisfadlon made them. 
The Indians pretended to be well content, 
and not to have any Defigns againft the 
Englijh ^ Mr. Nairn therefore and the other 
Traders continued in the Pocotaligat-T own^ 
one of the Chief of the Tammofee Nations. 
At Night they went to Sleep in the Round- 
houfe, with the King, and chief War-Cap- 
tains, in feeming perfed: Friendiliip.i but 
next Morning, at Break of Day, they were 
all killed with a Volley of Shot, except- 
ing one Man and a Boy, who Providen- 
tially efcaped (the Man much wounded) to 
Port-Royal, and gave Notice of the rifing 

H of 

5 8 Miffionaries fent 

of the Indians to the Inhabitants of St 
Helens, Upon this Ihort Warning, a Ship 
happening to be in the River^ a great 
Number of the Inhabitants, about 300 
Souls, made their Efcape on Board her to 
Charles-'fown^ and among the reft, Mr. 
Guy^ the Society's Miffionaryj having aban- 
doned all their EfFefts to the Savages : 
fome few Families fell into their Hands, 
who were barbaroufly Tortured and Mur- 

The Indians had divided themfelves in- 
to two Parties > one fell upon Port-Royal^ 
the other upon St. Bartholomew^ Parifli 3 
about 100 Chriftians fell into their Hands, 
the reft fled, among which, the Reverend 
Mr. Ostomy the Society's Miffionary there. 
The Women and Children, with fome of 
the beft of their Eflfeds, were convey'd to 
Charles-I'own ; moft of the Houfes and 
heavy Goods in the Parifli were burnt or 
fpoil'd. The Tammofees gave the firft Stroke 
in this War, but were prefently joined by 
the Appellachee Indians. On the North Side 
of the Province, the Englijh had at firft, 
fome Hopes in the Faithfulnefs of the 
Calabaws and Creek Indians, but they foon 
after declared for the Tainmojees. 


to South Carolina. ^^ 


Upon News of this rifing, the Governor 
(the Honourable Charles Craven^'Eic^,) with 
all Expedition, raifed the Forces in Colleton f^ \ 

County, and with what Affiftance more ^' 

could be got prefently, put himfelf at Governor 
their Head, and marched direftly to the Force""S 
Indians^ and the Week after Eajier came up ^^^^^^^ ^j}^- 
with them, and attacked them at the Head diam 
of the River Camhahee ; and after a fharp 
Engagement put them to Flight, and 
flopped all farther Incurfions on that 

I N the mean Time, on the other Nor-- 
them Side, the Savages made an Inroad 
as far as a Plantation of Mr. John Herne^ 
diflant 30 Miles from GooJ creek ; and 
treacheroufly killed that Gentleman, af- 
ter he had (upon their pretending Peace) 
prefented them with Provifions. Upon 
News of this Difafter, a worthy Gentle- 
man, Captain T^hornas Barker^ was fent 
thither with 90 Men on Horfeback 5 but 
by the Treachery of an Indian whom he 
trufted, fell into an Ambufcade, in fome 
thick Woods, which they muft neceffarily 
pafs. The Indians fired upon them from 
behind Trees and Buflies. The E?2glip 
difmounted, and attacked the Savages, and 

H 2 re- 

100 Miffionaries fent 

repulfed them ; but having loft their brave 
commanding Officer Mr. Barker^ and being 

bthemfelves in fome Diforder, made their 
^_ Retreat. Upon this Advantage, the Indians, 

fl^ came farther on tov^ards Goofcreek, at Nev^s 

r^ of whichj the whole Parifli of Goofcreek 

• •• became deferred, except tv^o fortified Plan- 

ri tations ; and the Reverend Dr. Le Jeau^ 

J^ the Society's Miffionary there, fled to 

r ^ Charlcs-T'own. / 

^ These Northern Indians being a Body 

^ of near 400 Men, after attacking a fmall 

Hi Fort in vain, made Propofals of Peace^ 

\^ which the Garrifon unwarily hearken- 

ing to, admitted feveral of them into 
the Fort, which they furprized and cut 
to Pieces the Garrifon, confifting of 70 
White People and 40 Blacks ; a very few 
efcaped. After this they advanced farther^ 
Captain Cy^/V- but on the 13^^ oi J line, Mr, Chicken, the 
if^// defeats the (^^p^ain of the Goofcreek Company, met 

Northern Indi' f tni ir lAr^- 

ii/!i~ and attacked them, and after a long Action, 

defeated them, and fecured the Province 
on that Side from farther Ravages. 

The Society received thefe calamitous 
Relations from Caroli?ia with much Concern, 
both on Account of the Diftrefs of the 
Inhabitants and of their Miffionaries. 


to South-Carolina^ loi 


They thought it incumbent on them to 
do fomething towards the Relief of the 
latter, who were fent by them to thofe 
Places. Accordingly a Letter was wrote 
to all the Miffionaries, acquainting them, 
how fenfible the Society was of the Hard- 
ihips they underwent, and that they had 
agreed to give half a Years Salary to each 
of them as a Gratuity, for their prefent 
Affiftance, That this Bounty might be paid 
them with all Speed, a Letter was wrote by 
the fame Conveyance to Colonel Rbef^ a 
worthy Gentleman in that Country, defiring 
him, on the Account of the Society, to 
pay each of their Miffionaries and School- 
mafters half a Year's Salary ; and in Cafe 
the other Clergy of the Colony, who were 
not Miffionaries, Ihould be in great Streights 
upon Account of this publick Calamity, 
he fliould alfo pay each of them a Sum, The Society 
not exceeding 30 Pounds Sterling ; which J^^^^j|^f^^^ 
the Society prefented them towards their the Clergy in 
Support; and that he might draw upon^ ^^ ^^ 
their Treafur^r for all fuch Sums paid. 
Colonel Rhef was pleafed very kindly, to 
pay all the Miffionaries who apply*d to 
him, the Money the Society had direfted j 
and alfo to the Reverend Mr. Lapierre 
and Mr. Richburgy two French Minifters, 
who were not employed by the Society, 

H 3 3Q 

1 02 Mijjionaries fent 

30 Pound each; they were both juft pre- 
paring to quit the Country, on Account 
of their great Want, but were prevented 
by f o feafonable a Relief thro' the Society's 

6. Having given the Reader this ihort 
Relation of the Indian War, which brought 
fo much Confufion on the Religious as 
well as Civil State of this growing Colony ; 
I fhall now refume the iirfl Subjed, and 
continue on the Account of the Labours 
of the Miffionaries in each Parifh. The 
Inhabitants of the Parifh of St. Helens in 
Port'Royal Ifland, before mentioned, had 
been all drove from their Settlements, by 
the Tammofees ; but upon the fuppreffing 
of the Indian Ravages, the People re- 
turned to their Plantations. They were 
encouraged to do fo, the fooner, becaufe 
Fort-Royal Ifland had a very capacious and 
fafe Harbour, and was likely to become a 
Place of great Trade, as being a commo- 
dious Station for Shipping, and the Coun- 
try around, affording Plenty of all Pro- 
vifions. Here are now computed to be 
above 70 Families. They obtained a con- 
fiderable Sum of Money from the Go- 
vernment there, towards Building a Churchy 
to which^ feveral worthy Gentlemen added 


to South-Carolina. 103 

Contributions, and In the Year 1724, built 
a fmall Church, a neat Brick Building, 
in Length, from the PFeJi-End to the Chan- 
cel, 40 Feet, and In Breadth 30 ; the Chan- 
cel is 10 Feet fquare : The Communion- 
Table, Pulpit, Desk, and fome Pews, are 
made of Cedar, There was a preffing Oc- 
cafion for having a Church here, becaufe 
the Inhabitants of this Parifli live at a great 
Diftance from each other, and the neareft 
of them at leaft 40 Miles diftant, from 
any other Parifh-Church. The People 
when they began to build their Church, 
requefted the Society to fend them a Mif- 
fionary. The Reverend Mr. Lewis Jones 
was appointed hither in the Year 1725. 
He hath behaved himfelf worthily in the 
Difcharge of all the Duties of his Miffion? 
and inftrud:ed feveral grown Perfons in the 
Chriftian Faith, and admitted them to 
Baptifm. He continues ftill here. 

7. T H E Reverend Mr. Hafell was fent to j.end Mr. Ha- 
the Parifh of St. "Thojnas in 1709. He had./^^ ^^"Vpa-' 
been formerly employed by the Society, asriih. 
Catechift in Charles-l'o'wn', which Office he 
difcharged with Diligence: The firft Church 
Built here, (now ufed for a Chapel of Eafe) 
was called Pomkinhill Church, from a rifmg 
Hill of that Name, on which it was Built 1 

H 4 it 

104 Miffionaries fent 

It Is fituate near the River Side, made 
of Cyprefs Wood, 30 Foot Iquare, Eredted 
about the Year 1703, at the Charge of 
the Neighbourhood, and by the particular 
Affiftance of Sir Nathajiiel Johnjon. But 
the Parifh-Church of St. Thomas was Built 
of Brick, fituate on a Neck of Land, on 
the North'WeJi of Wandoe River, and 
SotitJofWeJi of Cooper River ; in Purfuance 
of an Act of Affembly made in 1706. 
The Foundation of this Church was laid 
in 1707, and the Building finiflied the next 
Year ; Mr. Hafell was the firft Minifter of 
this Church, eledled by Virtue of the above- 
mentioned A(ft. There are in this Parifh 
upwards of 600 Acres of Glebeh^nd, 200 
of which adjoin to the Church 5 and 420 
to the Chapel of Eafe. There is as yet 
no Parfonage-Houfe Built in this Parifh, 
but the Money allowed by the Aflembly 
for that Ufe, is laid out at Intereft, till it 
fhall arife to a fufficient Sum to Build one. 
There were, in the Year 1713, about 120 
Families in this Parifh, including the Settle- 
ments in Orange Qu^ncv -, but now the In- 
habitants are computed to amount to 565 
Whites, 950 Negroes, 60 hidian Slaves, and 
20 Free Negroes , in all near 1600 Souls. 
Mr. Hafell had very good Succefs in his 
Jvliniftrv, was refpeded and loved by his 


to South-Carolina. io$ 

Parifliioners, and a great many Perfons of 
unfettled Principles were induced to hold 
a firm Faith. A great many young Per- 
fons, defcended of Diflenters of various 
Tenets, conformed to the Church of En- 
gland, and feveral young Men of French 
Parentage in Orange Quarter, who under- 
ftood Efiglifii conftantly attended his 
Church. The Books the Society fent to 
be diftributed by him were of great Ufe, 
efpecially the Common-Prayer-Books, given 
to the younger People of the French^ and 
to Diflenters Children. Mr. Ha/ell conti- 
nues ftill in this Miffion, with a very ad- 
vantageous Charadler, 

The Diftridl of Orange Quarter is a 
French Settlement, but in the firft Divifion 
of the Country into Parifhes, was Part 
of St. Thomas'^ Parilh ; few of the People 
attended Service in the Englijh Church for 
Want of the Language. The major Part 
of them ufually met together in a fmall 
Church of their own, where they generally 
made a pretty full Congregation, when 
they had a French Minifler amongft them j 
they were poor, and unable to fupport their 
Minifler, and made Application to the 
Aflembly of the Province, to be made a 
Parilh, and to have fome publick Allowance 
for a Minifter Epifcopally Ordained, who 


lo6 Mijfionaries fent 

fhould ufe the Liturgy of the Church of 
England, and Preach to them in }rench* 
Accordingly, they were incorporated by 
the Name of the Parifh of St. Dennis, till 
fuch Time as they fhould undeiftui. * En- 
gUjh. They have now a pretcy good 
Church Built about the Time St. 'T'homass 
was, and never had but one Minifter, Mr. 

Vt^^^i^^' 8. In the Year 170 c, the Reverend Mr. 

rend Mr. Dun ' ^ ' 

fent to ^ St Dun was fent to St. PauT% Parifli in CoU 
s an . y^^^^ County. A fmall but convenient 
Brick Church was Eredled, about the Year 
1708, in Length 35, in Breadth 25 Feet, 
fituate on the Head of Stono River, about 
20 Miles diftant from Charles-T'own to the 
Southward, It is built on a Piece of Land 
given by Mr. Edmund Bellinger, a Gen- 
tleman of that Parifh ; and a narrow Piece 
of Land near the Church, containing about 
71 Acres, was laid out for a Glebe. A 
little, but commodious Dwelling-houfe of 
Brick, was Built for the Minifler, with an 
out-Kitchen, and fome neceffary Timber 
Buildings ; but this Houfe, and the other 
out-Buildings, were burnt in the Indian 
War. Mr. Dun wrote Word that he 
found the common People very ignorant^ 
and was obliged to ftay fome Time to in- 


to South'Carolina, 1 07 

ftruft them before he could properly ad- 
ftlinifter the Sacraments. He did not coh- 
tmue loftg there^ and Mv.Muteiand fuc- 
ceeded him, about the Year 1708, but 
died not long after. The Reverend Mr. 
William T'redwel Bull was appointed Mif- 
iionary there in 17 12. He demeaned 
himfelf with Prudence and Civility, and 
was fo diligent in all Parts of his Paftoral 
Care, that the Church confiderably in- 
creafed ; and the flourifhing Condition of 
it at prefent is much owing to his Labours. 
In the Year 172 1, the Veftry laid a Pe- 
tition before the General Affembly, fetting 
forth, " That the Number of the Inhabi- ^, „ .^ 

- , , , The ranfh- 

" tants and of the Members of the Church Church is en- 
" of England was fo much increafed, that ^^^2^^* 
" their Parifh-Church was too little for 
" them, and that for Want of Room, 
" fome were forced to ftand without the 
" Door, and others hang at the Windows j 
" and that having agreed among them- 
" felves upon the neceffary Enlargement, 
" they found it would coft confiderably 
" more than 1000 Pound when compleated, 
" with fuch Decency as becomes the Houfe 
" of God: That they were willing to 
" contribute to their utmoft, tho' many of 
them had been great Sufferers in the 
Indian War, and fcarce able to Build 

" their 


I08 Miffionanes fent 

^^ their own Houfes deftroyed in that 
« War/' The General Affembly very ge- 
neroufly allowed 500/. and the leople very 
liberally and chearfuUy Subfcribed 1000/. 
more, Carolina Money, withwhich they made 
a very neat and regular additional Building 
to their Church. Mr. Bull continued till the 
Year 1723, very fuccefsful in the Difcharge 
of the Duties of his Funftion, and happy 
in having the Love and bfteem of his 
Parifliioners. He was obliged to return 
to England, on Account of fome Family 
Affairs, and having relolved to continue 
here, was, in Confideration of his Services 
to the Church abroad, promoted to a 
Benefice here in England, In the Year 
1724, the Society fent the Reverend Mr, 
David Standifiy MifTionary to this Parifh ; 
he entred upon the Duties of his Fundion 
with Diligence, and behaved himfelf fo as 
to gain the Efleem and Love of his Pa- 
rifliioners. His Congregation increafed, 
and feveral grown Perfons defired and 
received Baptifm. He extended his La- 
bours to other Places, where there was no 
Minifter ; particularly in Edijio Ifland, 
where a large Number of Churchmen and 
Anabaptijls ufed to meet him. The Peo- 
ple of his Parifh made an Additional. Build- 
ing to their Church, and were fo much 


to South-Carolina. 109 

fatisfied with their Minifter, that in the 
Year 1727, they purchafed a Glebe for 
him, of 400 Acres of Land, joining to the 
Church, and very pleafantly fituated on a 
large River, about 20 Miles diftant from 
Charles-'Town^ with a Houfe upon it, and 
fome other necelTary Buildings y Mr. Stan- 
difi continued diligent in all Parts of his 
Office, till the Year 1728, in which he 

9. The Inhabitants of Chriji-Church 
Parifh had not a Miffionary fent to them 
until the Year 171 1. However, that the 
People might not be left deftitute of hav- 
ing Divine Worfhip celebrated, the Reve- 
rend the Clergy neighbouring to this Pa- 
rilh, Mr. Commiflary Johnjhn, Mr. Maule, 
Mr. Ha/ell, Miffionaries from the Society, 
and the Reverend Mr. Lapierre, gave 
each a Sermon Monthly at this Church, 
until the Society appointed the Reverend 
Mr. Gilbert Jones their Miffionary there. ^J^^^^^^^^^^; 
The Foundation of Chriji-Church was laid fent Mifliona- 
in 1707, and the publick Allowance of^^^^^^^ Pa- 
333/. was expended, but the Building not^^^- 
compleated in 17 12, when Mx,Jo?ies came 
to this Parifh. Upon his being eleded 
Reftor of this Church, the Parifhioners 


IIO MiJJionaries fent 

petitioned the General Affembly for a fur- 
ther Sum toward finifhing their Church ; 
200 /. more was given, and the Parifh 
raifed among themfelves about 67 Pounds 
more, with which they finifhed their 
Church, bought 100 Acres of Land for 
a Glebe^ and built a convenient Houfe and 
Kitchin at 4 Miles Diftance from the 
Church. Mr. Jones fat about the Duties 
of his Function, with great Diligence and 
Earneftnefsj and as the People had been 
long without a relident Minifter, there 
were many grown Children and Perfons 
of Ageunbaptized. He perfuaded them to 
bring their Children for Baptifm, and foon 
after his being fettled there, received into 
the Church 136 Children befides 7 grown 
Perfons^ tho* the Number of Houfekeepers 
then was but 105. He ufed alfo great 
Pains to perfuade the Mailers and Mi- 
ftreifes to affill in having their Slaves in- 
ftrudled in the Chriftian Faith -, but found 
this good Work lay imder Difficulties as 
yet infuperable. He wrote thus concern- 
ing this Matter, ^ho labouring in vain 
be very difcouraging, yet (by the Help of 
God) I ivill not ceafe my Labours^ and if 
I fiall gain but one Profelyte, fiall not 
thiyik much of all my Fains. He was not 
only very laborious in his Cure^, but out 


to South-Carolina. 

of a kind Regard to the Poverty of his 
Parifhioners, occafioned by the Indian War, 
he declined taking any Contributions from 
them, left fome unfettled Perfons mio-ht 
think their Religion too dear, and there- 
fore forfake it. He contradted feveral Fits 
of Sicknefs by his conftant Application, 
and fo impaired his Conftitution, that he 
was obliged to ask Leave from the So- 
ciety to come to England', the Society con- 
fented, and he returned home in 172 1, 
and continued here in England, 

The Society fent the Reverend Mr. 
Pownal in his Room, he arrived there in 
November 1722. He acquainted about 
Two Years after, that the Number of his 
Paridiioners was 470 Free-born, and that 
there were but few Diffenters among them ^ 
but there were above 700 Slaves, fpme of 
which underftand the Englijh Tongue, but 
very few knew any Thing of God or 
Religion. The People v/ere very fo- 
ber and induftrious^ he had a full Con- 
gregation, and above 30 Communicants, 
and had Baptized feveral grown Per- 
fons. Not long after, having fome Affairs 
in England, which required his Prefence, 
he returned from his Parifh, and continued 
here. Thi§ Parijh is at prefent without 



112 Mijfionaries fent 

a Miffionary, but the Society have agreed 
to fend One in a little Time. 

10. The Church oi St, Andrew's is fituate 
about 13 Miles diftant from Charles-T^oivn, 
on the South Side of AJhley River; the 
Parilh extends about 2 1 Miles in Length, 
and 7 in Breadth, and contains about 
180 Families. The Reverend Mr. M^ood 
was the firft Minifter they had ; a very 
deferving Man, as Mr. Chief Juftice l^rott 
acquainted the Society : He entred upon this 
Cure in the Year 1707, but died foon after : 
the Parifh was long vacant. The Reverend 
Mr. Baylor was appointed Miffionary there, 
in the Year 171 1; but there arofe fome^ 
contentious Difputes at firft, and after- 
wards an unhappy Diftafte between him 
and his Parilhioners, that he was defirous 
to be removed. He accordingly removed 
to North-Carolifia with the Society's Per- 
miffion in 17 17. About this Time, the 
Reverend Mr. Guy^ who, after the Defola- 
tion of his Parifh (St. iUt';2's Port-Royal) in 
the hidian War, had been fent Miffionary to 
Naraganjett in NeW'Engla?id ; returned, 
upon account of his Health, to Carolina^ and 
was foon after fettled at St. Aiidrew's inftead 
of Mr. I' ay lor. He made amends by his Pru- 
dence and courteous Demeanor, for the dif- 


to South-Carolina. 113 

obliging Condud of his Predeceffor. His for- 
mer Behaviour had gained him the general 
Efteem of the People in the Country. The 
Veftry of this Church therefore, upon his 
Arrival, invited him to fettle w^ith them ; as 
he had no Parifli, he accepted of their very 
kind Offer -, and the Society allowed of his 
being fixed there, upon the Veftry's Requeft, 
joined to his ow^n. He continued to 
perform his Minifterial Office with good 
Diligence and Succefs. This Church was 
built of Brick, about 40 Feet long, and 
25 broad, there was a Burying Place con- 
tiguous to it of about 3 Acres. A fmall 
boarded Parfonage-Houfe was Built, about 
a Mile diftant from the Church, and 26 
Acres of Glebe Land bought for the Mi- 
nifter ; but there hath been fmce made an 
Addition of 60 Acres of good Land to this 
Glebe, about the Year 1727. Mr. Guy was 
not only careful in his own Cure, but ex- 
tended his Labours to fome other Places 
remote, where he Preached, Adminiftred the 
Sacrament, and Baptized feveral Children, 
and fome grown Perfons. He had fuch 
Audiences generally at the Houfe where 
he Preached, that the People finding it too 
little to hold them, began to raife a Sub- 
fcription for Building a Church. The 
Parifli-Church in the Year 1722, became 

I too 

114 Mifionaries fent 

too fmall to hold the Congregation s The 
People therefore agreed to enlarge it, and 
prefently Subfcribed 500 Pounds. The Com- 
miffioners appointed by the Veltry, agreed 
with Workmen, and preparefd Materials 
for Building -, and the General Aflembly of 
the Province, the more to encourage them 
to go on, ordered the Publick Receiver to 
pay out of the Treafury, the Sum of 
400/. becaufe the Subfcription Money of 
the Parifli was not fufficient to defray the 
Charges. The Church as now enlarged, is 
St. An^iv&m the Form of a Crofs, begun in the 
Church cnlar- Year 1723, and fmce carried on by the 
Contributions of the Parilhioners -, it is 
40 Feet long, and 52 Feet broad, with 
a handfome Chancel 12 Feet long, and 24 
Feet wide. Built of good Brick, and the 
Roof of Cyp7^ejs Wood) the Roof of the old 
Part was likewife pulled down, and Built of 
Cyprefs^ well arched, ceiled and plaiftered, 
as is the new Part : The Church is adorn'd 
and beautified, with neat Cedar Pews, a 
large £^/?-End Window, and two others, 
one, on each Side of the Communion-Table, 
with more on each Side of the Body of 
the Church, all neatly arched, and well 
glazed. A decent Font is to be placed on 
a Pedeftal 3 Steps high in a Semicircle, at 
the Entrance of th^ Church, and a Galary 


to South-Carolina. 115 

is defigned to be forthwith built at the 
Weft End, for thofe People who have no 
Pews. Mr. Guy perfuaded leveral Perfons 
who were negleftful of the Offices of the 
Church, to a more regular Behaviour, 
and baptized many grown Perfons ^ and 
as the Number of his Hearers confiderably 
increafed, fo alfo did the Number of the 
conftant Communicants j he continues now 
in this Miffion. 

1 1. T H E Parifli of "iuGeorge was formerly St. Gmgf^ 
a Part of St. A?idrew'^, and taken out of that 
by an Ad: of Affembly, in the Year 17 17. 
It is about 19 Miles long, and 8 broad, 
confifting of 500 E?2gliJ}j, in 115 Families, 
befides 1300 Negroe Slaves. The Church 
is fituate about 9 Miles from Goo/creek^ 
1 1 from St.jdndrew'Sy and 28 from Charles- 
Ttown, By the Adt of AfTembly pafled in 
the Year 1717, for Building this Church, 
Alexander Skeene Efq; Captain Walter 
Izard y Mr. Thomas DiftoUy Sa?nuel Wragg 
Efq; Captain John Cant)\ Mr. "Thomas 
Warring^ and Mr. "Jacob Satur^ were 
named Commiffioners. Thefe worthy Gen- 
tlemen were very zealous to carry on this 
Work. The Allowance made by the 
Affembly of 333 Pounds being not fufficient 
for this Purpofe, they very earneftly pro- 

I z moted;, 

Ii6 Mijfionaries Jent 

moted a Subfcription among the Gentle- 
men of the Country, and 1196/. Carolina 
Money was Subfcribed ; yet that proving too 
little, the Publick did four Years after, give 
466 Pounds more, to defray the Charge 
of the Building. A Church was begun 
to be built in the Year 17 19, and in 
the Year following the out-Work was 
compleatedj it is a Brick Building 50 
Feet long, and 30 Broad, befides the 
Chancel. There is alfo a very good 
Brick Parfonage-Houfe built, not half a 
Mile diftant from the Church, fituate on 
a very pleafant Spot of Ground neary^- 
ley River, with a Glebe of "jc^ Acres of 

The Reverend Mr. Feter iLuJiian was 
appointed Miffionary here, by the Society, 
in the Year 1719^ but upon his Arrival, 
fee found the Country fo difordered with 
Party Divifions, that he foon removed to 

TheReve- ^HE Reverend Mr. Varnod fucceeded 

rendMr.r^r-hini, he arrived there in 1723, and was 

fiola^^.^ ^^'^"very kindly received by his Pari(hioners ; 

they were fo well inclined to the Church of 

England Communion, that they conftantly 

attended Divine Service, and fo few ab- 


to South-Carolina. 117 

jfented themfelves, that the Church began 
foon to be too fmall for the Congregation. 
A Year after his Arrival at Chrijhnas^ he 
had more Communicants than ever w^ere 
known to meet at that Place, near Fifty 
Perfons, and what was ftill remarkable. 
Seventeen Negroes, He baptized feveral 
grown Perlons, befides Children ^n6.NegroeSy 
belonging to Alexander Skeene Efqj Mr. 
Varnod extended his Labours beyond his 
own Pariih, he fometimes ufed to preach at 
a neighbouring French Congregation, much 
to their Edification. His own Parifliioners 
were alfo well fatisfied with him. He conti- 
nues ftill in his Miffion with good Succefs. 

12. The Parifli of St. Jajnes Santee 
confifts chiefly of French Refugees, con- 
forming to the Church of England. It 
contains upwards of loo French Families^ 
and 60 Englifi^ befides Free Indians and 
Negroe Slaves. Their Minifter hath only 
the Salary of the Country and fome occa- 
fional Gratuities, the whole making but a 
very fcanty Support. The Reverend Mr. 
Philip de Richbourg^ was their firft Mini- 
fter, and approved himfelf in all Refpedls, 
a worthy Man; upon his dying in 17 ij, 
the Parifli was a long Time without a 
Minifter. In 1720, the Reverend Mr. Pd?iY- 

I 3 derails^ 

Ii8 Miffionaries fent 

JerouSy a French Clergyman, went over, 
and was fixed there by the Bliliop of Lon- 
don 3 but neither he, nor Mr. Richboiirg^ had 
any conftant Salary from the Society, tho' 
they have had feveral occafional Gratuities. 
The People are religious and induftrious, 
and very foon, in the Year 1706, petitioned 
the Governor and General AlTembly, to 
have their Settlement Ereded into a Pa- 
rifh, and fignified their being extreani de- 
firous of being united to the Body of the 
Church of England^ whofe Doftrine and 
Difcipline they did mofl highly efleem 3 and 
the Governor and Affembly did pafs an 
Ad, that Year, erecSing their Settlement 
into a Parifli, fixing the Parochial Church 
at Jatnes Town, and fetting forth its 
Boundaries, which contained about 18 
Miles in Compafs, but by a lubfequent 
Adt, they have been much enlarged : The 
Reverend Mr. Fouderous continues now 
their Minifter, very induftrious in his 

Prince ^3* Prince GccTges Parifli was creftcd 

George s?A- \y^ ^-j^^ Northern Parts of this Province, at 

riili trcaed. . . i xr 

a Place called Wtnemu, m the Year 1725, 
when Francis Nicholfon Efq; was Governor 
of this Colony. There was a confiderable 
Sum of Money given, by Aft of Affem- 

to South Carolina. 119 

bly, for Building a Church here 5 and 
Governor Nicholjon^ to forward the Work, 
gave 100/. and the People contributed 
the reft. This is a Frontier Place, fo 
very far diftant from any Church, as the 
Inhabitants have wrote to the Society, 
That they have lived many Years with- 
out feeing any Divine Publick Worfl:iip 
performed, without having their Chil- 
dren baptized, or the Dead buried in any 
Chriftian Order. The Parilli contains at 
prefent, above Five Hundred Chriftian 
Souls, beiides Negroes and hidians^ and 
the People were fo zealous to have a Mi- 
nifter of the Church of England^ that they 
built a convenient Church in the Year 
1726, and obtained of the Country a 
Salary of 100/. Froclamation Money ^ and 
purchafed 200 Acres of Glebe Land for 
their Minifter. Upon the repeated Defires 
of the People here, the Society appoint- 
ed the Reverend Mr. Morrit Miffionary 
in 1728. 

14. The Church of St. Philifs in Charles 
l^own, the Capital of the whole Province 
of Carolina^ had a Salary of 150/. of that 
Country Money, fettled on the Minifter, by 
Adl of Aflembly : The Society were in 
hopes this might be a fufficient Maintenance, 

I 4 and 

1 20 Miffionaries fent 

and therefore did not at firil allow any 
Thing to the Minifter. The Bifliop of 
London (Dr. Compfon) was very earneft to 
have a Perfon of Prudence and Experience, 
to take the Cure of this, the Chief Place in 
the Province, one who fliould ac^ as his 
Commiflary, and have the Infpedion of 
Church Matters. The Reverend Mr. 
TheRevercnd G/W^(?;z JohnJJon was recommended to the 
johnftm'lnt Bifliop, in the Year 1707, by the Arch- 
sfS//V''^^^^P ^^ Dublin, by the Bifliop of Killaloo, 
and the Bifliop oiElphin, hisDiocefan, in the 
fulleft Manner. '' His Grace affured, He 
" had known Mr. Johnjion from a Child, 
^' and did teftifie, he had maintained a fair 
t* Reputation, and was the Son of a wor- 
^' thy Clergyman in Ireland : That he 
^^ dared anfwer for his Sobriety, Diligence, 
" and Ability, and doubted not, but he 
" would execute his Duty, fo as to merit 
" the Approbation of all, with whom he 
" {hould be concerned." Bifliop Compton 
was fully fatisfied with this Charafter 5 fent 
him to Charles-T'own, and made him his 
Commdflary. Mr. Jolmjlon arived in Ca- 
rolina, after a long and tedious Voyage, 
and was unfortunately, near loofmg his 
Life, almofl: in Sight of Chaides-'T'own, 
The Bar of Sand at the Harbour's Mouth, 
kept out the Ship, in which he was Paf- 


to South-Carolina. 121 

fenger, till the next Tide ; and Mr. John- 
Jion being Sick, was impatient to get a 
Shore, went into a Sloop with Three 
other Perfons y a fudden Guft of Wind 
rifing, wrecked the Sloop upon a Sand 
Bank ; they lay there Two Days, before 
the Boats and Canoes, which were fent 
out, could difcover them, almoft perifhed 
with Hunger and Thirft. 

Mr. Jolmjlon upon his entring on his 
Cure, found the People at Charles-Town 
unhappily difturbed with Feuds and Ani-H;^^;;;^^^^ ^ 
mofities -, yet he managed himfelf, with fo 
much Temper and Prudence, as to avoid 
giving any Offence, or incurring the Dif- 
pleafure of either Side. What afflided him 
moft, was the ill Habit of Body, which, 
by various Incidents in his Voyage, and 
lince his Arrival in the Country, he had 
contraded. However, he ftruggled thro' 
every Difficulty, difcharged his Duty with 
great Diligence, and to the general Satis- 
faction of his Parliliioners, tho' his Cure, 
as being in the moft populous Place, wa^ 
very laborious. He read Prayers and 
preached twice on Sundays^ read Prayers 
on Wedjiefdays and Fridays^ and frequently 
Catechized the Children. Befides the Dif- 
charge of all his Minifterial Duties 3 he 


122 Mi§onaries fent 

became ufeful and happy in compofing, In 
fome Degree, the Divilions among the 
People, and by a very modeft and peaceable 
applying, perfuaded many, who had Dif- 
ferences, to converfe without Paffion or 
Bitternefs. By thefe, and many other Me- 
thods, he gained the Refpeft and Love of 
the beft Sort of People, of many Parties. 
His Parifhioners knew his Circumftances 
were ftrait, and that the Country Allow- 
ance was not fufficient to maintain him 
and his large Family s the Aflembly being 
then fitting, they procured a Claufe to be 
made in one of the Afts then pafled, adding 
50/. a Year more to his Church, during 
his Incu7nbenc)\ This was a very fpeciai 
Mark of their Favour to him, and the 
more fo, becaufe it was done without his 
ufing any publick SoUicitation for it. He 
continued very affiduous in every Branch 
of his Office, until the Year 171 1, at which 
Time, feveral Peftilential Difeafes raged 
over all the Country, and occafioned a great 
Mortality, efpecially at Charles-'T'owji ; not- 
withftanding thefe Difficulties, he dif- 
charged all the Duties of his Fundion, 
with unwearied Diligence. He contrafted 
by his Labours many Infirmities, which 
increafed daily on him; and he was forced 
to come to England for the Recovery of his 


to South-Carolina. 123 

Health. After flaying here about a Year 
and a half, he returned to his Church at 
Carolina^ with an Allowance of 50/, a 
Year Salary from the Society, He entred j 
again upon the Duties of his Cure, with 
his former Diligence and Succefs, and con- 
tinued io till April, in 17 16. The Ho- 
nourable Charles Craven Efq; the Gover- 
nor of the Country, was then returning 
to England, Mr. Johnjlon, with 30 more 
Gentlemen, went into a Sloop to take their 
Leave of him, then in the Man of War, 
and under Sail. They waited on the Go- 
vernor and parted with him, but in their 
Return back, a Storm arofe, the Sloop was 
overfet, and Mr. Johnjion being lame of 
the Gout, and in the Hold, was drowned j 
the other Gentlemen who were upon Deck, 
partly by Swimming, and partly by hold- 
ing on the Sloop, faved themfelves, till 
Help came. The Sloop afterwards drove? 
and that, and Mr. Johnjion^ Body, were 
found on the fame Bank of Sand, on which ^^^j^^^^^^^^^^ 
he had almoft perifhed, at his firft coming ^d. 
to the Country : He was buried at Charles^ 
I'own, very much lamented by his Pa- 
rifliioners, and efpecially all the Clergy his 

15. The 

124 MiJJionaries fent 

15. The Miffionaries reprefented fre- 
quently to the Society the great Want of 
Schools in this Province, for the Inftru- 
aion of the Children in the Principles of 
The great Religion, and teaching convenient Learn- 

Want of cv> •> r t 1 

Schools. ing. Dr. Le Jean at Goojcreek, did very 
earneftly prefs the Society to allow a Sa- 
lary for a Schoolmafter in his Parifh, and 
they appointed Mr. Dennis Schoolmafter 
in the Year 17 lo; he had a good Num- 
ber of Scholars for feveral Years, till the 
Indian War broke out, which difperled 
the People and all his Scholars. The So- 
ciety appointed alfo the Reverend Mr. Guy 
to be Schoolmafter in Char les-T' own ^ in 
171 1, and alfo Curate or Affiftant to the 
Minifter of Charles-T'o'wn^ becaufe that 
Cure feemed too laborious for one Perfon. 
There is now a handfome School-Houfe 
built byA6t of Affembly, and the School- 
mafter allowed a Salary of 100/. Procla- 
mation Money. Upon Mr. Giiy% being re- 
moved to the Cure of a Parifli, Mr. Mor- 
rit was fixed Schoolmafter here ; but be- 
ing lately chofe Minifter of a Pariih, and 
leaving the School, the Society have ap- 
pointed the Reverend Mr. Lambert School- 
mafter and Catechift or Afternoon Preacher 
there j and Accounts have been tranf- 


to South-Carolina. 125 

mitted to the Society, that he difcharges 
his Duty with Diligence, and hath been 
very ufeful in training up the Youth. 

The People of the whole Country are 
throughly fenfible of the Neceffity of 
Schools, for the Chriftian Education of 
their Children, and have, in feveral Places, 
taken Meafures for Founding of Schools. 
An Adt of AfTembly was paffed in the 
Year 1724, for eftablifliing of a Free- Endeavours 
School in the Town of Dorchejier^ in the for founding 
Parifh of St. George. Upon this Occafion 
fome of the moft confiderable Gentlemen 
of this Colony, wrote to the Society, The 
chief Source of Irreligion and Immorality 
herCy is the Want of Schools ^ and we 7nay 
jiijily he apprehenfive^ that if our Children 
continue longer to he deprived of Opportuni- 
ties of being injlruBed^ Chrifiianity will of 
Coiirfe decay infenftly^ and we Jhall have 
a Generation of our own^ as ignorant as the 
Native Indians. This Ad hath been 
tranfmitted to Great Britain for the Royal 
Affent. The People alfo of St. Paul's 
Parifh have lately raifed a Sum of Money 
by voluntary Subfcriptions, for Founding 
a Free-School ; and Mr. Whitmarjh of this 
Parifli, lately deceased, hath left 500/. for 
this Purpofe s they now have good hopes of 
raifing a fufRcient Fund for Buildiiig and 


126 Miffionaries fent 

Endowing one. The Reverend Mr. Lud^ 
lam^ lately the Society's Miffionary at Goof- 
creek^ bequeathed all his Eftate, which 
hath been computed to be about 2000 A 
Carolina Mone)\ for Building and Endowing 
a School at Goofcreeh This Society, who 
are the Truftees appointed by his Will, 
hope to fettle this School in a little time. 
The late Richard Beresford Efq; of St. 
I'homai^ Parifli, in this Colony, has been a 
great Promoter of the founding of Schools. 
He died in March 1722, and by his Will 
bequeath'd the Annual Profits of his E- 
ftate, which was very confiderable, in 
truft, to be paid to the Veftry of that 
Parifli \ from the Time of his Deceafe, 
until his Son, who \vas at that Time 
about Eight Years of Age, (hould arrive at 
the Age of 21 Years: Dire£ling farther 
the Veftry to apply one Third, of the 
yearly Profits of his Eftate, for the Sup- 
port of one, or more Schoolmaflers^ who 
ihould teach Reading, Accounts, Mathe- 
maticks, and other liberal Learning; and 
jche remaining two Thirds, towards the 
Support and Maintenance of the Children 
of the Poor of that Parifli, who fliould 
be fent to this School. The Veftry of this 
Parifh have fince received from this Eftate 
6500 Pounds Carolina Mone\\ and placed out 


to South-Carolina. 127 

i200 Pounds of it, in Purchafe of a Planta- 
tion, about half a Mile diftant from the 
Church, containing 600 Acres of Land, 
with convenient Buildings upon it, for the 
Vk of the defigned School ; and placed out 
the remaining Money at Intereft upon Land 

It is now to be hoped this neceffary 
Work, of the Education of the Youth, 
will be carried on with Succefs 3 which the 
Society have always ftrove to the utmoft of 
their Power to promote ; they have not 
only helped towards Maintenance of fome 
Schoolmafters, but have alfo, at Times, ^ , ,.^ . 
lent large Quantities of good Books, as buted in c*- 
Bibles, Commoif-Prayer-Books, Whole ''^''^''^ 
Duties of Man, Catechifms, and other De- 
votional Books. The Society have fent to 
this Province, above 2000 Volumes, and above 
300/. Worth of fmall Tradls, not Bound. 

16, I have now related the Endeavours 
of the Society, towards fettling Religion 
in this Colony; which, however fmall in 
Comparifon of the great End fought for, 
have, notwlthftanding, had important Con- 
fequences. The Zeal and Bounty of this 
Society, hath raifed a noble and truly 
Chrillian Emulation in the Inhabitants of 


1 28 Mijfionaries fent 

this Province, to carry on fo great and 
neceflary a Work. The Example fet by 
the Society, hath influenced the People to 
contribute very bountifully to their own 
Happinefs, hath induced them, with great 
Chearfulnefs, to build Churches, to allign 
Hated Salaries to the Clergy, by Ads of Af- 
fenibly, to allot Glebes to the Churches, to 
open and to endow Schools for the Educati- 
on of their Children. Soon after the Foun- 
dation of this Society, an Ad: of Affembly 
paffed in the Year 1706, for Ejlahlijhing 
Religious Worjhip according to the Church 
0/* England; for dividing the whole Pro- 
vince into ten Pariflies, (to which three 
have been fmce added) for allowing a con- 
fiderable Sum for the Building each Church, 
and ordering , one to be built in each Pa- 
rifhs for Incorporating the Redors or 
Minifters; for allowing the Minifters of 
the Country Pariflies 100/. a Year, currant 
Money of that Province, each; and the 
Redor of Charles-T'own 150/. AH which 
Churches were foon after built, have been 
fupplyed with Minifters by this Society, 
and have been faithfully paid their fettled 
Salaries by the Country. And lately in 
the Year 1723, a farther Law was pafled 
for augmenting the Minifters Salaries, and 
appointing them to be paid in Proclama- 

to South-Carolina^ 127 

tion Money, The Clergy were fo fenfible 
of this Liberality of the People, that they 
did ill the mod grateful Manner repre- 
fent to the Society, that confidering the 
Circumftances of the Colony, it was a very 
generous Settlement. 

Thus thro' the pious Liberality of the 
Country, tho' there was fcarce any Face 
of the Church o? England in this Province, 
when this Society was firft eftablifhed, there 
have been 13 Churches, and 4 Chapels of 
Eafe fmce built ; a Free-School hath been 
ereded at Charles-Toivn, The whole Body 
of the People, have had the Advantage of 
the Adminiflracion of God's Word and 
Sacraments, and fuch a Light fet up among ^ 

them, as, it is to be hoped, no Age {hall 
fee extinguiflied. 

K C H A P. 

128 Mijjionaries fent 


Mijftonaries fent to North- Carolina. T*he 
Kcverend Mr. ^\^\r fent Mi(fionary:, tin- 
dergoes great HardJJoips^ returns to Eng- 
land. Other MiJJionaries fent thither 5 
they meet with many Difficulties^ return 
to England. T'he Tufcararo Indians 
form a Confpiracy againfl the Englifli, 
ravage the Colony t, are at length defeated. 
Mr. Newnam fent Miffionaryy takes 
great Tains in his Miffion^ dies. 

I. f ■ 1 H E Society had a very early 
M Knowledge of the deftitute 
Condition of this Province : 
The Inhabitants, in the Year 1702, 
amounted to above 6000 Souls, chiefly 
Englifl:, befides Slaves s a great Number 
of the People were defirous of having the 
Church of England Worlhip fettled among 
them 9 there were fome Presbyteria?is, and 
fewer fakers here, but many Perfons 
carelefs of all Religion, and of a profane 


to North-Carolina. 12^ 

Mind. However, feme of the principal 
Inhabitants did, in a very ferious Man- 
ner, and with a true Chriftian Spirit, fet 
forth their Wants of a Miniftry to the 

But the Society received the fulleft 
Information from the Reverend Mr. Blair^ ^^^ |^eve- 
who had been an itinerant Miffionary in^«"dMr.5/^/r 
that Country, fupported with the Bounty 
of 50/. from the Lord Weymouth, He ar- 
rived in North-Carolina in Jayiuary 1703, 
and entred upon the Duties of his Miffion 
with great Diligence and Pains. The 
People were fettled in fuch diflant Plan- 
tations on the feveral Rivers Sides, that 
he was obliged to be continually travelling 
from Place to Place, which could not pof- 
fibly be done without a Guide, both on 
Account of the Badnefs of the Roads, 
and Difficulty to find them if once loft, as 
alfo by reafon of the Defarts between 
feveral Plantations, fome extending 40 
Miles in length, without any Inhabitant^ 
Befides, there was another exceeding In- 
convenience in travelling this County « 
it was watred with Seven great Rivers^ 
all without any Bridges over them ; Two 
only, which could be pafTed on Horfeback ; 
the others had Ferries over them, in fome 
K 2 Places, 

130 MiJJionaries fent 

Places, and the Paflage there was charge- 
able. However, he exerted himfelf for 
fome Time, bought Horfes for himfelf 
and a Guide, travelled over ail the Country, 
and preached twice every Lord's Day, 
for above a Year j and fometimes on the 
Week-days, when the People could bring 
their Children for Baptifm. He baptized 
above 100 during his Continuance here. 
He was very ufeful to revive a Senfe of 
Religion among them; and the People, 
in Purfuance of an Aft of Affembly there, 
began to build Three fmall Churches. 
But he found the Labour of continual 
Travelling in exceffive Heats in Summer, 
and extream Colds in Winter, beyond his 
Strength of Body and Mind. He would 
have refided on one Precindt of the Coun- 
try, and officiated to all who could come 
to him y but the People were diiTatisiied 
with this, telling him, the Lord Weymouth'^ 
Charity was intended tor the Good of the 
whole Country. An Adt of Affembly had 
been paffed a little before, allowing 30/. 
a Year, of that Country Money ^ making 
about 10/. Sterlings for a Minifter in each 
Dlvifion ; but that Adt was not then con- 
firmed by the Proprietaries, fo that he 
had no Allowance from the Inhabitants. 
Thefe Hardihips rendred the Miffion fo 


to North-Carolina. 131 

difficult, that fome Time after, he was 
forced to return to England^ quite funk 
with Poverty and Sicknefs. 

2. This unprovided Condition of the 
People, engaged the Society to affift them. 
In 1707, they fent over the Reverend Mr. 
Adams and Mr. Gordon^ itinerant Miflio- 
naries, with a better Support than Mr. 
Blair had. They were both very fenfible 
they ihould meet with many Difcourage- 
ments in their Miffion, however, they en- 
tred on their Office with much Refolution. 
Upon their firft Arrival, they entertain'd 
Hopes of good Succefs in their Labours, 
from the Encouragement which they re- 
ceived from fome worthy Perfons in the 
Adminiftration of the Government at that 
Time. But foon after their Arrival, many 
ignorant and irreligious Perfons in the Co- 
lony, raifed fuch Fadions and Animofities, 
and above all, made fuch a blafphemous 
Ridicule of the moft facred Ordinances of 
the Gofpel, in a manner too profane to be 
mentioned, as occafioned long and pub- 
lick Diftradions, and mightily retarded the 
Progrefs of the Gofpel. Mr. Adams and 
Mr. Gordon perfevered, notwithftanding, in 
their Miffions. The whole Province was 
divided into four large Precinds, Chowan, 
K 3 Pa^ 

132 MiJJionaries fent 

Paquiman^ Pafquefanck^ and Carotucky be- 
fides Bath County, or Pamlico Divifion. 

The Reve- M R. GordoH had the Care of Choivaji 
Ztiimomr'^^^ P^q^i^^^' Chowan is the Wejiermofi, 
m chotvan &the largell and thineft fettled; the Peo- 
cinftsT^'^^ ^^'ple had built a Church fome Time before 
his coming there, but it was fmall, and 
forrily put together, and therefore they 
then had Intentions to build another. 
There were very few ^lakers or Dif- 
/enters in this Pari£h. The People indeed 
were ignorant, few that could read, and 
fewer write, even of the better Sort ; yet 
the Body of them wxre very ferious and 
well-inclined, ready to embrace, both in 
publick and in private, all Opportunities 
of being inftrufted. Mr. Gordon fpent 
moft of his Labours in this Precinft, it is 
very large, and divided by the great Sound 
and feveral Rivers, which made his Cure 
very laborious; however, he vifited all 
Parts of it, and baptized above loo Chil- 
dren. Mr. Gordon had alfo the next 
PrecincS, Paqiiiman^ under his Care. 
There was a little compadt Church built 
here, with more Care and Expence, and 
better contrived than that in Chowan. 
The ^lakers here were very numerous. 
This Precinft is not fo large as the other, 


to North Carolina, 133 

but the Roads are worfe. The People 
were very ignorant, and loofe in their 
Lives, unconcerned as to Religion, thro* 
their Want of Minifters and good Books. 

Mr. Gordon was in hopes the Feuds 
and Animofities, among the People, would 
have abated in a little Time, but on the 
contrary, they grew higher, and the pub- 
lick Diftraftions increafed. He found him- 
felf therefore neceffitated to return to En- 
gland':, which he did, bringing with him 
Letters to the Lord Bifhop of London^ Returns to 
and to the Society, from the two Precindls ^^^ ^^ ' 
which he attended ; certifying that he had 
dlfcharged his Miffion with great Fidelity 
among them, and indefatigably employed 
his Time in promoting the Intereft of Re- 
ligion in thofe Parts. 

yi^. Adams had the Care oi Pafcotanck 
2.\\diCa7^otuckYxtQmQi^. Pafcctanck Precindt 
then had no Church built in it. The Roads rend Mr. j^ 
here are the worft, but the Country is clofer f^^^^^^Jj;^;^ 
fettled, and better peopled than the othtx^^^Caromk, 
Precinds. In their Way of living, thefe Peo- 
ple have much the Advantage of the reft, be- 
ing more induftrious and careful. But they 
were above all, to be commended for their 
K 4 Order, 

134 MiJJionaries fent 

Order, Serioufnefs, and Decency in at- 
tending Divine Worfhip. 

Carotuck is the Eajicrmojl Precinft, in- 
cluding the Sand Banks, and part of the 
South Part of the Sound ; a very incom- 
modious Place for damp Colds in Win- 
ter, and Mufchatoes in Summer ; they 
had no Church built here. Mr. Adajns 
behaved himfelf with unv^earied Appli- 
cation, the Extent of his Miffion was in 
fome Places above 70 Miles. There were 
839 Souls in the Precindt of Carotuck ; 
he preached often, baptized here Num- 
bers of Children, and adminiftred the Sa- 
crament. But the principal Branch of 
his Cure was the Precind of Pafcotanck^ 
where he chiefly refided. It contained 
above 1300 Souls, 900 of which, profefTed 
themfelves Members of the Church of 
England, He baptized in the Parifhes of 
Pafcotank and Carotuck^ above 214 Chil- 
dren, befides grown Perfons, preached con- 
ilantly, and adminiftred the Sacrament in 
Pafcotank and in Carotuck. 

When Mr. Gordon returned to En- 
gland^ Mr. Jldams was much dejedtcd, but 
■jefoived to make a farther Effort. He 


to North-Carolina. 135 

continued very diligent in the Difcharge 
of his Duty. However, the publick Di- 
ftradions could not be compofed thro* 
the Perverfenefs of fome ^takers. Du- 
ring all thefe Broils, Mr. Adams behaved 
himfelf with fo much Moderation and 
Diligence, as gained the Favour and E- 
fteem of the moft fober People, and pre- 
ferved his Charadter unblemifhed, even by 
his Enemies. The Parties here grew of 
more imbittered Spirits, and Mr. Adaim 
was quite wearied out with the Hardfliips LaboursTnd 
he met with ; he intended to return to ^^^^'^'^^^* 
England in 17 10, upon which, the Veftry 
of Carotuck^ and Colonel Glover wrote 
thus to the Society: " Mr, Adams^ during 
" his Abode among us, hath behaved hini- 
" felf in all Refpedts, worthy the Cha- 
" rader of a Minifter, exemplary in his 
" Life, and blamelefs in his Converfation • 
" and now being bound for England^ we 
" with forrowful Hearts, and true Love 
" and Affedlion, take our Leave of him : 
" We iliall ever blefs that Providence that 
" placed him among us, and fhould be 
•' very unjuft to his Charadter, if we did 
** not give him theTeftimony of a pious 
" and painful Pallor, whofe Sweetnefs of 
** Temper, Diligence in his Calling, and 
'^* Soundnefs oi Dodtrine, hath fo much 

" con- 

1 3^ Mijfonaries fent 

*' conduced to promote the great End 
** of his Miffion, that we hope the good 
** Seed God hath enabled him to low, 
" will bear Fruit upwards." The Veftry 
of Pafcotank write to the fame Effedt; 
and Colonel Glover, Prefident of the Coun- 
cil there, tranfmitted thefe Letters to the 
Society, and wrote thus with them : " The 
" inclofed Papers being put into my 
" Hand, I held my felf bound to prefent 
** them to your Board, and to join with 
*' the Subfcribers in the Charadler they 
** juftly give of the Reverend Mr. James 
" Adams^ and to which I am fure all 
" Perfons, who have any Refpedl to Re- 
" ligion, do heartily concur. As for the 
" Difficulties he met with, he hath waded 
" thro' them, under the vigilant Eyes of 
" the malicious Enemy, without commit- 
*' ting any Thing unbecoming a Minifter 
«' of Christ," But before Mr. Adams 
embarqued for E?zgland, he fell fick, and 
died in Carolina. 

3. The Society refolved again to affiil: 
this People \ and appointed the Reverend 
Mr« Urmjione and Mr. Rainsford Miffio- 
naries there, about the Year 17 11. Mn 
Urmjlone took Care of the North Shore, 
at the lower End of Cbowan, with all 


to North-Carolina. 137 

Pafcotank ; and Mr. Raimford, of the Wejl 
Shore. But they had not been long in 
the Country, before the Civil Feuds among 
that unhappy People were followed with 
an Indian War, which threatned the total 
Ruin of the Colony ; and had it not been 
for a very timely and powerful Affiftance, 
from their Neighbours, the South-Caro- 
liniansy it might have been effedled. The 
Corees o^ndT'uskararo Indians near Cape Fear,^^^'^^^^^'^^^^'' 
made a terrible Infurreftion, fell upon the Colony, 
the Inhabitants of Renoque^ killed 137 of 
them 5 moll of the Palatines^ with a Swifs 
Baron, periflied in the MalTacre. The In^ 
dians carried their Plot on with great 
Cunning and Secrefie, and put it thus in 
Execution, in a few Hours, in many Pla- 
ces. The Indians did not meet in one 
Body ; but in fmall Parties, of five or fix 
Men, waited as Friends, on thofe whom they 
purpofed to deflroy ; and killed them with 
fuch Weapons as they found in their 
Houfes, or near hand. The South-Caro- 
linians in this Diflrefs of theirs, advanced 
4000/. and fent Colonel Barnwell with 
600 Whites, and 600 India?ts to their 
AfTiftance 5 after a difficult March he met 
the Indians^ killed above 300, took 100 
Prifoners, furrounded the refl, being about 
600 in a Fort, and forced them to fue for 
Peace j which he granted, as not having 


138 ziMiffionaries Jent^ 

Provifions for his own Men, if the Indians 
fhould have held out ; the other ftragling 
Parties of the Indians retreated into the 
Territories of Fort AuguJlinOy and lay there 
fccure, under the Spaniards Protection. 

Mr. Vrmftone^ no doubt, could not avoid 
bearing a Share in this general Calamity, 
however, he continued fome Years an 
itinerant Miffionary. He travelled as foon 
as the Heat of the Summer was over, 
through the whole Government 100 Miles 
Southwardy beyond Neuze River, 60 Miles 
Wejiward towards Virginia^ and as far 
North'EaJl, He baptized in one half 
Year 279, 12 whereof were grown Perfons; 
and had it not been for the Negledt of 
the Parents, and Want of convenient Paf- 
fage both by Land and Water, a great 
many more might have been baptized, 
Mr. Rainsford alfo continued fome Time 
preaching on the Weft Shore, and by his 
Labours kept alive, among a wild and 
fcattered People, fome Senfe of Religion s 
but at length was quite fatigued with the 
Hardships of the Miflion, and quitted it. 
Mr. Urmjlone continued longer, but was in 
Returns to fome Years wore out with the many Dif- 
^ ^^ ' Acuities and Diftrefles he met with, and 
returned to England. 


to North-Carolina. 139 

CoLQ'^-E'L Ederiy then Governor of the 
Country, wrote a very preffing Letter to 
the Society in behalf of the People : Some 
Time after, the Society appointed the 
Reverend Mr. Newnam Miflionary ^ he 
arrived in North-Carolina in 1722, and ^'^r.Kezcn^m 
tranfmitted to the Society an Account of ^oniry^.^ 
his Labours and Succefs in his Miflion. 
The Summary of v^hich is as follows : 
" After a long and fatiguing Voyage of 
*' above four Months, from December the 
" iji, to April xh.^ 10th, my felf and little 
" Family arrived at Carolina, The late 
" Governor Eden being dead, I waited 
" upon the Prefident, a worthy Gentle- 
*' man, delivered him my Credentials, 
*^ with which he declared himfelf fatis- 
^^ fied, and received me with great Kind- 
" nefs and Refpeft. I hope I fliall do a 
" great deal of Good : The Veftry have 
" laid out my Journies where I am to 
" officiate. The lirft Sunday I go by 
** Water, and fome few Miles by Land, 
** and preach at Efquire Duckingfeild' % 
** Houfe, (which is large enough to hold 
** a good Congregation) till fuch Time as 
** they build a Church, which is hereafter 
" to be called Society Church ; and in 
*' order to it, they are now making a Col- 

" leftion 

1 4.0 Mijfionaries fent 

" lecSion thro' the whole Pariili. The 
" fecond Sunday I take a Journey up to 
" a Place called Maharim^ about 40 MileS 
" off, where there are abundance of In- 
*' habitants, who are alfo makmg a Col- 
" le(5tion to build a Church forthwith- 
" The third Sunday I perform Divine 
" Service at Efquire Duckingfeild's, The 
" fourth Sunday I go up to a Place called 
" IVicacoHy about 30 Miles Journey. The 
*' fifth Sunday I crofs the Sound to go to 
*' Eden Town, where the Veilrv have alfo 
" propofed to build a Church very foon. 
" The fixth Sunday I go up to a Chapel 
*' on the South Shore, about 12 Miles by 
" Water ; and the feventh Sunday begin 
" the fame Courfe again. But once every 
" Quarter I go up to a Place called Re^ 
" ?iQque, 80 Miles Journey; and the five 
" laft Sundays of the Year, the Veftry 
** allow I may go my Rounds, and vifit 
*' the remote Parts of the Country, where 
'' fome Inhabitants live, 150 Miles off; 
** People who will fcarce ever have the 
*' Opportunity of hearing me, or of hav- 
*' ing their Children baptized, unlefs I 
*' go among them. The Country is in ge- 
" neral very wxU pleafed with my coming 
" among them, but the People are for 
'* the moft part poor and very ignorant, 

'^ 1 

to North-Carolina. 141 

''^ I have baptized 120 Boys and 91 Girls, 
" five Perfons above 20 Years of Age, and 
" tv^o married Women, this lail: Year. 

Upon bare reading of this Letter, the 
Reader v^ill immediately reflect, that he 
mull take indefatigable Pains in perform- 
ing fo much difficult Duty. However, he 
perfevered v^ith great Refolution: Some 
Time afterwards other Accounts came to 
the Society, that fincc his laft Letter, he 
had preached conftantly, had baptized 
269 Children, one Woman, and three Men, 
who gave a very good Account of their 
Faith ; and two Negroes, who could fay the 
Creed, Lord's Prayer, and Ten Command- 
ments, and had good Sureties for their farther 
Information -, and tliat he defigned fhortly 
to go to Bath County, where he was greatly 
wanted, being informed there w^ere at leaft 
300 Children, whole Parents defired his com- 
ing among them, to have them baptized. 

But having contradled frequent and 
fevere lUnefles by conflant travelling, he 
died in the Year 1723, very much to the 
Lofs of all this People. 

5. In the Year lyz^, Sir Richard Everett, 
going then over Governorj the Reverend 


1 42 Mijfionaries fent 

Mr. Blacknal applied to be fent Mlilio- 
nary, and was employed by the Society, 
but they have had no Accounts of his Pro- 
grefs, and it is believed he hath left that 
Country ; fo that this whole People, being 
now above loooo Souls, are without any 
Minifter. What Governor Eden remarked to 
the Society in Favour of this Colony, deferves 
to be taken Notice of here: '^ Tho' the State 
'' of this Government hath been for many 
*' Years very unfettled, chiefly fo by reafon 
" of inteftine Feuds ; yet the People have 
* * declared themfelves fmcere Members of 
*' the Church of England, by the Ad of Af- 
*' fembly pafled in 17 15, for eftablifliing the 
" Church, and appointing fele6t Veflries ; 
*' the Preamble to which is as follows." 'T'his 
Province of North-Carolina, beifig a Mem- 
ber of the Kingdom of Great Britain ; and 
the Church of England being appointed by 
the Charter from the Crown ^ to be the only 
EJiabliJhed Churchy to have publick En- 
couragement in it : We therefore to exprefs 
our Gratitude to the Right Honourable the 
Society for Pro?noting the Chrijiian Religion 
in Foreign Parts, and our Zeal for pro- 
moting our holy Religion, by 7naki7ig fuch 
Provifion for Building Churches and Chapels, 
and 7naintaining of the Clergy, as the Cir^ 
i'umfa?ices of this Government "will admit , 

to North-Carolina. 143 

&c. And by this Ad:, they divide the 
whole Country into 9 Parifhes, name Ve- 
ftries, and fettle Salaries for the Minifters 
of each Parifti, not exceeding 50/. and 
provided, the whole Parifh Charges do not 
exceed five Shillings per pole, on all taxable 

This fpeaks at leaft the good Difpo- 
fition of the People, tho' the 50/. fettled 
by the Ad, would amount to a very fmall 
Sum in Sterling Money. There are not 
above one or two Churches yet built in 
this Government; however, the Society 
have at feveral Times by their Miffiona- 
ries difperfed here above 300 Volumes of 
bound Books, befides about 100/. Worth of 
fmall Trads of Devotion and Inftrudion. 


144 Mijfionaries fent 


Penfylvania fettled at firji by Swedes and 
Dutch j a mry confiderabk Number of 
Quakers go over from England thither • 
The Reverend Mr. Evans feiit to Phila- 
dclphia, by ^ifloop Compton. A very 
large Cortgregation at Philadelphia. Se- 
veral Mijfionaries fent to Penfylvania^ 
Their Labours and Succefs. Fifteen 
Churches built in this Colony by voluntary 
Contributions. No Salaries fettled on 
* the Minijlers^ but the People contribute 
liberally toward their Support. 

I. "1 ^Enfyhania^ with the three lower 

W^ Counties, extends in length near 

300 Miles, and in breadth above 

200, watered with that noble Stream the 

Delaware, navigable 300 Miles at leaft, 

in fmall Veffels. It was fettled by People 

cf feveral Eiiropeaii Nations, by Swedes and 

{om^ Dutch firft, afterwards by the £;^^///^ 

ga'f?of tr ^^^ F'-''^'^' 'fhe firft Englijh Settlers here 

/>.;?^/hither. y^^^Q Quakers, above 2000 of which, went 

over from England at once, with Mr 



.,r,"' .'11. ^u.i.jajixVT^ 

to Penfylvania. 145 

Pen the Proprietary j but fince that time, 
great Numbers of Perfons of other Prin- 
ciples in Religion, have fettled themfelves 
there ^ not to avoid any Violence at home, 
but to improve their Fortunes in thofe 
Parts. The Englip were much the moft 
numerous Inhabitants, and ^akerijm the 
prevailing Opinion. Mr. George Keithy 
v^ho refided here, fays, according to the 
beft Computation he could make, above 
1500 Men and Women ^lakers, uled to 
come to their yearly Meetings, at Philadel^ 
phia^ from the adjoining Country, and from 
Eajl and }FeJi Jerfies, in the Year 1689. 

But foon after, in the Year 169 1, there 
arofe a Breach betv^een a Party of ^^- 
kers who joined, with Mr. Keith, in oppo- 
fing fome of their Errors, (efpecially their 
Notion of the Sufficiency of the Light 
within every Man to Salvation, without 
any thing elfe,) and another Party that 
joined with Mr. Thomas Lloyd, then De- 
puty Governor of the Country, and a 
great Preacher among the ^takers. Upon 
this Breach, all the Meetings in thefe Pro- 
vinces were broken, and each Party fat up 
feparate Meetings, upon Account of fuch 
different Principles in Religion, and efpe- 
cially with regard to that Notion, of the 
L z Suf^ 

14^ Mijjionaries fent 

Sufficiency of the Light within every 
Man. One Party, called the Keithian^ia- 
kers, judged this a tacit Rejedion of the 
written Word of God, and of the Sacra- 
ments, and tending, at leaft, to fet up 
Deifm, They divided therefore from the 
Foxtan ^akers^ and in the Year 1694, 
A Divifion a- there were 15 Meetings of thefe feparatift 
[hr^.2r.'!^^^^^'^^*^> in Penfyhania and the Jerfes. 

The Swedes and Dutch fettled in this 
Province, had fome Minifters among them, 
but the Englip had none, till the Year 
1700 y when the Reverend Mr. Evans was 
A^^;|^^^^^;fent over mo Philadelphia by Bifliop Co?n- 
Phtladeipbia. pfon, But after the Church of Englajid 
Service began to be performed, a very nu- 
merous Congregation attended the Publick 
Worfhip, confifting chiefly of great Num- 
bers of Perfons, who a few Years before, 
had feparated from the Foxia?i ^iake7's^ 
and now joined entirely with the Church 
of England Members. They increafed fo 
faft, that in two Year's Time, there were 
above 500 Perfons who frequented the 
Church. They petitioned His late Majefty 
King WILLIAM, for fome Stipend 
for their Mlnifter 5 and His Majefty was 
plealed to allow 50/. Sterling, to their Mi- 
nifter, and \qI to a Schoolmafter at Fhi- 

to Penfylvania. 147 

ladelphia. The People have feveral Times 
made Application for fome Salary to their 
Mlnifter from this Society ; but never had 
any : becaufe there w^ere many poorer Set- 
tlements in this Country, which claimed 
the Society's Help. 

2. The Reverend Mr. £i;^?;2j being thus 
fupported by the Royal Bounty, and the 
liberal Contributions of his Hearers ; was 
very diligent in the Difcharge of his Duty, 
and thro* God's Bleffing very fuccefsful. 
A great Number of Perfons of various Opi- 
nions, not only in Philadelphia^ the Metropolis 
of this Country, but of the adjacent Parts, 
began to fee their Errors, and embraced the 
Church oi England^ ox^\v^. The frequent 
Refort of People of the better Condition^ 
from all the remote Parts of the Country, to 
that Capital Town, gave them an Oppor- 
tunity of hearing Mr. Evans and being in- 
formed in theDoftrinesof the Church of En» 
gland, A hearty J^ove and Zeal for Religion 
fpread fo wide, that there arofe foon, feveral 
Congregations, in other Parts of the Coun- 
try ; Mr. Evans was forced to divide his 
Labours among them, as often as he con- 
veniently could, till they might be foroied 
into proper Dillrids, and have Minifters 
fent over to them, 

L ^ He 

1 48 Miffionaries fent 

He went frequently to Cbichejier^ Che/Iery 

and Concord, to Montgomery Sind Rad?2or, t^ich 

about 20 Miles di{):2intfromPhiladelfhta; and 

toMaidenhead mTVeJi-Jerfey, 40 Miles diftant. 

icveral Con- yj^j^ travelling; was both fatiguing and expen- 

rregations let- o . , 

led in diversfive, yet he frequently vifited thefe Places, 

lov.ns. being determined by all means, tolofenone 

of thofe he had gained. But Montgomery 

and Radnor^ next to Philadelphia, had the 

moft confiderable Share in his Labours. 

Mr. Evans ufed to preach two Evening 
Leftures at Philadelphia, one Preparatory 
to the holy Sacrament, on the laft Sun- 
day of the Month 5 the other to a Society 
of young Men, who met together every 
Lord's Day, after Evening Prayer, to read 
the Scripture, and fing Pfalms ; Mr. Evans 
was always prefent at thefe Meetings, 
unlefs hindred by fome publick Service, 
and ufed to read fome feled: Prayers out of 
the Church Liturgy, and preached upon 
Subjects fuitable to an Audience of young 
Men. There arofe an unforefeen Advan- 
tage from thefe Lectures, for not only the 
young Men who defignedly met, were im- 
proved ; but a great many young Perfons, 
who dared not appear in the Day time, 
at the publick Service of the Church, for 


to Penfylvania. 149 

Fearofdifobliging their Parents or Maflers, 
would ftand under the Church Windows at 
Night and hearken : At length, many of them 
took up a Refolution to leave the Seds they 
had followed, defired Baptifm, and became 
ftedfaft in the Communion of the Church, 
Several Accounts from Mr. Keith and Mr- 
Talbot acquaint that Mr. Evans baptized 
in Philadelphia, and the adjoining Parts, 
above 800 Perfons. The Weip People 
of Rad?2or and Montgomery ftirred up by 
his preaching, addreffed the Bifliop of Lon- 
den for a Minifter, who underftood their 
Language; reprefenting, that a very con- 
fiderable Number of IVelp People in thofe 
Towns, and neighbouring Parts, who had 
been bred up Members of the Church of 
England, were here unhappily fallen into 
^lakerifm, for Want of a Minifter 3 as being 
difpofed to follow that, rather than to have 
no Form of Religion, and who were ready 
to return back to the Church of England. 

In the Year 1707, Mv, Evans came to 
Ei2gland upon private Concerns ; during his 
Abfence, the Reverend Mr. Rudman, a 
worthy Swedijh Clergyman, who had of- 
ficiated among his Countrymen in thofe 
Parts for feveral Years, took Care of his 
Cure at Philadelphia^ Mr. Evans returned 

L 4 to 

1 50 Mijfionarks fent 

to Philadelphia^ and continued as before 
very diligent in his Duty. He ufed to 
preach fometimes at Hopewell in JVeJl- 
Jerfey^ forty Miles diftant from Phila- 
delphia, where the People were exceeding 
defirous of having the Church oi England 
Worflnp fettled 5 and only upon Hopes 
of obtaining a Miffionary from the So- 
ciety, had with confiderable Expence, built 
a Church. He vifited alfo Apoqiiinomy^ 
65 Miles diftant from Philadelphia ; and 
a new Settlement called Parkeomen, litu- 
ate on the River Schoolkill -y he baptized 
many Perfons here, particularly a whole 
Family of ^akers^ to the Number of 15- 
He afterwards returned to England upon 
Account of fome Family Concerns. 

\iY Uz'nns rt- ^^ ^^^ ^^^^ 17^6, Mr. Eva725 rcfolvcd 
turns again to to go oncc morc abroad, and the Cure of 
dkfs/ ^^^^^"^^ Oxford and Radnor, JVelfi Settlements, be- 
ing then vacant, the Society appointed him 
Miffionary there. He undertook that Cure 
for two Years, and difcharged it with 
Diligence, to the great Advantage of the 
People, and much to his own Credit. He 
was afterwards invited 10 Maryland, to a 
Parifli there, but foon after died -, with 
this general Charafter, that he had be- 
haved himfelf as a faithful Miffionary, and 


to Penfylvania. i$i 

had proved a great Inftrument towards 
fettling Religion and the Church of En- 
gland in thofe wild Countries. 

3. T H E People of Chejier County {hewed 
a very early Zeal to have the Church ofcleprhlilL 
England Worfliip fettled among them.^^^^ch. 
This County is fo called, becaufe moft of 
the firft Inhabitants of it came from Chejhire 
in England. Chejier^ the Chief Town of the 
County, is finely fituate on the River De- 
laware^ at that Place, three Miles over j 
the Road for (hipping here is very com- 
modious and fafe, and fo large, that a 
Royal Navy might ride there. The Peo- 
ple here were ftirred up by Mr. Evans s 
Preaching, to engage in building a Church. 
They erefted a very good Brick Fabrick, 
one of the neateft on the Continent, and 
compleated it in July 1702, at the fole 
Expence of private Sublcriptions of the 
Church Members j it was opened on St. 
Paul's Day, and therefore called St. Paul's^ 
and Mr. George Keith preached the firft 
Sermon in it. The Society appointed the 
Reverend Mr. iV/VZ?^//f Miffionary in 1703, 
he acquainted the Society in 1704, that 
he found the People very well inclined to 
the Church of England^ and recommended 
them earneftly to the Society's CarC;, on 


152 Miffionarm fent 

Account of their good Difpofition, tho' they 
had not any fixed Minifter, till now. The 
People made a Subfcription of 60/. a 
Year towards Mr. Nichol/s's Support, and 
became very regular and conftant at Di- 
vine Worftiip. Mr. Nicholh faid, he did 
not want a confiderable Congregation at 
his firft Arrival, notwithftanding his being 
feated in the midft of ^akers^ and afcribes 
this Advantage to the induftrious preach- 
ing, of the Society's itinerant Miffionaries, 
the Reverend Mr. Keith and Mr. "Talbot^ 
who had prepared the People very much, 
by their Labours. 

Mr. Jafper Yeates and Mr. James San-- 
delandsy two worthy Gentlemen of this 
Place, deferve particular mention here 5 
they were the principal Promoters of the 
building this Church -, Mr. T'homas Powell 
gave alfo a valuable Piece of Ground for 
the Minifter's Garden, the Parlihioners 
contributed the reft ; and as loon as the 
Outfide was compleated, the Infide was 
beautified, moftly at the Expence of thofe 
who frequented it ; and adorned with decent 
Furniture, a handfome Pulpit and Pews. 
Mr. Nicholh continued here with good 
Succefs in his Labours, till about 1708, at 
which Time he removed to Maryland, 


to Penfylvania* 153 

The Reverend Mr. Rofs came from New^ 
cajile^ and officiated here upon the People's 
Defire. He was very induftrious in his 
Miniftry, and acceptable to the People. 
He moved the Society to lend fome good 
Books here, to prevent the Peoples con- 
tinuing in unfettled Notions of Religion ; 
and faid, he was much concerned, to ob- 
ferve in his Travels up and down the 
County, that there were Variety of Books 
fent and placed in almoft every ^aker Fa- 
mily, efpecially Barclay^ Apology, to for- 
tifie the People in their Errors, and furniih 
them with Arguments againft the Faith j 
whereas in the Houfes of the Church Peo- 
ple, few or no Books were to be feen. 
Upon which the Society have fmce fent 
Quantities of Bibles, Conamon-Prayers, and 
Devotional Trafts, to be difperfed among 
the People. However, the Society did not 
continue Mr. Rofi at Chejler^ tho' he be- 
haved himfelf entirely to their Satisfaftion, 
but direfted him to remove to Newcaftky 
where he was firft appointed ; and fent to 
Chepr, the Reverend Mr. Humphreys their ^j^^j^^^.^rend 
Miffionary. He ufed great Diligence in Mr. Hu?n- 
the lerving all Parts of his Cure, and gain'd^j^^^oj^ary to 
the Love and Efteem of his Pariililoners. ^^'fi''- 
There were at that Time but very few 
Miffionaries in that Province, and being 


1 54 Mijfionaries fejit 

obliged to divide themfelves among 1 1 or 
12 Congregations, they had more than 
Employ fufficient. The Church at Che^ 
fter continued in a flourifhing Condition 
during Mr. Humphreys^ Refidence, He 
ufed to preach once a Month at Chichejler, 
a Town of Note, where the People had 
built a convenient Chapel, upon his Per- 
fuafion and Promife to attend them once 
a Month. It is diftant four Miles from 
Chefter^ and there is a Legacy left by Mr, 
Jeremiah Collett to the Minifter of Chejler^ 
to preach four Times a Year there. This 
Chapel is very convenient for Aged People, 
Youth, and Servants, (who cannot go fo far as 
to Cbejier^) to come to hear Divine Service. 
Mr. Humphreys had a Congregation, ge- 
nerally, of about 150 People. He ufed 
alfo once a Month to vifit the fmall neigh- 
bouring Town, Concord^ where he had a 
good Number of People for his Hearers ; 
who have fince, for the more decent per- 
forming Divine Woriliip, built a little 
Church. Mr. Humphreys continued very 
diligent in the Care of thefe three Places y 
but by reafon of the Fatigue of vifiting 
feveral Congregations, contracted many In- 
difpofitions and fevere Sickneffes, which 
engaged him in heavier Expences, than 
the Society's Salary and the Peoples Con- 


to Penfylvania* 155 

tributions would fupport ; He was invited 

to Maryland by fome Friends, where he 

could have a better Provifion, which he^^^^^^^^^^^^^ 

accepted , not only with the Society's Maryland, 

Leave, but alfo with an Allowance of a 

Gratuity of 30/. beyond his Salary s on 

Account of the Hardfhips he fuffered in 

his Miflion, and of his good Behaviour 

during his being employed. Thefe three 

Churches are now without a Minifter, but 

the Society have agreed to fend them a 

Miffionary as foon as conveniently may 


4. Oxford and Radnor, two Welp Settle- 
ments, were firft vifited by Mr. Evam from J^^J^^d 
Philadelphia, and the People having ht&n Radnor build 
Members of the Church of E7igland, when 
they were tranfplanted from Wales hither, 
were defirous of having that Form of Wor- 
{hip fixed among them again. By his oc- 
caiional Sermons, and the Vifits of other 
Clergymen, the People of Oxjord were 
encouraged to build a neat and convenient 
Church. The Congregation confifted 
chiefly of the younger People, and the 
whole Town compofed about 20 Families ; 
they not only built a Church, but fub- 
fcribed alfo 20/. a Year to their Minifter, 
in Money and Country Produce. The 


1 55 Miffionaries fent 

People of Radnor alfo petitioned for a 
Mr. c/^^fentMinifter : and the Society appointed the 
JlJ^^^^^yJ^everend Mr. Club Miffionary to Oxford 
and Radnor^ two Towns, being about 20 
Miles diftant from each other. He arrived 
there in 17 14. The Inhabitants of both 
Towns received him with great Kindnefs, 
as being well known to them before ; du- 
ring his being Schoolmafter at Philadelphia • 
The People at Radnor^ efpecially, were very 
thankful to the Society for having been 
pleafed to confider their Wants, and re- 
newed their Promife of giving him their 
beft Affiftance, and prefently after his Ar- 
rival, heartily engaged to build a handfome 
Stone Church, which they have fmce per- 
formed. Mr. Club was very earneft in all 
Parts of his Minifterial Office, and very 
fuccefsful in his Labours, and happy in 
engaging the Love and Efteem of all 
his People. But the Cure of thefe two 
Churches engaged him in great Fatigue, 
,.,. not only on Account of theDiftance between 
gent in his the Places, but becaufe of the Extremity 
^ *^"° of the Weather, whether hot or cold. 
Mr. Club contrafted fo many Indifpofitions 
by his Labours, as put an End to his Life, 
'^^'"" in 1715. The People were fo fenfible of 
the Difficulties he underwent, that after 
his Death, the Church-Wardens of the 


?o Penfylvania, 157 

Parifli wrote thus to the Society : " Mr. 
^^ Club our late Minifter was the firft that 
** undertook the Cure of Oxford and Rad- 
" nor^ and he payed dear for it 5 for the 
" great Fatigue of riding between the two 
" Churches, in fuch difmal Ways and 
^' Weather as we generally have for four 
" Months in the Winter, foon put a Pe- 
" riod to his Life. 

Both Towns wrote again to the So- 
ciety, requefting another Miffionary, the 
Society wrote a Letter, exhorting them to 
confider on fome proper means among 
themfelves for making fufficient Allowance 
for a Minifter to relide conftantly among 
them. In Anfwer to this they alTured the 
Society, " They were heartily difpofed to 
" do their beft ; but at prefent their Cir« 
" cumftances would not do great Things. 
" They were at prefent but poor Settlers, 
*^ who had newly fettled Land backwards 
*' in the Wildernefs, and had not yet fo 
" much as their own Habitations free 
" from Debts ; that indeed they had built 
*' Churches, in Hopes of having Minifters 
*' from the Society ; and had thereby fo 
" much incumbred themfelves, that it 
" would be fome Years, in all Probability, 
" before they could clear that Debt. 


158 MiJJionaries Jent 

TheReverend ThE SoClCty WCrC dcfirOUG thlS gOod 

r/nttoO'^n/Diipofi^io^^ of the People fliould not be 
iw^Radnor. difappoiiited; and in 1718,^ appointed jhe 
P^everend Mr. Wayman their Miffionary at 
Oxford and Radnor. He entred upon his 
Miniftry among them with Diligence, and 
the People continued their Zeal for the 
Church Service. The Inhabitants of Oat- 
ford purchafed a Houfe, Orchard, and 63 
Acres of Land, for the Ufe and Habitation 
of the Minifter j and the People of Rad- 
nor have obliged themfelves to contribute 
40/. Proclamation Money ^ of that Country, 
yearly, towards the Support of a Minifter 
to preach to them in JVelp^ their native 
Language ; becaufe many of them do not 
underftand Englijh, Several Accounts have 
been fent the Society, That Mr. Wayman 
is very careful in all Parts of his Duty s 
and that he extends his Labours to feveral 
other Places, on the Week-days, when he 
can be fpared from his own immediate 
Charge ; particularly that he hath often 
travelled to ConeJiegOy about 40 Miles be- 
yond Radnor^ and baptized there and elfe- 
where above 70 Children in one Year. 
Mr. lVay?nan hath acquainted the Society^ 
that the Members of -the Church increafe 
continually J that there is a Congregation 


to Penfylvania. 159 

at JVhitemarp^ about lo Miles diftant 

from Oxford, who are very defirous of 

a Minifter, and have for the decent per-j^ ^-^^^^^^^ -^^ 

formance of Divine Worfhip, ereded a his Duty, the 

.- ,. • -- jj^ Church in- 

goodly Stone Building. Mr. yvayman con-creafes. 

tinues in this Miflion, with good Succefs. 

5. The Inhabitants of ^^y^//W;^^ were The People 
fo zealous as to build a convenient Church, f ^{"^^^4"'''^ 
about the Year 1705, iDng before they had Church. 
any fettled Minifter. They ufed to be 
fometimes vifited by the Reverend Mr. 
Sewell from Maryland, and by Mr. Craw- 
ford the Society's Miffionary in Dover 
Hundred. They applied to the Society 
for a Miflionary, and the Reverend Mr. rpj^^p^^^^^^^^^ 
"Jenkins was appointed to that Place ; upon^'^^^- J^^'^^^'^^^ 
his Arrival, he found the People much 
fcattered in their Settlements, and NenjO" 
caftle Town) which was then vacant, be- 
ing fettled clofer and more commodious, 
he officiated there for fome Time at firft ^ 
but foon after, by Direftions from the So- 
ciety, returned to his own Cure of Apo- 
quiminy. However, during his Stay at 
NewcajUe, he was not negledful of his 
Duty. At his Return to Apoquiminy^ in 
1708. he foon drew together a large Con- 
gregation of about 200 Perfons, who were, 

M for 

I ^o Mijjionaries fent 

for the moft Part, very conftant Hearers, 
He had 13 Communicants the firft Time 
he adminiftred the Lord's-Supper. He 
wrote to the Society, " That the People 
grew fo earned in Religion, that above 
20 Perfons had difcourfed with him, in 
order for their due Inftru([tion, and were 
preparing themfelves againft the next Ad- 
miniftration of the Lord's-Supper; and 
alfo, that a great many grown Perfons 
were preparing to receive holy Baptifm, 
and that he hoped foon to be able to fend 
over a joyful Account of his farther 
Succefs in his Labours/' But five Months 
after, he died; and was exceedingly re- 
aften gretted by all, who were acquainted with 

his Merit, and efpecially by his Parifhio- 
ners. The Veftry of his Parifh wrote thus 
concerning him to the Society, " He 
'^ died to our unfpeakable Grief and Lofsj 
•' and we muft do that Juftice to his Me- 
" mory, as to aflure the Honourable Sof- 
" ciety, that he behaved himfelf in all 
" RefpedtSjboth as to his Dodrineand Life, 
" as became the facred Charader he bore j 
*' and G o D did fo blefs his Labours here, 
'' that before he died, he faw our Church 
** in a flourifhing Condition." They con- 
clude their Letter, praying the Society to 
fend them an Qther Miifionary. 


He dies foon 

to Penfylvania. i^i 

The Society did not fend a Miffionary 
thither for a confiderable Time, on Account 
of being engaged to fupport other Miffions, 
to the Extent of their Fund : However, 
the People were not quite deftitute, they 
were occafionally vifited by the Reverend 
Mr. Byork, a Swedifi Minifler, who came 
from Chrijlina Creek on Delaware River, 
to perform Divine Service once a Month. 
They were vifited alfo by the Reverend 
Mr. Club^ but oftner by Mr. B.ofs from 
Newcajile, and by fome other Miffionaries. 
But the Clergy there, in the Year 17 15, with 
much Earneflnefs reprefented to the So- The Clergy 

n r r 1 Tki rcprelent the 

ciety, that the State of feveral Places Want of Mif- 
in that Province was deplorable. Many ^^°^^^'^^'- 
Churches, w^hich were once filled with 
confiderable Numbers of Communicants, 
whofe early Zeal had led them, tho' poor, 
to eredf thofe decent Strudures for the 
Service of God, and at fome of them to 
build commodious Houfes for the Recep- 
tion of their Minifters ; were, thro' a long 
Vacancy, by the Death or Removal of the 
Miffionaries, quite defolate 5 and great 
Opportunities were given, for the fincere 
Members of the Church, to be feduced to 
Errors ; efpecially the People of Apoqin- 
tniny^ and of all Bucks, Ke?it, and SulJcx 
M 2 Coun- 

1 62 MiJJionaries fent 

Counties. They aflured they had 'done 
the utmoft they could, in their Cir- 
cumftances, to keep thofe Congregations 
together; by dividing the Care of them 
among themfelves, and vifiting them fome- 
times on Week-days, and baptizing their 
Children, and inftrudting their Youth; but 
the great Diftance from their fixed Cures, 
rendered the Service out of mcafure difficult. 

The Society, moved with this Repre- 
fentation, fent the Reverend Mr. Merry 
Miffionary to Apoqiiiminy ; but upon Ac- 
count of fome Difficulties in the Miffion, 
he did not fettle there, but after a fhort 
Stay in thofe Parts, returned to England^ 
The Reverend Mr. Campbell was after- 
wards fent Miffionary, but he is gone 
from this Miffion to Brookhaven. And the 
Society have, this laft Year, appointed the 
Reverend Mr. Hacket Miffionary hither, and 
conceive good Hopes, from the very ample 
Kr/r'^Teftimonials he brought them of his good 
itnttojpc Behaviour, that he will anfwer the Intent 
qu^m^^y, ^^ ^.^ Miffion. 

6. Neivcajlky the Capital of the County 
x>f that Name, is finely feated, ftanding 
high, upon the Delaware ; this County is 
the uppermoft of the three lower. New- 


to Penfylvania. 1^3 

cajiky Kenty and Sujfex, which run 120 
Miles along the Coaft, and are about 30 
Miles deep towards Maryland, Thefe 
Counties comprehend all the Marflies on 
the great Bay of the Delaware, as com- 
modious and fertile as any in the World. 
The Town was firft built and inhabited 
by the Dutch, and called Amjiel, from that 
River which gives a Name to Amfierdam 
in Holland. It is a large Place, contain^ 
ing above 2500 Souls. The Reverend 
Mr. George Rofs was appointed Miffionary jr^eReverend 
hither by the Society, in the Year 1705 j HcMiffion'ary to 
was received with great Kindnefs by the i^^^^'"^'''J^^'' 
habitants, and had a very regular Congre- 
gation : not only the People of the Town, 
but a confiderable Number of the Country 
People ; tho* they lived a good Way off 
the Town, fome above 12 Miles, yet they 
feldom miffed coming to Church, when 
there was no Sermon in the Country. The 
Congregation hath continued ftill increa- 
fmg through Mr. Rofs^ affiduous Care; 
he extended his Labours farther, to the 
Churches at Apoquiminy, and at Whiteclay 
Creek s the latter, indeed, is reckoned as a 
Chapel of Eafe to his own Church, the 
other a diftincft Cure. When Apoquimmy 
had no Miffionary, he ufed to preach on 
two Sundays at Newcajlle, once a Month at 
M 3 A- 

1 64. Mijfionaries fent 

Apoquiminy^ and once at Whiteclay 'Creek. 
This truly was very painful Service, but 
he performed it with a willing Mind and 
good Succefs. Sometimes, however, he did 
reprefent to the Society, that the People 
at Newcajile^ feemed to lay Claim to all 
his Service, and to take it fomewhat amifs 
s very dili- when he was employed abroad on Sun- 
;ent in his ^^ljs y and adds, / would not willingly dif- 
oblige them^ nor yet fee^ if I could help it^ 
the Church at Apoquiminy, which is as 
frequent as that at Newcaftle, quite de- 
Jlitute and forfaken. Indeed, the People at 
Newcafle have, from the Beginning, fhew- 
ed a due Regard to their worthy Minifter, 
and fubfcribed voluntarily to him, about 
48 Pounds per Anminiy and fome other Be- 
nefadlions have been made to the Church. 
Particularly, Mr. Richard Halliwell^ a 
G^mtleman of Piety and Honour, made a 
Bequeft as follows : Item, / give and be- 
queath unto Emanuel Churchy Jlanding upon 
the Green^ in the Town of Newcaftle, the 
Sum of 60 Pounds^ it being due to me^ over 
and above my Subfcriptiony towards build- 
ing thereof. Item, / alfo give and bequeath 
ail my Marjh and Plantation^ ftuate near 
the broad Dyke of the Town of Burlington, 
containing and laid out for 67 Acres of 
Land and Marjlo^ together with all the 


to Penfylvania. 1^5 

Houfes and Orchards^ and other Improve- 
me?its^ to the proper Ufe and Behoof of the 
Miftijler, that from T'ime to T^ime Jhall 
ferve the faid Emanuel^ Church for evei\ 
This fo fignal a Benefaftion, by a Gentle- 
man who had in his Life Time, fo gene- 
roufly contributed towards building this 
Church, deferves a grateful Record in thefe 
Papers. St. James s Church at Whiteclay 
Creek, is the other Branch of Mr. Rofs\ 
Cure. The Frame of this Church was^ .f Sl^"^ 

built at White- 

V2ii{cd in Decemi?er 17 16, fituate about io^% Creek. 
or 1 1 Miles from the Town of Newcaji/e, 
It is made of Wood, in length 32 Feet, in 
breadth 22, and ftands upon a rifing Ground 
not far from that Creek, whence the Hun- 
dred where the Church ftands, borrows its 
Name : It is as fair an Oratory as any 
not built of Brick, in that Government; 
but the Rife of this Church may more pe- 
culiarly be afcribed to a worthy Gentle- 
man, Mr. James Robinfon^ who lived there, 
and took great Pains to promote the Build- 
ing, contributed himfelf very handfomely, 
and afterwards endowed it with ten Acres 
of Glebe Land for ever. Mr. Rofs hath 
continued in this Miffion until the prefent 
Time, irreprovable in his Condud, and very 
diligent in his Labours ; which he hath not 
only employed in his own Parifli, but in 
M 4 feveral 

lS6 MiJJionarie^ fent 

feveral other Places occafionally, and very 
much to the Satisfaction of the People where 
he officiated. He hath been particularly 
ferviceable in vifiting the Congregations in 
the two lower Counties of Kent and SuJfeXy 
when they had no refident Miniflers. A 
little lower I fliall give fome Account of 
his Labours in thofe Places. 

7. The two lower Counties oi Penjyl- 
vania, Kent and Sufex, had very early 
ThcReverend^^^^ taken of them by the Society. The 
Mr. Craw/cr^ Country is very fruitful, but not fo well 
ry'to Z)J°"^ planted as others. The Families are not 
fettled together in Towns, but live in fcat- 
tered Plantations. There are in thefe 
Counties many TracSs of excellent Land, 
which tempt the Inhabitants to fix in fuch 
feparate Dwellings. Dover is the Capital 
of Kent County y but very thin of Houies, 
containing not above 40 Families. The 
People fhewed a very earneft Defire of 
having the Church of England Worfliip 
fet up among them, and the Society ap- 
pointed the Reverend Mr. Crauford to be 
MiiTionary at Dover, in the Year 17043 he 
cntred upon his Miniftry with good Suc- 
cefs, and gained from Perfons of Repute, 
the Charader of an ingenious and accep- 
table Man. The People began foon to be 


ro Penfylvania. l6^ 

zealous to build a Church for Divine Wor- The inhabi- 
fliip^ and in about three Years railed a very build a 
decent Fabrick. Soon after Mr. Cr^w-^^^^^* 
ford*s coming among them, not only the 
Mafters of Families brought their Chil- 
dren to be baptized, but many grow^n 
Perfons, who once had Prejudices to the 
Church, defired and received Baptifm^ in 
about tw^o Years time Mr. Crawford bap- 
tized above 230, young and old, in his own 
appointed Cure, befides many others in 
Places which were not within his Charge. 
He was very conftant in his Labours, and 
did not confine them to Dover Town, and 
the adjacent Parts, but preached up and 
down the County, which is above 50 
Miles long, at feveral Places. His ge- 
neral Audience was from 50 to near 
200 Perfons, and he ordinarily had between 
30 and 40 Communicants. The People 
at his firft coming among them were very 
ignorant; infomuch that he informs, not 
one Man in the County underftood how 
the Common-Prayer-Book was to be read ; 
and he was forced to inftrudl them privately 
at home, in the Method of reading the 
Liturgy : for the more general Inftruftion 
of the People, he ufed to preach one Sun- 
day at the upper End of the County, an- 
other at Dover Church, and a third at the 


1^8 Mifponanes fent 

lower End of the County. He ufed ro 
Catechife the Children all the 
long, before Sermon, but not in the Win- 
ter. The People improved much, became 
ferious and grave in their Behaviour at 
Church, and brought their Children very 
regularly for Baptifm -, tho' a great many 
of them were fakers Children, or had 
been fakers themfelves. He was alfo in- 
vited by the People of Sujfex County, to 
come and preach among them, which he 
did, at Captain JZ/7/'s Houfe in Lewis 
Mr. CrazvfordTov^n, and at other Places. The People 
preaches^m k- ^£ ^j^jg County alfo. Were of a religious 
Difpofition. They foon after wrote a Let- 
ter to the Biihop of London^ defiring a 
Minifter, and promifed to allow him all 
their prefent Circumflances would permit j 
and farther, to fhew their hearty Zeal, 
they began to build a Church, which they 
have fince finifhed, and have, by many 
other Inftances, approved themfelves a 
worthy People. Mr. Crawford acquainted 
the Society, that Bibles, Common-Prayer- 
Books, and Books of Inftruftion and De- 
votion, were much wanted; for there were 
about 200 Perfons who attended the Pub- 
lick Worfliip, who had none, and made 
Application to him for fome ; becaufe there 
^ were but few to be purchafed there, and 


to Penfylvania. i c^ 

thofe which could be got, were too dear 
for them to purchafe. The Society fent 
a Qiiantity of Bibles and Common-Prayers 

^^^ i-n •! li/r /^ t He returns to 

to be diftnbuted, but Mr. Crawford C2im^ England, 
to Engla7id foon after, upon fome Family 
Affairs, and continued here. 

Upon this Account the People of thefe 
two large Counties continued fome Years 
without a relident Minifter. However, in 
the mean Time, they had the Advantage 
of fome Vifits from the Society's MifTio- ThcReverend 
naries, efpecially from the Reverend Mr. chei in a:S/& 
Rofs, as I obferved above. In Augujl ijiy^SufexComty, 
Colonel William Keiths the Governor, re- 
folving to vifit the lower Counties, the 
Reverend Mr. Rofs, MifTionary at Newcajlle^ 
was invited by the Governor, to accom- 
pany him. Mr. Rofs very readily embraced 
this kind Invitation j hoping, by this Op- 
portunity, to make himfelf acquainted with 
the State of the Church there, and in fome 
Meafure, fupply its prefent Wants by his 
Miniftry. He embarqued with the Go- 
vernor and feveral other Gentlemen at 
Newcajlle^ and fet Sail for Lewis Town in 
Stijfex County, which lies upon one of 
the Capes of the River Delaware^ and in 
two Days arrived there. On the 7^^ of 
Augujl he preached before the Governor 


170 Miffionaries fent 

and Juftices of the County, in the Court- 
Houfe of the County, and had a very nu- 
merous Audience of the People, who ap- 
peared very ferious, and defirous of the 
Sacraments of the Church, and he bap- 
tized that Day 30 Children which were 
brought to him. On the 9*^ Day of the 
fame Month, Mr. Rofs preached again be- 
fore the Governor and other Gentlemen, 
had a large Audience of the People, and 
baptized 21 Children. On the lo^^, the 
Governor left this Place, in order to go 
to Kent County. Mr. Rofs fat out before 
him to a Place of Worfhip about 16 Miles 
from Lewis Town ; it is a fmall Buildings 
erefted by a few well-difpofed Perfons, 
in order to meet together there to worfhip 
God. Mr. Rofs preached once here, and 
baptized 25 Children, and feveral grown 
Perfons. On the Sunday following, Au- 
gujl the 11^^, he preached to a very large 
Congregation in the upper Parts of this 
Country, where the People had erefted a 
Fabrick for a Church, which was not 
quite finifhed. Here he baptized 26 Chil- 
dren ; fo that the whole Number of the 
Baptized in one Weeks Stay among this 
People, amounted to 102. Mr. Rofs ob- 
ferves thus to the Society; " By this 
" Behaviour of the People, it appears 

" plainly? 

fo Penfylvania^ 171 

^^ plainly, they are truly zealous for the 
" Church of England, tho' they have had 
" but few Inftrudions from fome Cler- 
'' gymen pafTing thro' thefe Parts, and 
" fome Vifits from the Reverend Mr. ^- 
^* dams m Maryland.'' As the Governor 
returned home thro' Kent County, Mr* 
Rofs attended him, and preached before 
him and the Magiftrates, oil the 14^^ of 
Augufi ; he had a very full Congregation, 
and baptized 1 3 Children, and one grown 
Perfon. In April following, Mr. Rojs re- 
folved to make a fecond Vilit by himfelf, 
to the People of Suffex County ; he was 
fo much pleafed with his former Succefs 
among them, that he was defirous to im- 
prove farther the good Difpofition of the 
People. He went to Sujfex County > con- 
tinued there fix Days, preached on every 
one of them at different Places, and bap- 
tized above 100 Peffons, feven of whom 
were of an advanced Age. Laftly, he 
opened there a new Church which the 
poor People had built, notwithftanding fob^nt^in^^^^^^ 
great a Difcouragement as their having no^o^^^y- 

Mr. Rofi fent this Account of his La- 
bours in thefe two Counties, to the So- 
ciety, in Form of a Journal, and the Mif- 



172 Miffionaries fent 

fionaries of this Colony, made a full Repre- 
fentation of the State of the Church m thofe 
Parts. The Governor was farther pleafed to 
write a Letter to the Society,and to tranfmit 
feveral Applications made to him by the 
Efq;X Go- Clergy, relating to the Church Affairs, and a 
^kn^lic^'mt^^'^y ^^ ^^^ abovenamedjournalof Mr.i?(9/i. 
oF Mimona- His Letter runs thus: " According to my 
" Duty, I prefume to lay before you, the 
" Applications of your MilTionaries, the 
^' Clergy of this Province, and Neigh- 
" bourhood, to me, relating to the Church 
" here ; as alfo a Copy of the Reverend 
" Mr. George Rof/s Journal of his Ser- 
*' vices done in the Counties of Kent and 
" SuJJex, It is great Satisfaction to me> 
" that I can affure this Venerable Board, 
*' of the great Pains and diligent Care, 
*' which the Reverend Gentlemen within 
" named, take, in all the Parts of their 
'* Minifterial Fundlion ; and herein I can- 
^^ not, but in Juflice, particularly re- 
" commend Mr. RoJ'ss Capacity, pious 
'' and exemplary Life, a^id great Induftry, 
'* to your favourable Notice and Regard. 
" But I muft obferve, that the Duty here 
*' daily increafes at fuch a Rate, and the 
" Labourers are fo few, that without your 
** pious and immediate Care, to relieve 
'' and lupply this languifliing, but valu- 

'' able 

to Penlylvania^ 173 

*' able Branch of the Church, all our En- 
*^ deavours will be to no purpofe. 

The Society were very much afFefted 
with thefe Reprefentations of the Clergy, 
and efpecially with the Governor's Letter ; 
and refolved that a Miffionary fliould be 
fent to Siijfex County 3 and foon after ap- 
pointed the Reverend Mr. Becket Miffio- 
nary at Lewis Town. 

8. Lewis, the Capital of Sujjex County, 
is a handfome large Town, landing on TheReverend 
the lovely Bank of a River, between the^^/^'^^f ^''"' 

J ' ioLezvis town. 

Town and the Sea, which makes the Har- 
bour ; about 140 Miles diftant from Phi- 
ladelphia. Mr. Beckett arrived here in 
1721, and entred upon the Duties of his 
Miffion with great Diligence , he was 
obliged to divide his Labours between three 
Places. He refided at Lewis, but officiated 
alternately at one Place, 8 Miles diftant, 
and at another, 25 Miles diftant from 
Lewis, He had a confiderable Number 
of Inhabitants attending Divine Service at 
both Places ; and in half a Year after his 
Arrival, he baptized 55 Perfons, nine of 
which were of a grown Age. His private 
Admonitions and Preaching had foon a 
good EfFeft on many irregular Perfons, 


174 Mijjionaries fent 

and there appeared a manifeft Change iii 

the Manners of the People 3 fome alfo 

who were addided to feveral fenfual Vices, 

were reclaimed to a more orderly Way of 

Life. This Reformation was io confider* 

able, that the Gentlemen of the County 

took Notice of it, and Mr. Becket received 

upon this Account, the Thanks of the 

Magiflrates and Gentlemen in that County, 

for his great Pains and Labours. Upon 

Mr. Beckefs firft coming, there was no 

Church built at Lewis ; but the People pre- 

Hc is very di- fently made a Subfcription, and began to 

l^ffion!" ^^ build one with all Expedition. In the 

mean Time, Mr. Becket preached in the 

moft convenient Houfes he could have; his 

neceffary Labours were very great, for he 

was obliged to travel 70 or 80 Miles 

every Week, todifcharge the Duties of his 

Function, in feveral Places ; that large 

County, 50 Miles in length, and 20 in 

breadth; being all reckoned his Parifh. 

In the fecond Year after his Arrival^ 
he continued to have the fame good Suc- 
cefs, and in fix Months baptized 48 Chil- 
dren, five Perfons of advanced Years, two 
Mothers of feveral Children, one White 
Servant, and two Negroe Slaves, and in 
t%vo of the Churches he had 20 Commu- 


to Penfylvania. 177 

nicants each Time. There were above 
140 Perfons, Mafters of Families, zealous 
Members of the Church of Engla?2d, be- 
fides many fmgle Perfons^ Servants, and 
Negroes, that conftantly attended Divine 
Service. But the Number of the native 
Indians did not exceed 120, v^ho had a 
fmall Settlement on the utmoft Border of 
the Parilh, w^here it adjoins to Maryland i 
they w^ere extreamly barbarous, and obfti- 
nately ignorant. 

The Inhabitants of Lewis raifed the 
Frame of a Church on a high Bank in the 
Center of the Town in OBober 1720, and 
diligently carried on the Building ; in the 
mean time, the People in the Country, af- 
fifted with iome Money gathered in Town, 
began to finiili and fit up the two Churches, ' 
v^hich had been raifed at diftant Places in 
the County. Mr. Beckett ufed much Di- 
ligence in all Parts of his Minifterial Of- 
fice, and in the following Year baptized 
82, 12 of which were grown Perfons. As p, , 
he travelled this Year, thro' Kejit County, built in i:^^j? 
to go to a Meeting of the Society's Miflio- ^^'''''^' 
naries at Chichejier, he preached in that 
County to a good Body of People, who 
had built them a large Church, but had 
BoMiniiler, and on one Day baptized 21, 

N fix 

178 Miffionaries fent 

fix of which were grown Perfons. He re- 
prefented to the Society, that he had a 
very numerous Congregation, and that there 
was great Want of a MiiTionary in the 
Country ; there being a confiderable Body 
of People here, who joined heartily with 
the Church of England -y and fome 
others, who had been of many religious 
Perfuafions, and now feemed to be of none 
at all 5 and therefore had ftill more need 
of an Inftruftor. 

Three ^^ the Year following, the Church at 

Churches ZjCWIs was fiuifhed, and Divine Service 

built in this 1 . . 

County. w^as performed ni it j and the two Churches 
in the Country were compleated. Mr. 
Beckett writes thus concerning the Peoples 
Zeal for Religion : " We have now three 
" Churches in this County, yet none of 
" them will contain the Hearers that would 
conftantly attend Divine Service: The 
People, at a good Time of the Year, make 
no Account of riding 20 Miles to Church; 
a Thing very common in this Part oi Ame- 
*' rica^, which is fufficient to fliew, that our 
" People have a great Value for the Favour 
*' of the Society, and that our Labour is not 
«* loft, in this diftant Part of the World. 
Mr. Beckett ftill continues in this Miffion 
with great Succefs. 

9. As 

to Peniylvania. 179 

9. A s the Adminiftration of this Govern-^ 
meiit is in the Hands oi fakers, no Ads 
of AlTembly have been made, either for 
building of Churches, or fettling any Sa- 
laries upon Miniftersj however, a great 
Part of the People being hearty Members 
of the Church o( England, hdiVe contributed, 
by private Subfcriptions, very liberally, and 
built 15 Churches, very decent Strudures fov^^^^^^^ 
Celebrating Publick Divine Worjfhip. Se- built in this 
veral valuable Bequefts have been made for ^°^'^""^^^^* 
the Ufe of the Church and Minifters, and 
Houfes have been built for them ; and the 
Congregations of each Minifter do volun- 
tarily contribute towards the Maintenance 
of their Minifter, as much, and in fome Pla- 
ces more, than any Law could reafonably 
demand of them. The Society have diftri- 
buted among the poorer People in this Pro- 
vince, above 2000 Volumes of bound Books^ 
and about 300 /. Worth of fmall Trafts. 

N z CHAP, 

1 8 o Miffionaries fent 


Mijfwnaries fent to New- Jerfey. Se'veral 
Congregations are gathered. The Mif- 
fionaries Labours. The Teopk become 
*very zealous. Se^en con<ve?iient Churches 
huilt^ by mhmtary Contributions. 

mw Jerfey. I- "^T^'^-^^Td' ^as formerly rec> 
anciently Part I ^^ koncd Part of Nova Behia, or 

oi Keza-York JL^,,. ^ j, r^ t 

Government. New-Tork Government 5 but 

the Duke of Torky to whom the whole 
Country was granted by King CHARLES 
tlie Second, gave this Part in the Year 
1664, to JoJm Lord Berkeley^ and Sir 
George Carteret y the Province was by 
them divided into two Countries, and 
named Eaji and Wejt Jerftes, and governed 
by different Governors : But in the Year 
1702, the Proprietaries furrendred their 
Rights to her late Majefty Queen ANNE^ 
and both Countries had one Name, New 
Jerfey, The firft European Inhabitants 
were the Swedes^ the Dutch from New- 


to New-Jerfey. 1 8 1 

Tbrk encroached on them, but the EiigliJJj 
having difpoffeffed the Dutch at New- 
Tork^ made themfelves Mafters of this 
Country alfo. This Province extends it 
felf in length on the Sea Coafts, and on 
HudJon\ Bay, about 120 Miles, and in the 
broadeft Part is near of the fame Extent. 

The firft Englijh Inhabitants of this 
Country, v^ere fakers and Anabaptijls^ 
and the firft Governor of Eajl l^ew-^er^^.^r^^v:^ 
fe)\ w^as Mr. Barclay the ^laker, famous ^^^^ ^^^^^ 
for his Writings, but not the Author of 
the Apology : For this Reafon the People 
here, ufed to repair to Philadelphia^ the 
principal Town of the ^akers^ at their 
Yearly Meetings. The Divifion among 
the ^lakerSy v^hich arole at Philadelphiay 
concerning the Sufficieitcy of the Light 
within every Man to Salvation without 
any 7'hing elje^ fpread alfo among this Peo- 
ple y and a confiderable Number of Perfons, 
of a more fober Underftanding, began to 
think, the v^ritten Word of G o d, and the 
inftituted means of Grace, ought to be more 
carefully attended to. In the Year 1702^ 
the Reverend Mr. Keith and Mr. Talbot 
v^ere travelling Preachers from this Sg- 
ciety in thofe Countries 3 and as the fober 
fakers of New-Jerfey agreed with many 
N 3 of 

1 8 2 MiJJionaries fent 

of their Brethren at Philadelphia^ in op- 
pofing the Enthujiajiick Foxian ^akers^ 
they were induced, by hearing feme Ser- 
mons from Mr. Keith and Mr. Talbot, to 
enquire what was the Dodrine and Dif- 
ciphne of the Church of England. In a 
little Time, a confiderable Congregation 
gathered themfelves together at Burlington^ 
refolving to receive the Church of En- 
gland Worfliip. 

Burlington is fituate on the River Dela- 
ware, is the Capital Town of that Dlvifion, 
called Wefi-'Jerfey, containing above 200 
Families; the Place was honoured with 
the Courts being kept here, the Houfes 
were neatly built of Brick, and the Mar- 
ket VvxU fupplied v/ith Provifions. As 
the People had agreed to conform with 
The People ox^^he Church of England^ their next Care 
Burlingto■nAz-^^J^7^<^ to s^^x. a Mlniftcr. They had heard 

fire a Church 7. ?. , ^77 r 1 

of England Mr. Kcitb and Mr. Talbot often preach, 
Ainiicei. ^^j ^j^^ latter was particularly acceptable 
to many of them. Mr. T'albot alfo was 
dcfirous to employ his Labours in this 
Country, rather than in any other Place. 
They invited him to Hay with them, and 
kr^t over a Requeft to the Bifliop of Lon- 
don, and to the Society, defiring he might 
be fettled among them, which was granted. 
^ ■ There 

to New-Jerfey. 183 

There were feveral Gentlemen of confi- 
derable Intereft In this Country, who had 
been educated in the Church of Engla?2d -y 
particularly Colonel Cox^ then one of Her 
Majefty's Council there, Colonel ^iarry\ 
Colonel Morris^ and Mr. Jeremiah Bafs ; 
they all encouraged this Difpofition of the 
People, and Numbers fell oif from ^la- 
kerifm daily. 

The People began f oon to fet about a Church 
building a Church. The Church of St. built here. 
Mary had its Foundation Stone laid in the 
Year 1703, on the 25^^ oi March ^ and was 
therefore named St. Marys, The Build- 
ing was carried on with that Zeal and 
Vigour, that on Whitfunday in 1704, Di- 
vine Service was performed, and the Sa- 
crament adminlftred in it to a large Con- 
gregation. A burying Place of three Acres 
v/as purchafed foon after, and well fenced 
in : And the Lord Cornhury^ then Go- 
vernor of this Province and New-Tork^ 
upon Application made to him . by the 
Members of the Church, made them a 
Body incorporate, with all Powers and 
Privileges requifite. In the Year 1708, 
Queen AN N E fent this Church, and fe- 
veral others in this Province, Commu- 
nion-Table Cloths, Silver Chalices and 

N 4 ^ SaU 

1 84. Miffionaries fent 

Salvers, and Pulpit Cloths. The Members 
of the Church increafed, and they began 
to think of purchafing a Glebe for their 
Minifter. Dr. Fra7nfton^ then Biiliop of 
Gloucejier^ dying about this Time, and 
leaving 100/. towards Propagating the 
Gofpel in America^ at the fole Direftion 
of Dr. Compton^ then Biihop oi Lofidon^ it 
was at the Inftance of Dame Katherine 
Bove)\ of Hackly in GloucejlerjJnre^ who 
had been a Benefad:refs before to this 
Church, laid out in the Purchafe ot a 
Benefaaions Convenient Houfe, and fix Acres of Land, 
Church. adjoining to the Church at Burlington i 
and about the Year 17 10, Mr. Thomas 
Leicejier gave, by his laft Will, 250 Acres 
of Land to this Church for ever. 

Mr. Talbot continued in his Miffion, 
very diligent, and with much Succefs ; 
and as there were many Congregations of 
People in that Country, which had no Mi- 
nifters refident among them, he fpared no 
Pains in going, and performing all the 
Minifterial Offices among them. He was 
a very zealous and induflrious Man. He 
came over to England^ about the Year 
17 19, and returned afterwards to New- 
ye?Jey, But the Society received Advices, 
that he had fallen into an open DlfafFecSion 


to New- Jerfey. 1 85 

to the prefent happy Eftablifhment, and 
had neglefted to ufe the Prayers in the 
Liturgy for the King and Royal Family ; 
upon which he was immediately dlfcharg^d 
the Society's Miflion : He died there in 
the Year 1727. The Reverend Mi\ Hor- 
wood hath been fent lately to this City ; 
and Accounts have been fent, that he makes 
a Progrefs in his Miflion. 

New-Brijlol lies oppofite tq Burlington, ^f^^'^^^^^ 
on the other Side the Delaware 5 the Peo- y?^/. 
pie forfook ^akerijm much about the 
fame Time as the Inhabitants of Burling- 
ton did. A Church was foon eredled here 
thro' the Zeal of the People, efpecially 
thro' the Means of two worthy Gentle- 
men of this Place, Mr. John Rowland^ 
and Mr. Anthony Burton, who were chiefly 
infl:rumental in this Work. They had no 
Miflionary fent to refide among them con- 
fl:antly, but ufed to be vifited by the Mi- 
nifl:er of Burlington. The Reverend Mr. 
Talbot, who was fixed at Burlington, ufed 
frequently to crofs the Water to them, 
and preach and perform all other Mini- 
fl:erial Ofiices. Mr. Thorowgood Moor ufed 
alfo to fifit them when he was at Bur- 
lington^ in Mr. Talbof^ Abfence. The 
People were fenfible the Society were not 


1 8 ^ Mijfionaries fent 

able to eftablifh Miffionaries in every Place* 
and were therefore content to be aflifted 
by the Minifter of Biirlingtoji \ and the 
Society have always given Dlredions, that 
the Minifter of that Place, fliould take 
Brijiol into his Care. The Church here 
is named St. JameSy as being opened near 
that Day. 

Hopewell and Maidenhead are two neigh- 
2im'/%uiidbouring Towns, containing a confiderable 
a Church. Number of Families. The People of Hope- 
well fhewed a very early Defire of having 
the Church of England Worfhip fettled 
among them; and in the Year 1704, built 
a Church, with voluntary Contributions, 
tho' they had no Profped then of having 
a Minifter. The Reverend Mr. May was 
there fome fliort Time, but Mr. T'albot 
from Burlington often vifited them ; they 
fent feveral Letters to the Society, defiring 
a Miffionary, but the Society could not 
then undertake a new Charge. This 
Church w^as for ten Years vacant ; which 
was a great Difappointment to the Peo- 
ple ', yet they continued all that Time in 
the fame Mind, and whenever any Mil- 
fionary, occafionally going that Way, gave 
them a Sermon, they conftantly came to 
the Church Service. However, in 1720, 


to New-Jerfey. 187 

the Reverend Mr, Harrifon was appointed 
Miflionary there, with the Care of Mai^ 
denhead. During his Continuance there, 
he was diligent in all Parts of his Duty, 
and the People were well fatisfied with 
,his Labours s but he foon wrote the So- 
ciety Word, that he was not able to un- 
dergo the Fatigue of conftantly riding be- 
tween two Places ; and in 1723, he remo- 
ved to a Church in Statten Ijland^ in New- 
York Government, which the Governor of 
that Province appointed for him. 

The Inhabitants of talent wrote a very ^ MJiTionary 
earneft Letter to the Society, defiring they ^^^^^ ^^ 5^^^^'- 
might have a Miflionary fettled among 
them. The Reverend Mr. Holbrook was 
fent there in the Year 1722. As foon as 
he came among them, the People, tho' 
generally poor, contributed very freely to- 
wards raifmg a neat Brick Church ; ^hey^^^^^ j^^[^ 
made Application to the Church People 
at Philadelphia, for their Afliftance, and 
received confiderable Contributions from 
them. Mr. Holbrook, foon after, acquainted 
the Society, that many of the Inhabitants 
lead a more Chriftian Life, 8 grown Per- 
fons. Men and Women, had defired and 
received Baptifm, and a confiderable Number 
of Children had been baptized. That in 


1 8 8 Mijfionaries fmt 

the Difcharge of all Parts of his Mini- 
fterial Office, he had the Satisfaaion of 
finding the People ferioufly difpofed, and 
the Numbers of the Church Members 
daily increafing. He continues now there 
with good Succefs. 

A Miffpnary Elizabeth Town, is a very confiderable 
^^b^th T^l^' Pl^c^^ exceeds any other in the Province of 
EaJi'Jerfeyy both for the Largenefs of its 
Buildings, and the Number of Inhabitants, 
eonfifting of 300 Families. It lies 3 Miles 
within a Creek, oppofite to the Weji-End of 
S taf fen-IH^nd. Here the Englijh fettled firft, 
and this Place thrived the moft.The Govern- 
ment of the Province is managed here, the 
AfTemblies are held, and the greateft Part 
of the Trade of the whole Colony car- 
ried on here. The Reverend Mr. Braok 
was fent Miffionary in the Year 17045 and 
by the Lord Cornhiiry\ Diredion, then Go- 
vernor of this Province, he officiated at 
Terth Amboy fometimes. The Number of 
People in both Places, was very confider« 
able, and their Ways of Worfhip various, 
they were chiefly Independents^ but many 
not profeffing any Religion. However, by 
diligent Application, he perfuaded the better 
difpofed of all Sorts, to confider and at- 
tend more, to their fpiritual Concernment. 
" He preached to Numbers of Independents 


to New-Jerfey. i8^ 

and others , they began foon to approve of 
the Church of England Service. The 
wifer People refolved to fettle their Re- 
ligious Affairs, in a more orderly manner. 
When Mr. Brook came firft among them, 
they had no Place (tt apart for celebrating 
Divine Worfhip. How^ever, he had Leave 
at firft, to preach in Colonel T^ownlf^ 
Houfe \ that became too fmall for his 
grov^ing Congregation, in half a Year's 
Time \ the beft Place that could be got 
was a Barn, and that they were forced to 
relinquifh in Winter. The Members of 
our Communion, were now a large Body 
of People, they refolved to build a Church; 
and accordingly on St. "John the Baptift's 
Day, in the Year 1706, the Foundation of 
a Church was laid, whofe Name it there- A Church 
fore bears. The Church was foon after 
compleated 3 it is a ftrong and well com- 
pleated Brick Building, 50 Feet long, 30 
broad, and 20 in height, very handfomely 

Mr. Brook ufed exceeding Diligence in 
his Cure, and was pleafed to find the beft 
of all Sorts of People, coming over to the 
Church oi England. He exerted himfelf, 
and at Times ufed to perform Divine Ser- 
vice at feven Places, 50 Miles in extent; 


1 5 o Mifionaries fent 

namely, at Elizabeth Town, Rawway^ 
It^sZTst^^^^^ ^^h'^ Cheefequakes, Fife at away. 
Labours in (^- Rocky^HUl^ and in a Congregation at Page's. 
This Duty was very difficult and laborious. 
Befides preaching, he ufed to Catechife 
and expound 14 Times in a Month, this 
obliged him to be on Horleback, almoft 
every Day, which was expenfive, as well 
as very toilfome to him. However, this 
Diligence raifed a very zealous Spirit in 
many of the People. The Inhabitants of 
Perth Amboy prefently fat about getting 
Materials, for building a Stone Church, 
The Inhabitants of Pifcataway repaired 
an old diflenting Meeting-houfe for pre- 
fent Ufe, and collected among themfelves 
ico/. towards building a Stone Church 
While thefe Things were going on, Mr. 
He dies. Brooks A\ts^ in the Year 1707, very much 
lamented by the People then, and remem- 
bred, w^ith much Honour, feveral Years 
after his Death, in a Letter wrote by the 
Church Members there, to the Society, 
thanking them for fending another Miffio- 
nary to fucceed our worthy, and never to be 
forgotten Pajior, Mr, Brooks, whofe Labours 
afforded imiverfal Satisfaction to us. 

Tiie Reverend The Reverend Mr, Vaiighan was ap- 
fiKccedsfimf pointed Miffionary there \ he hath very 


to New-Jerfey- 19 1 

fuccefsfully carried on the Work of the 
MIniftry. At firft he met with many Dif- 
ficulties and Difcouragements, which by 
his v/ell-regulated Condvid, and difcreet 
Zeal, he peaceably overcame. The main 
Body of his Congregation were but juft 
brought over from various Ways, thefe 
he kept together without much Trouble. 
He vifited the remaining Diffenters of all 
Kinds, at their Houfes, and without ufing 
any angry Difputings, engaged many to a 
Conformity. In the Year 171 1, he ac- 
quainted the Society with the Progrefs he^^ .^^.^.^^^^ 
made. That he had a large Congregation i,, his Miffion. 
at Elizabeth Town conftantly, and had 
30 Communicants monthly -, he had bap- 
tized 80 Children, and 12 grown Perfons, 
in the Space of two Years , that he kept 
conftantly a monthly Ledlure at Rawway, 
where he preached to a fmall Congrega- 
tion, and Catechifed their Children j that 
feveral Families of the neighbouring Town 
Woodbridge, had hereupon requefted him 
to make them a Vifit, which he gladly 
and prefently complied with, taking this 
to be a plain Demonftration of their good 
Difpofition to receive the Church Do- 
ftrines, inftead of various Opinions of 
^lakerifm and A?iabaptifm. 

Wood- 1 

1^2 Mijfionaries fent 

People of 

Wocdhridge is a good Town, fituate on 
Wosdbridge a Creek in the Soimd^ formed by Statten- 
Chlfrch. Ifland and the Jerfey, it contained 120 
Families. The fmall Congregation which 
embraced the Church of Ejigland Wor- 
fliip, and came to hear Mr. Vaughaii:^ 
made a Subfcription of 100/. and raifed a 
Timber Frame, Clapboarded. Mr. Vaiighan 
ufed to officiate here once a Fortnight in 
the Afternoon. He reprefented to the 
Society the Want of large Bibles and Com- 
mon-Prayer-Books for the Churches \ and 
of Bibles and Common-Prayers, Expo- 
fitions on the Catechifm, and other de- 
votional and practical Tradls for the Peo- 
ple 'y that it would be a great Charity to 
Numbers of the Inhabitants, not only on 
Account of their Ignorance of the Do- 
drines of Chriftianity, but alfo of their 
Poverty, and the Difficulty of getting 
Books. The Society by the firft Convey- 
ance, fent him large Bibles and Common- 
Prayer-Books for the Churches, 100 Bibles 
and Common-Prayers, and five Pounds 
Worth of fmall Trafts, to be diftributed 
among the poorer People. The Society 
have been fmce informed, thefe Books 
proved very ufeful in leading many into 

to New-Jerfey. 153 

a due Knowledge of the Duties of a Chri- 
ftian Life. 

Mr. Vaughan extended alfo his Labours Mr. Vaughan 
at Times to Ptfcataway, about 10 Miles ^.^.^^^^^^^^^^ 
diftant from Elizabeth Town, commo- 
dioufly fituate about 6 Miles up the River 
Raritariy and confifting of 80 Families. 
Much the greater Number of the People 
here were very well difpofed, and attend- 
ed the Publick Worlliip at ftated Times, 
with a great deal of Devotion. But feve- 
ral of the Inhabitants were Infefted with 
the Errors of the Anabaptijls and Sabba- 
tarians, the latter of which, did in a Sore 
Judaize in their manner of keeping Sa- 
turday, and refufed {hewing any Regard 
to the Lord's Day, by abftaining from any 
of their ordinary Callings. However, at 
length feveral came to hear the Prayers of 
the Church, and many young People, who 
had no inveterate Prejudices, were pretty 
conftant in their Attendance. As yet there 
was no Church built -, but Mr. John Bur- 
roughs, a ferious Chriftian, gave the Peo- 
ple the Ufe of his Houfe, which they fre- 
quented feveral Years, to attend Divine 

O Mr. 

I ^4 Mijfionaries Jent 

M R. Vaughan continued to difcharge the 
Duties of his Miffion with good Succefs» 
The Members of the Church of England 
wrote a Letter to the Society, in the Year 
17 17, returning Thanks for the fettUng 
of Mr. Vaughan among them, expreffing 
themfelves farther thus : " We efteem 
The People '' otir fclvcs happy under his Paftoral 
give a good <c Care, and have a thorough Perfuafion 

Charafter of ' ^ 

Mr. Vaughan. " of Mind, that the Church of Christ 
" is now planted among us in its Purity. 
*' Mr. Vaughan hath, to the great Com- 
" fort and Edification of our Families, in 
" thele dark and diftant Regions of the 
*^ World, profecuted the Duties of his 
" holy Calling, with the utmoft Appli- 
*^ cation and Diligence ; adorned his Cha- 
*^ rader, with an exemplary Life and Con- 
*' verfation -, and fo behaved himfelf, with 
all due Prudence and Fidelity; (hewing 
Uncorruptnefs, Gravity, Sincerity, and 
found Speech ; that they who are of the 
^' contrary Part, have no evil Thing to 
*' fay of him/' The Society received fe~ 
veral other Accounts, to the fame Pur- 
port. Mr. Vaughan continues now in this 
Miffion, with the fame advantageous Cha- 




to New-Jerfey. 195 

Perth. Amboy, hath from the firft been un- 
der the Society's Care. It is faid to be a very 
pleafant, healthy, and commodious Place; 
fituate at the Mouth of the River Raritan^ 
v^hich falls into Sandyhook Bay, able to 
contain a great Fleet of Ships, and never 
frozen. So commodious for Trade, that 
Ships in one Tide, can come up to the 
Merchant's Door. It is but a fmall Place, 
tho' honoured with the Name of a City, 
and is much exceeded by Elizabeth Town» 
Upon the EngliJJj Conqueft of this Coun- 
try, the religious Affairs, were for a long 
Time very unfettled ; the new Comers 
being employed in ordering their Plan- 
tations and Trade. For fome time no 
Congregations met for celebrating Pub- 
lick Divine Worfliip, either in the Presby- 
terian Way, or according to the Church 
of England, However, fome Clergymen, 
occafionally pafling through this Place, per- 
formed Divine Service, and adminiilred the 
Sacraments \ by this means, the fober Peo- 
ple kept fome Remembrance of the Church 
of England Service. At laft, feveral of 
the Proprietaries of the Eajlern Divifion^ 
requefted Biihop Compton to fend them a The Reve- 
Minifter. The Reverend Mr. Edward'^^^^^^^^'^^ 
Pert buck v/as fent ; upon his Arrival at ///?/%•• 
O z Perth 

1^6 Mijjionaries fent 

Perth Ambo)\ the Council of the Proprie- 
taries fet apart one of the Houles, (which 
had been formerly built at the Charge of 
the general Proprietaries) for the peculiar 
Service and Worjhip of God^ according to 
the Laws (9/^ England. This Houfe, by a 
Number of good People, was foon pewed 
^nd fitted up, for the intended religious 
Ufe. Mr. Perthuck performed Divine 
Service here, and fometimes, when he at- 
tended the Governor to Burlington, had 
the publick Town-houfe allowed him to 
preach in ; this was before the Eftablifli- 
ment of this Society. 

TheReverend ^HE firft Miffionary employed here 
Mr. Brooks of- bv the Socicty, was Mr. Brooks^ mentioned 
Perth^Amboy. above. He frequently vifited this City, by 
the Lord Cornbury% Diredtion, then Go- 
vernor of New-Tor k. In the Year 1705, 
the People grew zealous to have the 
Church Worfhip eftabliihed among them, 
and began to prepare Materials for build- 
ing a Church ; but Mr. Brooks Death hap- 
pening foon, it occafioned a Delay. The 
Society direfted Mr. Vaughan to take what 
Care he could of this City, and he fre- 
quently vifited them, and was very ufeful 
and acceptable to the People. The Re- 
verend Mr.Haliday did refide here fome 

to Newjerfey. 197 

Time, but he did not continue long. Mr. 
Vaughan acquainted the Society, in the 
Year 172 1, that the People of this City^ qj^^.^j, 
had now erefted a Church, a well com-^uiit here. 
pafted Building of Stone and Brick, on a 
Lot of Ground given for that purpofe, 
by Thomas Gordon^ George Willocks^ 
and "John Barclay^ Efquires, who have 
transferred and conveyed their Title to 
the Church- Wardens and Veftry of the faid 
Church; the remaining Part of this Lot, 
being two Acres of Land, is for a Parfonage- 
houfe, for a publick School, and for a 
Houfe for the Schoolmafter, when they 
fhall be provided with a Perfon of fuitable 
Abilities, for that purpofe. Befides this, 
Mr. George WillockSy and Major John 
Harrifony have given 12 Acres of Land, 
contiguous to the City, for a Glebe for an 
Epifcopal Minifter for ever. There hath 
been alfo given to the Church, by the 
Will of a pious and charitable Gentle- 
woman, Mrs. Margaret Willocks deceas'd. 
Wife of Mr. John Willocks ; a Houfe in 
which ihe lived, and two Acres of Land 
thereto belonging, for the Ufe of the 
Minifter there, being of the Church 
of England^ for ever. This laft Gift, 
15 reckoned to be worth 400/. Sterjing 

O 3 The 

1^8 Miffionaries fent 

The Society obferved, with much Sa- 
TheReverend^^^^^^^^^^' this Zeal of the People, and re- 
Mr. 5izV/^^^ folved now to fend a refident Miffio- 
X%'^ ^' ''nary to this Place. The Reverend Mr. 
Skiwier was fent in the Year 1721. He 
was received by the People with much 
Kindnefs and Civility. Accounts were 
tranfmitted to the Society, of the Favour 
the Inhabitants fhewed him, and that the 
Congregation at Amboy increafed confi- 
derably, and the other at Pifcataway was 
daily growing, and would in a little Time, 
in all Probability, be as numerous as any 
irh thofe Parts. Soon after Mr. Skinner\ 
Arrival, the People of Pifcataway built 
themfelves a handfome Wooden Chapel. 
Both Congregations increafed every Year. 
Mr. Skinner continues now in this Million, 
with good Succefs. 

The Society have fupported alfo one 
Echoolmafter at Burlington, from the Year 
1 7 12, to teach the poorer Children to read, 
write, Cypher, and the Church- Catechifm. 
Accounts and Certificates have been tranf- 
mitted to the Society, from time to time, 
cf his teaching School with Diligence. The 
Schpolmaftgr's Name is Rowland Ellis. 


to New-Jerfey. 


The People of this Country, tho* they 
have no Law which might oblige them togeven Chur- 
buiid Churches, have, neverthelefs, out of^^^^ ^"^^^ 
their own Chriftian Difpofit ion, built feven 
convenient Churches, and have, according 
to their Abilities, contributed freely to- 
wards the Support of their Minifters -, and 
the Members of the Church Communion 
increafe continually. 


200 Miffionaries fent 


An JB pajjed in the Tear 1693^ M Settling 
and Maintaining a Miniftry in New- 
York Go<Dernment. Churches directed to 
he built in 169S. A Church huilt in the 
City of New- York. Mijfwnaries fent to 
this Colony^ to Weft-Chefter County ^ to 
Albany, to Statten-Ifland, to Long- 
Ifland, their Lahours. Schoolmafiers 
fupported here. Ten Churches huilt ^ 
Se'veral T>onations made to them. 

i^\it Butch i.'^^^E'W'Tork Government upon the 
btn'foflSs X^^ Continent, without computing 
^'^^^^ntry. NeW'^erfey^ and the Illands be- 

longing to it, vix, that Tra(5t of Land be- 
tween New-England and Ne^w-Jerfey^ is not 
above 20 Miles broad, but extends near 
.200 Miles along Hudjon River into the 
niain Land. The Butch made the firfl 
Settlements here \ but in 1664, the Englijh 
reduced this Country, and mofl: of the 
Lihabitants fubmitted to the Crown of 
England^ and continued in their Settle- 
inents ; in a little Time great Numbers of 


to New-York Government. 201 

Englifi came to this Country. It was foon 
found to be the moft healthy of all North 
America^ and exceeding commodious for 
Trade. The Dutch had fome Teachers, 
before the Englip came ; but the Englijh 
were taken up at firft, in fettling their 
new Plantations , and fo much divided in 
their Sentiments in Religion, that there 
was no Face of the Church of Englaiid 
here, till about the Year 1693. Colonel 
Fletcher being then Governor of this ufed for fet- 
Province, an Ad of AfTembly was paffed ch^f ^^^ 
for Settling and Maintaining a Miniftry. £^^^^»^Wor- 
A confiderable Number of the Inha- ^' 
bitants of Ne^w-Tork City, the Capi- 
tal of the whole Province, and as it is 
faid, the pleafanteft City in all America % 
were very defirous of having the Church 
of England Worfhip fettled among them. 
However, it was near four Years after 
the paffing of this Adt, before any Thing 
was done in Purfuance of it. The Choice 
of a Minifter for each Church, was, by 
the Aft, lodged in the Veftry, and the 
Qioice of a Veftry in the People. It was 
fome Time before there was a Veftry 
compofed of Men of fuch Principles, as 
would choofe a Church of England Mi- ^he inhabi- 
nifter. About the Year 1697, there was fuch ^^"^l^?^^-^f[- 
a Veftry 5 their firft Endeavour was, to get a Church. ^ 

202 Miffionaries fent 

a Church built : This was compaffed fooner 
than they could hope, much lefs expeft. 
The Zeal of the People was fuch, they 
made fo large Contributions, that a fuf- 
ficient Sum was raifed, to build and finifh, 
what was then faid to be, the fineft Church 
in North-A?7ierica, They now proceded 
to confider of a Minifter. Mr. Vefey was 
then in the Place, but not in holy Orders J 
a Gentleman highly approved of, and be- 
loved by every one. The Governor, Co- 
lonel Fletcher^ and Colonel Heathcote^ pro- 
pofed him to the Veftry, as a proper Per- 
fon to be chofen, as foon as he fliould 
,be Ordained. The Veftry received this 
Mr. /^^y>y Mi- Motion with uncommon Satisfad:ion, and 
Church, ^^tinanimoufly chofe him to that Church, 
provided he went to England to receive 
Holy Orders. He came over here, and 
was Ordained, and upon his Return to 
New-Tork^ was indufted into this Church. 
This was the firft fetting up the Church 
Service in this Government, Some Years 
afterwards, when the Lord Cornbury was 
Governor, Orders were iflued out to the 
Magiftrates of feveral Towns, to build 
Churches, by Virtue of an Aft pafled in 
1698, enabling feveral Towns to build 
publick Houfes for the JVorJhip of Gov* 
Nothing had been done in Purfuance of this 


to New-York Governments 203 

Act, till the Lord Cornburfs Order gave 
Life to this Defign. Churches were foon 
after built in the refpeftive Towns, and 
the Expences levied on the Inhabitants by 
a public k Tax. 

The Members of the Church of En- 
gland began to increafe now in many 
Towns, but efpecially at New^Tork City, 
This was in a great meafure owing to the 
Reverend Mr. Vefeyy who, by his whole 
Conduft, had gained the Efteem of People, 
of many Sorts of Perfuafions. He was 
not a Miflionary from this Society, fo that 
but few, and imperfeft Accounts of his 
Labours, have been fent hither. How- 
ever, I cannot in Juftice to him, conclude 
this Paragraph, without giving . the Rea- 
der a few Lines, wrote to the Society con- 
cerning him, by a Gentleman, who him- 
felf deferved all Commendation, Caleb 
Heathcofe Efq; who, by his prudent Zeal, 
and wife Condjad:, was a chief Inftrument 
in fettling the Church of England^ in Neiv- 
York Government, in Connecticut Colony, 
and in New-Jerfey : His Letter to the 
Society in 17 14, runs thus: " Mr. T^^'^ ^^^^"^^ ,^ 
*' being fettled in our Church, hath ever charader of 
" fince continued with great Faithfulnefs^^^' ^'^* 
" in the Difcharge of his Duty. His Life 

'' and 

204 Mijfionaries fent 

" and Converfation hath like wife been 
" very regular, and without the leaft Stain 
" or Blemiih, as to his Morals. He is not 
" only a very excellent Preacher, but was 
" always very careful never to mix in his 
" Sermons, any Thing improper to be de- 
" livered out of the Pulpit. It is the good 
*' Providence of God, he is continued fo 
*' long among us, for the thorough Settle- 
" ment of the Church in this Place, The 
*' Account 1 have given you of Mr. Vefeyy 
" is not grounded on Reports, having faid 
" nothing but what I very well know, and 
" have obferved from i6 or 17 Years Ac- 
" quaintance with, and Knowledge of him." 
Mr. Vefey is now living, and Reftor of that 
Church, the Chief in New-Tork, 

2. Weji-Chejier County lies on the Sea- 
Coaft, to the Weft of Hudfon River. The 
People here, were more generally Englijh^ 
than in any County of the Government ; 
it contains a very great Trad of Land, and 
generally the beft of any in thofe Parts* 
There were computed to be in it, not above 
2000 Souls in the Year 1702 j but the 
Goodnefs of the Soil feemed to promife, it 
would in Time be a very populous Place. 
The whole County is 16 Miles in Length, 
containing fix fmall Towns, Weft-Chefter^ 


to New-York Government. 205 

EaJi-CheJier,NeW'Rocbel, Rye, Marmaroneck^ 
and Bedford, befides two fmall Places, 
called lower Tonkers and Philipsburg. This 
was the State of the Place in 1702. The The People of 
Inhabitants of WeJiXheJier, the Chief^vf^-^^^A/" 
Town, were the firft who defired a Mif- Church. 
fionary in this Country. They built a 
Church in Purfuance of the Adl for build- 
ing five Churches, and 50./. a Year was 
fettled on the Minifter. The Society ap- 
pointed the Reverend Mr. Bartow Mif- 
fionary here, in the Year 1702. The Lord 
Cornbury, then Governor of the Province, 
fixed Mr. Bartow's chief Refidence at The Reverend 
Wefi'Chefier \ however, as there were fe- ^^t Mfffio^i^- 
veral other Places which wanted his Af- O' ^^^^^''• 
fiftance, he divided his Labours among 
them, according to the Society's Dire<ftions. 
He often vifited Eaji-Chejier, New-Rochel, 
and Tofikers, He had good Succefs in his 
Miffion, and wrote to the Society in 1704. 
" I have been now two Years in adtual Ser- 
** vice of my Miflion, in this Parifli, and 
" by the Bleffing of God, have been in- 
" ftrumental in bringing many into the 
'' Communion of our Church, who are 
" very conftant and devout at their At- 
" tendance on Divine Worfhip. Thofe 
" who were Enemies at my firft coming, 
*' are now zealous Profeflbrs of the Or- 

'' di- 

20^ MiJJionaries fent 

" dinances of the Gofpel. The Inhabi- 
" tants of my Parlili live fcattered and 
'" much difperfed, which occaiions my 
" Duty to be more difficult." Mr. Bar^ 
tow continued very induftrious in his Mif- 
lion, and well refpedted by the People* 
His Cure was very large ; the Number of 
Inhabitants at JVeJi-Chefler^ was about 
550, at EaJl'CheJier above 400, and at 
Tonkers 230. He ufed to preach at Eaji- 
Chejler^ (which was now made a diftind: 
Pariih, and had built a Church) once a 
Month, where he had a large Congregation. 
The People here, Vv^ere generally of the 
Presbyteria?i Perfuafion, till Mr. Bartow 
came among themj but in the Year 1703, 
they embraced the Church of England 
Woriliip, and received him for their Mi- 
nifter. There is no Parfonage-houfe here, 
but there are 23 Acres of Glebe Land, 
given for the Ufe of a Church oi England 
Minifter for ever. As often as he could, 
he vifited Yonker^s-, a large Congregation, 
chiefly of Dutch People, came to hear 
him. There was no Church built here, 
fo they aflembled for Divine Worlhip, at 
a Houfe of Mr. Jofeph Bebits, and fome- 
He isdiHgenttimes in a Barn, when empty. Mr. Bar- 
uiliipMflion.^^^^ continued very diligent in the Dif- 
charge of all the Duties of his Minifterial 


to New- York Government. 207 

Office, he gained over a great Number to 

the Church Communion, he perfuaded 

many grown Perfons, who were negligent 

of all Religion, of the Advantage of Bap- 

tifm, gave them Baptifm, and they became 

very fober Members of the Church. He 

inftrudled and baptized feveral Negroes^ 

he gained the general Love and Efteem of 

his People, and after 25 Years of laborious 

Service in the Church, died in 1727. The 

Society have fent the Reverend Mr. Sfan-^^^'^^ ^'''''''' 

dard to fucceed him, who is lately fettled 


3'. New-Rochell was fettled by French 
Proteftants, it is in Wejl-Chejler Parifh. 
The Reverend Mr. Bondet^ a French Cler- 
gyman, officiated there, and was for feveral 
Years fupported only by voluntary Con- 
tributions of the People, and a fmall AU 
lowance of 30/. from New-Tor k Govern- 
ment. At firft he did not ufe the Englijh 
Liturgy, but the French Prayers, which 
were ufed in the Protejiant Churches in 
France. But about the Year 1709, the 
People generally conformed to the Church 
of England, and applyed to the Society for 
an x^Uowance for their Minifter. Mr. 
Bondet was recommended by fome Gentle- 
men of that Country, to be their Minifter, 


208 Mijfionaries fent 

had the Charafter of a good, fober Man i 
and more efpecially ufeful there, becaufe 
Th Reverend ^^ could preach in Englijh as well as in 
Ur.Bondet^Y- French y which he did every third Sunday, 
ronrr;\e^rNnd by that Means brought the young 
People to under ftand Englijh. The Society 
appointed Mr. Bondet a Salary as a Miffio- 
nary, but directed him to ufe only the 
Church of England Liturgy. He did fo, 
and the People generally conformed, as 
they lignified they would. Upon his De- 
fire, the Society fent him a large Number 
of Ertglijh Common-Prayer-Books, which 
were diftributed among the younger Peo- 
ple, who, by that means, began to under- 
ftand Englijh^ and came to hear the En- 
glip Sermon. Mr. Bondet had a large Con- 
gregation, and commonly about 50 Com- 
municants. The Church they ufed, was 
now become ruinous, and the Inhabitants 
of Ver^X- of the Place, and Members of the Church 
cheii build a incrcafed. They began to gather volun- 
tary Contributions to build a new Church, 
and about the Year 17 11, got a fufficient 
Sum, and ereded a fmall Church. Some 
Time after, a worthy Gentleman, Mr. 
John Pellham, Lord of the Mannor of 
Pellhamy (of which New-Rochell is a part) 
gave 100 Acres of Land within the faid 
Mannor, for the Ufe of the Church. The 


to New-York Government. 209 

Town of Rochell gave a Houfe, and 3 Acres 
of Land adjoining to the Church, to the 
Minifter for ever. Mr. Bo?idet perfevered 
with his former Care in all Parts of his 
Office, till the Year 1722 ; in w^hich he died^ 
much lamented by his Parifh. He was a 
plain, fober Man, and had been Minifler of 
that Parifh above 20 Years. He bequeathedMr. Bondet 
to the Town, for the Ufe of the Minifter, ^^'• 
his Library, amounting to 400 Volumes 
of Books. 

The People of A^^1£;-i?^ry6^// wrote foon TheReverend 

after his Death, to the Society for a Mif-^r^^'^^^^?^^ 

. Vi 1 MifTionary hi- 

fionary. The Reverend Mr. Stoupe wasthcr. 
fent in 1723 : He was very kindly re- 
ceived by the People, and proved the 
more acceptable to them, becaufe he 
could preach in French^ and many of them 
underftood only that Language. Accounts 
have been fent, that his Congregation in- 
creafes \ that befides his other Care, he 
extends his Labours to the Negroes, and 
hath inftru6ted feveral, and baptized 17 
Negroes, in the three laft Years. He con- 
tinues now there, with Succefs. 

4. Rye is a confiderable Town in JVefl- 
Chejler County, very populous, but the 
People were of various Perfuafioiis. There 

P were 

2 1 o Miffionaries fent 

were computed to be in this Parifh, near 800 
White People in 1703. It is iituate near the 
ThcRevercnd^^^^^^^^' and borders on New -Engl and. 
Mr. Uuirfon'Wi^ Reverend Mr. Miiirfon was fettled 
ry\o R^r^^' ^^"^^ in 1704. The People of the Church 
of E?2gland here, had not ufed to meet 
as a Congregation s however, by his Dili- 
gence in preaching, he foon gathered a 
great Number 5 and many Perfons who 
had lived in a total Neglcd of all Reli- 
gion, were fpeedily reclaimed ; a confider- 
able Number of grown Perfons, Men and 
Women, were baptized, and admitted to 
the Communion. He wrote thus to the 
Society in 1706 : " I have baptized about 
*' 200 young and old, but moft grown 
" Perfons ; and am in hopes of initiating 
" many more, when I have inftrufted 
*• them. This is a large Parifl:i, the Town? 
*' are far diftant ; the People were fome 
" ^lakers^ fome Anahaptijh^ others Inde- 
*' pendents ^ tho' once they were violently 
" fet againft the Church, they now con- 
*' form heartily. I have now above 40 
*' Communicants, tho* I had only fix 
" when I firft adminiflred the holy Sa- 
" crament. I find that Catechifing on 
" Week-days in remote Towns, and fre- 
" quentVifiting, is of great Service. Every 
" fourth Sunday I preach at Bedford. I 

" did 

to NeW'York Government. 2 1 r 

^^ did it long with fmall Succefs, there 
" are in that Town above 120 Perfons 
" unbaptized ; and notwithftanding all the 
" Means I uled, I could but lately per- 
" fuade them, of the Neceffity of that 
" holy Ordinance." The Society received ^^^edlfuMn 
Accounts from leveral other Gentlemen, hisMiffion. 
of the extraordinary Succefs of Mr. M^/r- 
fon. The Inhabitants of Rye^ were indeed 
very forward in every thing, which might 
promote the fettling the Church of En- 
gland there. They foon raifed, at their 
own Expence, without the Help of the 
reft of the Pariili, a Stone Church, a 
handfome Building, 50 Feet long, 35 wide, 
and 20 high, with a Steeple. But while 
they were in this Warmth of Adion, Mr. 
Muirfon dies ; a very worthy Man, who 
had taken great Pains, and was attended with^^^^^^' 
equal Succefs. A very honourable Cha- 
rader of him was fent to the Society, by 
Perfons of the beft Rank and Note in that 
Government. There will be Occalion to 
give a farther Account of his Labours in 
New-England^ hereafter. 

His Death put a Stop to the finifliing 
of the Church at Rye, The Outfide was 
compleated, but not the Infide. The So- 
ciety would by no means negled fo large 

P 2 a 

212 Miffionaries fent 

TheReverenda Bodv of Well difpofed People. The 

Mr. Briag^e i iv *■ -n • 7 

fucceeds him. Reverend Mr. Bridge was very loon fet- 
tled there. He found the Church un- 
finiflied within Side ; however, he made 

A Churcli is Ufe of it, and performed Divine Service 

built here. ^j^^^.^^ ^j^^> j^ ^^3 j^^^ y^^ floor'd. This 

moved the Inhabitants to compleat the 
Infide. A Subfcription was put about, 
and by the Liberality and Encouragement 
of the Governor (Robert Himter Efq;) a 
fufficient Sum was raised to finiili it. A 
handfome Altar-piece was made of Caro- 
Una Cedar^ rail'd in, and a decent Pulpit 
and Reading Desk, and other Neceflaries 
were made. Mr. Bridge behaved himfelf 
in all RefpecSs worthily, and the Members 
of the Church increafed at Rye y he had 
,, yy ., for feveral Years but an indifferent State 

Mr. Bridge 

^ics. of Health, and died in 17 19, much re- 

gretted by all who knew him. Upon an 
Account fent of his Death, the Society 
wrote to the neighbouring Clergy of New- 
Tork, to vifit by Turns Rye, as they could 

TheReverend^^^^^^^^^^^^y- The Reverend Mr. Jenney 
Mr. Jenney was appointed Miffionary there in 1722. 
Arcccedshim. ^^ ^^^^^^^ ^^p^^^ ^j^ ^j^^^^ ^j^j^ 2eal, 

and his Congregation now amounted ge- 
nerally to about 300 Perfons ; he vifited 
at Times feveral other Townfhips, and 
diftindt Liberties, which were at too great a 


to New-York Government. 213 

Diftance from the Church, for the People 
to attend Divine Service with any Conveni- 
ency. In about three Years time, he baptized 
12 grown Perfons, 50 Children, and per- 
fuaded feveral to come to the Communion. 
In 1727, he removed from this Million to 
He?npjied; and the Reverend Mr. Wet- 
more^ who was then Catechift at New- 
York, requefted the Society that he might 
be fixed here. The Society appointed him 
there in 1727 j and he hath fince wrote, 
that his Congregation are of a very Chri- 
ftian Behaviour, that he hath baptized 
40 Children; and feveral grown Perfons 
apply to him for Baptifm, two of which 
are Negroes; after due Inftrudion, he in- 
tends to baptize them; and that upon 
hisRequeft, the Town have chofen Tru- 
ftees, who are empowered to raife a Tax 
upon the Inhabitants, for the Repair of 
their Church. He continues there now, 
with Succefs. 

3. Albany, fo called from the Duke of 

Tork's Scotch Title, as New-Tork ^NZsf^fP^^''^'' 

^ derable Place, 

from his Englifi, is fituate on Hudfonthe, Reverend 
River: It was inhabited moftly by Dutch, qI^^^^^^^'^'^'^ 
It is confiderable, as being the chief Place ^^^^^• 
of Trade with the Indians^ and a Fron- 
tier both againft the Indians and the Fre7ich, 
P 3 who, 

214 Miffionaries fent 

who, in Conjunfliion, have feveral Times 
invaded this Province on that Side. It is 
a very populous Place, faid to contain, 
in 1712, near 4000 Souls, of which 450 
only were Negroes^ or Indian Slaves. For 
the Security of the Province, both againil 
the Indians and French^ it had a Garrifon 
of 200 Soldiers, and a ftrong Fort. The 
Reverend Mr. Barclay was Chaplain to 
this Fort in the Year 1709. The Inha- 
bitants being almoft all Dutch, had a Mi- 
nifter, Mr. Dellius j but he about this 
Time returned to Europe, and the So- 
ciety appointed the Reverend Mr. Bar- 
clay to be Miflionary and Catechift there ; 
becaufe the Society were defirous that he 
Ihould inftru6l fome of the great Num- 
ber of Slaves there, and Indians who oc- 
cafionally reforted to that Town. They 
come here to trade with the Englijh, and 
it was hoped he might meet with many 
fair Opportunities of inviting them to be- 
come Chriftians. Mr. Barclay was very 
induftrious in his Miffion, and acceptable 
to the People. Upon the Dutch Minifter, 
Mr. Dellius, being abfent, he perfuaded 
many People of the bell Note and Cha- 
rader there, to come to hear him. They 
attended him in their Church, where the 
Efjglijh Liturgy was read in Dutch, and he 


to New* York Govemmem. 215 

preached to them in Dutch ; feveral of 
the principal Inhabitants conformed en- 
tirely to the Church of England, and Num- 
bers of the common People followed their 
Example. Mr. Barclay was very intent 
in teaching the younger People the Church- 
Catechifm in Englip, efpeclally the poorer 
Children 5 he Catechifed publickly in the Mr. sW^j? 
Church on Sundays in the Afternoon, and|^7;.>^^^^^^^^^ 
read an Explanation of fome Part of it ; 
he taught them alfo twice a Week, on 
Week-days : his Scholars were generally 
70 Children, moft oi Dutch Extradion ^ 
and in lefs than three Years time he taught 
160 the Catechifm, and otherwife inftru- 
ded them in the Principles of the Chri- 
ftian Religion. 

Mr. Barclay alio vifited a fmall Village, 
named Schene5tady, about 20 Miles above 
Albany^ towards the Mohock!^ Caftle -, this 
was the remoteft Settlement of the Englijh, 
The Indians came frequently to this Town 
to get Provifions, and to traffick ; he often 
preached to the People of this Place, and 
ufed to invite fuch of the Indiam as un- 
derftood any Englijh, to come to hear him ; En^l^^^onr^^^^ 
feveral came, at times, to Divine Service, ^?^7.. 
fuch as underftood any thing of Englijh ; 
and he tried all Methods he could think 

P 4 of, 

21^ Miffionanes fent 

of, to engage them to be inftrudied in our 
Language and Religion, but with very 
fmall Succefs -, feveral indeed would feem 
for a time, to be converted ; but foon after 
they would return again, to their firft Sa- 
vage Life. He had more Succefs with 
the Negroes^ many of which he inftruded 
in the Chriftian Faith, and Baptized. 

Thus for near {t\^\\ Years he preached 
upon Sufferance, in a fmall Chapel be- 
longing to the Dutch Congregation. This 
Chapel being much decayed, he concerted 
with fome Members of the Church Com- 
munion, to try to get Subfcriptions for 
building a Church. He found the People 
very zealous to carry on this Defign. The 
Governor of theProvince,i?^^^r/i7L/;7/£'r Efq; 
contributed very generoully, and encouraged 
others to do lo ; befides his Subfcription- 
Contribntions Moncv, hc gavc all the Stone and Lime 
buS-^'' for building the Church. The Town of 
StoneChurch. ^//;^;;^? gavc prefentlv 200/. and every 
Inhabitant in the poor Village of Sche- 
neBady^ gave fomething, excepting only 
one very poor Man, w^hich, in the whole, 
amounted to 50/. iVVc£;-3^^r/^ Money; Ki?igs 
County, Long-Ifland^ and many other 
Places, contributed largely. Nay, the Sol- 
diers of the Garrifon at Albany w^re very 


to New-York Government. 217 

zealous, and contributed almoft beyond Be- 
lief. The two Independent Companies of 
Colonel Richard Ingoldsby^ and Colonel 
Peter Matthews, gave loo/. every private 
Centinel gave fomething, fome ten Shil- 
lings, and others twenty; and their Offi- 
cers generoufly. Above 600/. was foon , 
Subfcribed, and in about a Year and an 
half, a very handfome Stone Building was 
raifed, 58 Feet in length, and 42 in breadth ; 
it was opened in November 17 16, and Di- 
vine Service performed in it; Mr. Bar- 
clay continued diligent in all the Duties of 
his Miffion. Some time afterwards, it was 
reprefented to the Society, that fmce Mr. 
Barclay had a Salary as Chaplain to the 
Garrifon at Albany, that, with the voluntary- 
Contributions of the People, who came to 
the New Church, would be a iufficientMain-^j^^j^jj-^^^ 
tenance ; the Society therefore withdrew his Church is 
Salary. But finding afterward, that for fome 
Years, that Church hath not been fup- 
plied ; they have lately appointed the Re- 
verend Mr. Miln to be Miffionary there. 

6. Statten-IJland is a fmall Ifland about The Reverend 

JO Miles lonor, and C or 6 over, i:lt^J,zlcMv Mackenzie 

on the Weji End of Long-IJland, a Place ry to s'^tten- 
well peopled; the Reverend Mr. Afor-^^^'^^' 
kenzie was lent Miffionaiy here in the 


2l8 Mijfionaries fent 

Year 1704, and met with a very kind Re-- 
ception from the People, tho* not above 
one third were Englijb^ the reft Dutch 
and French. The French had a Minifter 
of their own, and had built a Church. 
The Englijh had no Church, nor any 
Place convenient for Divine Worfhip» 
The French allowed Mr. Mackenzie to 
preach in their Church. The Englijh were 
chiefly ^takers and Anabaptijis^ the others. 
Church of England People. The Dutch 
were at firft fomewhat averfe to, and la- 
boured under Prejudices againft our Li- 
turgy. But it appeared foon, that this 
was occafioned by their not being ac- 
quainted with it ; for upon the Society's 
fending a good Number of our Common- 
Prayer-Books in Dutch^ to be diftributed 
among the People, they found no Fault 
with it, and began to have a juft Efteem 
for our Form of Worfhip. It was repre- 
fented by Mr. Mackenzie^ that the greateft 
Difadvantage to Religion, arofe from the 
Want of Englijh Schools in that Ifland. 
The Children had no Education but the 
little they received from their Parents, 
and that bound them up to their Parents 
Language and Principles. Befides, there was 
fuch a Diverfity of Tongues, as EfigUfi:, 
French^ and Dutch^ which made it necef- 


to New- York Government. 219 

fary to fettle a School there, more than in 
any other Place, in order to unite the 
growing Generation in their Language, as 
well as in their religious Principles. 

The Society were fenfible nothing could J^K^^^'^^^y 
be more convenient than the opening ofSchooimaflers 
Schools in this Place. The whole Ifland^^ 
was divided into three Precinfts, they ap- 
pointed a Schoolmafter for each. Mr. 
Brown taught School in the South Pre- 
cin6t, Mr. Dupiiy in the North, and Mr. 
William/on in the Weji, Mr. Dupuy did 
not keep School long ; Mr. Potts fucceeded 
him. Afterwards in the Year 17 15, Mr. 
T^aylor was appointed, and continues ftill 
teaching School ; and feveral Accounts have 
been fent to the Society, that he teaches 
above 40 Scholars, without any Coniide- 
ration but the Society's Bounty ; that he 
inftrudls them in the Church-Catechifm, 
with the Explanation, teaches them to 
join in Publick Worfliip, and keeps alfo 
a Night School for the Inllrudion of the 
Negroes, and fvich as cannot be fpared 
from their Work in the Day time. 

Mr. Mackenzie was very fuccefsful m^ir.Macken- 
his Minirtry, united the People in their ^^f >,^^^^^;^X 
oentiments, and exceedingly improved fion. 


220 Mijfionaries fent 

them in their Manners. He was alfo 
happy in the Love and Efteem of his 
People. The Jujftices of Rich?nond County, 
in that Ifland, where his Abode was, wrote 
thus to the Society in the Year 1712 : 
" We, Her Majefty's Juftices of the Peace, 
" High Sheriff, Clerk, and Commander in 
" Chief, of Her Majefty's Militia, in the 
" County of Richmond^ as well for our 
^' felves, as in the Name, and at the De- 
*^ fire of the other Inhabitants of the faid 
" County, Members of the Church of 
" England^ return our Thanks, for fup- 
'^ porting our worthy Paftor Mr. Mackenzie 
" among us ^ whofe unblameable Life af- 
*' fords no Occafion of Difparagcment to 
" his Fund;ion, nor Difcredit to his Do- 
" ftrine. Upon his firft Indudion to this 
" -Place, there were not above four or 
" five in the whole County, who ever 
" knew any Thing of our excellent Li- 
** turgy and Form of Woriliip, and many 
" knew little more of any Religion, than 
" the common Notion of a Deity : And 
^' as their Ignorance was great, io was 
" their Pradice irregular and barbarous. 
" But now, by the Bleffing of God at- 
" tending his Labours, our Church in- 
" creafes, a confiderable Reformation is 
" wrought, and fomething of the Face 

" of 

to New-York Government. 221 

*' of Chriftianity is to be feen among us. 
" You have added to the former, a frefli 
*' and late Inftance of your Bounty, in 
" allov/ing a Support to a Schoolmafter, 
" for the Inftrudion of our Youth -, the 
" deplorable Want of which hath been 
" a great Affliftion to us. 

Soon after, the People began to think 
of building a Church. Mr. Mackenzie had 
for feven Years, ever fince his iirft Ar- 
rival, officiated in the French Church upon 
Sufferance. The People of the Ifland, 
and the neighbouring Counties of the Pro- 
vince, made liberal Contributions. New^ 
Jerfey and Penfyhania alfo gave gene- 
roullyj 700/. was collected, and a hand- 
fome Stone Church was ered:ed, a Par- ^ handfome 
fonage-houfe built, and 60 Acres of G/^^^ built here. 
Land purchafed. The Lime, Stone, and 
Timber, were given gratis, for the Church 
and Houfe, belides the Money mentioned. 
About this Time, fome Gentlemen of 
New-Torky Adolphiis Phillips Councellor, 
Captain La?icajler SyineSy Officer in Fort 
A7ine^ Mx,EbenezerWilfon, and Mv, Peter 
Faulconer Merchants, made a Deed of Gift, 
of 150 Acres of Land, for the Ufe of 
the Church. The Land lay at an incon- 
venient Diftance from the Church, fo 


222 Mijfionaries fent 

that the Truftees agreed to fell it, and buy 
a Piece of Ground nearer. Mr. Mackenzie 
went on with Diligence in all the Duties 
of his Office, and wrote Word in 171 8, 
that he had received feveral new Members 
into the Communion of the Church s that 
he had a large Congregation, who not only 
conftantly attended the Church Service, 
but were moft of them very regular in 
their Lives and Converfations j that he had 
baptized in the preceeding Year, 18 Chil- 
dren, one of which was a Negroe^ and alfo 
an Indian Man, 22 Years of Age, who 
coming accidentally into that Ifland, was 
induced to learn to read Englifi^ then grew 
defirous of being inftrudted in the Chri* 
ftian Faith, and afterwards defired Bap- 
tifm. In the Year 1722, Mr. Mackenzie 
^^'di^miich^^^^'^^^^ regretted by his Parifhioners. The 
lamented. Reverend Mr. Harrifon fucceeded him by the 
Appointment of theGovernor,/^////^;;;jB2^r;^£'/ 
Efq; no Accounts have been received from 
him, asnot being the Society's Miffionary. 

7. Long'IJland lies South-Eaji from New-- 
Torky and is a very confiderable Part of 
that Government ; it is divided from the 
Continent by a fmall Arm of the Sea ; is 
100 Miles long, and about 12 broad: A 
very fruitful and pleafant Country, the 
Air is fliarp and ferene, not fubjedl to any 


to New- York Government. 223 

thick Foggs. It hath, near Hempjiedy an 
even delightfome Plain, i6 Miles long, 
richly furniflied with Cattle and Fowl of 
all Sorts. The Reverend Mwl'homas was ^he Reverend 
fent Miffionary to Hempjied in the Year Mr. n.^^. 
1704. This IS one or the cnier i o^n^ ^y to Hs^npjied 
in the Ifland; the People were generally i"^^^^-^^'''^- 
Independents, fome Presbyterians, but more 
negligent of all Religion. However, Mr. 
Thomas, upon his Arrival, was received 
with much Kindnefs, and he found the 
chief Difficulty was to remove the Preju- 
dices of Education. Mr. "Thomas had the 
Care of Oyjierbay too, 1 3 Miles diftant from 
Hempjiedy this made his Miffion laborious. 
However, in a little time he perfuaded many 
in both Places to conform to the Church of 
E7igland. The Society fent him a large 
Number of Common-Prayer-Books and Ca- 
techifms, which he diftributed among the 
People J and they began generally to improve 
in their Manners, and to think better of the 
Church Worftiip. He writes in 1709, tho' 
that Place had been fettled above 60 Years 
before his coming, and the People had 
fome Sort of diffenting Minifters y yet for 
above 55 Years, the Sacrament had never 
been adminiftred there s the oldeft there 
could not remember to have feen or heard 
of its being Celebrated. '' The People 


2 24- Miffionaries fent 

(fays he) " having lived fo long in a Dif- 
" ufe of it, I had great Difficulties to 
" bring them to a Senfe of the Neceffity 
*' and Obligation of it : but with God's 
" Bleffing upon my Endeavours, I have 
" brought 33 of them into full Commu- 
" nion with the Church, and who now 
" live very regularly, tho' at the iirfl Time ' 
'' of adminiftring it, I could perluade but 
'' three to receive." He wrote, that there 
was a great Want of Schools ; the younger 
People and Children were growing up in 
He is very di- a miferable Ignorance, for Want of being 
Mfffioir ^^^ taught to read j and he could not perform 
one Part of his Paftoral Office, Catechifing, 
for Want of a Schoolmafter to teach the 
Children to read. The Society appointed 
Mr. Gilderflieve Schoolmafter there, in 
the Year 17 13, and allowed him a Salary 
to teach the poorer Children Reading^ 
Writing, and the Rudiments of Arith- 
metick. The Veftry of this Parifh wrote 
the Society a Letter on this Occafion, 
wherein they fay : " Without your Bounty 
" and Charity, our poor Children would 
" undoubtedly want all Education ; our 
" People are poor, and fettled diftantly 
" from one another, and unable to board 
" out their Children." The Society fent 
Quantities of Paper for the Ufe of the 


to New- York Government. 225 

School, Catechifms, and large Numbers of 
Common-Prayer-Books, which proved of 
great Benefit to the younger People. The 
Youth was inftrudted, made their Re- 
fponfes regularly at Church, and Divine 
Worfhip was performed with more Know- 
ledge and Decency. 

Mr. T^homas perfevered with Diligence 
in his Duty, and by eafie Means of Per- 
fuafion in converfmg, drew many People 
to a Conformity. The Books he diftri- 
buted, had a very good Influence on the 
more fober and thinking Part of the In- 
habitants. About the Year 1720, he ac- 
quainted the Society, that his Congrega- 
tion increafed \ that within 1 8 Months 
paft, he had baptized above 160, many of 
which were grown Perfons ; that he en- 
deavoured, as much as in him lay, to in- 
culcate into the People a Senfe of the 
Benefit and Privilege of the Sacraments, 
and finds them in the main convinced of 
the Neceffity of thofe Ordinances. Mr. 
T'homas died in the Year 1724, after Mr Thomai 
having been very ufeful in fettling this 
Church. In the Year 1725, the Society 
removed the Reverend Mr. "Jenncy^ upon 
his Requeft, from Rye to this Place. Ac- 
counts have been fent from him, that his 

Q., Con- 

226 MiJJionaries fent 

Consregation increafes ; that two grown 

Perfons had defired and received Baptifm, 

TheRcvcrend^^^ he had feveral new Communicants, 

Mr. jenncy all of them Perfons of known Honefty and 

iucceedshim. _. • i i at ni 

Piety j particularly one, a JSegroc blave, 
who had all along prelerved his Cha- 
racter unblemiflied, or rather made it re- 
markable for Honefty and Piety. M?. 
Jefifiey continues now there. 

The Reverend 8. "Jamaica IS 9 confiderable Town in 
\^.\^^r.^-l^ong--lllanL The Reverend Mx, Patrick 
ry ^ojamaicaQ^jT^^jj ^^..^s fent thither in 1702, but he 
died foon after his Arrival. Colonel Mor- 
m wrote of him to the Society, that his 
Abilities, Sobriety and Prudence had gain'd 
him the good Opinion of every Body ac- 
quainted with him, both of the Church 
and Diilenters, and he gave great Hopes, 
that a good Progrefs would be made in 
this Miffion; but he died foon, and was 
buried in a Meeting-houfe in Jamaica. 
The Reverend Mr. Urqiihart was after- 
^vards fixed in this Place. It was inhabited 
chiefly by Jndepe?ide?its^ who came from 

He dies; the ■f^^'"^^-^ V^^^^^ • ^c was Very diligent in 
Reverend Mr. j^ig Million, and wcU rcfpeded by all 
^wrAiceee s ^^^ Members of the Church, but died 

in about tv/o Years. The Reverend Mr. 

Foyer was fent there in 1709. He had 

a long 

to New- York Government. 227 

a long and dangerous Voyage from £;?- 

srland, and at laft was Shipwrecked with He is fhip. ' 

"T . 1 .-. n r /f • wreck'donthe 

his Family, on the Coalt ot AmertcayQo^no'i Ame- 
above loo Miles diftant from his Parifli. '*^■^^• 
He got there, and was by the Governor's 
Order, indufted into that Church. But 
the Independents had got PoffelTion of the 
Parfonage-houfe, and would not furrender 
it. This occafioned long Feuds and Di- 
vifions in the Parifh, between the Church 
Party and them. At laft, after a long Broil, 
and tedious Courle of Law, for above 
feven Years s Mr. Foyer was put in PofTeffi- 
on of the Houfe. This Perverienefs of the 
Independents very much hindred the Succefs 
of his Miffion. However, Mr. Poyet^ was 
very diligent in his Duty ; he had a large 
Cure, three Towns, Jamaica, Newtown^ 
and Fluping, and he fpared no Charge 
nor Labour in ferving them. The Mem- 
bers of the Church of England wrote very 
refpedtfully of him to the Society, in thefe 
Words. " Notwithftanding the perverfe 
" Behaviour of our Enemies, we can with 
" Joy fay, our Church here hath increafed 
" confiderably, both in the Number of 
" Hearers and of Communicants, by the 
*^ fmgular Care, Pains and Induftry of our 
" prefent laborious Minifter Mr. Poyefy 
[\ who, notwithftanding the many Diffi- 
Q^ ^' culties 

228 Mijjionaries fent 

" culties he hath ftruggled with, hath never 
" been in the leafl wanting in the due 
'' Execution of his Minifterial Function; 
" but rather, on the contrary, ftrained 
" himfelf beyond his Strength, in travel- 
I. very dili- " ^^"g ^^ro' the Parilh, and often to the 
gent in his " Prejudice of his Health, which is noto- 
" rious to all the Inhabitants." Mr. 
Foyer continues now there, and Accounts 
have been fent, that his Congregation is in- 
creafed : The Communicants are between 
80 and 90, and 9 grown Perfons have been 
baptized within three Years Space. 

The Society 9. T H E Society have from their firft 
sYh^odmaflers^ft^blilliment, paid Salaries to fev^eral 
Here. Schoolmafters in this Government. Mr. 

Gilderjlieve at Hempjied in hong-ljlaiid^ and 
Mr. 'Taylor in Statten-IJlandy have been 
mentioned already. Mr. Huddlejlone was 
appointed Schoolmafter in Ne^w^Tork City, 
in the Year 1709; he taught 40 poor Chil- 
dren for the Society's Allowance only 3 he 
publickly Catechized in the Steeple of 
Trinity Church on Sunday in the After- 
noon, not only his own Scholars, but alfo 
the Children, Servants and Slaves of the 
Inhabitants, and above 100 Perfons ufually 
attended him ; Certificates attefted by the 
Mayor of Ncw-Torky were Annually fent 


to New- York Government. ^29 

to the Society, certifying his doing fuch 
Service. He died in the Year 1726 ; and 
his Son being defirous and capable of the 
Office, is appointed now in his Room. 
Mr. Glover was appointed Schoolmafter 
at WeJl'Chefier in the Year 17 14, and 
afterwards Mr. Forjler 5 he teaches between 
30 and 40 Children, Catechifes on Sa- 
turday and Sunday, which is certifyed by 
the Minifter and chief Inhabitants of that 
Town. Mr. Cleator was fettled School- 
mafter at Rye^ in the Year 1704; he 
teaches about 50 Children to Read and 
Write, and inftruds them in the Cate- 
chifm. And Mr. Denton hath been lately 
appointed Schoolmafter at Oyjierbay in 

The Society have paid Salaries to fix 
School mafters, befides a Catechift, for the Books fent to 
Slaves at Ne'w-Tork in this Government : ^^^' Govern* 

' ment, 

and have fent Bibles, Common-Prayers, 
and other Books of Devotion or Inftru- 
dtion, to the Number of 2220 Volumes, 
befides Catechifms, and fmall Trads 
which have been difperfed among the 
People by the Miffionaries, or among 
the Children by the Schoolmafters. And 
tho' there was not above one Church, that 
at NeW'Tork City, opened before the 
0^3 So. 

230 Miffionaries fent, &C. 1 

Society^s Foundation, there have been 
ten fince built, many Donations made 
Ten Church- ^^ them, the People fupplied with Mil- 
es built in this f^Qj^ar ies for them, and all the Congre- 

Government. . • • r • xt 

gations now contmue mcreanng, m JN um- 
ber of Perfons, and Regularity of Manners. 




The Societ'^ <very earneji to promote tlje In- 
Jirti^ion of the Negroes. The Negroes 
an exceeding great Number of Terfons. 
The Society dire^ all their Mijftonaries 
to gi've their hefi Jffijiance. The Society 
fettle a School at New- York City for in- 
JintUing the Negroes. Mr. Neau Ca- 
techift there^ n^ery indujirious^ infiniUs 
many. The Negroes confpire to deftroy 
the Englifli. The Tkt pro^'es unfuccefs- 
fzil^ many of the Negroes taken and exe- 
cuted. The School is again encouraged 
for converting the Negroes. Mr. Neau 
dies. The Reverend Mr. Colgan ap^ 
pointed Catechifi* 

AFTER the foregoing Account of 
the fettling the Church in New- 
York Government among the En-- 
glifj Inhabitants ; it feems proper next, to 
give a Narrative of the Society's Endea- 
vours towards converting the Negroe Slaves, 
0^4 and 

232 Endeavours to inflruB 

^nd nztiwc Indians ; becaufe their chief At- 
tempts towards this End, have been 
among the Negroe Slaves in this Govern- 
ment -y and the Iroquois^ the fix Indian 
Nations bordering on this Country. The 
following Account therefore may not im- 
properly be confidered as a Part of the 
Hiftory of this Country. 

The N^^rd?^' Slaves even in thofe Colonies, 

The Negroes ^'^ere the Society fend Miffionaries, amount 

m the Colo- to many Thoufands of Perfons, of both 

ceeding great ^^^"^^^j ^^d all Ages, and moft of them 

Peribn" ""^ are very capable of receiving Inftrudtion. 

Even the grown Perfons brought from 

Guinea^ quickly learn Englijh enough to 

be underftood in ordinary Matters ; but 

the Children born of Negroe Parents in 

the Colonies, are bred up entirely in the 

Englijh Language. 

TheSociet 2. The Society looked upon the Inflru- 
ufe rheir beii d'tion and Couverfion of the Negroes^ as a 
towards their P^^^^^ip'^^l Branch of their Cares elleem- 
CoHverfion. ing ^t a great Reproach to the Chriftian 
Name, that fo many Thoufands of Per- 
fons fhould continue in the fame State of 
Pagan Darknefs, under a Chriftian Govern- 
ment, and living in Chriftian Families 3 as 
l]\zj lay before under, in their own Heathen 


the Negroe Slaves. 233 

Countries. The Society, immediately from 
their firft Inftitution, ftrove to promote 
their Converfion ; and inafmuch as their 
Income, would not enable them to fend 
Numbers of Catechifts, fufficient to inftrud: 
the Negroes ; yet they refolved to do their 
utmoft, and at leaft, to give this Work 
the Mark of their higheft Approbation. 

They wrote therefore to all their Mif- 
fionaries, that they fhould ufe their beft 
Endeavours, at proper Times, to inftrud: 
the Negroes ; and fhould efpecially take Oc- 
cafion, to recommend it zealoufly to the 
Mafters, to order their Slaves, at conve- 
nient Times, to come to them, that they 
might be inftrudted. Thefe Diredtions had a 
good Effeft, and fome Hundreds of Negroes Theydirea 
have been inftrudted, received Baptifm, andfionariel to ' 
been admitted to the Communion, andP"^^"*^^^**** 
lived very orderly Lives. The Reader may 
remember, there is frequently Mention 
made above, in the Account of the La- 
bours of the Miffionaries, of many .A^^- 
groes at different Times inftrudted ^nd 
baptized , to relate the Particulars here, 
would be too circumflantial, and altogether 


234 Endeavours to inJlruU 

It is Matter of Commendation to the 
Clergy, that they have done thus much in 
fo great and difficult a Work. But alas ! 
what is the Inftrudlion of a few Hundreds, 
in feveral Years, with refpedl to the many 
Thoufands uninftrufted, unconverted, liv- 
ing, dying, utter Pagans. It mull be con- 
feffed, what hath been done is as nothing, 
with Regard to what a true Chriftian 
would hope to fee efficled. But the Dif- 
ficulties the Clergy meet with in this good 
Work are exceeding great. The firft is, 
the Negroes want Time to receive Inftru- 
d:ion. Several Majfters allow their Negroes 
SS^'Sundays only, for Reft -, and then the Mini- 
the Comer- ^^j. ^f ^ Parifti is fuUy emploved in other 

fionofthe ^ . , i / tv >r 

Negroes. Duties, and cannot attend them : Many 
Planters, in order to free themfelves from 
the Trouble and Charge of Feeding and 
Cloathing their Slaves, allow them one 
Day in a Week, to clear Ground and plant 
it, to fubfift themfelves and Families, 
Some allow all Saturday, fome half Satur- 
day and Sunday ^ others allow, only Sunday, 
How can the Negroe attend for Inftruftion, 
who on half Saturday and Sunday is to 
provide Food and Rayment for himlelf 
and Family for the Week following ? The 
Negroe will urge in his own Excufe, that 


the Negroe Slaves. 235 

the Support of himfelf, and all that is dear 
to him, doth abfolutely depend upon this, 
his neceflary Labour, on Saturday and Sun- 
day. If this be not ftridtly juftifiable, yet 
it is fure, the miferable Man's Plea, will 
engage the Reader's Compaffion. 

This is the Cafe in fome Colonies, in 
others it differs : In fome Places, the Slaves 
do the whole Labour of the Country, in 
the Field j in others, they are ufed only as 
Houfe Servants. Another Difficulty arifes 
from the Habitations and Settlements of 
the Matters, being at great Diftances from 
each other in moft Places in the Colonies . 
for which reafon, neither can aMinifter go to 
many Families, if the Negroes were allowed 
Time to attend him 5 nor can a proper Num- 
ber of them affemble together at one Place, 
without confiderable Lofs of Time to their 
Mailers. But the greateft Obftrudion is, 
the Mafters themfelves do not confider 
enough, the Oblieation which lies upon The Mailers 

1 1 1 • 01 -no, oftheAV^^i 

them, to have their blaves niltruaed. do not cncou- 
Some have been fo weak as to argue, the^^^^^^^Q^^^^^^^" 
Negroes had no Souls ^ others, that they 
grew worfe by being taught, and made 
Chriilians : I would not mention thefe, if 
they were not popular Arguments now. 

2^6 Endeavours to inJlruU 

becaufe they have no Foundation in Reafon 
or Tiruth. 

3. A F T E R the Society had given the ge- 
neral Order mentioned before, to all their 
Miffionaries, for the Inftruftion of the 
Slaves, they agreed to ufe another Method^ 
which they believed would more fuccefsfully 
promote this Work. They opened a Cate- 
chifing School for the Slaves at New-Tork^ 
The Society in the Ycaf 1704, in which City there were 


a School 

New-York ^om^^mt^L to be about 1500 Negroe and 
^^^y }^^ ^^-^ Indian Slaves, and many of their Mailers 
Negroe.^^ Well difpofed to have them made Chri- 
ftians. The Society hoped this Example 
fet, might kindle a Zeal in fome other 
good People, to carry on this Work, which 
they were unable to effect ; and to eredt 
Schools for the Inftrudtion oi the Negroes, 
and employ Catechifts to teach them at 
appointed Times y and that the Legillature 
in the Colonies, would, by a Law, oblige 
all Slaves to attend for their Inilruftion. 
The Society found foon, it was not ealie 
to procure a Perfon proper to be a Ca~ 
techift. Mr. Elias Neau a Layman, then 
living in Ne^w-Tork City, as a Trader, was 
reprefented to be the propereft Perfon for 
that Office. He was by Nation a French- 
man, had made a Confefilon of the Pro- 


the Negroe Slaves. 237 

fcflant Religion in France, for which he 
had been confined feveral Years in Prifon, 
and feven Years in the Gallies. When he 
got releafed, he went to New-Tork, and 
traded there, and had the Charader, from 
People of all Perfuafions, of a Man of 
Piety, of fober Deportment, and ferious 

He accepted of the Oiffe-r of htingCsL-Mr. E/i^s^Wte 
techift; and his former Sufferings on thecaSftIo 
Account of his Religion, did, with great ^^^^ ^^^ ^'*^* 
Advantage, recommend him to be a Teacher' 
of the Chriftian Faith -, and his Humility 
enabled him to bear with the many Inconve- 
niencies in teaching thofe poor People. He 
entred upon his Office, in the Year 1704, 
with great Diligence. iVt firft he was obliged 
to go from Houfe to Houfe, to inftrudt 
the Negroes, this was out of Meafure la- 
borious ', afterwards he got Leave, that 
they {hould come to his Houfe 5 this was 
a confiderable Relief. There were two 
Obftruftions ftill 5 the Time was much 
too fhortj and the Place was inconvenient, 
for teaching the great Number of Negroes. 
A little Time in the Dusk of the Evening, 
after hard Labour all Day, was the whole 
Time allowed them for Learning, and for 
Relaxation, and to vifu theirWives and Chil- 
dren 3 

238 Endeavours to inftruB 

dren ; which were generally in other Fa- 
milies, not in their Mafters. At this Time 
their Bodies were fo fatigued, that their 
Attention could not be great. They were 
dull and (leepy, and remembred they mull 
The AV^r^rife early the next Day, to their Labour. 


lowed come- The Place alfo was incommodious, being 
beTnftriiaed.^ ^'^^ uppcrmoft Floor in Mr. Neaus Houfe, 
which, tho' very large for a private Houfe, 
yet was not able to hold conveniently, a 
fmall Part of the Slaves which might re- 
fort thither. 

Besides, the Negroes were much dif- 
couraged from embracing 'the Chriftian 
Religion, upon Account of the very little 
Regard iliewed them in any religious Re- 
fpedt. Their Marriages were performed 
by mutual Confent only, without the Blef- 
fing of the Church -, they were buried by 
thofe of their own Country or Complexion, 
in the common Field, without any Chri- 
ftian Office ; perhaps fomc ridiculous Hea- 
then Rites were performed at the Grave, 
by fome of their own People. No No- 
tice was given of their being fick, that 
they might be vifited; on the contrary, 
frequent Difcourfes were made in Con- 
verfation, that they had no Souls, and 
periihed as the Beafts. 


the Negroe Slaves. 239 

Mr. Neai^ contended with thefe Diffi- Mt. Nr^u is 
cuties, and notwithftandins; all, proved an^^o^ ^^^^°"^ 
Inltrument oi bringing many to a Know- 
ledge of the Chriftian Faith. He took 
great Pains in reading to them, in making 
fhort CoUedions out of Books on the Ca- 
techifm, and in making an Abftrad: of the 
Hiftorical Part of the Scriptures s fo that 
many, who could not read, could yet by- 
Memory repeat the Hiftory of the Crea- 
tion of the World, the Flood, the giving 
of the Law, the Birth, Miracles, and Cru- 
cifixion of our Lord, and the chief Ar- 
ticles and Doftrines of Chriftianity. 

This was a Work of great Pains and 
Humility ; Mr. Neaii performed it dili- 
gently; difcourfing familiarly with thofe 
poor People, and labouring earneftly to 
accommodate his Difcourfe to their Ca- 
pacities. His Labours were very fuccefs- 
ful ; a confiderable Number of the Slaves, 
could give a fufficient Account of the j^^^^ ^.^^^^^^ 
Grounds of their Faith ; as feveral of the are inftruaed 
Clergy who examined them publickly, be- ^^ 
fore they gave them Baptifm, have ac- 
quainted the Society. 

4. In 

240 Endeavours to inJlruU 

4, I N the mean Time, while the Society 
were thinking of farther Ways to advance 
this Work, a Calamity happened which 
mightily difcouraged this Country from 
promoting the Inftrudion of their Slaves. 
In the Year 1712, a confiderable Number 
TheAvxmvof Ncgroes of the Carmantee and Poppa 
f"^P";f'f^'' Nations, formed a Plot to deftroy all the 

ftroy all tlie ' ^ ^ ^ ^ 

Ejiglijf:*, Englip, in order to obtain their Liberty ; 
and kept their Confpiracy fo fecret, that 
there was no Sufpicion of it, till it came 
to the very Execution. However, the Plot 
was, by G o d's Providence, happily defeated. 
The Plot was this : The Negroes fat Fire to 
a Houfe in Tork City, on a Sunday Night, 
in Aprils about the going dow^n of the 
Moon. The Fire alarmed the Town, who 
from all Parts ran to it -, the Confpirators 
planted themfelves in feveral Streets and 
Lanes leading to the Fire, and fliot or 
ftabbed the People as they were running 
to it. Some of the Wounded efcaped, and 
acquainted the Government, and pre- 
{entlv, by the Signal of firing a great Gun 
from the Fort, the Inhabitants were called 
under Arms, and prevented from running 
Mcy is defiat- to the Fire.\ A Body of Men was foon 
^^- raifed, w^hich eafily fcattered the Negroes y 

they had killed about eight Pcrfons, and 


the Negroe Slaves. 241 

wounded 12 more. In their Flight Ibme 
of them fhot themfelves, others their 
Wives, and then themfelves; fome ab- 
fconded a few Days, and then killed them- 
felves for Fear of being taken ; but a great 
many were taken, and 18 of them fuffe red 
Death. This wicked Confpiracy was at firft 
apprehended to be general among all the 
Negroes.^nd opened the Mouths of many, to 
fpeak againft giving the Negroes Inftrudion. 
Mr. Neau durft hardly appear abroad for 
fome Days, his School was blamed as the 
main Occafion of this barbarous Plot. 
But upon the Tryal of thefe Wretches, 
there were but two, of all his School, fo 
much as charged with the Plot ; and only 
one, was a baptized Man, and in the Peo- 
ples Heat, upon flender Evidence, per*- 
haps too haftily condemned ; for foon 
after he was acknowledged to be innocent 
by the common Voice. The other was 
not baptized ; it appeared plain that he 
was in the Confpiracy, but guiklefs of his 
Mafter's Murder, Mr. Hoogh/ands, an emi- 
nent Merchant. Upon full Tryal, the 
guilty Negroes, were found to be fuch as 
never came to Mr. Neaus School^ and 
what is very obfervable, the Perfons, whofe^^Ji taken and 
Negroes were found to be moft guilty, ^''^^'^^^^* 

R were 

242 Endeavours to inJiruB 

were fuch as were the declared Oppofers oi 
making them Chriftians. 

However, a great Jealoulie was now 
raifed, and the common Cry was very 
Mr. Neaus Jq^j^ againft inftrudting the Negroes. The 
medTbut un- Common Council of New-Tork City made 
deiervediy. ^^^ Qrder, forbidding the Negroes to go 
about the Streets after Sun-fet, without 
Lanthorns and Candles y this was in EfFedt, 
forbidding them to go to Mv.Neau\ School, 
for none of them could get Lanthorns, or 
come to him before Sunfet. But fome Time 
after, the more ferious and moderate People, 
abated of this Violence. It appeared to 
be a Plot of a few only, not a general 
one of all the Negroes, no Confequence at- 
tended the Adtion, and People grew more 
compofed. Robert Hunt er^io^y then Governor 
of the Province, obferved their Fears were 
ill-grounded, and that Mr, Neaii^ Scholars 
were not the guilty Negroes, and therefore, 
in order to fupport the Defign of inftrud:- 
ing them, he was pleafed to viiit the School, 
attended by the Society's Miflionaries, and 
feveral Perfons of Note, and publickly de- 
clared his Approbation of the Defign -, and 
afterwards in a Proclamation put out 
againft Immorality and Vice, he recom- 

the Negroe Slaves. 243 

mended it to the Clergy of the Country, ^^^? School is 

^ . r / again encou- 

to exhort their Congregations from the raged, 
Pulpit, to promote the Inftruftlon of the 

This gave new Life again to the Work, 
and the Negroes frequented Mr. Neaus 
School, feveral were inftru6ted, afterwards 
examined publickly in the Church, before 
the Congregation, by the Reverend Mr. 
Fefey, gave a very fatisfaftory Account of 
their Faith, and received Baptifm. The 
Society had Accounts from Time to Time, 
of Mr. Neaus Diligence and good Succefs ; 
particularly one very ample Teftimonial 
figned by the Governor of the Country 
{Robert Hunter Efqj) the Council, the 
Mayor, and Recorder of New-Tork^ and 
the two Chief Juftices j fetting forth, 
" That Mr. Neau had demeaned himfelf 
" in all Things, as a good Chriftian and 
*' a good Subje(ft \ that in his Station of Mr. Neau n 

,, - 1 . n -1 1 1 1 A 1 commended, 

" Catechilt, he had, to the great Advance- 
*' ment of Religion in general, and the 
** particular Benefit of the free IndiaJis^ 
" Negroe Slaves, and other Heathens in 
" thofe Parts, with indefatigable Zeal and 
" Application, performed that Service 
'* three Times a Week 5 and that they did 
*^ fmcerely believe, that as Catechiit, he 
R 2 ^ '' did 

244 Endeavours to inJiruB 

*' did in a very eminent Degree, deferve 
" the Countenance, Favour, and Protedion 
*' of the Society. 

The Society were fully fatisfied with 
Mr. Neaiis Behaviour, and continued to 
fend him Numbers of Catechifms, and of 
fmall Tradts of Devotion and Inftrudtion, 
to give among the Slaves and Servants at 
his Difcretion. Mr. Neau perfevered with 
the fame Diligence, till the Year 1722, 
Mr.A'';.w^ which he died, much regretted by all 
who knew his Labours. Mr. Hiiddlejione^ 
then Schoolmafter in New-Tork^ did for fome 
Time fupply his Place, and ufed to teach the 
Negroes, in the Church Steeple, every Sunday 
before Sermon, and at his own Houfe af- 
ter Sermon. In a little Time the Society 
fent the Reverend Mr. Wetmore to be Cate- 
Tiie Society chift there, and received Accounts of his 
tL^'' difcharging his Duty diligently. That he 
attended Catechifmg every Wednefday and 
Friday, and Sunday Evening, at his own 
Houfe \ and in the Church, every Sunday 
before Evening Service, where he had fome^ 
times near 200 Children, Servants and Ne- 
groes, He afterwards defired to be appointed 
Miffionary at Rye in that Government, and 
the Society complyed with his Requeft. 
Soon after his Removal, the Redtor, Church- 


the Negroe Slaves. 245 

Wardens, and Veilry of "Trinity Church hi 
New-Tork, made a Reprefentation to the 
Society, of the great Need of a Catechifl: in 
that City, there being about i40oWd'^r^^and 
Indian Slaves there, a confiderable Number 
of which, had been inftrudled in the 
Principles of Chriftianity, by the late Mr. 
Neau^ and had received Baptifm, and were 
Communicants in their Church. The So- 
ciety were very willing to comply with 
this Requeft, and fent the Reverend Mn 
Colgan in 1726, to be Catechifl: there; and 
here he begins his School with Succefs, ^^^^^ School is 

11 AT r^' ftilliupported. 

hath 30, 40, or 50 Negroes at a T niie, 
attending Catechifm, and is preparing 
feveral for Baptifm. He continues now 

5. In this manner, have the Society ex- 
erted themfelves, to promote the Infl:ru- 
ftion of the Negroes ; but they are fen- 
fible the Means ufed, are not propor- 
tionate to the End. One School only, 
opened, is but a fmall Matter ; becaufe the^s^^^^^^^^"^ 

•* , , , ^ ot manv more 

Miffionaries, in their large Pariflies, are Schools. 
fully employed, without this additional 
Labour. There ought to be a Catechifl: 
fupported, in every Colony, nay, every 
large Town, to carry on this Work ef- 
fedlually. But there remains one Obftru- 

R 3 ition. 

2^6 Endeavours to inJlruB 

<5lion, which if not removed, will defeat 
all poffible Endeavours. The Maflers of 
the Slaves muft be perfuaded to allow 
them reafonable Time to be inftruded, 
and at leaft permit them to attend the 
Catechift. For if the Mafters command 
them not to attend, or will allow them 
no Time for that purpofe, this Work is 
impradicable. On the other hand, it hath 
appeared plain to the Society, that it 
might ealily be carried on, if the Maflers 
concurred. There are fome Inftances, 
where the Negroes have in a little Time, 
gained a fufficient Knowledge of our Faith, 
and been induced to lead fober Lives, 
when their Mafters favoured their Inftru- 
dion. The Reverend Mr. T^aylor, lately 
Millionary at St. A?idrew\ Farifli in South- 
Carolina^ wrote to the Society in 17 13, 
an Inftance of this Nature ; which for the 
juft Honour of the two religious Gentle- 
women mentioned, ought not to be paffed 
>, rr ..over here. " Mrs. Haig-e and Mrs. Ed- 

Airs, tidigc oc o 

Mrs. fi./jc.zrtV" ^.vards^ v/ho cam.e lately to this Planta- 
toW%hdr" tion, have taken extraordinary Pains to 

skves inflru- ,c inftrucl a confidcrable Number of Arr- 

" groes, \n the Principles of the Chriftian 
'' Religion, and to reclaim and reform 
'' them. The wonderful Succefs they 
*' met with, in about half a Years Time, 

I en- 

the Negroe Slaves. 247 

" encouraged me to go and exaniine 

" thofe NegroeSy about their Knowledge in 

*^ Chriftianity , they declared to me their 

" Faith in the chief Articles of our Re- 

" ligion, which they fufficiently explained ; 

" they rehearfed by Heart very diftindtly, 

" the Creed, the Lord's Prayer, and Ten 

" Commandments -, fourteen of them gave 

" me fo great Satisfadtion, and were fo 

" very defirous to be baptized, that I 

'' thought it my Duty to do it on the 

'' laft Lord's Day. I doubt not but thele 

" Gentlewomen will prepare the reft of 

" them for Baptifm in a little Time j and 

^' I hope the good Example of thefe two 

" Gentlewomen, will provoke at leaft fome 

" Matters and Miftrefles, to take the fame 

" Care and Pains with their poor Negroes. 

The Clergy of South-Carolina did, in 
a joint Letter to the Society, after a Re- 
prefentation made of the State of the_ ^-_ 

, 1 i . , 1 TV ^ Mimy of Mr. 

Church there, acquamt them, that Mr. ^v^i's Slaves 
Skeen, his Lady, and Mrs. Haige his ^^^^■"^^'^• 
Sifter , did ufe great Care to have 
their Negroes inftrudted and baptized. 
And the Reverend Mr. Varnod, Miffio- 
nary in that PariHi, did at the fame Time, 
write to the Society, that he had baptized 
in the foregoing Year, eight Negroe Chil- 
R 4 dren. 

248 Endeavours to inJlruB 

dren, belonging to Mr. Skee?i and Mrs. 
Haige, who, he fays, " took great Pains 
" to have their Slaves inftrudted in our 
" Faith, and that, at once, he had 19 Ne- 
" g?'oes Communicants. 

The Society have been always fenfible, 
the mofl efFedual Way to convert the 
Negroes^ was by engaging their Mafters, 

The Bifliop , 1 . ^ 

of St. AfapJAo countenance and promote then* Con- 
(^r-^^^'^^T^^verfion. The late Bifliop of St. Afaph, 

writes a Ser- x J i > 

rnon on the Dr. Fkcfwoody preachcd a Sermon before 
ah^g °the AV ^his Society in the Year 17 11, fetting forth 
s^'^^^^' the Duty of inftrudting the Negroes in the 

Chriftian Religion. The Society thought 
this, fo ufeful a Difcourfe, that they printed 
and difperfed abroad- in the Plantations, 
great Numbers of that Sermon in the 
fame Year; and lately in the Year 1725, 
reprinted the fame, and difperfed again 
large Numbers. The prefent Bifliop of 
London (Dr. Gibfon) became a fecond Ad- 
vocate for the Converfion of the Negroes y 
TheBifnopand wrote two Letters on this Subjed: : 
ofW.;;(Dr.rj.j^ firft, Addreffed to the Mafters' and 

Gihjon] writes ,, ... . 

two Letters MiHreffes of Families in the Enp;lilh Plan- 

on the fame^ :• / ; j .- w . 

Subjed. tations abroad, exhorting them to encourage 
and promote the InJiruBion of their Ne- 
groes in the Chrijiian Faith. The Second^ 
to the Mifjionaries there \ direBing them 


the Negroe Slaves. 249 

to dijlribiife the /aid Letter, and exhorting 
them to give their Ajjijlance, towards the 
InJlruBion of the Negroes ^within their 
feveral Paripes, 

The Society were perfuaded, this was 
the true Method to remove the great 
Obftrudlion of their Converfion, and hoping 
fo particular an i\.pplication to the Mailers 
and Miftrefles, from the See of London, 
would have the ftrongeft Influence ; they 
printed ten Thoufand Copies of the Let- 
ter to the Majiers and Mijirejjes, which have 
been fent to all the Colonies on the Conti- 
nent, and to all our Iflands in the Wejt- 
Indies, to be diftributed among the Mafters 
of Families, and other Inhabitants. The 
Society have received Accounts, that thefe 
Letters have influenced many Mafters of 
Families to have their Negroes inftrud:ed; 
and hope they will have at length, the de- 
fired Effeft. 

The Biihop of London foon after wrote 
An Addrefs to Serious Chrijlians among our 
felves, to AJfiji the Society for Propagating 
the Gofpel in carrying on this Work \ a 
Number of Copies whereof, hath been 
printed and difperfed in feveral Places in 
England, The Addrefs and Letters follow 
next. An 

250 ^?- 9f LondonV Addrefs 

An JT>T>RESS to Serious Chrijiians 
among our [ekes ^ /(^AflTift the Society 
for Propagating the Gofpel^ in carry- 
ing on the Work of InJiruBing the Ne- 
groes in our Plantations abroad. 

TH E Defign of the two follow- 
ing Letters, which have been 
lately fent to our Plantations 
abroad, is, I. To convince the Mailers 
and Miftreffcs there, of the Obligation 
they are under, to inllrud their Negroes 
in the Chriftian Religion. II. To anfwer 
the Objedlions that are ufually made againft 
it : And III. To exhort the Minillers 
and Schoolmafters within the feveral Pa- 
riflies, to Affift in this good Work, as far 
as the proper Bufinefs of their Stations 
will permit. 

But the Negroes in feveral of the Plan- 
tations being vaftly numerous, and the 
Parilhes very large 5 the utmoft that Mi- 
nifters and Schoolmafters can do, will fall 
far fhort of the neceifary Attendance and 


to Serious Cbrifiians, &C. 251 

Application which this Work requires. 
And it is too plain from Experience, that 
very many of the Mafters and Miftrefles 
are either unable or unwilling to provide 
for the Inftrudion of thofe poor Creatures, 
at leaft in fuch a Way as may effedlually 
attain the End j and wherever that is the 
Cafe, they are unavoidably condemned, 
in a Chriftian Country, to live and die 
in Heathen Idolatry, and in an utter Ig- 
norance of the the true God. 

T H I s is a very deplorable Sight in a 
Country where the Gofpel of Christ 
is profefs'd and publickly preached; and 
every Chriftian who believes the Pro- 
mifes of the Gofpel, and is concerned in 
earneft for the Honour of Christ, and 
the Salvation of Souls, muft be fenfibly 
affecfted with the Thought of it. Which 
will of Courfe lead and difpofe him to 
countenance and fupport any Meafures 
that fliall be entred into, for doing Juftice 
to our common Chriftianity, and deliver- 
ing the Protejlant Name from fo great 
a Reproach, For, to do Right to the Pa- 
fijis, both the Inhabitants of their Plan- 
tations abroad, and the feveral Countries 
in Europe to which they belong, have 
fhewn a laudable Care and Concern in this 


252 'Bp.of London J Addrefi 

Matter. Only, it is to be wiih'd, that 
their Care to fee them InjiruBedy were 
equal to their Zeal to have them Baptized; 
and that greater Strefs were laid upon 
bringing them to a Knowledge of the Chri- 
ftian Faith, than upon barely giving them 
the Name of Chriftians. 

The Society for Propagating the Go/pel 
in Foreign Parts^ have this Affair much at 
Heart -, and, having lately had it under 
their Confideration, are unanimoufly of 
Opinion, That nothing would give fo 
quick and effedual a Progrefs to the Work, 
as the fending CatechiJU from hence : 
Whofe only Bufinefs it fliould be, to inftrud 
the Negroes, within particular Diftrids to 
be Affign'd to them, and who, having no 
Avocations of any Kind, would be at full 
Liberty to attend the moft proper Times 
and Seafons for Inftrudion, and employing 
their Thoughts wholly in that Way, would 
be far better acquainted with the proper 
Methods of proceeding in the Work, and 
alfo purfue thofe Methods more clofely, 
than any Occajional Inftrudtor can be fup- 
pos'd to do. 

But the prefent yearly Subfcriptions 
of the Society are employ'd and exhauftcd 


toxSeriom Chrijltans^ &C. 253 

in maintaining Minifters in the Plantations, 
10 Officiate to our own People, in Places 
where they arc not able to Support the 
Charge themfelves, and where they would 
quickly fall into a State of Heathenifm, 
or fomething like it, if Provifion were not 
made for a ftanding Miniftry among them. 
So that the Society can be in no Con- 
dition to maintain Catechiits for the In- 
ftruftion of the Negroes, unlefs pious and 
well-difpofed Chriflians among our felves 
fliall luy this Matter to Heart, and enable 
them to proceed in it by Contributions 
given for that purpofe, and to be lolely 
appropriiittfd to that \}(t. 

The Piety, as well as the Neceflity and 
Importance, of promoting this Work, and 
entring into proper Methods for that End, are 
let forth in the following Letters, to which 
the Reader is referr'd. But leall this ihould 
feem to be only the Concern of the Planters 
abroad, I will add fome Confiderations 
which may induce all Chrijiians as fuch, 
to think it a Work worthy of their Regard, 
and incline them to further it according to 
tjieir Power and Ability. 

I. T H E Firft is. That as the Chriflian 
Church upon Earth is one^ being joined to- 

254 'Bp. of London s Mrefs 

gether in the fame Faith, and in the com- 
mon Bond of Love and Unity, under 
Christ its Head ; fo the fupporting and 
enlarging of that Church, is juftly to be 
elleemed the Common Caufe of Chriftlanity, 
or, in other Words, the general Concern of 
Chriftians, all the World over. And if we 
do not dejire to fee it propagated throughout 
the World, it is a certain Sign, that w^e are 
not fufficiently concerned for the Honour of 
Christ, nor duly fenfible of the Greatnefs 
pf the Gofpel Promifes, and of the inefti- 
mable Value of a Soul. 

11. Fro m hence it follows, that altho' 
our own Families, Relations, Neighbours, 
and Country, claim the firft Place in our 
Care and Concern for Religion, yet no Di- 
ftance of Place, how great foever it be, is a 
fufficient Excufe from Endeavouring to Pro- 
pagate the Gofpel, where we fee there is 
Need, and a fit Opportunity offers, and it 
is fairly in our Power. On the contrary, the 
more remote we are from the Country to 
which we do at any Time extend our Care 
and Affiftance, the greater Teftimony it is 
of our Zeal for the Glory of G o d, and the 
Salvation of Souls. 


y^'4o. Serious Chrifiians^ &C. 25^ 

III. But, "Thirdly, The Souls for which 
I am now pleading, have a more particular 
Claim to our Regard, as they are truly a 
Part of our own Nation, and live under 
the fame Government with our felves, and, 
which is more, contribute much by their 
Labour to the Support of our Government, 
and the Increafe of the Trade and Wealth 
of this Kingdom. In the following Letter, 
the Mafters in the Plantations are put in 
Mind of the great Profit arifing to them 
from the Labour of the Negroes, as one 
Argument why they Ihould be willing to be 
at fome Expence in inftru6ting them. And 
the fame Argument extends, in Proportion 
to this Nation in general, which is greatly 
benefited by their Labour 5 and more par- 
ticularly does it extend to fuch among us, 
who either have Poffeffions in thofe Parts, 
or have been enrich'd by Trading to them. 

IV. As the Progrefs which one fniglc 
Cfftechill makes, may be very great, when 
it is his whole Employment > fo every Perfon 
who contributes to the Maintenance of that 
one, has the Satisfaction to think that he is 
an Inftrument under G o d, of Converting 
and Saving a proportionable Number of 
Souls. Some few Seeds call into this Ground, 


25^ %. of LondonV Addrefi^ &c. 

and watered by the Bleffing of G o d, may 
produce an Increafe exceeding great, and 
will be nofmall Addition to our Happinefs in 
Heaven. But whatever the Succefs be, fuch 
lincere Teftimonies of a Defire to fee the 
Gofpel propagated, and fuch Charitable 
Endeavours for the Salvation of our Fellow- 
Creatures, will moll affuredly find a very 
plentiful Reward from the Hands of G o d. 

And may it pleafe Him to open the 
Hearts of Chriftians, and to difpofe them, 
according to their feveral Abilities, to affifl: 
in carrying on this good Work, for the 
Glory of his Name, and the Eternal Wel- 
fare of fo many Thoufand Souls. 




^he ^ijhop of Lo^ j> on' s Letter to the 
Matters and Miftrefles of Families in 
the Engliih Plantations abroad i Ex- 
horting them to encourage and promote 
the InJirtiZlion of their Negroes in the 
Chriftian Faith. 

TH,E Care of the Plantations abroad 
being committed to the Bifhop of 
London as to Religious Affairs ^ 
I have thought it my Duty to make par- 
ticular Enquiries into the State of Religion 
in thofe Parts, and to learn, among other 
Things, what Numbers of Slaves are em- 
ploy'd within the feveral Governments, 
and v/hat Means are ufed for their Inftru- 
<Sion in the Chriftian Faith. I find the 
Numbers are prodigioufly great \ and am 
not a' little troubled, to obferve how fmall 
a Progrefs has been made in a Chriftian 
Country, towards the delivering thofe 
poor Creaturejj from the Pagan Darkneis 

S and 

258 Sp. of London J Letter , 

and Superflition in which they were bred, 
and the making them Partakers of the 
Light of the Gofpel, and of the Bleflings 
and Benefits belonging to it. And, which 
is yet more to be lamented, I find there 
has not only been very little Progrefs made 
in the Work, but that all Attempts towards 
it have been by too many induftrioufly 
difcou raged and hindred ; partly, by mag- 
nifying the Difficulties of the Work beyond 
what they really are -, and partly, by mi- 
ftaken Suggeftions of the Change which 
Baptifm v/ould make in the Condition of 
the Negroes^ to the Lofs and Difadvantage 
of their Mafters. 

I. As to the Difliculties ; it may be 
pleaded, That the Negroes are grown Per- 
fb?2s when they come over, and that hav- 
ing been accuftomed to the Pagan Rites 
and Idolatries of their own Country, they 
are prejudiced againft all other Religions, 
and more particularly againll the Chri- 
ftian, as forbidding all that Licentioufnefs 
which is ufually pradifed among the Hea- 
thens. But if this were a good Argument 
againft attempting the Converfion of Ne- 
groes, it would follow, that the Gofpel is 
never to be further propagated than it is 
at prefent, and that no Endeavours are 


to Majlers] of Families,^ Scc. 259 

to be ufed for the Converfion of Heathens, 
at any Time, or in any Country whatfo- 
ever ; becaufe all Heathens have been ac- 
cuftomed to Pagan Rites and Idolatries, 
and to fuch vicious and licentious Living 
as the Chriftian Religion forbids. But yet, 
G o D be thank'd, Heathens have been con- 
verted, and Chriftianity propagated, in all 
Ages, and almoft all Countries, through 
th^ Zeal and Diligence of pious and good 
Men ; and this, without the Help of Mi- 
racles. And if the prefent Age be as zea- 
lous and diligent in purfuing the proper 
Means of Converfion, we have no Reafon 
to doubt, but that the Divine Affiftance is, 
and will be, the fame in all Ages. 

But a farther Difficulty is, that they 
are utter Strangers to our Language, and 
we to theirs ; and the Gift of Tongues be- 
ing now ceafed, there is no Means left of 
inftrufting them in the Dodtrines of the 
Chriftian Religion. And this, I own, is 
a real Difficulty, as long as it continues, 
and as far as it reaches. But, if I am rightly 
informed, many of the Negroes, who are 
grown Perfons when they come over, do 
of thcmfelves attain fo much of our Lan- 
o-uaee, as enables them to underftand, and 
to be underftood, in Things which con- 

S 2 • cern 

26 o Sp. of London s Letter 

cern the ordinary Buftnefs of Life ; and 
they who can go fo far of their own ac- 
cord, might doubtlefs be carried much far- 
ther, if proper Methods and Endeavours 
were ufed to bring them to a competent 
Knowledge of our Language, with a pious 
View to the inftrudting them in the Do- 
ctrines of our Religion. At leaft, fome of 
them, who are more capable and more fe- 
rious than the reft, might be cafily inflru- 
fted both in our Language and Religion, 
and then be made ufe of to convey Inftru- 
dtion to the reft in their own Language. 
And this, one would hope, may be done 
with great Eafe, wherever there is a hearty 
and fmcere Zeal for the Work. 

But whatever Difficulties there may be 
in inftrudting thofe who are grown-up be- 
fore they are brought over ; there are not 
the like Difficulties in the Cafe of their 
Children, who are'born and bred in our 
Plantations, who have never been ac- 
cuftomed to Pagan Rites and Superftitions, 
and who may eafily be train'd up, like all 
other Children, to any Language what- 
foever, and particularly to our own ; if 
the making them good Chriftians be fin- 
cerely the Defire and Intention of thofe, 
\vho have the Property in them^ and the 
Government over them* But 

to Majlers of Families^ 8cc. 261 

But fuppofing the Difficulties to be 
much greater than I imagine ; they are 
not fuch as render the Work impojjibley 
fo as to leave no Hope of any Degree of 
Succefs 5 and nothing lefs than an Impojji- 
bility of doing any good at all, can war- 
rant our giving over and laying afide all 
Means and Endeavours, where the Pro- 
pagation of the Gofpel, and the faving of 
Souls, are immediately concerned. 

Many Undertakings look far more im- 
pradticable before Trial, than they are after- 
wards found to be in Experience ; efpe- 
cially, where there is not a good Heart 
to go about them: And it is frequently 
obferved, that fmall Beginnings, when pur- 
iued with Refolution, are attended with 
great and furprizing Succefs. But in no 
Cafe is the Succefs more great and fur- 
prizing, than when good Men engage in 
theCaufe of God and Religion, out of a 
juft Senfe of the ineftimable Value of a 
Soul, and in a full and well-grounded Af- ^ 
furance that their honeft Defigns and En- 
deavours for the promoting Religion, will 
be fupported by a fpecial Bleffing from 

S3 I am 

2^2 % of LondonV Letter 

I am loath to think fo hardly of any 
Chrifiian Mafter, as to fuppofe that he can 
deliberately hinder his Negroes from being 
inftrudted in the Chriftian Faith ; or, which 
is the fame Thing, that he can, upon fober 
and mature Conli deration of the Cafe, fi- 
nally refolve to deny them the Means and 
Opportunities of Inllrudtion : Much lefs 
may I believe, that he can, after he has 
ferioully wcigh'd this Matter, permit them 
^ to labour on the Lord's Day 5 and leaft of 
all, that he can put them under a kind of 
Necejjity of labouring on that Day, to pro- 
vide themfelves with the Conveniencies of 
Life ^ fmce our Religion fo plainly teaches 
us, That God has given one Day in itvtn 
to be a Day of Reft, not only to Man, but 
to the Beafts , That it is a Day which is 
appointed by Him for the Improvement 
of the Soul, as well as the Refrefliment of 
the Body ; and that it is a Duty incum- 
bent upon Mafters, to take Care that all 
Perfons, who are under their Government, 
keep this Day holy, and employ it to the 
pious and wife Purpofes, for which God, 
our great Lord and Mafter, intended it. 
Nor can I think fo hardly of any Miffio- 
nary, who ihall be defired by the Mafter 
IQ direft and aflift in the Inftrudion of his 


to Majlers <f Families^ &C. 2^3 

Negroes (either on that Day, or on any 
other, when he fhall be more at Leifure,) 
as to fuppole that he will not embrace luch 
Invitation with the utmoft Readinefs and 
Chearfulnefs, and give all the Help that 
is fairly confiftent with the neceflary Duties 
of his Function, as a Parochial Minifter. 

If it be faid. That no Time can be fpared 
from the daily Labour and Employment of 
the Negroes, to inftru6t them in the Chri- 
ftian Religion ; this is in Effect to fay, 
that no Confideration of propagating the 
Golpel of God, or Saving the Souls of 
Men, is to make the leajl Abatement from 
the temporal Profit of the Mailers ; and 
that God cannot, or will not, make up 
the little they may lofe in that Way, by 
blefling • and profpering their Undertakings 
by Sea and Land, as a juft Reward of their 
Zeal for his Glory, and the Salvation of 
Mens Souls. In this Cafe, I may well rea- 
fon as St. Fanl does in a Cafe not unlike 
it, that if they make you Partakers of their 
temporal Things (of their Strength and Spi- 
rits, and even of their Offspring) you ought 
to make them Partakers of your fpiritual 
Things, tho' it fliould abate fomewhat from 
the Profit which you might other wife re- 
ceive from their Labours. And confider- 
S 4 ing 

2^4 Sp. of London X Letter 

ing the Greatnefs of the Profit that is re- 
ceived from their Labours, it might be 
hop'd that all Chriftian Mailers, thofe efpe- 
cially who are poflefs'd of confiderable Num- 
bers, Ihould alfo be at fome fmall Expence 
in providing for the Inftrudion of thofe 
poor Creatures y and that others, whofe 
Numbers are lefs, and who dwell in the 
fame Neighbourhood, fliould joiji in the 
Expence of a common Teacher, for the 
Negroes belonging to them. The Society 
for Propagating the Gofpel in Foreign 
Parts, are fufficiently fenfible of the great 
Importance and Neceffity of fuch an efla- 
bliilied and regular Provifion for the In- 
ftruftion of the Negroes, and earneftly 
wifli and pray, that it may pleafe God 
to put it into the Hearts of good Chriftians, 
to enable them to affift in the Work, by 
feafonable Contributions for that End ; 
but at prefent their Fund does fcarce en- ^ 
able them to anfwer the many Demands 
of Miffionaries, for the Performance of 
Divine Service in the poorer Settlements, 
which are not in a Condition to maintain 
thern at their own Charge. 

II. But it is further pleaded, That the 
Inftruftion of Heathens in the Chriftian 
Faith, is in order to their Baptifm s and 


to Mafters of Families, &C. 2^5 

that not only the T^ime to be allowed for 
Inftrufting them, would be an Abatement 
from the Profits of their Labour, but alfo 
that the Baptizhtg them when inftruded, 
would deftroy both the Property which 
the Mafters have in them as Slaves bought 
with their Money, and the Right of felling 
them again at Pleafure -, and that the ma- 
king them Chriftians, only makes them lefs 
diligent, and more ungovernable, 

T o which it may be very truly reply'd. 
That Chriftianlty, and the embracing of 
the Gofpel, does not make the leaft Al- 
teration in Civil Property, or in any of 
the Duties which belong to Civil Rela- 
tions ; but in all theie Refpedls, it continues 
Perfons juft in the fame State as it found 
them. The Freedom which Chriftianlty 
gives, is a Freedom from the Bondage of 
Sin and Satan, and from the Dominion of 
Mens Lufts and Paffions and inordinate 
Defires ; but as to their outward Condition, 
whatever that was before, whether bond 
or free, their being baptized, and becom- 
ing Chriftians, makes no manner of Change 
in it : As St. Paul has exprefly told us, 
I Cor, vii. 20. where he is fpeaking diredly 
to this very Point, Let every Man abide 
in the fame Calling wherein be was called -, 



266 ^: of London J Letter ^ 

and at the 24^^ Verfe, Let every Man 
wherein he ts called^ therein abide "with 
God, And fo far is Chriftianity from dif- 
charging Men from the Duties of the Sta- 
tion and Condition in which it found them, 
that it lays them under ftronger Obligations 
to perform thofe Duties with the greateft 
Diligence and Fidelity, not only from the 
Fear of Men, but from a Senfe of Duty 
to God, and the Belief and Expedation 
of a future Account. So that to fay, that 
Chriftianity tends to make Men lefs ob- 
fervant of their Duty in any Refpect, is a 
Reproach that it is very far from deferv- 
ing ; and a Reproach, that is confuted by 
the whole Tenor of the Gofpel Precepts, 
which inculcate upon all, and particu- 
larly upon Servants (many of whom were 
then in the Condition of Slaves) a faith- 
ful and diligent Difcharge of the Duties 
belonging to their feveral Stations, out of 
Confcience towards God: And it is alfo 
confuted by our own Reafon, which tells 
us how much more forcible and conftant 
the Reftraint of Confcience is, than the 
Reftraint of Fear % and laft of all, it is 
confuted by Experience, which teaches 
us the great Value of thofe Servants who 
are truly Religious, compared with thofe 
who have no Senfe of Religion. 


to Majlers of Families, &(C. 26^ 

■ j 

As to their being more ungovernable 
after Baptifm, than before -, it is certain 
that the Gofpel every where enjoins, not 
only Diligence and Fidelity, but alfo O^^- 
dience, for Confcience Sake ; and does not 
deprive Mafters of any proper Methods of 
ejiforcing Obedience, where they appear 
to be neceiTary. Humanity forbids all 
cruel and barbarous Treatment of our 
Fellow-Creatures, and will not fuffer us to 
confider a Being that is endow'd with Rea- 
fon, upon a Level with Brutes i and 
Chriftianity takes not out of the Hands of 
Superiors any Degrees of Stridtnefs and 
Severity, that fairly appear to be neceffary 
for the preferving Subjedlion and Govern- 
ment. The general Law, both of Hu- 
manity and of Chriftianity, is Kindnefs, 
Gentlenefs, and Compaffion, towards all 
Mankind, of what Nation or Condition fo- 
ever they be \ and therefore we are to 
make the Exercife of thofe amiable Vir- 
tues, our Choice and Defire^ and to have 
Recourfe to fevere and rigorous Methods 
unwillingly, and only out of Necefiity. 
Of this Necejjity^ you your felves remain 
the Judges, as much after they receive 
Baptifm, as before-, fo that Ton can be 


26S % of LondonV Lettey 

in no Danger of fufFering by the Change i 
and as to ^bem, the greateft Hardfhips 
that the moft fevere Mafter can inflid: 
upon them, is not to be compared to the 
Cruelty of keeping them in the State of 
Heatheniim, and depriving them of the 
Means of Salvation, as reached forth to 
al/ Mankind^ in the Gofpel of Christ, 
And, in Truth, one great Reafon why 
Severity is at all neceffary to maintain 
Government, is the Want of Religion in 
thofe who are to be governed, and who 
therefore are not to be kept to their Duty 
by any Thing but Fear and T! error -, than 
which there cannot be a more uneafie 
State, either to thofe who govern, or thofe 
who are governed. 

III. That thefe Things may make 
the greater Impreffion upon you, let me 
befeech you to confider your felves not 
only as Mailers, but as Chrijiian Mafters^ 
who ftand oblig'd by your Profeflion to 
do al! that your Station and Condition 
enable you to do, towards breaking the 
Power of Satan, and enlarging the King- 
dom of C H R I s T ; and as having a great 
Opportunity put into your Hands, of 
helping-on this Work, by the Influence 


to Majiers of Families, &C. 269 

which God has given you over fuch a 
Number of Heathen Idolaters, who ftlll 
continue under the Dominion of Satan. 
In the next Place, let me befeech you to 
coniider ^hem^ not barely as Slaves, and 
upon the fame Level with labouring Beafts, 
but as Men-Sl^vcs and ^cwfw-Slaves, who 
have the fame Frame and Faculties with 
your felves, and have Souls capable of 
being made eternally happy, and Reafon 
and Underftanding to receive Inftrudion 
in order to it. If they came from abroad, 
let it not be faid, that they are as far 
from the Knowledge of Christ in a 
Chrillian Country, as when they dwelt 
among Pagan Idolaters. If they have 
been born among you, and have never 
breathed any Air but that of a Chriftian 
Country, let them not be as much Stran- 
gers to Christ, as if they had been 
tranfplanted, as foon as born, into a Coun- 
try of Pagan Idolaters. 

Hoping that thefe and the like Con- 
fiderations will move you to lay this Mat- 
ter ferioufly to Heart, and excite you to 
ufe the bed Means in your Power towards 
fo good and pious a Work -, I cannot omit 
to fuggell to you on^ of the beft Motives 


270 ^p* of London s Letter 

that can be us'd, for difpofing the Hea- 
thens to embrace Chriftianity ; and that 
is, fbe good Lives of Chnjlians. Let them 
fee, in you and your Families, Examples 
of Sobriety, Temperance and Chaftity, and 
of all the other Virtues and Graces of the 
Chriftian Life. Let them obferve how 
ftridly you oblige your felves, and all that 
belong to you, to abftain from Curfing 
and Swearing, and to keep the Lord's-Day 
holy, and to attend the publick Worfhip 
of God, and the Ordinances which Christ 
hath appointed in his Gofpel. Make them 
fenfible, by the general Tenour of your 
Behaviour and Converfation, that your in- 
ward Temper and Difpofition is fuch as 
the Gofpel requires, that is to fay, mild, 
gentle, and merciful -, and that as oft as 
you exercife Rigour and Severity, it is 
wholly owing to their Idlenefs or Obfti- 
nacy. By thefe Means, you will open 
their Hearts to Inftru6tion, and prepare 
them to receive the Truths of the Gofpel; 
to which if you add a pious Endeavour and 
Concern to fee them duly inftrudted, you 
may become the Inftrument of faving many 
Souls, and will not only fecure a Blefling 
from God upon all your Undertakings in 
this Worldj but entitle your felves to that 


to M^Jiers of Families^ &C. 

diftinguifliing Reward in the next, which 
will be given to all thofe who have been 
zealous in their Endeavours to promote 
the Salvation of Men, and enlarge the King- 
dom of Christ. And that you may be 
found in that Number at the great Day of 
Accounts, is the fmcere Defire and earneft 
Prayer of 

Your faithful Friend, 


May ip- 

Edm\ London. 


272 % of London J Letter 

L E T T E R II. 

^/??^ 2//i&^/^ of London'^ Letter to the 
Missionaries in the Engllih Plan- 
rations ; Exhorting them to gwe their 
Jfjiftance towards the Injiruiiion of 
the Negroes of their fev^eral Tarijhesy 
in the Chrijiian Faith. 

Good Brother, 

HAVING underftood by many Let- 
ters from the Plantations, and by 
the Accounts of Perfons' who have 
come from thence, that very Httle Pro- 
gress hath hitherto been made in the Con- 
verfion of the Av^r^^i to the Chriftian Faiths 
I have thought it proper for me to lay before 
the Mailers and Miftrefles the Obligations 
they are under, to promote and encourage 
that pious and neceflary Work. This I 
have done in a Letter directed to them ^ 
of which you will receive feveral Copies, 
in order to be diftributed to thofe who 
have Negroes \\\ your own Pariflij and I 


to the Mijfionaries, &C. 2*73 

muft entreat you, when you put the Let- 
ter into their Hands, to enforce the De- 
lign of it by any further Arguments that 
you fliall think proper to be ufed, and 
alfo to aflure them of your own Afliftance 
in carrying on the Work. 

I am aware, that in the Plantations^ 
where the Pariflies are of fo large Extent, 
the Care and Labour of the Parochial 
Minifters muft be great ; but yet I per- 
fuade my felf> that many vacant Hours 
may be fpared from the other Paftoral 
Duties, to be beftow'd on this; and I 
cannot doubt of the Readinefs of every 
Miflionary in his own Parifh, to promote 
and further a Work fo charitable to the 
Souls of Men, and fo agreeable to the 
great End and Defign of his Miffion. 

As to thofe Minifters who have Ne- 
groes of their own j I cannot but efteem 
it their indifpenfable Duty to ufe their 
beft Endeavours to inftruft them in the 
Chriftian Religion, in order to their being 
baptized i both becaufe fuch Negroes are 
their proper and imniediate Care, and 
becaufe it is in vain to hope that other 
Mafters and Miftreffes will exert theni- 
felves in this Work, if they fee it wholly 

T neg- 

274 ^P* of London s Letter 

negleded, or but coldly purfued, in the 
Families of the Clergy. So that any De- 
gree of Negledt on your Part, in the In- 
ftrudion of your own Negroes, would not 
only be the with-holding from them the 
ineftimable Benefits of Chriftianity, but 
would evidently tend to the obftruding 
and defeating the ivbok DeJigJi in every 
other Family. 

I would alfo hope, that the School- 
majlers in the feveral Parifhes, part of 
whofe Bufmefs it is to inftruft Youth in 
the Principles of Chriftianity, might con- 
tribute fomewhat towards the carrying 
on this Work ^ by being ready to beftow 
iipon it fome of their Leifure Time, and 
efpecially on the Lord's-Day, w^hen both 
they and the Negroes are moft at Liberty, 
and the Clergy are taken up with the 
publick Duties of their Function. And 
tho' the Affiftance they give to this pious 
Defign, fliould not meet with any Re- 
ward from Men, yet their Comfort may 
be, that it is the Work of G o d, and will 
affuredly be rewarded by him, and the 
lefs they are obliged to this on Account 
of any Reward they receive from Men, 
the greater will their Reward be from 
the Hands of God. I muft therefore in- 


to the MijjionarieSy &C. 275 

treat you to recommend it to them in 
my Name, and to difpofe them by all 
proper Arguments and Perfuafions to turn 
their Thought ferioufly to it, and to be 
always ready to offer and lend their Affifl- 
ance, at their Leifure Hours. 

And fo, not doubting of your ready 
and zealous Concurrence in promoting 
this important Work, and earneftly beg- 
ging a Bleffing from God upon this 
and all your other Paftoral Labours, I 

Your affedlionate Friend 

and Brother, 

May 19 

Edm. London, 


27^ Attempts to Convert 


The Iroquois horder on New- York and 
New-England. The Genius of the 
Northern Indians, and the Condition of 
their Countries. The Earl of Bellamont, 
Gcc'ernor of New- York, reprefents the 
Want of Miffwnaries for infinitiing the 
Iroquois. Jn Order of the j^ieen and 
Council for their Inflrutiion. The Society 
fend the Reverend Mr. Thoroughgood 
Moor Miffionary to them. His Labours ; 
they pro^e fruitlefs ; he embarks for Eng- 
land y he and all the Ship's Crew are loft 
at Sea. Tour Sachems or Indian Kings 
arri've in England ; they defire a Miffio- 
nary to i?i/Iru£i them and their people : 
They return home. Mr. Andrews is 
fent Mijftonary to the Mohocks. J Fort 
is built among them. They refufe to let 
their Children leUrn Englifli. Some 
Chapters of the ^ible^ and part of our 
Cofizmon-Trayer^ tranjlated into thelndi" 
an-IroquoisZ/^;ig^^^^ ; fo7ne few Indians 
are taught. The Mohocks will not fend 
their Children to School : refufe to come 


the Iroquois Indians. 277 

to he inflruBed. Mr. Andrews npre- 
fents all his Labours pro've tijelcfs. 
Leases this Mijfwn. 

TH E Indians bordering on the Co- The iro^mh 
lony of New^TorK are the Jro^^^^ 
qiwis, or five Nations, once a very Kcw-Engiand. 
numerous People s they deferved the firft 
Regard of the EngUJIj upon two Accounts ; 
they drove a confiderable Trade with the 
Englijh in Beaver at Albany^ and were the 
Frontier Nations againft the French Set- 
tlement at ^leiecky and the Canada Indians 
their Allies ; who in Conjundion have fe- 
veral Times ravaged the Frontiers of New- 
England and New-Tork, It was neceflary, 
upon a civil as well as religious Account, 
that the Society fhould employ their firft La- 
bours in endeavouring their Converfion> 
and accordingly they did fend the firft Mif- 
fionaries among thefe People. Before I 
give an Account of the Society's Endea- 
vours, it is neceflary to make fome Re- 
marks on the Genius of the Northern A- 
mericansy and on the Condition of the 
Countries they Inhabited. 

2. It is firft tobe obferved, that the Genius TheGeniusfif 
and Temper of the Northern Americans {^^^^ iroqmis. 
T 3 very 

278 Jt tempts to Cornier t 

very different from thofe of the Southern 
Continent. The once mighty Empires of 
T}\tNorth-j^- ^^^^^^^ ^^d Peru were filled with a Peo- 
meruan indi- pj^ civilized, which lived a fettled Life, 
iarians. " built ftately Cities and Towns, cultivated 
the Ground, had a Pagan Religion, ufed 
the Arts of Government, and Difcipline of 
War, and did certainly appear not only 
capable, but willing to receive all the 
more curious Arts the Europeans could 
teach them. But, on the contrary, the 
Northern Americans bordering on the Bri- 
tijh Colonies were utterly Barbarian^ nei- 
ther built Cities, nor cultivated the Ground, 
knew nothing of Morality or the common 
Decencies of human Life, were divided 
into numerous fmall Tribes, wandred na- 
ked in vaft Defarts and Woods, leading a 
Beftial Life, in perpetual Wars with each 
other, carried on with extream Cruelty, 
fuftaining themfelves with hunting, fiiliing, 
and the fpontaneous Produfts of the Earth. 
In ihort, as different from the Mexicans or 
Peruviafis^ as the Hords of Siberia and 
'Tartary are i'*rom the Elegance and Ci- 
vility of the Southern Nations of Europe, 

3. Besides, the Country was asrude as 
wX'mefs'' ^^^ Inhabitants. When the Englifi, per- 
without any haps prompted by the vaft Treafures the 
^ Spaniards 

Ail their 


the Iroquois Indians. 279 

Spaniards had got in Mexico and PerUy 
made their Settlements in North-America^ 
they were difappointed in their Hopes. 
They found no fuch Countries as the Spa- 
niards had, no Mines of Gold or Silver, 
no rich Cities like Mexico-^ but a naked 
and rude Country and People : The En^ 
glifi took nothing from the Natives but 
an uncultivated Soil : nay, that too 
they purchafed, tho' for a Trifle, yet that 
was a Price, fince the Natives would not 
turn it to its proper Ufe, and till it. All 
the Riches drawn from thefe Lands now 
by the Efiglijh^ is owing chiefly to their 
own honeft Labour, fcarce any Thing to 
that of the Natives ; whereas the Wealth 
of the Spajiiardsy is to this Day dug out 
of the Mines, at the Expence of the Sweat 
and Blood of the miferable Natives and Ne- 
groes. It is very probable, had the Providence 
of G o D diredled Columbus y and the Spanijh 
Fleet, to the Northern-America^ the Poverty 
of the Inhabitants would have fecured the 
Country. The Spaniards would not have 
thought it worth while to make any Settle- 
ments, where nothing was to be got without 
their own Labour \ but the immenfe Trea- 
fures of the Southern World did fo amaze 
them, that they refolved to get them^ (and 
T 4 they 

28 o Attempts to Convert 

they did get them) at the Price of any 

Several of 4. ANOTHER Matter to bc here remarked 
Self lay d^- IS, that many of thefe Countries, on which 
folate. the E?iglijh fettled, were not only unculti- 

vated, but almoft defolate, with very few 
Inhabitants, when the Englijh took Pof- 
feffion. Efpecially 'New-Rngland (now 
called) was almoft an abandoned Country. 
The New-England Hiftorian* writes thus : 
*^ T'he Summer after the Blazing Star 
" (whofe Motion in the Heavens was from 
•' Eaft to Weft, pointing out to the Sons of 
" Men^ the Progrefs of the glorious Gofpel 
'' of CHRIST') even about the Tear 
" 16 18, a little before the Removal of the 
^* Church of CHRIST to New-England, 
" as the ancient Indians report^ there befel 
" a great Mortality among them^ the great eji 
Difeafes fall " that cver the Memory of Father to Son 
jdi before^he " took Noticc of \ chiefly defolating thofe 
Engiifb c^mt u places wheretheEn^Viih afterward planted 

there. c? w/ ^ 

" the County of Pockanochy Agiffawang, 
it was almoji wholly deferted, i?ifomuch 
that the Neighbour Indians did abandon 
thofe Places for Fear of Death, fleeing 
more Weft a?id by South, objervirig that 
the Eaft and by Northern Parts were 

" mofl 


the Iroquois Indians. 281 

" moji fmit with the Contagion. "The Abor- 

«^ ginny Men^ conjijiing of Mattachufetts, 

" WhippanapSj ^/2^ Tarratines, were greatly 

" weakened^ and more efpecially the three 

<* Kingdoms or Saggamore Ships of the 

" Mattachufetts, who were l^rfore this Mor- rj.^^j^^.^^^^^ 

" talify moll populous, having under the7n Netv-Enghnd 

^ , , n (now called) 

'' Jeven Dukedoms, or petty Saggamores. f^ept away, 

" "fhe Nianticks and Narraganfetts, '^^^^^jtafk''''''''' 

*' before this l^ime were but of little Note, 

" yet were they now much increafed by fuch 

" as fled thither for Fear of Death, "The 

" Pecods (who retained the Name of a 

" Warlike People, till afterwards conquered 

^^ by the Englifh) were alfo Jmitten at this 

" 'l^ime. I'heir Dijeafe being a fore Con- 

«' fumption, fweeping away whole Families^ 

" chiefly young Men and Children, the very 

'^ Seeds of Increafe, Their Powwowes, 

" which are their DoBors, working partly 

*' by Charm, partly by Medicine, were 7nuch 

<' amazed to fee their Wigwams (Houfes) lie 

" /w// of dead Corpfes, and now that nei^ 

" ther Squantam nor Abomocho could help, 

" which are fheir good and bad God, By 

" this Means, CHRIST not only 

^' made Room for his People to plant, but 
** alfo tamed the cruel Hearts of thefe bar^ 
^^ barous Indians, infomuch that half an 
^ Handful of his People^ landing not long 

'^ after 

282 jittempts to Convert 

*^ after in Plymouth Plantation^ found little 
« Refjlance. 

The Indians T H E Indians of South and North-Caro- 
^/r1ri"s^^X^^*^^> were fwept away by Difeafes and 
Carolina de- inteftinc Wars. Mr. Archdale^ 9l Perfon 
Wars^n/Dif- of Honour, who had been Governor of 
eafes. Carolina, and was a Proprietary, writes 

thus of them: " Providence was vifible 
" in thinning the Indians, to make Room 
" for the Englijh. There were two po- 
" tent Nations, the Wejioes and the Sa- 
*^ vannas, who broke out into an unufual 
*^ Civil War, before the Englijh arrived; 
*' and from many Thoufands, reduced 
" themfelves to a fmall Number. The 
" moft cruel of them, the Wejioes, were 
" driven out of the Province s and the 
" Savannas continued good Friends and 
" ufeful Neighbours to the Englijh. It 
" pleafedGoD alfo to fend unufual Sick« 
" nefles among them, as the Small Pox^ 
*' (^c, the Pemlico Indians in Norfh-Ca- 
*' rolina were lately fwept away by a Pe- 
" ftilence ; and xh^Coramifie hy a Wan 

Pe7ijyha7iia was fettled firft by the Swedes 
and Dutch, we know not in what Con- 
dition they found it, but when Mr, Pen 
came with the Englijli thicher, he purchafed 


the Iroquois Indians. 283 

of the Natives Ground, and they never 
had any Wars with them. Thefe Indians 
alfo fell into unufual Diftempers and died, 
perhaps it may be confidered as a Provi- 
dential Vifitation, at leaft a judicious Hi- 
ftorian tells us, an Indian War Captain,^ remarkable 
in his Sicknefs, made this ferious Expoftu- /S, as he 
lation with himfelf *, " What is the Mat-^'^ ^^''''^' 
" ter with Us Indians, that we are thus 
*^ Jck in our own Air^ arid thefe Strangers 
" well? 'I'is as if they were fent hither 
" to inherit our Lands in our Steads 5 but 
" the Reafon is plain y they love the Great 
" GO Dy and we do notr A Reflexion 
" very furprifing in a Barbarian ; but Mr. 
" Pen heard it, and attefted it to be Matter 
*^ of Fad to the Hiftorian. 

5. T H I s was the Condition of the People 
and Country, when the Engljp made their 
firft Settlements in America : The Peo- 
ple were poor and wild, the Countries a 
meer Wildernefs, and almoft defolate, TheReafons 

^ ' T^n I ^' n vvhv theSocie- 

The Society did, foon after their Eltablilh- ty endeavour- 
ment, endeavour the Converfion of the ^^^.^^^^^^ ^^''hJ 
Indians bordering on New-Tork. The Tro^^^^is firft. 
Frenchy and the adjoining Canada IndianSy 
had leveral Times, by various Artifices, fe- 
duced them to ravage the Frontier Settle- 

* Vid. Englifh Empire in Amer. p. i6z. 

284 Attempts to Convert 

mcnts of New-England and New-Tork. 
The Earl of The Earl ofBellamont, in the Year 1700, 

Bellamont re- r >t -*/- 7 1 

prefentsthe Govcmor of New-Torky made a Repre- 

fionariesto^ fentation to the Lords of Trade and Plan- 

convert tlie tations hcrc, *' That there was a great 

^°^ °^^' ct ifr^^f oj- Jome Minijlers of the Church of 

«' England, to inflruB the five Nations of 

** Indians, on the Frontiers <?/' New-York, 

" and prevent their being praBifed upon 

" by French Priefis and Jefuits, who were 

" converfant among them^ and very indu- 

^^ firious in perfuading them^ by Pretences 

" of Religion y to efpoufe the French Inter eft. 

Whereupon the Lords Commiffio- 
ners Reprefented it as their humble 
Opinion, " ^hat if a Fund could he 
" found for the Maintenance of fuch Mini- 
" fierSy they might be of very great U/e 
^* and ServicCy as well for the Propagation 
" of the Reformed Religion^ as for improv- 
*' ing the Inter eji of England." This Re- 
prefentation was laid before the Queen in 
Council ', upon which the following Or- 
der was made. 

At the Court oi Si. James' ?>y the third 
Day of April 1700. Prefent the Queen's 
moft Excellent Majefty in Council 


the Iroquois InMans. 285 

" upon reading this Day at the Boards a An Order 
" Reprejentation from the Lords CofumiJio-'o^^^J^^^ 
'' ners of "Trade and Plantations, dated Council con- 

^ cernmg mftru- 

" the fecond of this Month, relating to Her edngt.\^zk In- 

" Majejlys Province of New-York in A- '^'''''' 

" nierica, fetting forth among other Things^ 

^' that as to the five Nations bordering upon 

" New-York, leaft the Intrigues of the 

" French of Canada, and the Infiuence of 

*^ their Priefts, who frequently converjky 

^' and fometimes inhabit with //^^t- Indians, 

*' Jhould debauch them from Her Majefifs 

" Allegiance, their Lordpips are humbly 

" of OpiJiion, that befides the ufual Method 

" of engaging the faid Indians by Prefents ; 

*' another Means to prevent the hifiuence of 

'' the French Miffionaries among them, {and 

" thereby more effectually to fecure their Fi- 

" delity) would be, that two Proteftant Mi- 

'' nifiers be appointed, with a coinpetent Al- 

'' low a nee, to dwell among thejn, in order to 

'^ infiruB them in the true Religio?!, and 

■' co?ifir?n them in their Duty to Her Ma- 

'^'^ jefty. It is ordered by Her Majejiy in 

^^ Council, that it be, and it is hereby 

^^ referred to his Grace the Lord Arch- 

*^ bifiop of Canterbury, to take fuch Care 

" therein as ?nay mofl effediually anfwer 

*^ this Service. 


286 Attempts to Convert 

Archbifliop His Grace ^the Archbiihop, the Prefi- 
^enifon orders Jeiit of this Socicty, communicated this 
to meet at iiioft gracious RefoKition to the Board. 
Lambeth. 'j-j^g Society agreed prefently to do their 
utmoft. A Miffion among the Indiatii 
they knew would be attended with many 
Difficukies, and therefore it was not an 
ealie Matter to procure a proper Perfon 
who would undertake it. The Inhabitants 
oi yllbanyy loo Miles {vomNew-Tork, and 
a Frontier to the Indians^ were chiefly 
The Society £)^^^/,^ ^nd had the chief Dealings with 
two MimoTa- the Indians \ Mr. Dellins a Minifter had 
rics to endea- ^^^-^^^ there; and was reprefented to the 

vour to con- ' t^ r 

vert the /r^- Socicty as a Very proper Perfon to at- 
^'''''' tempt the Converfion of the Indians. The 

Society were alfo informed, that during his 
Refidence at Albany^ he had been ufeful 
in inftruding and converting fome of the 
Indians who ufed to refort to that Place, 
had baptized feveral, and had gained a 
tolerable Knowledge of their Language- 
The Society invited him to undertake 
this Miffion, he was then in Hollajid^ hav- 
ing returned to Europe upon his private 
Affairs, but he declined it. Mr. Freeman^ 
a Cal'vinifi Minifter at ScheneElady^ a little 
Village fituate on a River in a very plea- 
fant Vale, diftant 20 Miles from Albany^ 


the Iroquois Indians. 287 

and 24 from the firft Caftle of the Mo- 
hockSy a Nation of the Iroquois Indians^ 
was next pitched upon for this Work, 
but he alfo declined it. He had taken 
great Pains to inftruft fome of the Indians 
who came to ScheneSlady^ had gained 
a good Knowledge of their Language, 
and with the Help of fome Interpreters, 
had tranflated feveral Pfalms, the Ten 
Commandments, the Creed, fome Chap- 
ters of the Bible, into the Indian Language. Ux^shlrough- 
At laft, the Reverend Mr. Thorouzhzoods"''^^'''' }']'' 

dertakes this 

Moor undertook this Miffion, with great Miffion. 
Zeal and Refolution. He was direfted by 
the Society to refide in fome of the neareft 
Settlements of the Indians^ to learn their 
Language, and by all Ways of Condefcen- 
tion to endeavour to inftruft them in the 
Chriftian Religion. He arrived at New- 
Tork in 1704, and was received by the 
Lord Cornbiiryy the Governor, with all 
poffible Countenance and Favour. 

6. Mr. Moor foon entred upon theBulinefs 
of his Miffion, and went up to Albany ; 
fome Indians being then in Town, and 
hearing of his Defign, feemed much pleafed 
with it, came to fee him, and fpoke to 
this EfFeft. " We are come to exprefs 
1! ci^i" Joy at your fafe Arrival, and that 

!' you 

288 Attempts to Convert 

^^ you have efcaped the Dangers of a 
*' dreadful Sea, which you have croffed, 
^^ I hear, to hiftruft us in Religion. It 
" only grieves us, that you are come in 
" Time of War, v^hen it is uncertain 
*' whether you will live or die with us'': 
And after this, a Sachem, or petty King, 
came to him, with fome other Indians ^ 
and addreffed him thus : '' We are come 
" to exprefs our great Satisfaction, that 
Zml^toZ'' God hath been fo propitious to us as to 
of being in- « f^nd you to opcu out Eycs, which have 
" been hitherto (hut." Thefe congratu- 
latory Expreffions were very plealing to 
" hn, he told them in Return, " that nothing 
'*- fliould be wanting on his Part, and that 
'^ he would devote himfelf to their Good, 
** and that he only ftaid at Albany to learn 
^^' their Language, in order to teach them. 
He did not then make any publick Pro- 
pofition to them, but intended to take 
(he firll: Opportunity of doing, it at their 
own Caftle, He was kept longer than he 
expected, from going tliither, by a great Fall 
of Snow. However, he fent a Meflage 
to them by three of their own Country- 
men, with a handfome Prefent to them 
(a Belt of Indian Money) promifmg to 
come himfelf very foon to fee them > 
w^hich Promife he performed with great 


the Iroquois Indians. 28^ 

Difficulty. Being come to x.\iq Mohocks C2iQ\Q^ 
they received him courteouily, one of the 5^- 
che?ns told him, that they had received his 
Meflage, but it was lately ; and not having 
confulted with the other Caftle, (which was 
about 12 Miles diftant) they could give no 
Anfwer to it now, but they would confult 
with them on the firft Opportunity, and 
then fend their Anfwer. Mr. Moor thought 
himfelf fomew^hat difappointed, and was 
afraid their Delay in receiving him to re- 
fide with them, was an artificial Excufe y 
however, he told them with all Civility, The Indians 
that he would wait for their Anfwer, and £r with fri- 
fo returned to Albany, where, in a little ].'°^°^^ ^^'^^^ 
Time, one of thofe Mohocks came with 
this Anfwer : *' The Vifit you made us, 
*' and the Defign of it, was very welcome, 
^* for which we return you our Thanks. 
" We have always lived in great Friend- 
" fliip with our Brethren of this Province • 
" but we have been all along in fuch Dark- 
" nefs, and our Eyes fo covered, that we 
" have not known what will become of 
" our Souls after Death. ■ We cannot 

" but rejoice that God ihould be fo good 
" to us, as to make us this Offer j but it 
<' grieves us, that the reft of our Brethren, ^ 

" the other four Nations, are like to have 
*' no fuch Bleffiing -, therefore it is necef- 

U [[ fary 

2^0 Attempts to Convert 

" fary we firft acquaint them (for we are 
" all but one Houfe) and then we will 
" give you a pofitive Anfwer." Mr. Moor 
found himfelf again difappointed, and 
thought he had new Matter for Suf- 
picion, that they did not intend to receive 
him among them. However, he made 
this Return to the Sachem who brought 
him the Meffage : " I have confidered 
" your Anfwer, and am forry it is not 
" more full and fatisfadtory. As to what 
" you fay about the other Nations, I be- 
" lieve they will rather rejoice at your 
*^ Happinefs, than have any Sufpicions 
" about it. Efpecially, when they are told, 
" that there is another Minifter daily ex- 
^' pedted for the Oncydes^ and one for 
" every other Nation, as foon as proper 
" and willing Perfons can be found ; but 
Mr. M?^ris" I will flay for your Anfwer with the 
difappointed, cc nrreateft Patience". He waited a lone 

the Indians p i i . 

quite negled Time at Albany . but could obtain no 
Anfwer at all ; he then returned to New- 
Tork^ and fent the Society his Reafons for 
defifting from this Work at prefent. 
" That he had been at Albany near a 
" Twelvemonth, and had ufed all the 
He returns to" Means he could think of, to get the 
New-Y^rk, c. g^^^ ^7111 of the Indians-, that their 
[^ unreafonable Delays and frivolous Ex- 

^- cufes 

the Iroquois Indians. 29 1 

*' cufes for not giving him a final An- 

" fwer, with fome other Circumftances, 

" were a fufficient Indication of their 

" Refolution never to accept him. And 

" therefore expeding either no Anfwer at 

'' all, or at laft a pofitlve Denial, he had 

" left them, and was come to New-TorL 

Some Time after, Mr. T'horoughgood Moorue embarks 

embarked for England-, but it was thought ^^^ ^'^^''"^^ 

the Ship founder'd at Sea; for neither he, He and the 

or any of the Crew, or any Wreck of the crew loft at 

Ship, were ever heard of after. ^^** 

7. Thus was this Attempt fruftrated, but 
the Society did receive Accounts, that this 
ill Succefs was owing, not only to the A- 
verfion of the Indians to Chriftianity, but 
was very much occafioned by the Artifices 
of the French Jefuits, who induftrioufly 
obftrudl the Labours of the Englip Miffio- 
naries among them, and leave no Means 
untryed, to feduce them from their Fidelity 
to the Crown of England, and keep them 

in a continual War with the -E^^/^A some Reafons 
And indeed all the Evils that the Englip of Mr. Moor\ 
Colonies have undergone, during the laft^ 
War, have been occafioned by the 7;?^^/;^, 
that is, thofe Indians, which the Jefuits have 
by their Artifices corrupted. For among 
the five Nations there Is a great Number 

U 2 of 

2^2 Jttempts to Convert 

of French Jefuits, who are incorporated by 
Adoption into their Tribes, and as fuch 
they oftentatiou fly afliime Jr^j^(?/i Names ; 
and the poor filly India?2s, confidering 
them as if Perfons of their own Blood, do 
entirely confide in them, and admit them 
into their Councils, from whence one 
may eafily imagine what Diforders the 
Jefuits make in their Affairs. Befides, 
the Indians bordering on New-England^ 
are the moft cruel and barbarous of all 
the Savage Nations, and have deftroyed 
all their innocent Neighbours. They are 
always unfixed, either rambling for fe- 
veral Months together, or hunting, or 
upon Warlike Expeditions; and at their 
Return to the Villages, have generally 
unlearned all their former Inftrud:ions; 
and it is impoffible for any Minifter to 
accompany them in their Ramble of 3 or 
400 Leagues at a Time. 

New Hopes 3^ After this good Endeavour was 

or converting _ o 

th^Mians, defeated, the Indians remained without 
Inftrudlion, except that fome few were 
taught by the Dutch Minifter at Albatiy, 
But the Year 1709, produced an Event 
which the Society hoped might have had 
very happy Confequences, and fixed Chri- 
ftianity among the Iroquois. Four Sache?ns, 


the Iroquois Indians. 2^3 

or chief Perfons of four Nations of the^'o"^ Iroquois 
Iroquois^ came in the Nature of Embaf-petty-Kings,t 
fadors to England, confirming the Peace ""'^"JJ ^'"^^^f^^ 
made with the Governor of New-Tork^h^^^^md-tdi* 
and requefting Her Majefty would be 
pleafed to direft that their Subjefts might 
be inftrudted in Chriftianity, and Mini- 
fters might be fent to refide among them. 
The Archbifliop of Canterbury received 
the following Letter from the Earl of 
Sunderland, then one of Her Majefly*s 
Principal Secretaries of State. 

Whitehall, April 20. 1710. 
My Lord, 

THE Inclofed beijig a Copy of whatQnt&nANNE 
has been given to the ^UE E N by the ^m be^ 
Embajfadors lately arrived from //J^inftrudted. 
five Indian Nations, I am ordered by Her 
Majefiy to tranfmit it to your Grace, and 
to fignifie to you Her Pleafure, that you 
lay it before the Society for Propagating 
Religion, that they may confider what may 
. be the more proper Ways of cultivating that 
good Difpofition thefe Indians feem to be in 
for receiving the Chrifiian Faith, and for 
fending thither fit Perfons for that purpofe, 
and to report their Opinion without Lofs of 
'Time, that the fame may be laid before Her 
Majefiy. I am, &c. 

Sunderland J &c. 
U 3 The 

2^4 Attempts to Convert 

The Archbifliop was then much m- 
difpofed, and confined to his Houfe with 
the Gout, and therefore fignified to the 
Secretary of the Society, to call a Com- 
mittee to meet at Lambeth, A Committee 
The Society jj^^t, and it was agreed there, and aftev- 
Miffionariestoward by the Society at a general Meeting, 
tiiz Iroquois. ^-1^^^ ^^Q MilTionaries fhould be fent to 
the Mohock and Oncydes Indians -, with a 
Salary of 150 /. Sterling each, together 
with an Interpreter and Schoolmafter, to 
teach the young Indians, and this Opinion 
QxiemJNKE^^^ humbly laid before the Queen : Her 
orders a Fort Majefty was farther pleafed to diredl that 
the Mobocks^Foi't ihould be built among the Mohocks, 
Callle. ^^ i-}^^ Government's Expence, with a Chapel 

and a Manfion Houie for the Minifter, for 
his greater Conveniency and Security, and 
that the religious Offices might be per- 
formed with due Decency. A Fort was 
foon after built 150 Feet fquare, and 
garrifoned with 20 Soldiers and an Offi- 
cer, and a Houfe and Chapel compleated. 
The Reverend Mr. Andrews was appointed 
Miffionary, andMr. C/^///t';2, who had been 
feveral Years employed as Interpreter by 
the Government of New-Tork, in Tranf- 
adions with the Indians, was received as 
Interpreter to Mr. Jndrcws^ and Mr. Oli'ver 


the Iroquois Indians. 295 

was made Schoolmafter. Mr. Andrews was 

particularly diredled by the Society to ufe 

all poffible Means to perfuade the hidiajis to 

let their Children learn Ejiglijh^ and the 

Schoolmafter was to make it his whole 

Bufmefs to teach them. The Society were 

now in good Hopes this Attempt would 

prove fuccefsful, fmce Her Majefty was 

fo gracioufly pleafed to provide for the 

Security of the Miffionary by building a 

Fort juft by the Mohocks Caftle, to which 

the Men and Children might eafily refort 

to be inftrudled. And the Sachems^ theThe s-^^^^^f 

chief Perfons of thefe People, had been in ^^^^"J^" coun-^'"^ 

'England^ received many Marks of Royal tries. 

Favour, had been Eye-witneffes of the 

Greatnefs of the Nation, had been nobly 

entertained here, and carried home to their 

own Countries fafely and honourably, and 

had themfelves alfo defired their People 

might be inftrudled in the Chrlftian Faith. 

9. Mr. Andrews arrived at Albany in -^^^-'^^^^fj^^') 
"u ember 17 12. the Sachems who had been Miffionary to 
carried home before he went from En^'^^ ^'^''^'' 
gland^ were convened by Order of the Go- 
vernor of New-Tor k, to meet Mr. ^^^^ Arrives at .^Z- 

drews and the Commiflioners for Indian 
Aifairs, 2X Albany, in order to give a pub- 
lick Authority and Sanation to Mr. An^ 
U 4 drews's 

2^6 Attempts to Convert 

drews*s Miffion, and that the Sachems 
might receive him their Minifter, with 
greater Solemnity. The Sachems came to 
Albany^ niet the Commifiioners for 
Indian Affairs, and Mr. Andrews ; the 
Commiffioners made a long Speech to 
the Sachems^ reminding them how graci- 
ous Her Majefty was in building a Fort, 
and fending a Minifter to them; put 
them in Mind how earneftly they had re- 
quelled it, and fet forth what Advan- 
tages they and their Children would reap, 
by being taught our Religion and Learn- 
ing. A Letter from the Archbiihop of 
Canterbury was delivered to them, and af- 
terwards read to them in Indian^ by Mr. 
Claujen^ the Interpreter of the Province. 
Some of the Sachems made Speeches, and 
returned Thanks to the Q^een, expreffed 
"VhtBachems^ great Satisfadlion in having a Minifter 
receive Mr fent them, and received Mr. Andrews 2.% 
their Miniiler. fuch, and promifed him all civil and kind 
Ufage y the whole Affair was tranfadted 
with much Ceremony. The Sachems re- 
turned home, Mr. Andrews ftaid fome 
Time at Albany to refrefh himfelf ; foon 
after he went up to the Fort, 200 Miles 
from New-Tark^ accompanied by Robert 
Levinjion Efq; the Mayor of Albany, Cap- 
f tain Matthews^ Mr. Strooman of ScheneBady^ 


the Iroquois Indians^ 297 

the Reverend Mr. Barclay^ and feveral 
other Gentlemen j he was prefently vifited 
by a great many India?is^ Men, Women, 
and Children, who fainted him with A- 
bundance of Joy, and bad him welcome 
to their County. 

The Caftle or chief Town of thefe A Dcfcri- 
Mohocks is neighbouring to the Queen's P^X.;^/ Ca' 

Fort, COnflfting of about 50 ^/^w^;;;^ ftle, & manner 

or Houfes. Thefe Wigwams are Hurts ^ ^^'^^' 
made of Matts and Bark of Trees put to- 
gether, with Poles about three or four 
Yards high. The Mohocks Cloathing is a 
fliort Coat like a Mantle, made of a Blan- 
kett or Bear's Skin, their Bed is a Matt 
or Skin laid on the Ground. They paint 
^nd greafe themfelves very much with 
Bear's Fat clarified y they cut the Hair off 
from one Side of their Heads, and tye up 
fome of that on the other Side, in Knotts, 
on the Crown, with Feathers. The Men 
are very flothful, the Women very labo- 
rious, meer Servants to their Husbands; 
they carry all the Burthens, fetch the Ve- 
nifon home their Husbands kill, (the Men 
are too lazy to bring it,) get in the Wood 
to burn and drefs it, carry their Children 
on their Backs in their Rambles, of many 
hundreds of Miles, hoe the Ground, and 


2^8 Attempts to Convert 

plant all the Indian Corn that is raifed. 
The Language of this People is very diffi- 
cult, their Idea s are very fev^, and their 
Words therefore not many, but as long as Sen- 
tences, expreffing by a long rumbling Sound, 
what we do in a fhort Word. There is here 
no manner of Conveniency of Life for a 
Miffionary. For four or five Months in the 
Year, there is fcarce any ftirring abroad, 
by Reafon of the extream Coldnefs of the 
Weather, and the deep Snows that fall; 
and in Summer-time, the Flies and Muf- 
cheto's are almoft intolerable, and the 
Rattlefnakes very dangerous. The nearefl 
Place of getting any Provifions, is at Sche- 
ncBady^ 24 Miles diftant, or from Albany 
44 Miles off. The Road to thefe Places 
is for the moft Part only a fmall, rough 
lndian?2.\}a, thro' vaft Woods, where riding 
is very dangerous, by Reafon of the Road 
being in many Places flopped with fallen 
Trees, Roots, Stones and Holes, befides 
many high and fteep Hills, and deep Swamps 
or Boggs in the Way. There was nothing 
defirable to be feen, the Face of the Earth 
rude and uncultivated, like the wild Inha- 
bitants, no Pleafure to be got but that of 
doing Good to the miferable Natives. 


the Iroquois Indians. 299 

These were the Circumftances of the 
Place and People whither Mr. Andrews was 
appointed 5 and notwithftanding all thefe 
Inconveniencies, he refided there, and invited 
the Indians to come to him , many came, he 
ufed to difcourfe very much with them, in- 
ftrudling them in the chief Articles of Faith, 
and giving them fhort general Accounts of 
our Religion. This was done by the Help 
of Mr. Claufen, who always attended and 
interpreted to the Indians, Mr. Claufen 
had been formerly taken Prifoner by the 
Indians, lived long among them, and un- 
derflood their Language fufficiently. Mr. 
Andrews ufed to make fhort Accounts of 
the Chriftian Doftrines, and fome Hiftorical 
Parts of the Bible, particularly the Crea- 
tion of the World, and Miracles of our 
Lord : The Interpreter ufed to read them 
to the Indians -, and Divine Service ufed 
to be performed in E?iglifi to the Soldiers 
in the Garrifon. The Schoolmafter Mr. 
Oliver opened his School The Indians 
at firft fent many of their Children, he be- 
gun to teach them Englijh, the Parents 
obftinately refufed to have them taught 
Englip. All poflible Endeavours were ufed TJ^^ ^^'^^^ 
to perfuade them ; they ftill perfifted. Mr. their Children 
Ajidrews fent this Account to the Society, ^^'''' ^^g^^J^-i 
and rather than quite break with the Indians, 


300 Jttempts to Convert 

the Schoolmafter and Interpreter began to 
teach the Children a little in Indian, The 
Society were forced to comply with the 
Indians Obftinacy. They procured an Im- 
preflion of Hornbooks and Primmers in 
Indian for the Children, fent them great 
Numbers, as alfo Leathern Inkhorns, Pen- 
knives, a Quantity of Paper of feveral 
Sorts, and feveral other little Neceffaries. 
The Children were now taught in Indian^ 
and were treated with great Kindnefs-, no 
Correction dared to be ufed, for the Parents 
were fo fond of their Children, and valued 
Learning fo little, they thought it not 
worth gaining, at the leaft difpleafing of 
their Children. To engage them farther 
to learn, Mr. Andre^ws ufed to give the 
Children who came to School, Victuals, 
and fome fmall Utenfils for their Parents. 
The Children ufed often to come for the 
Sake of getting Vidluals ; for the Indiam 
are frequently drove to great Extremities, 
L^fug}ft'1> Account of their making little or no 
the Indian Provifion beforehand. The Children had 
a good natural Capacity, and an Aptnefs 
for Learning. Many of them begun to 
read, and fome to write. This Method of 
giving them Viftuals engaged the Parents 
to fend them, for fome Time, to School. 


the Iroquois Indians, 301 

I N the mean Time, Mr. Andre-ws pro- 
ceeded to inftrud the grown Indians by ^i^. M^rms 
Help of the Interpreter, in fome of the-nft^^^^! 
chief Articles of Faith and Rules of Life, by Help of an 
Divine Service was conftantly performed on I^^^"*?'^^^^- 
Sundays and Holidays in Englifi to the 
Soldiers j and fuch Indians as underftood 
any Englip, frequently attended in the 
Chapel. The Chapel was very decently 
adorned. Queen Anne had given a hand- 
fome Furniture for the Communion-Table. 
The Imperial Arms of England^ painted 
on Canvafs, were fixed up in the Chapel. 
Archbiihop T'enifon gave 12 large Bibles 
very finely bound for the Ufe of the 
Chapels j with painted Tables, containing 
the Creed, Lord's-Prayer, and Ten Com- 
mandments, Mr. Andrews was very civil 
to all the India?2s who came to hear him, 
ufed frequently to entertain them at his 
Houfe, and gave them Provifions home 
when they wanted very much, and that 
they often did. The Society, fince they 
could by no Means prevail on the Indi- 
ans to learn Eaglijh, neither young nor 
old, laboured to get fome good Tranflations 
made, of Parts of the Scripture at leaft, 
into the Indian Language ; tho' exceeding 
improper to convey a due Idea of the 


302 Attempts to Convert 

Chriilian Dodtrines ; as being willing by all 
Methods of Compliance, to gain fomething 
upon them. The Society were very much 
aflifted in this, by Mr. Freeman, a very wor- 
thy Calvinift Minifter. He had been five 
Years Minifter ^t SchejieBady, to a Dutch 
Congregation, and had been employed by 
the Earl of Bellamont in the Year 1700, to 
convert the hidians. He had a good Know- 
ledge of tlie Dialedl of the Mohocks, which 
is underilood by all the Iroquois, who reach 
near 400 Miles beyond Albany, The So- 
ciety applied to him for any proper Papers 
wrote in that Language, which he might 
have. He acquainted the Society, that he 
had tranflated into Indian the Morning and 
Evening Prayer of our Liturgy, the whole 
g'^etfev^^^^^^ ^^^P^l ^f St. Matthew, the three firft 
Portions of Chapters of Genefis, feveral Chapters of 
frSedinto-E^^^^^j fcvcral Pfalms, many Portions of 
Lrnguje.'^ ^'"^ Scripture relating the Birth, Paffion, 
Reiurredion, and Afcenfion of our Lord ; 
and feveral Chapters of the ift Epiflle to the 
Corinthians, particularly the ic^th Chapter, 
proving the Refurreftion of the Dead. He 
very frankly gave the Society a Copy of 
thefe Tranflations, which were fent to Mr. 
Andrews for his Help, and they were a great 
Help to him. He ufed frequently to read 
fome of thefe to the Indians, and they 


the Iroquois Indians. 303 

could comprehend well enough by his read- 
ing. But the Society were delirous fome 
Part of the Scripture might be printed in 
Indian, and the Copies given to the hi- 
dians, and they taught at leaft to read that. 

, -Tyr . J T? • Mr. Andrews 

Accordingly the Mornmg and i^vening ^^^^^^3 ^,ny 
Prayer, the Litany, the Church-Catechifm, W/^^-^- 
Family-Prayers, and feveral Chapters of the 
Old and New Teftament, were printed at 
NeW'Tork -, the Copies were fent to Mr. 
Andrews, and he gave them to fuch of the 
Indians as kne\r any Thing of Letters. 
He had Hopes now of fome Succefs in his 
Miffion 5 feveral of the Women, and fome 
Men, began to lead more orderly Lives ; 
they were inftruded and retained well in 
their Memory, what the chief Articles 
of our Faith are, and Rules of Life; a 
good Number was baptized, and particular 
Accounts were fent regularly to the So- 
ciety. Mr. Andrews was willing to try 
what Good he could do among another 
Nation of the India?2S, he travelled to the 
Caftle of the Onydans, loo Miles diftant 
from the Mohocks, the Country all the 
Way was a vaft Wildernefs of Wood, and 
the Road thro' it a narrow Indian Path. ^^^^^^- ^^^^^^^^^^ 
He was forced to carry all Neceffaries \\ixhonydan Ira- 
him, and at Night to lie upon a Bear's^'''''' 
Skin. When he arrived at the Caftle, he 


304. Attempts to Convert 

was vilited by more than 100 People, who 
feemed all glad to fee him ; he read feveral 
Papers to them, ftaid fome Time with 
them, and after Inltru6tion baptized fe- 
veral, whofc Names have been tranfmitted 
to the Society. Mr. Andrews afterwards 
retm-ned to the Mohocks^ his Place of Re- 

The Indians In a fliort Time, the hidiajis grew weary 
fnftrudtioZ^ ^f Inftrudion, the Men grown,would go out 
in Bodies a hunting for feveral Months, and 
forget all they had been taught : and the 
young Boys when they grew up, were taken 
out by their Fathers to hunt, and fo loft 
all they had got. This roving Life ut- 
terly deftroyed all the Miflionary and 
Schoolmafter's Labours. But befides this 
Difficulty, and the natural Averfenefs of 
the Indians to Learning, two Misfortunes 
happened, which created a Jealoufie, and 
afterwards a Hatred in the Indiaris againft 
all the Ejiglifiy as well as againft their Re- 
Several Je.vli^lon. Some Tefuits, Emiflaries from %/f^- 
againft the'fit'^^^'^^ among the Canada Indians adjoining 
^/(/?^bytheje-to the IroqiioiSy had infufed into the Minds 
(ararTlndkns.^^ thofe People, that the Englifi did not 
intend by building a Fort among the Iro-* 
qiwisy to teach them their Religion, but 


the Iroquois Indians. 305 

to cut them all oiF, at a proper Jundure : 
And that a Box had been found acciden- 
tally, left by the Englijh, when they at- 
tempted ^ebeck^ containing Papers which 
difcovered this Intention of the Englijh. 
The Canada Indiam believed this idle 
Story, and fpread it among all the Iroquois. 
This ftirred up fome Jealoufie \ but a far- 
ther Misfortune did quite fet the Indiam 
againft the Englijh, Some of the Tufca- 
raro Indians^ who had fled from Norths 
Carolina after the War there with the En- 
glijh, came and fettled in the Country of the 
Onontages, one of the Iroquois Nations, bor- 
dering on the Mohocks, Thefe People be- 
ing enraged at the Englip, ftirred up the 
Onontages againft them, telling them they 
had been moft barbaroufly ufed, and drove 
out of their Country, and that the Englijh 
watched only for an Opportunity to ex- 
tirpate them too. The other Indians were 
too eafily perfuaded to believe every thing 
the T*uJcararo Indians told them \ fo that 
when any of thefe People came by the M?- 
hocks Caftle, and the Queen's Fort, in their 
Way to Albany, to trade and buy themfelves 
Neceffaries 5 they ufed only to mock at Mr, 
Andrews when he would offer to talk to 
them about Religions and when he proffered 

X to 

^o6 Attempts to Convert 

to go to their Abode, they abfolutely forbad 
him. In a little Time the old Mohocks 

rT^ul-e cotng^^^^ ^^ ^^^^^S ^^ ^^e Chapel to Mr. An^ 
to be inilrua- ^r^^j, and the Children came no more to 


School. Mr. Andrews wrote the Society 
Word of the ill Succefs of his Miffion, " tho' 
" he had fpared no Pains, that the hopeful 
" Beginnings proved of no EflFed at laft, 
*' and that he began to defpair of convert- 
^^ ing the Indians, 

The Society found now, from feveral 

fiid^^th^erLl^^^^^^^^^' that theMiflion among the /;/- 
boms fruitlefs. ^/^;25 proved fruitlefs ^ that it was not 
poffible to teach them the Chriftian Reli- 
gion, before they were in fome Degree ci- 
vilized 5 and they found the following Dif- 
ficulties did wholly hinder that. 

No Means could be found to engage the 

w^chMndlr--^^^^*^^^ ^^ 1^^^ ^ ^^^^^^^ Life, to apply 
edtheConvcr-themfelves to cultivate the Ground, to 
roiiuou. build Towns, and to raife Cattle. They 
would ftill rove thro' their vaft Woods 
many Hundreds of Miles, depend for their 
Subfiftance upon the Game they could kill; 
they would eat all Sorts of Carrion, and in 
fome long Rambles, when by various Ac- 
cidents they could get no Game, would kill 


the Iroquois Indians. 307 

and eat one another, even their Wives, and 
that without any Concern or Remorfe. 
Generally half of a Hord or Nation v^ent 
out a Hunting or a Warring upon a neigh- 
bouring Nation together, and in thefe Ex- 
peditions forgot all the little they had 
learned, and at their Return were as meer 
Savages as ever. They could not be dif- 
fuaded from taking Wives, and leaving them 
at their Pleafure j this not only hindred 
Religion from being fixed among them, 
but was the Caufe that a great many aged 
Men and Women perifhed miferably, as 
having no one to take any Care of them. 
They would in their Wars ufe the greatefl 
Barbarities, and deftroy all the Prifoners 
they could take by fuch extreme Tortures, 
it would move too much Horror in the 
Reader to have them related. 

It is true, they were very fond of their 
Children, but they perverted even fo good 
a Principle ; they would not oblige them to 
learn any manual Art, or our Language, 
but let them live a lazy, beftial Life. Nay, 
fome of the young Children, who have by 
Chance fallen into the Englif:> Hands, and 
lived in Families, been taught our Language, 
learnt a decent Behaviour, and known 
X 2 fome- 

3o8 Jttempts to ConDert 

fomething of Tillage, or a Handycraft, 
when they have grown up, have run wild 
again, have thrown off their Cloaths, and 
chofe rather to ramble naked almoft in the 
Woods with their own People, than to live 
a Ibber and fettled Life. 

But the greateft Obftruftion to their 
being civilized, was their Greedinefs of 
ftrong Liquors, efpecially Rum, and the 
fatal Eifedt Drunkennefs hath upon them. 
When they drink, they will never leave 
off till they have gone to the greateft 
Excefs, and in this Condition, they are 
moft wretched Objedls : they grow quite 
mad, burn their own little Hutts, mur- 
der their Wives or Children, or one an- 
other : So that their Wives are forced 
to hide their Guns or Hatchets, and them- 
felves too, for Fear of Mifchief. And if 
the Men thro' this Excefs fall into any 
Sicknefs, they perifli miferably, as having 
no Methods of helping themfelves by Phy- 
fick or otherwife. 

It is indeed Matter of great Wonder, 
that thefe wretched People, who have lived 
joining to the Englifi Settlements fo ma- 
ny Years, and cannot but obferve that 


the Iroquois Indians. 305 

the Englifi^ by Agriculture, raife Pro- 
vilions out of a Imall Spot of Ground, 
to fupport in Plenty great Numbers of 
People; whereas they by their Hunting, 
cannot get a wretched Subfiftance out of 
all their Wilderneffes of feveral Hundred 
Leagues in Extent j fl:iould ftill refufe 
to till their Ground, or learn any manual 
Art ; (hould ftill live a beftial Life, infen- 
fible of Shame or Glory. It is true, the 
Englijh have taken from them exceeding 
large Countries, yet this, far from being a 
Prejudice, would be a vaft Advantage to 
them, if they would but learn the Englip^ 
Language, Arts, and Induftry. They have 
ftill an immenfe Extent of Land, part of 
which, if duly cultivated, is able to maintain 
many Millions of People more than they are. 
It might have been imagined the Sachems^ 
thofe petty Kings, who were in England in 
the late Queen's Time, fl^ould have been fo 
ftrongly affefted with feeing the Grandeur, 
Pleafure, and Plenty of this Nation, that 
when they came to their own Countries, 
they would have tried to reduce their Peo- 
ple to a polite Life ; would have employed 
their whole Power to expel that rude Bar- 
barifm, and introduce Arts, Manners, and 
Religion. But the contrary happened, they 

X 3 f^ink 

3IO Jt tempts to Comer t 

funk themfelves into their old brutal Life, 
and tho' they had feen this great City, when 
they came to their own Woods, they were 
all Savages again. 

Mr. Andrews wrote feveral Accounts 
Mr. ^Wr^^d^^more in 171 8, that all his Labours proved 
counT of thefe ineffectual, the Indians would not fend their 
Difficulties &Q^jyj.^j^ to School, and no Body came to 

deiircs to be •' 

difmiiVd from the Chapel j that the four other Nations of 
the Iroquois^ as they came by the Mohocks 
Caftle, infulted and threatened him, that 
the Interpreter and Schoolmafter perceived 
all their Labour was loft, and that they were 
" frequently in Danger of their Lives if they 
went out of the Fort. The Society re- 
ceived thefe Accounts with much Diffatis- 
fadion, as being extre^mly contrary to what 
their good Defires had made them hope. 
However, they were fo unwilling to aban- 
The Society ^Qj^ ^]^js wrctclicd Pcoplc to thcmfclves, 
iTmor/^^;//.T,that they would not difmlfs Mr. Andrews 
To^^i^t"^^^^ his Miffion, upon his own Reprefen- 
to thisMatter. ^^^-JQn of his ill Succefs. They wrote to 
the Governor of New-Tork, Robert Hunter 
Efq; acquainted him with the Accounts 
they had received, and requefted the Fa- 
vour of his Excellency, to caufe an Inquiry 
to be made, whether Mr. Andrews Labours 


the Iroquois Indians, 

were fo fruitlefs among the Indians, and 
fubmitted it to his Judgment to difmifs Mr. 
Andrews if they (hould be found fo. The 
Accounts tranfmitted hither were found 
true upon Examination, and Mr. Andrews 
left that mifcrable Race of Men. 




312 Miffionaries fent 


J confiderabk Number of the Inhabitants 
^Bofton petition King CHJRLES 
the Second^ that a Church might he 
allowed in that City^ which is granted. 
Soon after the Rife of this Society, federal 
other Towns build Churches :, and dejire 
Miffionaries might be fent to them. The 
9eopk of Rhode-Ifland build a Churchy, 
and ha've a Miffionary fent them. The 
People of Providence, Narraganfett, 
defirc Miffionaries, and build Churches ; 
Miffionaries are fent to each Town, and 
the Church "People increafe. Miffionaries 
fent to Fairfield and Braintree. A new 
Church is built at Bofton, ©r. Cutler 
appointed Minifier. Two Schoolmafiers 
fiipported. Twelve Churches built in 
this Go'vernment. 

If A Confiderable Number of the Inha- 

J^"^^ bitants of Bcjion petitioned King 

CHARLES the Second about the 

Year 1679, "^'h^t a Church might be aU 
lowed in that City, for the Exercife of Re- 

to New-England 313 

ligion according to the Church of "EnzX^nA',^^^^^^^^^ 
which was accordingly granted, a nd>// petition 

^. ^ 11 1 1 V^- . y^7 ^ / King Charles 

the Church called the Ktng s Lhapel. the Church 
This is the firft Place where the Church ^-v^^^^^^^^^ 
of England Worfliip was exercifed in New- Bojion. 
Eiigland. The Congregation increafed ve- 
ry confiderably, and His Majefty King 
WILLIAM was therefore pleafed to 
fettle a Salary of One Hundred Pounds a 
Year, for the Support of an Affiftant to 
the Minifter of that Church; which Royal 
Bounty is ftill continued. 

2. But foon after the Eftabliihment ofThePeopleof 
this Society, when the Reverend Mr. Muir-\^ Netu-Eng- 
Jon was fent Miffionary to Rye in ^^^'^-'^ork^^^^^Jf'^^^ 
Government, the neighbouring People in Church-Wor^ 
Conne5iicut Colony in New-E7igla?id^ be- n^^^cr^thcm.^ 
came defirous of having the Church of 
England Worfhip fettled among them too. 
The People oi Stradford, about 60 Miles 
diftant from Rye^ were very zealous, and 
requefted Mr. Muirjon to vilit them. Mr. 
Mtiirjhn refolved to make them a Vifit, 
and Colonel Heathcote^ a worthy Gentle- 
man, (frequently mentioned in the fore- 
going Sheets) of a confiderable Intereft in 
WeJi-CheJ}er County, adjoining to ConneBi- 
cut Colony, was pleaied to honour him with 
his Company in this Progrefs ; and after- 

314 Miffionaries feni 

wards wrote the Society the following Ac» 
count of their Reception there, " We 
" found that Colony much as we expeded, 
*^ very ignorant of the Conllitution of our 
" Church, and therefore Enemies to it. 
TheReverend » The Towns are furnifhed with Minifters, 
preaches at fe- " chiefly Independents^ denying Baptifm to 
^J^iJS" " ^he Children of all fuch as are not in full 
" Communion with them, there are many 
" Thoufands in chat Government unbaptiz- 
** ed. The Minifters were very uneafie at our 
" coming among them, and abundance of 
" Pains were taken to terrifie the People 
" from hearing Mr. Muirfon. But it avail'd 
^' nothing, for notwithftanding all their 
^ Endeavours, we had a very great Con- 
" gregation, and indeed infinitely beyond 
'' Expedation. The People were wonder- 
^^ fully furprized at the Order of our 
" Church, expecting to have heard and 
" feen fome ftrange Thing, by the Accounts 
" and Reprefentation of it that their Teach- 
" ers had given them. Mr. Muirfon bap- 
" tized about 25, moft grown People, at 
'' StradfordJ' This was the firft Step that 
was made towards introducing the Church 
Worihip into this Colony. Mr. Muirfon gave 
the fame Account of his Journey, adding, 
that the People invited him to come again 
to them. Accordingly, in April 1707, he 


to New-England. 315 

vifited them, and Colonel Heathcote was 
pleafed to go again with him. They 
now found the People much more earneft ^j^^ ^^^^^^^^ 
to have the Church Worihip fettled, and ^^^^^ oppofe 

^ , I • r J 1 Tv>r' the Church of 

xh^ Independents more mcenled j tne Mi-^y^^^^Wor- 
nifters and Magiftrates were remarkably in-^^^P being in- 
duftrious, going from Houfe toHoufe, bufy- 
ing themfelves, and perfuadlng the People 
from hearing Mr. Muirfon, and threaten- 
ing thofe with Punifhment andlmprifon- 
ment who would go to hear him preach. 
Mr. Muirfon defcribes their Oppofition in 
thefe Words. " One of their Magiftrates, 
"' with fome other Officers, came to my 
" Lodgings, and in the Hearing of Colonel 
" Heathcote and a great many People, read 
" a Paper ; the meaning of it was, to let 
'' me know, that I had done an illegal 
" thing, in coming among them to efta- 
*' blifh a new Way of Worj[hip_, and to 
" forewarn me from preaching any more. 
'' And this he did by Virtue of one of 
" their Laws, the Words of which, as he 
" exprefled them, were thefe. Be it en- 
'' afted, &c. That there Jhall be no Mi- 
" nifin or Church Adminijiration enter- 
" tained or attended by the Inhabitants of 
^' any "Town or Plantation in this Colo7iy, 
" dijiin5l and fepar ate from, and in Oppofition 
'^ to^ that which is openly and publickly ob- 

^^ ferved 

3 1 tf ' Miffionaries fent 

^^ ferved and difpenfed by the approved 
" Minijier of the Place\ Now, whatever 
«' Interpretation the Words of the faid 
" Law may admit of, yet we are to regard 
" the Senfe and Force they put upon them s 
" which is plainly this^ to exclude the 
" Church their Government, as appears by 
" their Proceedings with me. So that 
*^ hereby they deny a Liberty of Confcience 
'^ to the Church of England People, as well 
" as to all others that are not of their 
" Opinion ; which being repugnant to the 
" Laws oi England y is contrary to the Grant 
** of their Charter. 

The Church BuT thefe Methods which the Indepen- 

more^zeaioTs ^^^^^ ^^^^^ ^^^^ ^^ far from hiudring the 
through this People from reforting to the Church Ser- 
^ ° vice, that ftill greater Numbers came ; 

and other Towns fent and invited Mn 
Miiirfon to vifit them. Particularly the 
People oi Fairfield^ requefted him to come, 
and he went to them. The Independents 
refufed him and the People the Ufe of the 
Meeting-houie, tho' on a Week-day. But 
a Gentleman, the chief Perfon in the 
Town, invited them to his Houle, a great 
Congregation met there, and he baptized 
a large "Number. Mr. Muirjon made fe« 
veral Journies up and down this Colony, 


to New-England, 317 

and was a kind of itinerant Miffionary. 
The Independents ufed all means to obftrudl 
him; Mr. Muirfon wrote to the Society, 
with much Concern, an Account of the 
Methods taken to hinder the People from 
hearing him. " The People were like- 
wife threatned with Imprifonment, and 
a Forfeiture of Five Pound for coming 
to hear me. It would require more 
Time than you would willingly beftow 
on thefe Lines, to exprefs how rigidly 
and feverely they treat our People, by 
taking their Eftates by Diftrefs when they 
do not willingly pay to fupport their 
Minifters j and tho' every Churchman 
in that Colony, pays his Rate for the build- 
ing and repairing their Meeting-houfes, 
yet they are fo fet againft us, that they 
deny us the Ufe of them tho' on Week- 
days. - All, the Churchmen in this 
Colony requeft, is, that they may not 
be opprefled and infulted over; that 
they may obtain a Liberty of Confci- 
ence, and call a Minifter of their own ; 
that they may be freed from paying to 
their Minifters, and thereby be enabled 
to maintain their own ; this is all, thefe 
good Men defire.*' This hath been the 
Grievance of the Church of England Peo- 
pie from the Beginning, and continues fo 
ftill, Mr. Muirfon however continued his 


3 1 8 Mijjionaries fent 

Labours, and would in all Probability have 

brought great Numbers to entire Confor- 

Mr. Muirfon ^^^Y ^^^^ ^^^ Church, but he died foon 

dies, & leaves after in 1709. Colonel £r^^^/:?^^/^ gave this 

raOer behind CharacSer of him a little before he died. 

him. <c fjg jg truly very well qualified for the 

" Service, having a very happy Way of 

" Preaching, and confidering his Years, 

" wonderfully good at Argument, and his 

-" " Converfation is without Blemifh/' Not- 

withftanding his Death, many confiderable 

Towns in New-England^ were zealous to 

have Ministers of the Church of England > 

particularly Marblehead, the fecond Town 

in the whole Country, Braintree^ Newbury^ 

Naraganfetty and feveral others. 

5.T H E Church- Wardens o? Rhode-IJland^ 
v/rote to the Bifhop of London^ and to the 
Society, in the Year 1702, declaring their 
early Zeal, that tho' they had not affem- 
bled themfelves, to worfliip God after 
the manner of the Church of England 
above four Years, they had built a hand- 
fome Churche The Society refolved to 
fend a Miffionary hither, both on Account 
of their being the firft, and alfo a nume- 
rous People, fettled on a flouriihing Ifland, 
The Reverend Mr. Honeyman was ap- 

to New-England. 3 1 9 

pointed in 1704. He difcharged the Du- 7>R«verend 

\ _ , . /^ ' . - -r^.,. Mr. Honeyman 

ties of his Million with great Dihgence.fent Miffiona- 
Tho' the Ifland was full of Perfons of many '^ '^^'^''• 
Perfuafions, efpecially ^lakers^ the Gover- 
nor himfelf being fuch, yet by his prudent 
Behaviour he gave Offence to none, and 
gained many to the Church. He continued 
there till the Year 1708, and then came to 
E?2gland upon his own private Affairs, but 
returned foon to his Cure again. There 
were three little Towns on the Continent, 
Freetown, T'iverton, and Little-Compton^ 
which had requefted a Miffionary of the 
Society; Mr. Honey77ian was diredled to 
vifit them by Turns on Week-days, till 
they could be fupplied with a Minifter. 
Mr. Honeyma?! frequently croffed over to 
them, and preached to them in a Meetino;- ^f P^^^Sjl^^ 

f. . r , . . ^ at ieveral Pk- 

houfe, which he obtained the Ufe of, and ces, 
which was commodioufly fituate in the 
Center of the three Towns. He faid, the 
People at firft, tho' very ignorant and rude 
in religious matters, were yet very grave 
and attentive at Divine Worlhip. He per- 
formed this laborious Duty feveral Years. 
In the Year 17 12, a Miffionary was fent 
to thefe three Towns : Mr. Honeyman be- 
gan to have a little more Leifure \ but he 
was zealous to prom^ote the Work he had 
engaged in, and fet up a Lefture, and 


3 20 MiJJionaries fent 

preached once a Fortnight at Port/mouthy 
a Town at the fartheft End of the Ifland, 
and foon found very great Encouragement 
to continue it, not any Reward, but an un- 
expected and fuprifing large i\udience of 
People of many Perfuafions. 

.. „ About this Time he reprefented alfo 

I\lr. rione^tnan ^ 

reprefents the very earncftly to the Society, the Want of a 
fMiffiomiJy at Miffiouary at a Tov/n called Provi dene e,zbout 
Fraz'idence. jq Miles diftaut from Newport^ a Place 
very confiderable for the Number of its 
Inhabitants : Thro* the Want of Inftrudti- 
on, the People were become quite rude, and 
void of all Knowledge in Religion ; yet 
they were of a good and teachable Difpo- 
iition. He vifited this Place, and preached 
here to the greateft Number of People, 
that he ever had together fnice he came to 
America. He writes thus : " There is a 
" great Profpedt of fettling a Church here 5 
'^ and if the Society will fend a Miffionary 
^^ to a People fo much in Want, and yet 
"^^ fo defirous of receiving the Gofpel -, per- 
'* haps this might prove one of the greateft 
'^ Ads of Charity they have even done 
*' yet**e A little while after he writes 
thus: " I have preached there again, 
'' and the Number of People is fo in- 
II creafed, that no Houfe there could hold 

^' them^ 

to New-England 321 

" them, fo that I was obliged to preach 
" in the open Fields. The People are now 
" going about to get Subfcriptions to build 
" a Church. If the Society knew the Ne- 
" ceffity there is of a Miffionary here, they 
" would immediately fend one. In t\i^^"^pTJort 
" mean Time, I fhall give them all the ^^^^ Mimona- 
" Afliflance I can. The Society upon^^ 
this Letter, appointed in the next Year 
(1723,) the Reverend Mv. Pigot Miffionary 
there. Befides the faithful Difcharge of his 
Duty at his own Station, Mr. Honeyman 
hath been farther inftrumental in gathering 
feveral Congregations at Naraganfett, T'i- 
vertOTty Freetown, and at the abovementioned 
Place, Providence. In the Year 1724, 
Accounts came, that he had baptized 80 
within the two paft Years, of which 19 were 
grown Perfons, three of them Negroes, two 
Indians, and two Midattoes ; and that there 
were properly belonging to his Church at 
Newport, above 50 Communicants, who 
live in that Place, exclufive of Strangers : 
The Church People grew now too nu- 
merous to be accommodated with Seats 
in the old Church, and many more offered 
to join themfelves to the Church Commu- ^, ^, 

- The Church 

nion. Mr. Honeyman propoled to the Members in- 
Church Members, the building of a new^o7v^toS 
Church, and fubfcribed himfelf 30/. The * ^"^^'^^^^c^- 
Y People 

322 Mijfionaries fent 

People heartily concurred ; and he foon 

after obtamed a Thoufand Pounds Sub- 

^^j^^^^j^ .^fcriptions for that purpofe j but it was 

built. eftimatcd the Building would coft twice 

as much, in that Countrey Money : How- 
ever, a fufficient Sum was raifed, and in 
the Year 1726, the Church was compleated^ 
and Mr. Ho?2eyma?i preached in it. The 
Body of the Church is 70 Feet long, and 
46 Feet wide, it hath two Tiers of Win- 
dows, is full of Pews, and hath Galaries 
all round to the £^-End. It is owned by 
People there to be the moft beautiful Tim- 
ber Strudlure in America, The old Church 
is given the People of the neighbouring 
Town of Warwick^ who had no Church 
of their own. There are fakers and two 
Sorts oi Anabaptijis in Newport, yet the 
Members of the Church of England increafe 
daily: Andtho* there are not four alive of the 
firft Promoters of the ChurchWorihip in this 
Place, yet there is now above four times the 
Number of all the firft. This laft Church 

,, ,, is eenerally full. Newport is the chief 

Mr. Honesnan ^ / m i.iV»i r T^ r i 

continues now Town m thelfland, IS the Place of Relidence 
Mimonary ^^ ^^^ Govcrnor, is a good compadt Town, 
large enough to make a confiderable Vil- 
lage in England, Mr. Honeyman continuCv^? 
now Miffionary here^ and hath under his 


to New-England. 323 

Care alfo, Ffretown^ 'Tiverton^ and Little^ 

4. Having iuft mentioned Pr^wV^^f^ Mr. P;;^^/'s 

Succefs at 

whtv^yiv. Honey ?n an had gathered 2i Con- Providence. 
gregation, and Mr. Pigot was appointed 
Miffionary j it may be proper to give next 
an Account of the Miffion there. The Peo- 
ple, as defcribed above, were negligent of 
all Religion till about the Year 1722 ; the 
very beft were fuch as called themfelves 
Baptijls^ or ^lakerSy but it was feared many 
were Gorton: ans or Deijls. This Town- A great Body 
fhip is 20 Miles fquare, and the prefent ^^is PanOi /^ 
Number of Inhabitants is about 4000. Out 
of all thefe, there was a fmall Number, 
who in the Year 1722, ferioufly refleding 
on that irreligious State wherein they lived i 
refolved to endeavour to build a Church, 
get a Minifler, and to live like Chriflians. 
They began to gather Contributions among 
themfelves; they got 250/. they foUicited 
their Friends about them i they got 200/. 
from Rhode-IJland, 100 L from Bojlon, and 
20/. from other Places : With this Sum, 
and about 200/. more, which they b or- They get 
rowed, they raifed on St. Barnabas Day, "^l^M 
1722, a Timber Building for a Church, ^ Church. 
being 62 Feet in Length, 41 in Breadth, 
and 26 high. The chief Contributor was 
Y 2 Colonel 

324 MiJ^onaries fent 

Colonel Jofeph IVhittle^ who gave loo/. 
The Reverend Mr. Hofieyman gave lo/, 
and Mr. Mackfparra?i^ another of the 
Society's Miffionaries, gave 5 /. The Peo- 
ple live dilperfed over this large Tov^n- 
Ihip ; they are indullrious, employed 
chiefly in Husbandry, and Handy-crafts, 
tho' very lately they have begun to en- 
ter upon Foreign Trade and Navigati- 
on. Mr. Figot^ upon his firft coming 
here, had not much above 100 attending 
Divine Worfliip -, however, the Numbers 
The Church- incrcafed, and he baptized in lefs than two 
^reariVere Years fix grown Perfons, and the Com- 
municants were feventeen. And in the Year 
1727, he baptiz<id eleven Children, three 
grown Perfons, and the Communicants 
were 44. The Reader remarks this Mif- 
fion is but juft begun, and the Church- 
Members are daily increafmg. 

The People of 5' ^H E People of Naraganfctt County 
l^araganfett made Application to the Bifhop of ho7idon^ 
^z^T'^^^z^ '^o\\'^ the Year 1707, for a Miflionary, 
Miniiicr. ^j^^^ built a Church foon after by the vo- 
luntary Contributions of the Inhabitants. 
It is a Timber Building, and commodioufly 
fituated for thofe who generally attend Di- 
vine Service. It is diftant from Providence^ 
the nearell Church, 27 Miles. This County 


to New-England 325 

is above 30 Miles long, and between 12 and 
13 broad. There are near 4000 Inhabi- 
tants, including about 200 Negroes. Their 
Bufinefs is Husbandry, their Farms are 
large, fo that the Farmers feem rather 
Graliers. They live at great Diftances 
from each other, and improve their Lands 
in breeding Hories, Cattle, and Sheep, 
and carry the greateft Supply of Proviiions 
to Bofto7i Market. 

The People who appeared at firft de- 
firous of the Church of England Worihip, 
were but few, but they were very earneft 
for it. In the Year 17 17, the Society ap- 
pointed the Reverend Mr. Guy to that TheReverend 
Place ', he arrived there foon after, and en- Mifljon/ry hi- 
tred upon his Miflion with much Zeal. ^^^^* 
The Members of the Church of £72- 
gland received him with many Tokens of 
Joy. They prefently provided him with 
a convenient Houfe, and becaufe it was at 
fome Diftance from the Church, they pre- 
fented him with a Horfe j and many other 
Ways fliewed him Marks of their Favour. 
He was very well refpefted by the People, 
and feveral who lived regardlefs of all Re- 
ligion before he came, began to be conftant 
Attendants at Divine Worfhip. He refided 
at Naraganfett (otherwife called Kin^/iown) 

Y 3 and 

32^ Miffionaries fent 

and vifited by Turns the People of Free^ 

town, T^iverton, and Little-Compton, and 

h very dili/^"^^ ^^^cr Pkces. This Miffion was very 

gentinhisDu-laborious, the Places far diftant, and the 

ty, but oblig d xxj 1 i i 

to leave the ^^^^^^^^r here changing fuddenly into fe- 
Soi^do^^"''^'^ Extreams -, Mr. Guy contrafted Indif- 
pofitions, and found himfelf not able to 
bear the Fatigue, and was therefore, upon 
TheReverend^^^ Requeft, removed to South-Carolina in 
Ux,Madfpar-i7'^9' The Reverend Mr. Honey rnariy m 
fitLj^hithcn^h^ Vacancy of this Church, vifited the 
People at Times, and kept them together. 
The Reverend Mr. Mackjparran was ap- 
pointed Miffionary there in 1720. In the 
following Year, he acquainted the Society, 
that his Congregation, tho' fmall at firft, 
confilled then of about 160, with twelve 
Indian and black Servants; that he had bap- 
tized thirty Perfons, fix of them of a grown 
Age, between eighteen and fifty, the Com- 
municants were but twelve. But the next 
Year, the Members of the Church oi En^ 
gland increafed to 260, and he baptized 
ten grown Perfons, and in the following Year 
fifteen grown Perfons defired and received 
Baptifm, and all the Church People, young 
and old, amounted to 300. Mr. Mack-- 
fparran continues now in this MiflTion. 

6. Ne-i^bury Church was built in the 


ro New-England. 327 

Year 17 n- It is a Timber Building, tJ^^^p^- 
roFeet long, and 30 broad. The Reve- a Church. 
rend Mr. Lampion was the firft fent Miffio- 
nary here, but he ftaid not long, having 
contrafted a bad State of Health. In the 
Year 1715, ^he Reverend Mr. ^^^^-^ was TheR. W 
fent thither. His Congregation v/as but Miffionary 
fmall at firft, the People having lived long ^^^^^^^• 
' in a Difufe of the Sacraments, they ftill 
continued negligent of them. Mr. Lucas 
not only by publick Difcourfes advifed 
them, but alfo vifited them, and ufed^ his 
beft Endeavours in private, to convince 
them of the Ufefulnefs and Benefit of both 
thofe Ordinances. He ufed alfo to go to 
Kittery, a neighbouring Place, and preach 
there j he had a large Congregation, fe- 
veral Times, near 400 Perfons, who ex- 
preffed a mighty Defire to be inftrufted 
in the Principles of the Church of En- 
gland, He baptized here many Chil- 
dren, and feven grown Perfons, one of 
which was 50, the other 60 Years old. He dl^^^^^^^ 
Mr. Lucas died foon after. In the Year ^^^^^^^^^ 
1720, the Reverend Mr. Matthias Plant 
was appointed Miffionary. He was re- 
ceived with much Favour and Civility by 
the People of the Church oi England. He 
began to difcharge his Minifterial Office 
with Succefs, many People Ihcwed a great 
Y 4 Earneft- 

328 Mijfionaries fent 

Earneftnefs for the Publick Worfhip, and 
more continually were added to them. 
They contributed their ufual Rates very 
frankly to Mr. Plant, and he was fo 
fenfible of their Favour in many Refpeds, 
he makes this grateful Acknowledgement 
of it to the Society : " I find both my 
The People " People, and others the Inhabitants, very 

nlpifnt^ '' ^^^^^> ^^^ ^^^^^^ kind to me, feveral 
^' not belonging to my Church, contri- 
^ " buting fomething to me > and tho* my 
" Place is reckoned the fmalleft, I mull 
" confefs, that the Love I have for the 
" People, and the truly good Will, and 
^^ extraordinary Civility and Kindnefs I 
" receive from them, makes me to efteem 
" my Place as inferiour to none." Mr. 

He continues _, ^ . • i • Ti>r»rr 

in this ?hct Plant contmues now m this Million, his 
withSuccefs. Congregation now amounts to near 200. 
Some of his Hearers come from Towns 
4, 5, or 6 Miles diftant j and their Num- 
ber is daily increafing. 

The People 7- Marbkhead is a Sea-port, the fecond 

atA/./r3AWTQ^^^ in all New-Eng-land. very confider- 

and deiire a able for its Number of Inhabitants, lor its 

Mmifier. Commerce, and efpecially for the Fifhery 

carried on there. A great Number of thefe 

People were defirous to have the Church 

of England Service fettled there. In the 


to New-England. 329 

Year 1707, they made Subfcriptions for 
building a Church, amounting to 416/. 
they wrote Letters to the Biihop of Lo?i- 
doti, and to the Society, acquainting them 
with their Defires of having a Minifter of 
the Church of England, and declaring their 
Intentions of building a Church. A hand- 
fome Church was foon after built, and the TheReverena 
Reverend Mr. Shaw was fent Miffionary ^yj*,^^';^^'"^ 
there, but he did not continue long. He but^remov^s 
wrote Word, he had fallen into many In- 
difpofitions, by the Change of Climate, 
and the Severity of the Seafons fometimes 
there, and he removed. The Reverend Mr. ^,^^p,,.,,,„a 
David Mojom was fettled there m ^7^?-Mf-^#« 
He began his Miffion with much Dili- ^l^._ ' '" 
gence ; the Number of People attendmg 
Divine Worfliip was but fmall at firft: 
However, many more conformed daily, 
and in about two Years, the Number of 
Communicants was doubled, thirteen grown 
Perfons had been baptized, and near 
feventy Infams. The Church ^t Newbury 
being about this Time vacant by the 
Death of Mr. Lucas, Mr. Mojfom vifited 
that People alfo upon their earneft Requeft, 
preached and adminiftred the Sacrament 
to a Congregation of above 160 Perfons. 
He proceeded with great Diligence in all 


330 Miffionaries fent 

Parts of his Duty. In the three following 
Years, he perfuaded nine grown Perfons to 
receive Baptifm, and the Number of Com- 
municants in Marbleheady and from the 
neighbouring Towns, increafed to about 50. 
In the Year 1725, he acquainted the So- 
ciety, that in the foregoing Year, he had re- 
ceived into the Church five grown Perfons, 
two Men and three Women, and that fe- 
veral other grown Perfons were preparing 
for Baptifm. He had alfo baptized two 
Negroes^ a Man about 25 Years old, and 
a Girl about 12; and that a whole Family in 
Salent^ a neighbouring Town, had conform- 
ed to the Church ; fo that upon the whole 

fuccefsfui in HIS Congregation mcreafed confiderably, Mr. 

his Miffion. j^^j^j^ Mir^A to be removed on Account of 
fome of his Family Ajffairs, and Mr. Pigot 
was removed from Providence to this Place. 
He hath acquainted the Society, that fince 
his Appointment here, that Church hath 
confiderably increafed, he had baptized 23 
grown Perfons, a great many had joined in 
Communion, and he had reduced many 
from a diforderly and loofe, to a more 
ftrid: and regular Behaviour, and by his 
inftruding the Youth in the Principles of 
Religion, and the Doftrines of the Church, 
he had gathered a large Number of Ga- 


ro New-England. 331 

tcchumens. Mr. Pigot continues now 

8. The chief Inhabitants of Brijlol, in ^j^ePeopicof 
the Year 1720, wrote very earneft Letters ^''^>^ "^^^""^ 

, xA./i ^ T J 1 1 o • aMinifter, & 

to the Bilhop or London and to the oociety,prefentiy build 
for aMinifter of the Church of England,^ '^^''''^' 
and promifed to build a Church. Before 
they had an Anfwer from the Society, they 
proceded to get Contributions to build 
one. Colonel Mackintop gave the Ground 
the Church ftands upon, and 200/. Several 
Gentlemen, 'Members of the Church at 
Bojion^ gave 100/. other Gentlemen at 
Newport on Rhode-IJlandy gave 100/. the 
neighbouring Towns to Brijlol gave a 
fmall Sum, and the remaining Sum, amount- 
ing to near 1000/. was contributed by the 
People of BriJtoL This Place is very pro- 
per for a Church, Brijiol being the County 
Town, and fituate in the Center of fix 
others, fo that the Inhabitants of thofe 
may refort hither to Divine Worfliip. The 
Reverend Mr. Orem was fent Miffionary^j^^^^^,^^^^^ 
herein 1722. When he arrived here, he Mr. Or^^ was 
found the Outfide of the Church and the ^^^^ ' ' 
Steeple only finifhed. The People re- 
ceived him with great Kindnefs, and there 
feemed to be a general Difpofition in the 
Inhabitants, to have the Church of England 


332 Mijfionaries fent 

Worfhip cftablifhed here, Tho* the Church 
was not floor'd, nor the Walls plairtered, 
the People were zealous to have Divine' 
Service performed in it : Which was done, 
and Forms and Benches were laid in it on 
Saturday Night for the Auditory; and a 
large Congregation, between 2 and 300 
Perfons, came there; not all Inhabitants of 
Briftol, but a great many from Swa?tfey, 
Tiverton, and other neighbouring Towns! 
In the mean time, Workmen were em- 
ployed continually upon the Church. Mr. 
Orem foon after acquainted the Society that 
It was finilhed, being a handfome Timber 
Building 60 Feet long, and 40 broad, that 
the Inhabitants had fpared no Pains in car- 
rying on the Work, and had expended above 
1400/. that Country Money, in compleating 
It: That there was a very numerous Affembly 
that attended Divine Worlhip everv Lord's 
Day, and joined in the Service w^ith the 
greateft Gravity and Decency imaginable 
many ot which, before his Coming, were en- 
tire Strangers to the Liturgy of the Church 
itenri;?' t f/«.^/'^«'^- Mr. Orem gained theEfteem and 
Miflion. Affeftion of the People very much, and pro- 
ceded in his Miflion with Succefs. But about 
a Year after, the Governor of New-York 
who was acquainted with his Merit, in- 
vited him to come to Ncw-York, and offered 


to New-England. 333 

him a Commiffion of Chaplain to Ae ^^^he^ Cover- 
King's Forces there, which Mr. Orem ac- Chapkin to 
cepted of. The Society would not let '^^'^^^^^'^ 
this worthy People, who had expreffed fo 
hearty an Affeftion for the Church of £«- 
gl^nd, want a Minifies The Reverend Mr. ^he Reverend 
UJher was appointed Miffionary there in Mr. c//?^<?r fuc- 
the Year following. He hath begun hisM^fnora^. ^' 
MiiTion with Succefs, much refpefted by 
his Parifhioners, and very diligent in his 
Minifterial Office. Eleven grown Perfons 
have been received into the Church by 
Baptifm, and the Communicants are in- 
creafed. He writes, ** There is good Rea- 
*' fon toexped a numerous Congregation 
" here in Time, the People, tho' at firft 
'' they were not enough acquainted with 
*^ the Dodtrines of the Church, yet fmce 
" they have had an Opportunity of being 
'* better inftrufted, they have, by God*s 
** Bleffing, heartily embraced her Commu- 
" nion, and feem to be ftedfaftly grounded 
" in her Faith". The Town, or chief 
Body of People, living near together, extends 
about a Mile in Length, and a Quarter in 
Breadth. The Farmers live at a greater 
Diftance, fome three, or four Miles off. 
A Church here feems very neceffary, for He is very di- 
the very next Church is thirteen Miles di-jjff^^^^j^''' 
llant, and it would be very difficult to go 


334 Miffionaries fent 

there, efpecially for the Young and the 
Old, becaufe of a troublefome Ferry which 
muft be croffed, and of the deep Snows 
which often fall in the Winter Times in 
thofe Parts, and render all Travelling ex- 
ceeding difficult. Mr. UJher continues now 
Miffionary here. 

Xr'/^'f 1'- . 9' ^^^ ^^^P^^ of 5/r^7(/ir^ in ConncBicut 
iiie'a Miflio- Colony, about the Year 1708, expreffed an 
'^^y- earneft Defire of having the Church of £;2g-. 

land Worfliip fettled among them. I men- 
tioned a little above, that Mr. Muirjbn and 
Colonel Heathcote vifited this Town in 
1706, and they both wrote to the Society 
very much in Favour of this People, defiring 
a Miffionary might be fent them. Robert 
Hunter, Efq; the Governour of New-Tork^ 
wrote thus concerning them in 171 1 : "When 
" I was z.x.Conne6itcut, thofe of our Commu- 
" nion at the Church of Stratford, came to 
'' me in a Body, and then, as they have fmce 
" by Letter, begged my Interceffion with 
'' the Venerable Society and the Right Re- 
" verend the Lord Bifhop of London for 
'' a Miffionary ; they appeared very much 
" in earneft, and are the beft Sett of Men 
'' I met with in that Country". The So- 
ciety have had many other advantageous 
Keprelentations of them from their Mif- 


to New-England. 335 

fionaries and others. However the Soci- 
ety could not fend a Miffionary here till 
the Year 1722, fo much were they en- 
gaged in fupplying other Places. The 
Reverend Mr. Bigot was fent Miffionary 
here, and fo heartily were the People in- 
clined to the Church of England^ that the 
Difappointment of having no Miffionary for 
near 20 Years, did not make them change 
their well-grounded Judgment. They re- 
ceived Mr. Pkot with all Kindnefs, and^, ^ 

r 1 1 -ii- T»i TheReverend 

immediately fat about buildmg a r lace Mr. p/^^^? ap- 
for Publick Worfhip. Accordingly Chrift^^^^^ ^^^^ 
Church in Stratford was founded in i723,tKer, 
and the Building carried on and com- 
pleated, partly at the Charge of the Church 
of England Members there, partly by the 
liberal Contributions of pious Gentlemen 
of the neighbouring Provinces, together ^^ ^^^^^^^^^ .^ 
with the Bounty of fome Travellers, who built here. 
occafionally paffing by, contributed. It is 
a Timber Building, fmall, but neat, 45 
Feet and a half long, and 30 broad, and 
20 up to the Roof. 

The firft People who ftrove to have the 
Church Worfhip fettled here, were about 
15 Families, moft Tradefmen, fome Huf- 
bandmen, who had been born and bred in 
Engla?id, and came and fettled here. They 


33^ Mijjlonaries fent 

by their Difcourfes about the Church Ser- 
vice, firft turning their Neighbours Thoughts 
this Way. When Mr. Pigot firft came 
here, he had 150 Hearers, and 20 Commu- 
nicants, and foon after 30 3 he was very di- 
ligent in his Million, and extended his La- 
bours to feveral neighbouring Towns. He 
preached at times at Fairfield, which was 8 
Miles diftant from his abode, at Newton^ 
which is 20 Miles off, and at Ripton, at the 
fame Diftance, and adminiftred both Sacra- 
ments at each Place. In 18 Months of his 
Continuance here, he brought over many to 
the Church, the Communicants increafed 
to 79, he baptized 57 Children, and fix 
grown Perfons. He defired, upon the Ac- 
count of fome neceffary Family Concerns, 
Mr. Tigot re- to be rcmovcd to Providence^ and was fo 

moves to Pro- ,-p, ^ \ -k k c^ i 

vidence- The 1 ne Kcvcrend Mr. Johnjon was appointed 
ySr' fuc-^° f""^^d him in 1723. He was one of 
ccedshim. thofe three Gentlemen, who left iht Inde- 
pendent Perfuafion, and came to England 
for Epifcopal Ordination in 1722, of 
whom more will be faid a little lower. 
He was known to, and much efleemed by 
Hebvervdi.*^ ^^^P'^ ^^ Stratford. He fat about 
ligent in' his the Duties of hisMiniftry with Diligence, 
^^^^'^- his Congregation daily increafed. In the 
Year 1725, the Number of Communicants 
in Stradford^ and from the neighbouring 


to New-England. 337 

Towns, rofe up to near 100, about 30 of 
which had been perfuaded to a Confor- 
mity by Mr. Johifon 5 and in the Year 
1727, they increafed to 1505 a great In- 
creafe in five Years time, from there be- 
ing few or none, Communicants in this 

It was very neceflary to have a Church 
built at Stratford, That Townfliip is 
ten Miles fquare, and there was no Church a Church at 
Wefiward^ within 40 Miles (except lately^- "^^^'^"^ ^'^^'^>' 
one at jF^/r/?^/^, which is eight Miles ofF,)^^^^^^ 
none Eajiward within 100 Miles, and 
there is no Church at all. Northward, 
Stratford lies upon the Sea-Coafl, and 
diredtly over againft it to the Southward^ 
lies Brookhaven upon hong-Ifland^ about 
20 Miles diflant from Stratford^ If there 
were no Miffionary here, a very great 
Body of People would be deftitute of the 
Means of Publick Worfliip. The Towns 
in this Country lie thick, fcarce any at 
above ten Miles Diftance, fome not five 
Miles off each other. Some of thefe Towns 
alfo, have feveral little Villages belonging 
to them. Moft of the Towns confift of 
2, 3, or 400 Families. Tho' fcarce any 
of them live contiguous, yet the main 
Body of the People of a Town, live in near 
Z Neigh- 

338 Miffionaries fent 

Neighbourhoods. The Roads are gene- 
rally well cleared, and much ufed. It is a 
fruitful and thriving Country. Mr. yoh?:- 
Ion continues now in this Miffion. 

Mn c'^r'^ 10. T H E Reverend Mr. Caner hath been 
Mifll ^nary to appointed lately Miffionary to Fairfield in 
a.rjic a. ComieElicut \ the Society have received 
Accounts from him, that the People of 
the Church Communion increafe confide- 
rably, and that he hath a Profpedl of good 
Succefs in his Miffion. The Reverend 
Mr. Miller was alfo appointed Miffionary 
at Braintree about the fame Time ; no 
particular Accounts of his Labours have 
yet been tranfmitted from him. 

II. The Members of the Church Com- 
munion at BofioJi, the Capital of this 
Country, and where the Church Service 
was firft fettled, were now very much 
increafed -, and in the Year 1722, a- 
greed to build another Church at Bofion. 
The Reverend Mr. Miles, Minifter of the 
Ki7ig s-Chapel there, having obferved his 
Church was much too fmall, called his 
Congregation together, and reprefented the 
Matter to them. They were all unani- 
mous of Opinion, the prefent Church was 


to New-England. 339 

not fufficienr, and that it was neceflary 
to build another. They prefently chofe a 
Committee to take in Sublcriptions, for the ^^ Bopnhmll 
carrying on of this Work. A handfomej;;^^^^ 

^1 i 1 1 t ' I M 1 Tv/T Church, 

Church hath been unce built, and Mr. 
Cutler appointed Miflaonary there. 

Mr. Cutler ^di^ bred in the In dependent 
Way, became a noted Preacher, and was 
afterwards advanced to be Prefident of 
Tale-CoWtge in New-England -, a Station of 
Credit and Profit. He difcharged the 
Duties of his Place with Reputation to 
himfelf, and to the publick Satisfaftion. 
He continued feveral Years in this Poft ; 
but began, upon more mature Confidering, 
to think it his Duty to leave the Inde- 
pendents^ and join in Communion with 
the Church of England, Several other 
Independent Teachers, Men of allowed 
Characters for Virtue and Learning, were 
of the fame Sentiments. Particularly 
Mr. Brown, Tutor in jT^/^-College, Mr. 
yohnfon and Mr. Wet^nore. Mr, Cutler, 
Mr. Brown, and Mr. Jolmfon, refolved to 
conform to the Church of England, tho' 
at the Lofs of the Preferment they had in 
the Independent Way ; and accordingly in 
the Year 1722, at a pubUck Commence- 
ment at Tak-QoWcge in New-bave?!, they 
Z z de- 

340 ' MiJJionaries fent 

declared their Conformity to the Church 
of England^ laid down their Preferments, 
and came to England for Epifcopal Or- 

The new Church at Bojlon was now 
building, and all theMembers of the Church 
of England had a jufl Value for thefe Gen- 
tlemens Integrity; they thought Mr. Cut- 
ler had facrificed a very valuable Intereft, 
to a good Confcience, and agreed to 
chufe him Minifter of their new Church, 
when it fliould be built. They wrote 
very earneft Letters to the Bifhop of Lon- 
doUy and to the Society, requefting their 
Favour to Mr. Cutler, and praying the 
Biihop of London to licence him to the 
new Church at Bojion. The Society at 
this Time knew nothing of Mr. Cutler, or 
the other Gentlemen, but Letters came 
from the Members of the Church at Ne^iv- 
fort, and feveral of the Miflionaries, giving 
an Account of their leaving the Indepen- 
dents : They all three received holy Orders, 
but Mr. Brown died foon after ; Mr. Cutler 
and Mr. Jobnfon, by their Behaviour here, 
appeared to deferve the Charadter they 
brought from abroad. While they were 
in England, they vifited our Univerfities, 
and were received by the Vice-Chancel- 


to NewEngland. 341 

lor of each, and the Heads of Houfes, with 
peculiar Marks of Regard and Efteem. 
Mr. Cutler^ the elder Gentleman, had the 
Degree of Doftor in Divinity, conferred 
upon him, and Mr. John/on that of Ma- 
iler of Arts, by both Univerfities. 

Dr. Cutler foon after went over ^ol^^'J^j;^^ 
New-Emland to his Church at BoJio?2. The tiedMifiionary 

_ .- , . ,. , 1 at the new 

Building was fimfhed in a little above ^chnvch^iBo- 
Year : It is a handfome Brick Church, yo/^on^ 
Feet long, and 50 wide, 35 high, the Walls 
2 Feet and an half thick ; the Steeple's Area 
is 24 Feet fquare. As foon as it was fitted 
to have Divine Service performed in it, a \ 

numerous Congregation of People, both 
from Bojiony and the neighbouring Towns, 
attended the Publick Worfhip there, par- 
ticularly from Charlestowny which is fepa- 
rated from Bojion by a confiderable Riven 
At the opening of this Church, the ufual 
Audience was about 400 Perfons, but they A numerous 

, , J and ver\' reli- 

increafed continually, and now amount tOgi^^g congre- 
near 800 commonly. The Members of thiss^tion here. 
Church have, in many Refpefts, approved 
themfelves a worthy People, very devout 
in the publick Worihip, and confcientious 
in their Lives and Aftions ; their Children 
are brought regularly to Baptifm, and the 
Communicants have lately amounted to 
Z 3 about 

342 Mijfionaries fent^ &c. 

about 80. Dr. Cutler hath alfo inftrufted 
feveral grown Perfons in the Duty and Be- 
nefit of Baptifm, and adminiftred it to them. 
He continues now in this Miffion. 

The Society have alfo maintained a 

Schoolmafter for feveral Years at BoJloUy to 

teach the poor Children to read, write, and 

cypher, and have lately appointed Mr. Del- 

pech to be Schoolmafter at Naraganfett. 

They have alfo by their Miffionaries diftri- 

buted above 1 100 Volumes of Books, befides 

large Numbers of fmall Trads, among the 

poorer People. The Members of our Com- 

Twelve munion have exprefled a hearty Zeal for it, 

buuHn this and have, by voluntary Contributions, built 

Gcyvernment. r^^^^^,^ Churches in this Government. 




Tthe Society's Method of Managing this 
^Yuft. I'heir more [fecial Rules and 
Orders^ relating to themfekes and to 
their Officers. 

AFTER the foregoing Relation of 
the Endeavours of the Society to 
propagate theChriftian Religion by 
their Miffionaries abroad j there remains only 
one Thing more to be done j namely, to give 
the Reader an Account of the Society's Man- 
ner of tranfafting Bufmefs at home. This 
is a Piece of Juftice due to the Publick, 
they ought to have an authentick and fa- 
tisfaftory Account, how fo great a Truft 
is managed i thro' whofe Hands, and after 
what Manner, the Adminiftration of this 
Charity paffes 5 how open and unfufpicious 
the Method of doing Bufmefs is j and how 
difmterefted the Perfons are, who have the 
Direftion of it. The Perfons are^ The 

Z 4 BL 

344 Special Rules and Orders 

Bifhops of England, feveral eminent Gen- 
tlemen and Merchants, and many of the 
Clergy. They are all fo far from hav- 
ing any private Intereft in it, that they 
are the only certain Benefadtors to it ; for 
no one is admitted to be a Member, w^ho 
hath not been a Benefaftor, or w^ho doth 
not become a Contributor of an Annual 
Sum, and their Subfcriptions are the chief 
certain Fund. At every Meeting of the 
Society, all the Members are Summoned 
to attend ; and the manner of tranfafting 
all Bufmefs is, by a Majority of Votes ; but 
upon any Debate arifmg, the Queftion is de- 
cided by Balloting. The Society have made 
feveral By-Lav^s or Rules for their ownCon- 
duft, that nothing might be done without 
mature Deliberation, to prevent any Mat- 
ter of Weight being paffed by themfelves 
fuddenly, and upon Surprife. I ihall give 
the Reader their moft material Rules in 
their own Words. 

The Principal Rules in the Charter re- 
lating to the Management of this Truft, 
are thefe : 

That the Society meet upon the third 
Friday in February yearly, between the 
Hours of eight and twelve in the Morning ; 


of the Society. 345 

and they, or the major Part of them that 
fhall then be prefent, (hall chofe one Pre- 
fident, one or more Vice-Prefidents, one 
or more Treafurers, two or more Auditors, 
one Secretary, and other Officers, for 
the Year enfuing, who fhall refpeftively 
take an Oath for the due Execution of their 
refpedtive Offices. 

That if any Officer die, or be removed, 
the Prefident, or one of the Vice-Prefidents, 
may Summon the Members to meet at the 
ufual Place of the Annual Meeting of the 
Society, and choofe another in his Place. 

That the Society meet on the third 
Friday in every Month, and oftner if Oc- 
cafion requires, to tranfadl the Bufinefs of 
the Society, and may at any fuch Meet- 
ing eled Perfons for Members. 

That no Aft of the Society be valid, 
unlefs the Prefident, or one of the Vice- 
Prefidents, and feven other Members, be 

That at any Meeting on the third Fr/- 
day in the Months of November^ February^ 
Mayy and Auguji^ yearly, and at no other 
Meetings, the Society, or the major Part 


34^ Special Rules and Orders 

then prefent, may make By-Laws, and exe- 
cute Leafes. 

That the Society may depute fuch 
Perfons as they {hall think fit, to take Sub- 
fcriptions, and colleft Monies contributed 
for the Purpofes of the Society. 

That the Society fhall yearly give an 
Account in writing, to the Chancellor, or 
Keeper of the great Seal, the Chief Juftices 
of the King's Bench and Common Pleas, 
or any two of them, of all the Monies re- 
ceived and laid out, and of the Management 
of the Charities. 

The principal By-Laws or Rules made 
by the Society are thefe. 

That the Form of the Oath to be ten- 
dered to all the Officers of the Society, be- 
fore they be admitted into their refpedtive 
Offices, be as follows : 


A. B do Swear that I will faithfully 
and duly execute the Office of 
of the Society for the Propagation of the 
Gofpel in Foreign Parts, according to the 
heft of my Judgment. So help me GOD. 


of the Society. 347 

That there be a Sermon preached be- 
fore the Society on the third Friday m 
every February, and that the Preacher and 
Place be appointed by the Prefident. 

That no Sum or Sums of Money ex- 
ceeding ten Pounds, (excepting yearly Sa- 
laries to Miffionaries, ^c) be difpofed of 
at any Meeting, unlefs fourteen Members 
of the Society be prefent. 

That proper and fignificant Heads 
of the feveral Orders and Refolutions of 
the Society, be taken by the Secretary. 

That the Minutes of the laft Day, and 
the Minutes of the intermediate Committees, 
be read before the Society enters upon new 

That the Secretary do from time to 
time, lay before the Lord Archbifhop of 
Canterbury, and Lord Bifhop of London^ 
Copies of the Minutes taken at the Meet- 
ings of the Society. 

That a Committee of the Society be 
appointed to receive Propofals that may be 


34^ Special Rules and Orders 

offered to them, for the promoting the De- 
figns of the Society, and to prepare Matters 
for the Confideration of the Society. 

That fuch Members of the Society as 
come, or any three of them, be the faid 
Committee: That the faid Committee 
meet at the Secretary's Houfe in Warwick- 
Court^ the Monday immediately preceding 
the General Meeting (and oftner if neceffa- 
ry) at Four in the Afternoon. 

That no Motion for Money or Books 
be originally made or received at the Com- 

That the Prefident, or ftanding Com- 
mittee, when five are prefent, may have 
Pov^er to appoint a Meeting of the So- 
ciety on extraordinary Occafions. 

That no Perfon be admitted a Mem- 
ber of the Society, till he be propofed at 
three general Meetings. 

That Eleftions of Members, and all 
other Matters that are put to the Queftion^ 
be determined by Balloting. 


of the Society. 34^ 

That no Perfons be admitted Mem- 
bers of the Society, unlefs they confent to 
fubfcribe fomething Annually for promoting 
the Defigns of the Society, except fuch as 
have been Benefaftors. 

That when any Pcrfon is propofedfor 
a Member of the Society, the Name of the 
Perfon that propofed him, be entred in the 
Journal at the fame Time. 

T H AT at every Eledlion of Auditors, one 
of the former Year be always chofen, as an 
Auditor for the Year enfuing. 

That the Accounts of the Society be 
Audited Yearly in Ja7mary. 

That every Audit be fairly entred into 
a Book kept for that purpofe by the Se- 
cretary, and examined and fubfcribed by 
the refpedtive Auditors. 

T H AT the Auditors be fummoned within 
a Month after every Audit, to examine the 
Audit after it is entred into the Book of 
Audits, and to fign the fame. 


350 Special Rules and Orders 

That the Auditors do yearly diredl an 
Account to be prepared of all Monies re- 
ceived and laid out, and of the Management 
and Difpofition thereof; and fee that Copies 
of fuch Account be yearly given, according 
to their Charter. And that fuch Account 
be entred into a Book to be kept for that 

That the Treafurer, or Treafurers, 
fliall be trufted v^ith the Monies of the 
Society, upon his or their giving fuch Se- 
curity as the Society {hall approve. 

That the Auditors fee the Treafurer 
feal his Bond. 

That the Auditors in their Reports, 
enter the Names of all fuch Subfcribers, 
as have not compleated their Payments to 
the Quarter-day before the Audit -, and that 
the Particulars of the faid Report do al- 
ways lie on the Table. 

That all Benefaftions and Entrance 
Money be regiftred in a Book kept for that 
purpofe j and that at every monthly Meet- 
ing of the Society, the Treafurer, if prefent, 


of the Society. 3$ I 

fhall charge himlelf under his Hand, in the 
fame Book, with all fuch Receipts : which 
Book, at every Audit fhall be laid before 
the Auditors. 

That the Treafurer do always in his 
Accounts mention the Date of the Order 
upon which he adts. 

That as foon as the Treafurer's Ac- 
counts are audited, the feveral Receipts 
and Vouchers of Disburfements for the par- 
ticular Sums in the faid audited Accounts, 
be delivered up by the Treafurer, to be kept 
by the Society. 

That the State of the Society's Affairs 
with regard to their Expences and prefent 
Caih, be laid before the Society at every 
Quarterly Meeting. 

That the Secretary be always prefent 
at the Audit, 

That the Secretary keep a Regifler of 
all the Books allowed to MifTionaries or 
other Perfons; in which the MifTionary's 
or other Perfon's Name, Place of Abode, 


352 Special Rules and Orders 

and the Time when he received the faid 
Books, are to be entred ; excepting the So- 
ciety's Anniverfary Sermons, and other 
fmall Tradls and Papers which are to be 
given away abroad. 

That all Letters from Miffionaries or 
others, of Bufmefs that concerns the So- 
ciety, be diredted to the Secretary of the 

That the Secretary do prepare an Ab- 
ftraft of the moil material Tranfadlions of 
every Year, which, after it hath been ap- 
proved cdF by the Society, fhall be pub- 
liflied at the End of the Anniverfary Ser- 

That there be but one Meflenger, and 
that he be obliged to give fufficient Secu- 
rity for the Monies he (hall receive on the 
Society's Account, within one Month at 
fartheft after his Eleftion into the Office. 

That the Meflenger give Receipts in 
his own Name, for the Monies he fhall 
receive from the Members ^ and that he 
. pay the faid Monies to the Treafurer, ta- 
king his Receipt for the fame^ which ihall 


of the Society. 353 

be a fufficient Difcharge. 

That the Meflenger attend the Secre- 
tary Qvcvy Monday y Wednefday and Friday y 
and at fuch other Times, as the Bufinefs 
of the Society fhall require, and the Secre- 
tary fhall appoint. 


TH E three principal Articles pro- 
pofed to be treated of here, being 
now gone through j namely, the Occajion 
for Eftablifhing this Society, the Succefs 
of the Miffionaries abroad, and the Ma^ 
iiagement of this Truft at home : May 
we not upon the whole juftly think there 
hath appeared a peculiar Hand of Pro- 
vidence in guiding and profpering this 
good Work \ when we reflect, that this 
Society hath, by the Help of a meer 
Provide?itial Income^ arifmg from unfore-^ 
feen Donations and Legacies^ together with 
the Subfcriptions of their own Mem- 
bers, been able to carry on a Work which 
feems to require a certain publick Revenue 

A a for 

554 ^^ Condufion. 

for its Support. The Succefs of the So- 
ciety's Labours hath exceeded their firft 
Hopes. The Church of England h^th been 
by Law eftablifhed in fome Colonies; in 
others, numerous Congregations of People 
have been gathered, who have had the Be- 
nefit of the Adminiftration of G o d's Word 
and Sacraments ; above Sixty Churches have 
been built, a very great Body of People 
have been inftrufted ; many Schools have 
been opened for the training up of Chil- 
dren and Youth in the Knowledge of the 
Chriftian Faith, and with convenient Learn- 
ing ; and above Eight T'houfand Volumes 
of Books, befides above One Hundred Thou- 
fund fmall Tra<5ts, of Devotion and In- 
ftrudtion, have been difperfed among the 
Inhabitants. - -^ - 

-urK .::: ?Jis^ ... 

In Juftice and Honouf^lo the Colonies 
it muft be remarked here, how much they 
dcferved this Help of their Countrymen. 
Great Numbers of the moft worthy Per- 
fons in the richer Colonies {hewed a very 
earnelt and fincere Zeal to have the Church 
of England fettled among them ; nay, in 
fome Colonies, during their unfettled State, 
many poor Inhabitants, who hadfcarce built 
themfelves Houfes, contributed towards 


The Conclujion. 35^ 

building Churches. They have been li- 
beral in their Poverty ; and that Providence 
which hath in fo early a Seafon difpofed 
them to be a Religious People, feems by 
that to defign them hereafter to be a great 
and flourifhing People. 

The Propagation of the Gofpel, the 
Ipreading of the Chriftian Faith, and fet- 
tling of the Church of England in the Co- 
lonies, containing now a great Body of 
People, is plainly a Work of fo great Ex- 
cellency, it needs no Words to recommend 
it to a Chriftian. Efpecially if it be far- 
ther confidered, that the numerous Pofte- 
rity of the prefent Inhabitants, will derive 
their Knowledge of the true Chriftian Faith, 
from the Labours of this Society ^ when 
thofe vaft Tradts in America, now waft 
Defarts and Wildernefles, may, Ages here- 
after, become cultivated and fruitful Coun- 
tries, covered with Cities and Towns, and 
filled with Nations of Chriftians. 

In Gratitude to the Memory of the 
Founder of this Society, King WILLIAM 
the Third, it may not be improper to 
conclude this Treatife, with remarking to 
the Reader, the Ercding of this Corpo- 

35^ ^^^ Condufion. 

ration, was among the laft Publick Aftlons 
of his Heroick Life. After having ref- 
cued the Proteftant Religion in Europe^ 
and faved the Church of England here, He 
did by this laft Adk, as it were, bequeath 
it to his American Subjefts, as the moft 
valuable Legacy, and greateft Bleffing. 

F J N J 5: 


Date Due 





IN U. S. A. 



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